Masantol, Pampanga

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Masantol
Municipality
Municipality of Masantol
Downtown area
Downtown area
Official seal of Masantol
Seal
Motto(s): Kayabe Kabang Bie
Map of Pampanga with Masantol highlighted
Map of Pampanga with Masantol highlighted
Masantol is located in Philippines
Masantol
Masantol
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°54′N 120°43′E / 14.9°N 120.72°E / 14.9; 120.72Coordinates: 14°54′N 120°43′E / 14.9°N 120.72°E / 14.9; 120.72
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
District 4th District
Founded 1907
Barangays 26 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Danilo Sonza Guintu
 • Vice Mayor Rap Nulud
 • Electorate 36,635 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 48.25 km2 (18.63 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 57,063
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2017
PSGC 035412000
IDD:area code +63 (0)45
Climate type tropical monsoon climate
Income class 2nd municipal income class
Website www.masantolpampanga.gov.ph

Masantol, officially the Municipality of Masantol, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 57,063 people.[3]

The town is named after the santol trees that used to grow abundantly in the area.[4]

Geography[edit]

Masantol is almost surrounded by the municipality of Macabebe (For it was once a former part of the town). It is known to be the southernmost town in the province of Pampanga. It is bounded to the north by the municipality of Macabebe; to the east by the municipalities of Calumpit and Hagonoy in Bulacan; to the west by Macabebe; and to the south by some parts of Macabebe and Manila Bay.

Etymology[edit]

The town got its name from the fruit tree, either because there was a proliferation of santol trees in the area, or because the town was where santol fruits were heavily bartered (Kapampangans being fond of 'sinigang' dish).

A legend of how the town got its name goes like this: 'A Spanish missionary came to the town for the first time. Upon reaching a roadside corner store, he parked his horse-driven vehicle and inquired from the store keeper the name of the place. A middle-aged woman vendor, believing that the Spanish priest was asking for the name of the fruits she was selling, readily responded in broken Spanish language, Padre, todos dulce Masantol. The priest took from his pocket a pencil and a small diary and wrote down the word mas santol, referring to the name of the place he has visited. At the time, the locality abounded with santol trees, and santol fruits were in season when the priest visited the place.'

History[edit]

Tarik Sulayman was an indigenous leader from the Masantol area who refused to ally with the Spaniards and therefore mounted an attack against the Spanish forces of Miguel López de Legazpi during the Battle of Bankusay Channel on June 3, 1571. The Macabebe forces were defeated, and Tarik Sulayman himself was killed. Consequently, this victory enabled the Spaniards to establish themselves throughout the city and its neighboring towns.

Originally named San Miguel de Masantol and a part of the town of Macabebe, three of the town's leading patriarchs - Manuel Fajardo, Gregorio Bautista, and Juan Lacap - filed a motion on June 26, 1877, to separate the barrios of Bebe, Bulacus, Caingin and Nigui from Macabebe thereby creating a new Spanish pueblo called San Miguel. This new pueblo was approved by Spanish Governor General Domingo Moriones y Murillo and was inaugurated on May 1, 1878. On November 30, 1893, the Catholic Parish of San Miguel was formally acknowledged through a Royal Decree.[5] For a while it came to be known San Miguel Masantol, until popular usage reverted it to the original name.

On July 26, 1904, Masantol once more became part of Macabebe. However, in 1907, Masantol was again reinstated as a separate independent municipality and this lasted up to the present.[5]

Tragedy[edit]

On January 7, 2008, one person drowned, another missing and 40 others were injured due to electric shocks, when a live cable hit the floating pagoda boat in the fluvial festival of Virgen La Purisima Concepcion at Barangay Alauli.[6]

Barangays[edit]

Masantol is politically subdivided into 26 barangays and 2 independent/dependent barrios.

  • Alauli
  • Bagang
  • Balibago
  • Bebe Anac
  • Bebe Matua
  • Bulacus
  • San Agustin (Caingin)
  • Santa Monica (Caingin)
  • Cambasi
  • Malauli
  • Nigui
  • Palimpe
  • Puti
  • Sagrada (Tibagin)
  • San Isidro Anac
  • San Isidro Matua (Poblacion)
  • San Nicolas (Poblacion)
  • San Pedro
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Lucia Matua
  • Santa Lucia Paguiaba
  • Santa Lucia Wakas
  • Santa Lucia Anac (Poblacion)
  • Sapang Kawayan
  • Sua
  • Santo Niño

Barrios:

  • Bebe Arabia
  • Sagrada 2 (sagrada dos)

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Masantol
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 7,076 —    
1918 9,636 +2.08%
1939 14,095 +1.83%
1948 15,770 +1.26%
1960 24,159 +3.62%
1970 30,538 +2.37%
1975 32,658 +1.36%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 35,350 +1.60%
1990 41,964 +1.73%
1995 45,326 +1.45%
2000 48,120 +1.29%
2007 50,984 +0.80%
2010 52,407 +1.01%
2015 57,063 +1.63%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, the population of Masantol, Pampanga, was 57,063 people,[3] with a density of 1,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,100 inhabitants per square mile.

Religion[edit]

The majority of the population are members of the Catholic church and each village or barangay has its own fiesta. The main Roman Catholic parish church of the town is the San Miguel Parish Church in Barangay San Nicolas, established in the late 20th century.

  • 85% One Holy Apostolic Catholic Church (Christian) (Roman rite)
  • 14% Evangelical, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Mormons, Protestant etc. (Christian Denomination)
  • 0.70% Iglesia Ni Cristo
  • 0.20% Islam (Sunni, Shia)
  • 0.10% others/non-believers/atheist

Festivals[edit]

  • Batalla San Miguel Arkangel (Apung Migue) - May 8, All Masantolenos
  • Viva Sto. Nino - every last Sunday of January. - Brgy. Sto. Nino
  • Batalla Santa Monica - May 4. - Brgy. Santa Monica Caingin
  • Batalla San Roque de Montpelier (Apung Duque) - August 15,16,17 Barrio Bebe Arabia Brgy. Bebe Anac
  • Batalla San Roque (Apung Duque) - 3rd or 4th Sunday of April - Barrio Bebe Centro, Brgy. Bebe Anac
  • Batalla San Roque de Montpelier (Apung Duque) - August 15,16,17 Brgy. Bebe Matua
  • Fiesta de San Nicolas (Apung Culas) - May 12 and September 10 - Brgy. San Nicolas
  • Feast of The HOLY ROSARY - every 2nd Saturday of October in BULACUS MASANTOL
  • Batalla de Santa Lucia (Apung Lucia) - December 13 of the year. - Brgy. Santa Lucia Wakas, Matua, Anac
  • Batalla de San Agustin (Apung Gustin)- August 28 Brgy. San Agustin Caingin
  • Limbun at Libad or Labas Larawan (Celebration of the Saints) in each barrio/barangay celebrating their patron saint for ones a week in January.

Education[edit]

Masantol is home to several primary and secondary schools, among them are:

  • Bagang Elem. School
  • San Miguel Academy Semi-Catholic School (Christian School)
  • Holy Child of Mary Academy Semi-Catholic School (Christian School)
  • Masantol Elementary School (Masantol Central Elementary School)
  • Masantol High School
  • Masantol High School Annex in Sagrada (Tarik Suliman High School)
  • St. Michael The Archangel Archdiocesan Parochial School Exclusive Catholic School(Masantol Parochial School)
  • Pampanga Institute - 1st high school institution in town of Masantol
  • Masantol High School Annex -(Malauli High School)
  • Caingin Elem. School
  • Palimpe Elem. School
  • Bebe Anac Elem. School
  • Bebe Matua Elem School
  • Puti Elem. School
  • Sagrada Elem. School
  • Sua Elem. School
  • San Isidro Elem. School
  • Balibago Elem. School
  • sta.lucia elem school
  • Alauli Elem School
  • San Pedro Elem School
  • Sta. Cruz Elem School
  • San Nicolas Elem School
  • Bagang Elem School
  • Balibago Elem School
  • Niqui Elem School

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Alejandro S. Camiling. "The Town of Masantol, Pampanga". Historical articles. andropampanga.com. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "The Town of Masantol, Pampanga". Andropampanga. 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  6. ^ chinapost.com.tw, One drowns, 40 injured in Philippine boat mishap
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  9. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]