|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2013)|
Saint John the Baptist church
|Motto: God bless Calumpit|
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Calumpit
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|• Mayor||Jessie P. De Jesus|
|• Total||56.25 km2 (21.72 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class municipality|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Labour and Employment
- 6 Literacy
- 7 Economy
- 8 Municipal Officials
- 9 Education
- 10 Tourism
- 11 List of Cultural Properties of Calumpit
- 12 Prominent Kalumpiteños
- 13 Gallery
- 14 Notes
- 15 External links
The name "Calumpit" is named after the hardwood trees named "Kalumpit" found growing abundantly in front of the St. John the Baptist Parish Church in the poblacion.
Fifty-four (54) kilometers north of Manila, lies the Municipality of Calumpit bounded on the north and west by Apalit and Macabebe, Pampanga, respectively; southwest, southeast and east by Hagonoy, Malolos, and Pulilan, Bulacan respectively.
Calumpit is sprawled over an area of 5,625 has. of flat terrain classified accordingly to use for agricultural (66.81%), residential (10.42%), industrial (2.48%), commercial, (0.89%) and other (1.05%) purposes. It occupies around 2.06% of the total land area of Bulacan. The municipality has 144.33 kilometers of concrete roads that easily link its 29 barangays.
Two distinct seasons characterize the town’s climate: rainy season which starts late May and ends around November; and dry season which begins November and lasts until April.
Calumpit has two (2) types of soil – the silt loam which is found in almost 90% of the entire municipality and the clay loam in the south east far end of the town. Both types are basically suited for agricultural purposes as per Department of Agriculture classifications.
The climate of Calumpit is similar to that of the rest of the other municipalities in the province of Bulacan. It is characterized by two (2) distinct seasons namely; the rainy and the dry. The rainy seasons starts from late May and ends around November, the dry season from December to April. The average annual rainfall is 255.3 millimetres (10.05 in) with the month of August having the highest month average rainfall, about 304 millimetres (12.0 in). The annual number of rainy days is 175 days.
- Iba Este
- Iba O'Este
- Pio Cruzcosa
- San Jose
- San Marcos
- San Miguel
- Santa Lucia
- Santo Niño
- Sapang Bayan
- Sergio Bayan
Pre Spanish era
Calumpit was already an established “barangay” under the leadership of Gat Maitim prior to Spanish contact.
Early Spanish Period
The defeat of Rajah Soliman at the Battle of Bangkusay Channel and the Fall of Kingdom of Tondo in 1571 paved the way for the Spaniards to establish their government in Manila. Due to the conquest of Luzon, Spaniards reached and pacified progressive and populous communities located several miles north of Tondo. On November 14, 1571, Adelantado Miguel Lopez de Legazpi reached Calumpit and Malolos, constituting them as Encomienda de Calumpit and Encomienda de Malolos, respectively. Encomienda de Calumpit was entrusted to Sargento Juan Moron. (Blair and Robertson, The Philippine Islands, volume 34, page 304-310, paragraph 3)
When the Provincial Chapter of the Augustinians in Tondo Church was established in May 3, 1572,Prior Provincial Fray. Martin Rada, sent Augustinian missionaries to north of Tondo headed by Fray Diego Vivar Ordoñez and companions. In February 1572 Feast of Our Lady of Presentacion, so the Augustinians primarily placed Calumpit under advocacy to Nuestra Señora de Presentacion and later to Saint John the Baptist.
Alcaldia de Calumpit
In 1572 Alcaldia de Calumpit was established by the Superior Government in Manila and Marcos de Arce was appointed as the first Alcalde Mayor of Calumpit. The Augustinian officially founded the Town of Calumpit in 1575, so the Town was founded under the Patronage of St. John the Baptist.
In April 30, 1575 the King of Spain officially recognized Calumpit as an Alcaldia (Province) together with Calumpit (capital) later in 1581 Augustinians thru Fray Ordoñez de Vivar established mission chapel in Hagonoy and later in Apalit in 1591 and annexed them as visitas of Calumpit. In Relacion delas Islas Filipinas and Dasmariñas Report in 1599 Calumpit appears as an independent Alcaldia, independent of those of Bulacan and Lubao y Betis. It was therefore established as an Encomienda and Alcaldia separate to Province of Bulacan. Contrary to popular belief, Calumpit was the first Town founded in Bulacan.
Alcaldia de Calumpit was eventually dissolved and the towns of Calumpit and Hagonoy were ceded to the Province of Bulacan, while Apalit was ceded to Pampanga.
Philippine Revolution of 1896
During the Philippine Revolution in 1896, the people of Calumpit participated in the battles launched by the Katipuneros against Spain, the town becoming the headquarters of General Luna in 1898. In the bloody encounters at barrio Bagbag on April 25, 1899, many people joined the army of General Luna.
The civil government under the Philippines was established in Calumpit in April 1901 with Juan Galang as the first elected mayor of the town.
American era and World War II
Calumpit played an important role at the outbreak of the War in the Pacific theater. The bridge of Calumpit, on the way to Bataan was demolished by the Engineering Battalion of the U.S., impeding movement of the Japanese forces on their way to Bataan. In January 1942, the Japanese Government occupied Calumpit for three years. Many citizens of Calumpit died during the war.
In the middle of 1943, the first part of the USAFFE guerrilla was established under the leadership of Luis Macam, with most of the members from Calumpit.
In June 1944, the 4th Battalion of the Del Pilar Regiment was established under the leadership of Major Francisco del Rosario. They continued fighting until the returned of the USAFFE under the leadership of Gen. Douglas MacArthur.
In January 1945, the combined Filipino and American forces arrived in the town, liberating it from the Japanese forces.
|Population census of Calumpit|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Calumpit's current population is 101,068 as per the National Statistics Office (NSO) 2010 census. Historically, its population grew at an average of 3.71% per annum.
With a total land area of 5,625 has. the number of households of 13,923 the population density rate per hectare is 12.59, and the average number of persons per household is 5.
The barangay with the largest population is Bgy. Iba Oeste with 10,610 people and the smallest is Bgy. Sucol with 1,410 people.
Calumpit has a relatively young population, with the age group 1–19 years old constituting 46.01% of the total population. The rest consists mainly of the working group between the ages of 20 to 59 years old accounting for about 47.96% and the elderly comprising 6.02%.
In terms of sex distribution, males exceeded the number of females very slightly with a count of 35,710 and 35,087, respectively.
Having been the first town in Bulacan being Christianized by the Spanish, the majority of the people are of the Roman Catholic faith. The largest minority religion are Members Church of God International and Iglesia Ni Cristo followed next. The rest belong to the Iglesia Evangelica Metodista En Las Islas FilipinasPhilippine Independent Church, and The United Methodist Church. Other groups are also established in municipality.
Labour and Employment
As of 1995, Calumpit had a relatively big labor force of 24,095 persons or 66% of population consisting of people ages 20–59. Around 35% of these people are accounted to possess varying degrees of skills and are employed in their respective occupations; 28% are housewives but nevertheless have found occasional employment as farmhands, vending farm-produced in the market and doing marginal odd jobs. Others are unclassified and consist mostly of students, out-of-school youth and the unemployed.
Total households income per year is P705M, annual average household income is P 66,600.00 and per capita income annually is P 12,198.00.
The high literacy rate (98.5%) is maintained by its twenty four (24) elementary schools and six secondary or high schools. The Bulacan Manpower and Livelihood Training Center (BMLTC), based at the heart of the town, offers vocational courses and serves as the training ground for both unskilled and highly skilled workers. As a result, most Calumpiteños have acquired and maintained skills suited for employment especially in the agri-industrial field.
Industrial Estates: Bulacan Agro-Industrial Subdivision
- Mayor: Jessie P. de Jesus
- Vice Mayor: Zacarias C. Candelaria
- Victor "Aboy" De Belen
- Alvin Nuque Danganan
- Lakan 'Chi-chi" Roque
- Thelma Dansalan
- Ento Paulino
- Niño Torres
- Boy Lim Rañola
- Jonjon Mendoza
This is a partial list of secondary schools in Calumpit, Bulacan.
Calumpit Central School
Bio Kinetics Learning School
Pascual O. Cruz Memorial Elementary School (POCMES) at Sta. Lucia
Colegio de Calumpit, Inc. (formerly, Calumpit Institute)
Dampol2nd N H S Annex (Sta. Lucia)
Frances High School
Ecclesiastical Christian Institute
Frances Elementary School
Harvesters Mission Christian Academy
Meysulao Adv. Elem. Sch.for Meysulao S D A Multigrade Sch.
Petras Christian School
San Marcos National High School
Caniogan High School
Shalom Christian Academy of Bulacan
Shepherds Ways Academy of Bulacan
St. Anthony Academy of Bulacan
St. John the Baptist Catholic School (SJBCS) at Poblacion
Sta. Lucia High School
Meyto Elementary School
Montessori de Enriquez School, Inc.
Arsenio Santos Memorial Elementary School
Francisco Mendoza Memorial Elementary School
San Jose Elementary School
Rabbi Vinirosa Academy
Linagit Primary School
This river has for centuries shaped the lives of Bulakeños. The longest river system in Bulacan, Calumpit River traverses the towns of Calumpit, Pulilan and Plaridel on the east, Paombong and Hagonoy in the West and winds up through Apalit, Macabebe and Masantol, Pampanga. It was the major route for trade and commerce in this part of the country making Calumpit an established barangay prior to the coming of Spanish conquistadors. The Pampanga and Quingua Rivers served as arteries through which goods coming in and going out of Calumpit passed. At present, the river is a valued resource as a rich fishing ground and providing farmers with irrigation.
Sta. Lucia Church and Barrio Fiesta
One of the oldest barangay in the town of Calumpit, Sta. Lucia is very popular and famous because of its miraculous Patron Saint Sta. Lucia and its festival street decoration called banderitas. During the month of December, the whole street of the village is covered by banderitas, especially the front of the church. Many people from different places visit this barangay to witness the two day celebration on December 12–13. Every year, starting December 4 up to the festival day December 13, the people of Sta, Lucia has an everyday Mass and Novena in honor of the Patron Saint and also they have a magnificent fireworks display during the opening and closing day.
Bagbag Bridge was the site of the longest battle between the Americans and Filipinos led by General Gregorio del Pilar which took place on April 25, 1899. The bridge now serves as a reminder of the valor displayed by the Filipino who triumphed against the American forces.
This is the cradle of Christianity in Kalumpit, where the first Catholic Mass was held by the Augustinian friars in 1860. It is home of the Aglipayan in the country.
Calumpit Libad Festival
A fluvial procession of well-decorated pagodas is held on the river every 23 June on the eve of the feast of St. John the Baptist. Townsfolk sing, dance and douse water to "baptize" passers-by, recalling the saint's characteristic act. But due to the construction of the Calumpit Bridge and its new design, the Libad Festival may not be able to pass through the traditional route again.
St. John the Baptist Church
The St. John the Baptist Parish Church is one of the oldest churches in Bulacan. Constructed under the supervision of Augustinian priest Diego Vivar - Ordonez, the church has been a mute witness to the Filipinos' struggle against Spanish, American and Japanese rule. Inside the church is a tunnel that, as legend would have it, was used by priests during the Spanish regime to serve as way out and easy to escape from Chinese and Moro attacks. 
List of Cultural Properties of Calumpit
|San Juan Bautista Parish Church||17th-century Baroque church||Bulacan||Calumpit||)||
|Calumpit Municipal Hall||Art Deco style building||Bulacan||Calumpit||
|Calumpit Railway Station||Late 19th century train station||Bulacan||Calumpit||)|
Servants of God Dionisia de Santa María Mitas Talangpaz (1691–1732) and Cecilia Rosa de Jesús Talangpaz (1693–1731), founders of the Beaterio de San Sebastián, whose beatification process is now in progress are known for their exemplary lives of prayer, self-denial, service to the Church and apostolate that attracted young Filipinas.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "The Spaniards' First 50 Years in the Philippines, 1565-1615 - A Sourcebook". philippinehistory.net.
- Administracion espiritual de los Padres Agustinos calsados de la Provincia del Duche Nombre de Jesus de las islas Filipinas, Valladolid, Imprenta de H. Roldan, Mayo de 1833, p. 47
- E. H. Blair (14 October 2004). "The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898". gutenberg.org.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Calumpit". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Things to Do and see in Bulacan...". WOW Philippines. Archived from the original on 2007-07-12. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
- Sianong Sano by Jose Zabala Santos 1950's. Comicartfans.com (2009-07-07). Retrieved on 2011-05-25.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Calumpit, Bulacan.|
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- All About Calumpit Bulacan
- Philippine Census Information
- Bulacan Provincial Website
- LGO:Municipality of Calumpit
- Municipality of Calumpit
- Samahang Calumpit - Canada
- Former Calumpit, Bulacan town mayor, Ramon Pagdanganan gunned down
|Masantol, Pampanga||Hagonoy / Paombong||Malolos|