Calumpit, Bulacan

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Calumpit
Municipality
Calumpit Municipal Hall
Calumpit Municipal Hall
Official seal of Calumpit
Seal
Motto: God bless Calumpit
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Calumpit
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Calumpit
Calumpit is located in Philippines
Calumpit
Calumpit
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°55′N 120°46′E / 14.92°N 120.77°E / 14.92; 120.77Coordinates: 14°55′N 120°46′E / 14.92°N 120.77°E / 14.92; 120.77
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 1st District
Encomienda November 14, 1571
Ecclesiastical Town May 3, 1572
Civil Town March 5, 1575
Founded by
Barangays 29
Government[1]
 • Mayor Jessie P. De Jesus
Area[2]
 • Total 56.25 km2 (21.72 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 108,757
 • Density 1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
 • Poverty rate Decrease 5.2%
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3003
IDD:area code +63 (0)44
Income class 1st class municipality
Electricity Manila Electric Company
• Consumption 35.30 million kWh (2003)
Website www.calumpit.gov.ph

Calumpit is a first class urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 108,757 people.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The name "Calumpit" comes from the tree "Kalumpít", an indigenous hardwood species similar to apalit and narra, which grows abundantly in front of the St. John the Baptist Parish Church in the Población-Sucol area.

History[edit]

Prehispanic era[edit]

Calumpit was already an established “barangay" under the leadership of Gat Maitim prior to the Fall of the Kingdom of Tondo in June 1571. Other nearby villages were Gatbuka, Meyto, Meysulao, Pandukot, Malolos, Macabebe, Hagonoy, and Apalit. When Calumpit was hispanised and established as a political and geographical entity in 1572, they chose what is today Barangay Población as the site of the church and the administrative center of the aforementioned villages, which were annexed to it.

Spanish Conquest[edit]

Upon hearing that the Kingdom of Tondo was conquered by Martín de Goíti and Juan Salcedo, and that Rajah Matanda allied with the Spaniards in May 1571, Bambalito formed a fleet of two thousand natives mostly from Hagonoy and Macabebe. They sailed across Manila Bay to Tondo on June 3, 1571, facing Goíti and Salcedo in the historic Battle of Bangkusay. Bambalito and the natives were defeated and the conquerors proceeded northwards to pacify other villages along the coast of Manila Bay.

In September 1571, Goíti and Salcedo, along with the invading forces, arrived at Lubao. On November 14, 1571, they reached Calumpit and Malolos and reported it to Miguel López de Legazpi, the first Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines. The two settlements were then constituted as the Encomienda de Calumpit and Encomienda de Malolos, respectively. The Encomienda de Calumpit was entrusted to Sargento Juan Moron, one of the conquerors in the Legazpi Expedition.[4] (Blair and Robertson, The Philippine Islands, volume 34, page 304-310, paragraph 3)

Christianization[edit]

It is uncertain as to exactly when the Augustinians first set foot in Calumpit, but according to the documents, Calumet was already a parish by May 3, 1572, when Fray Martín de Rada was elected Prior Provincial. Calumpit was simultaneously established with the conventos of Bay, Laguna, Tondo and Lubao, Pampanga, with De Rada as its Prior and Fray Diego Vivar as his vicar.

Chronicles accounts told that the Augustinian missionaries planted a Wooden Cross along the bank of Meyto River as the tradition of baptising the land and they built a chapel made of nipa and bamboo. Later they moved Meysulao and built another visita, and then in Panducot, where they built another chapel under the advocacy of Our Lady of Visitacion as Fray Gaspar de San Agustin mentioned in his "Conquistas delas Isla Philipinas" (Libro Segundo, Chaper 9). Subsequently, the missionary headquarters was moved again to much higher place were a very huge prominent tree called "Kalumpit" (sci.Terminalia microcarpa decne) stands as the original settlers named the place. Another notable characteristics of the village of Calumpit was bounded river which served as natural moat. Primarily, Meyto, Meysulao, Panducot and Calumpit was independent barangays under their own chiefs, it is same with Gatbuka, Bugyon and other old settlements. On April 5, 1572 Legaspi merges the villages of Meyto, Meysulao, Panducot, Calumpit, Candaba, Apalit, Malolos and these villages became ministerios and visitas and also these settlements where merge under single town named Calumpit, where Barangay Calumpit was the center. On December 28, 1575 Gov. General Francisco Sande ordered the inclusion of the villages of Agonoy (Hagonoy), Quinabalonan (now Santa Monica and San Jose, Hagonoy), and some villages along Macabebe river in the Town of Calumpit.

Alcaldia de Calumpit[edit]

On April 5, 1572 Encomienda of Calumpit and Malolos was unified under the share administration of their encomienderos Marcos de Herrera and Sargento Mayor Juan Moron and on the same year Calumpit was created as one of the center of Augustinian mission in Luzon contemporary with Lubao edtablished in May 3, 1572 upon the election of Fray Martin de Rada as the new Prior Provincial of the Augustinians replacing Fray Diego de Herrera whose dispatched again in Mexico. Alcaldia de Calumpit was established by the Superior Government in Manila and Marcos de Arce was appointed as the first Alcalde Mayor of Calumpit. The Augustinian officially founded the Town of Calumpit in 1572, with the villages of Hagonoy, Malolos, Candaba, Macabebe and Apalit as its villages and visita. The town of Calumpit was originally dedicated to San Nicolas de Tolentino but in December 1576, the Town was re-dedicated to the patronage of San Juan Bautista. [5]

On December 28, 1575 Governor-General Francisco de Sande established Calumpit as an Alcaldia (Province) together with Calumpit (capital) and aggretates nearby settlements such as Malolos, Hagonoy, Macabebe and Candaba. Later in 1576, Macabebe transferred to the town of Lubao and Candaba separated as a full pledge town, then on June 11, 1580, Malolos gained its township. In 1581, Hagonoy had its own convent but still under the justice of Governor of Calumpit. And last in 1591 Apalit officially separated and established as an independent town and it was transferred in the reconfigured territory of Pampanga province. In Miguel de Loarca's document in 1581 called "Relacion de las Islas Filipinas" and the June 1591 document of Governor-General Luis Perez de Dasmariñas it is proven that Calumpit appears as an independent Alcaldia, independent of those of Bulacan and Lubao and Betis. [6] It was therefore established as an Encomienda and Alcaldia separate to Province of Bulacan. Contrary to popular belief, Calumpit was the first Town founded in Bulacan.

Abolishing the Province of Calumpit[edit]

The Alcaldia de Calumpit was eventually abolished and the towns of Calumpit and Hagonoy were annexed to the Province of Bulacan. Neighbouring Apalit was meanwhile annexed to Pampanga.

Philippine Revolution and Philippine-American War[edit]

During the Philippine Revolution in 1896, Calumpiteños participated in battles launched by the Katipunan against the Spanish Empire. Many notable Calumeteños helped establish and support the Malolos Republic, with the town serving as a defense line due to its proximity to the new capital. When the Philippine–American War erupted, Calumpit become the headquarters of General Antonio Luna in 1898. In the bloody encounters at Barrio Bagbag on April 25, 1899, many people joined the army of General Luna.

Civil administration under the United States-led Insular Government was established in Calumpit in April 1901, with Juan Galang serving as the first elected American-era mayor of the town.

American era and World War II[edit]

Calumpit played an important role at the outbreak of the Second World War in the Pacific theater. The bridge of Calumpit, on the way to Bataan was demolished by the Engineering Battalion of the U.S., impeding movement of the Japanese forces on their way to Bataan. In January 1942, the Japanese Government occupied Calumpit for three years, during which many of the townsfolk died.

In the middle of 1943, the first part of the USAFFE guerrilla was established under the leadership of Luis Macam, with most of the members from Calumpit.

In June 1944, the 4th Battalion of the Del Pilar Regiment was established under the leadership of Major Francisco del Rosario. They continued fighting until the returned of the USAFFE under the leadership of General Douglas MacArthur.

In January 1945, the combined Filipino and American troops arrived in the town, liberating it from Japanese control.

Geography[edit]

Calumpit is 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Manila and 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from Malolos City.

Calumpit is sprawled over an area of 5,625 has. of flat terrain classified accordingly to use for agricultural (66.81%), residential (10.42%), industrial (2.48%), commercial, (0.89%) and other (1.05%) purposes. It occupies around 2.06% of the total land area of Bulacan. The municipality has 144.33 kilometers of concrete roads that easily link its 29 barangays.

Two distinct seasons characterize the town’s climate: rainy season which starts late May and ends around November; and dry season which begins November and lasts until April.

Calumpit has two types of soil – the silt loam which is found in almost 90% of the entire municipality and the clay loam in the south east far end of the town. Both types are basically suited for agricultural purposes as per Department of Agriculture (Philippines) classifications.

Calumpit River[edit]

Calumpit River

This river has shaped the lives of Bulakeños since time immemorial. With the longest river system in Bulacan, Calumpit River traverses the towns of Calumpit, Pulilan and Plaridel on the east, Paombong and Hagonoy in the West and winds up through Apalit, Macabebe and Masantol, Pampanga.

It was the major route for trade and commerce in this part of the Luzon prior to the arrival of Spain. The Pampanga and Quingua Rivers[7] served as arteries through which goods coming in and going out of Calumpit passed. At present, the river is a valued resource as a rich fishing ground and providing farmers with irrigation.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Calumpit is similar to that of the rest of the other municipalities in the province of Bulacan. It is characterized by two (2) distinct seasons namely; the rainy and the dry. The rainy seasons starts from late May and ends around November, the dry season from December to April. The average annual rainfall is 255.3 millimetres (10.05 in) with the month of August having the highest month average rainfall, about 304 millimetres (12.0 in). The annual number of rainy days is 175 days.

Barangays[edit]

Calumpit Poblacion

Calumpit is divided into 29 barangays.[8]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[9]
031407001 Balite 3.0% 3,216 2,399 5.74%
031407002 Balungao 4.6% 5,044 4,899 0.56%
031407004 Buguion 3.0% 3,296 3,143 0.91%
031407005 Bulusan 2.4% 2,564 2,330 1.84%
031407006 Calizon 1.8% 1,999 1,926 0.71%
031407007 Calumpang 3.8% 4,159 3,571 2.94%
031407008 Caniogan 3.9% 4,278 3,955 1.51%
031407009 Corazon 2.3% 2,458 2,529 −0.54%
031407010 Frances 5.3% 5,770 5,535 0.79%
031407011 Gatbuca 5.8% 6,332 5,914 1.31%
031407012 Gugo 1.6% 1,770 1,581 2.17%
031407013 Iba Este 2.5% 2,754 2,756 −0.01%
031407014 Iba O'Este 11.4% 12,359 10,610 2.95%
031407015 Longos 3.2% 3,444 3,070 2.21%
031407016 Meysulao 3.8% 4,109 3,430 3.50%
031407017 Meyto 2.7% 2,971 2,780 1.27%
031407018 Palimbang 1.9% 2,117 2,146 −0.26%
031407019 Panducot 2.3% 2,501 2,403 0.76%
031407020 Pio Cruzcosa 4.0% 4,336 4,145 0.86%
031407021 Poblacion 1.8% 1,909 2,044 −1.29%
031407022 Pungo 7.7% 8,347 7,674 1.61%
031407023 San Jose 5.0% 5,437 5,017 1.54%
031407024 San Marcos 2.1% 2,255 2,166 0.77%
031407025 San Miguel 4.6% 4,998 4,720 1.10%
031407026 Santa Lucia 2.0% 2,206 2,391 −1.52%
031407027 Santo Niño 1.8% 1,955 2,357 −3.50%
031407028 Sapang Bayan 2.5% 2,762 2,454 2.28%
031407029 Sergio Bayan 1.8% 1,967 1,713 2.67%
031407030 Sucol 1.3% 1,444 1,410 0.45%
Total 108,757 101,068 1.41%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Calumpit
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 13,897 —    
1918 14,844 +0.44%
1939 17,047 +0.66%
1948 21,788 +2.76%
1960 27,662 +2.01%
1970 36,119 +2.70%
1975 41,041 +2.60%
1980 45,454 +2.06%
1990 59,042 +2.65%
1995 70,839 +3.47%
2000 81,113 +2.95%
2007 98,017 +2.65%
2010 101,068 +1.12%
2015 108,757 +1.41%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][9][10][11]

In the 2015 census, the population of Calumpit, Bulacan, was 108,757 people, [3] with a density of 1,900 inhabitants per square kilometre or 4,900 inhabitants per square mile.

Calumpit's population was 101,068 in the National Statistics Office (NSO) 2010 census. Historically, its population grew at an average of 3.71% per annum.

The barangay with the largest population is Iba Oeste, with 10,610 residents, while the smallest is Sucol with 1,410 residents.

Calumpit has a relatively young population, with the age group 1–19 years old, constituting 46.01% of the total population. The rest consists mainly of the working group between the ages of 20 to 59 years old accounting for about 47.96% and the elderly comprising 6.02%.

In terms of sex distribution, males exceeded the number of females very slightly with a count of 35,710 and 35,087, respectively.

Language[edit]

Calumpit is a predominantly Tagalog-speaking town, with about 96.3% of its people being fluent speakers. Others residents speak Kapampangan while a minority speak other Philippine languages.

Religion[edit]

San Juan Bautista Parish Church

As Calumpit is the first town in Bulacan to have been Christianized by the Spaniards in 1572, about 80% of residents profess the Roman Catholic faith. Under the United States and because of the eventual disestablishment of the Catholic Church in the Philippines in 1902, Protestantism gained a foothold in the municipality. Significant religious minorities include the Iglesia ni Cristo, Members Church of God International, Iglesia Filipina Independiente.

Among the oldest churches in Bulacan found in Calumpit is the San Juan Bautista Church. Constructed under Augustinian friars Martín de Rada and Diego Vivar, it was initially made of nipa and bamboo and gradually built of stone in 1700. It enshrines the local patron saint, John the Baptist, whose liturgical birthday on 24 June is celebrated as the town fiesta.

Inside the church is a tunnel that, as legend would have it, was used by priests during the Spanish era as an escape route in the event of Chinese and Moro pirate attacks. It is a declared Diocesean Shrine of the Diocese of Malolos. [12]

Meyto Shrine

The Meyto Shrine marks the cradle of Christianity in western Bulacan, where a wooden cross was first planted and first Mass in the region was said in May 1572. The shrine, located in the western part of town, was also the site of the original church of Calumpit, predating the existing one in the town centre. During the Philippine Revolution, the Iglesia Filipina Independiente – which had by then separated rom the Catholic Church – took over Meyto Shrine.

Labour and employment[edit]

As of 1995, Calumpit had a relatively big labor force of 24,095 persons or 66% of population consisting of people ages 20–59. Around 35% of these are accounted to possess varying degrees of skills and are employed in their respective occupations; 28% are housewives but nevertheless have found occasional employment as farmhands, vending farm-produced in the market and doing marginal odd jobs. Others are unclassified and consist mostly of students, out-of-school youth and the unemployed.

Total households income per annum is ₱705 million, with the annual average household income is ₱66,600 and per capita income annually is ₱12,198.

Literacy[edit]

The high literacy rate (98.5%) is maintained by its 24 elementary schools and six secondary or high schools. The Bulacan Manpower and Livelihood Training Center (BMLTC), based at the heart of the town, offers vocational courses and serves as the training ground for both unskilled and highly skilled workers. As a result, most Calumpiteños have acquired and maintained skills suited for employment especially in the agri-industrial field.

Economy[edit]

The infamous Longganisang Calumpit

Major Industries:

  • Industrial Estates
  • Handicrafts
  • Food Processing
  • Paper
  • Garments
  • Ceramics/Pottery
  • Flowers/Ornamental Plants
  • Housewares

Major Products:

  • Longganisang Calumpit
  • Key Chains, Key Holders, Pen Holders

Industrial Estates:

  • Bulacan Agro-Industrial Subdivision (Brgy. Pio Cruzcosa)

Tourism and culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

The Libad is a fluvial procession held every Saint John's Eve on 23 June to honour the town's patron. Calumpiteños sing, dance and douse water to "baptize" passers-by, recalling the saint's characteristic act. The ritual and its traditional route are relics of the old fluvial procession held when Apalit and Hagonoy were still governed from Calumpit.

One of the oldest barangays in the town, established in 1575, Santa Lucia is very popular and famous because of the supposedly miraculous image of its patroness, Saint Lucy. During the village festival every December 12–13, the streets of the village are strung with colourful banderitas, as is the façade of Santa Lucia Church. Pilgrims visit the church for the two-day celebration, with the novena to the saint beginning on December 4.

Bagbag Bridge[edit]

Bagbag Bridge was the site of the longest battle between the Americans and Filipinos led by General Gregorio del Pilar on April 25, 1899. The bridge now serves as a reminder of the valour displayed by the Filipino who triumphed against the American forces.

Resorts[edit]

  • Jed's Island Resort
  • Leticia's Garden Resort and Events Place
  • Lawiswis Kawayan
  • Amazing Grace Resort
  • El Bueno Resort

Education[edit]

Colegio de Calumpit (formerly Calumpit Institute)

Calumpit have plenty of primary and secondary schools. It also have some private colleges, more known is the Colegio de Calumpit established in 1940. Calumpit doesn't have huge universities and most of its people go to the nearby City of Malolos where the Bulacan State University and other universities are located.

Notable People[edit]

  • José Zabala-Santos - one of the most popular cartoonists in the Philippines during the 1950s for characters such Popoye, Sianong Sano, and Lukas Malakas.[13]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "The Spaniards' First 50 Years in the Philippines, 1565-1615 - A Sourcebook". philippinehistory.net. 
  5. ^ Administracion espiritual de los Padres Agustinos calsados de la Provincia del Duche Nombre de Jesus de las islas Filipinas, Valladolid, Imprenta de H. Roldan, Mayo de 1833, p. 47
  6. ^ E. H. Blair (14 October 2004). "The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898". gutenberg.org. 
  7. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Calumpit". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  8. ^ "Municipality: CALUMPIT". Philippine Statistics Authority (National Statistical Coordination Board). Retrieved May 24, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  10. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Province of Bulacan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Things to Do and see in Bulacan...". WOW Philippines. Archived from the original on 2007-07-12. Retrieved 2007-04-14. 
  13. ^ Sianong Sano by Jose Zabala Santos 1950's. Comicartfans.com (2009-07-07). Retrieved on 2011-05-25.

External links[edit]