Bachittar Singh

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Fort of Kotla Nihang Khan, village Kotla Nihang Khan, Rupnagar district,Punjab,India
A depiction of Bhai Bachitter Singh Puar Ji killing the drunk elephant set by Mughal forces on the Sikh forces in the battlefield with Nagiven by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. This photo was taken by outside the Sikh History museum on way from Mohali to Sirhind

Bhai Bachittar Singh (6 May 1664 – 22 December 1705), often known with the honorific "Shaheed" (martyr), was a Sikh[1] hero, a general of Guru Gobind Singh. He was a brave and honourable soldier, who is remembered as the most bravest soldiers, in Sikh history. His father was the legendary Bhai Mani Singh Ji, and he belonged to Alipur riyasat Multan .

Family background[edit]

Bhai Bachitter Singh was son of legendary Bhai Mani Singh Ji. His ancestors were very powerful kings & generals .[2]

Second Battle of Anandpur[edit]

Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji and a small number of Sikhs were defending their position in Lohgarh fort of Anandpur Sahib during The Second Battle of Anandpur, which was under attack by numerically far superior forces under the rule of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and the Hindu rulers of the Hill States. Despite superior numbers, the besiedging forces were unable to penetrate the heavily-defended fort. They brought forth an armoured, druken elephant to batter in the gates. Bhai Bachittar Singh was tasked with stopping the elephant, armed with a Nagni Barcha, a type of spear. As the elephant approached the gate, Bachittar Singh, sallied forth on horseback and made a powerful thrust with his spear piercing the elephant's armour plate and injuring the animal in the forehead. The wounded elephant ran back creating havoc and great damage in the enemy's ranks. As a result of Bhai sahib's bold action, the Sikhs gained an upper hand in this conflict.[3]

  Jalhane Puar baanke Alipur kay rajputo , tau se kaun adhe
  jaswari ram ka marya kesari , Haathi gail ladhe
  Bachittar Singh tero barcchi roshan , teri saang jharmal kare 
  tere naam se raje thar thar kaanpe , teri parbati halak pare
  tan mata tao Sito tere paanch supoot rann mein ladh mare
            --- written by Bhatt Desa Singh kaushish in 1706 AD


Bachittar Singh's wounds proved to be fatal. He succumbed to his injuries and breathed his last on 8 December 1705.
Nihang Khan had the cremation performed secretly the following night.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nabha, Kahan Singh. Mahan Kosh. Patiala: Punjabi University. 
  2. ^ Guru De SherHardcover: 407 pages Publisher: Chattar Singh Jeevan Singh (2011) Language: Punjabi ISBN 978-8176014373
  3. ^ Singh, Koer (1751). Gurbilas Patshahi 10. 
  4. ^ Shamsher, Gurbaksh Singh (1938). Shahidi Jivan.