Borneo tallow nut oil

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Borneo tallow nut oil or sal nut oil is extracted from the fruit of species of genus Shorea, which is native to Borneo, Java, Malaya and the Philippines. The oil is extracted from the egg-shaped, winged fruit using traditional methods in rural areas. The nuts, once extracted from the shell, are placed in a rattan bag, which is placed between two hardwood boards, and then pressed by driving in wedges.[1] The oil is composed of the following fatty acids:[2]

Fatty acid Percentage
Palmitic acid 18.0%
Stearic acid 43.3%
Arachidic acid 1.1%
Oleic acid 37.4%
Linoleic acid 0.2%


  1. ^ "Borneo tallow nut oil". The British North Borneo Herald. April 16, 1909. p. 83.
  2. ^ B.L. Axtell from research by R.M. Fairman (1992). "Borneo tallow nut". Minor oil crops. FAO. Retrieved 2006-11-10.