A JL-2 launch.
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|In service||Active as of 2015|
|Used by||People's Liberation Army Navy|
|Mass||42,000 kilograms (93,000 lb)|
|Length||13 metres (43 ft)|
|Warhead||1 nuclear warhead|
|Blast yield||1 Mt|
|7,200 km (4,500 mi)|
|Astro-inertial with Beidou|
|Type 094 submarine|
The JL-2 (Chinese: 巨浪-2; pinyin: Jù Làng Èr; literally: 'Giant Wave 2', NATO reporting name CSS-N-14) is a Chinese second-generation intercontinental-range submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) deployed on the People's Liberation Army Navy's (PLAN) Type 094 submarines. It succeeds the JL-1 SLBM deployed on the Type 092 submarine.
The JL-2 is the first Chinese SLBM that allows PLAN ballistic missile submarines to strike portions of the United States from the Chinese coast, and provide China with a viable sea-based nuclear deterrent.
The JL-2 is a naval variant of the land-based DF-31. Their common 2-metre diameter solid fuel rocket motor was successfully tested in late 1983, and research and development efforts were reorganized starting in 1985 to produce both missiles.
The first JL-2 at-sea launch occurred in 2001 from a Type 031 submarine. The program was delayed after a failed test in 2004. Successful launches occurred in 2005 and 2008. The missile was successfully fired from a Type 094 submarine, the intended operational platform, for the first time in 2009. A series of test launches occurred in 2012. Another test launch occurred in January 2015.
Type 094 deterrence patrols with JL-2 missiles began in December 2015.
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- National Air and Space Intelligence Center (2017: 33)
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- United States Department of Defense (2018: 38)
- United States Department of Defense (2018: 29)
- National Air and Space Intelligence Center (2017: 30)
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- United States Department of Defense (May 2018). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2018 (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- United States National Air and Space Intelligence Center (June 2017). Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat (PDF) (Report). NASIC-1031-0985-17. Retrieved 20 July 2017.