Byrd (lunar crater)

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The lunar north pole
Cercle jaune 100%.svg
Location of Byrd crater (center) as seen from above the lunar north pole
Coordinates 85°26′N 10°04′E / 85.43°N 10.07°E / 85.43; 10.07Coordinates: 85°26′N 10°04′E / 85.43°N 10.07°E / 85.43; 10.07
Diameter 94 km
Depth Unknown
Colongitude 10° at sunrise
Eponym Richard E. Byrd
Topographic map of the vicinity of Byrd, from Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter's laser altimetry data

Byrd is an irregular lunar crater that is located near the north pole of the Moon. The north rim of Byrd is nearly connected to the crater Peary, a formation that is adjacent to the pole. The smaller crater Gioja is attached to the remains of the southwest rim.

The rim of Byrd is worn and eroded, with sections distorted by intruding crater rims along the perimeter. As a result, the crater interior is longer in the north-south direction than it is wide. There is a gap in the western rim, and the southern rim is now little more than a low ridge on the surface.

Some time after the original impact the crater interior was covered in lava flows, leaving a nearly flat surface that is marked only by tiny craterlets. There is no central peak at the midpoint of the interior, and no ridges of significance.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Byrd.

Byrd Coordinates Diameter, km
C 84°21′N 28°20′E / 84.35°N 28.34°E / 84.35; 28.34 (Byrd C) 34
D 85°31′N 33°25′E / 85.52°N 33.41°E / 85.52; 33.41 (Byrd D) 24

External links[edit]