Bay, Laguna

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Municipality of Bay
Bay Municipal Hall on the banks of the Bay River
Bay Municipal Hall on the banks of the Bay River
Official seal of Bay
  • Flower Garden of Laguna
  • Old Capital of Laguna
Map of Laguna with Bay highlighted
Map of Laguna with Bay highlighted
Bay is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°11′N 121°17′E / 14.18°N 121.28°E / 14.18; 121.28Coordinates: 14°11′N 121°17′E / 14.18°N 121.28°E / 14.18; 121.28
Country Philippines
RegionCalabarzon (Region IV-A)
District2nd District
FoundedApril 30, 1578 [1]
Barangays15 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorBruno T. Ramos
 • Vice MayorJose O. Padrid
 • Electorate34,915 voters (2016)
 • Total42.66 km2 (16.47 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[4]
 • Total62,143
 • Rank11 out of 30 (in Laguna)[5][circular reference]
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)49
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)139.4 million  (2016)
Native languagesTagalog
Feast dateAugust 28
Patron saintSaint Augustine of Hippo

Bay, (pronounced as Ba-eh), officially the Municipality of Bay, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Bay), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 62,143 people.[4]

It is situated 69 kilometres (43 mi) southeast of Manila. It is also located at the east of Los Baños, west of Calauan, northeast of Santo Tomas and northwest of Alaminos. The Patron of Bay is Saint Augustine of Hippo celebrating his Feast Day during August 28.

Laguna de Bay, the country's largest freshwater lake, is named after the town.

History and legend[edit]

Laguna de Bay viewing Rizal (neighboring province).
Statue of Jose Rizal situated on a national road in Dila just at the center of two roads (going to San Pablo and Sta. Cruz).
Saint Hannibal Monument which was installed at the Bay junction.

Just like the rest of the archipelago, the town of Bay has no record before the coming of Spaniards in the 18th century. Bay existed long before the coming of Spaniards. The Chinese must have come to the lakeshore towns to trade as early as the 9th century. The earliest account of Bay appeared in the conquest of island of Luzon published in April 20, 1572. It was described a great lake of fresh water, 12 league wide and very deep. The villages around the lake had about 25,000 inhabitants when Captain Juan de Salcedo arrived in the area.

Bay is one of the oldest towns in Laguna province, and was the province's first capital. Its original territory covered the areas that are now known as Los Baños, Calauan, Alaminos and San Pablo (in addition to its current territory). The Spaniards pronounced the name of the town "Bah-ee" while the natives called it "Bah-eh."[6] Either way, the similarity in spelling has led to the misconception that the town was named after Laguna de Bay.[7] Instead, the Spaniards named the lake after this ancient Tagalog community.[6]

The “official” recorded history of Bay, may be gleaned from Gaspar de San Agustin’s Conquestas de las Islas Filipinas of 1963 and Fr. Joaquin Martines de Zuniga’s status of the Philippine Islands in 1800. Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, after establishing the city of Manila on June 24, 1571, ordered the exploration and pacification of the surrounding villages and settlements. Martin de Goiti led a contingent towards Pampanga while Juan de Salcedo Legaspi’s 22-year-old grandson led a contingent up to the Pasig river towards the inter lands of Laguna de Bay.

With him was Fr. Alonzo Alvarado, an Agustinian who was very zealous in converting the natives. From Taytay and Cainta, Salcedo proceeded to Bay, Liliw, Nagcalan and Majayjay and to other towns where up-on Fr. Alvarado’s intercession, the natives surrendered peacefully with Fray Diego de Espinar and 60 men. He followed the rugged trails of the mountainous village of Sampaloc towards the Bicol Region to look for gold which he found in the gold mines besides the Bicol River.

In 1571, Fr. Martin de Rada, the superior of the Agustinian religious order who came with the Legaspi expedition in 1565, started to build a bamboo and nipa church under the patronage of Saint Augustine along the lakeshore of Bay (i.e. Aplaya, now San Antonio). He became the first parish priest of Bay. On April 30, 1578, Fr. Joaquin de Zuniega stated in the Historical view of the Philippine Island that Bay was organized both as a town and a parish with Fray Juan Gallegos as the parish priest. On the same day, the village of Sampaloc (now San Pablo) was made a visita of the lake side village where it was believed that the tribunal of Ecclesiastical visitors of Bay was held. Fray Gaspar de San Agustin further wrote that in 1586, the Agustinian Fathers organized the visita into a convent with a priest. The provincial Father Diego Alvarez to handle the administration of the Christian natives. Thus Sampaloc which came to be known as San Pablo de los Montes, ceased to be part of the Bay parish.

In the old Tagalog language the name Bay derives from the same phonetic roots as "baybay" (shore) and as "babae" (woman) and "babaylan" (priestess). The name can thus be thought of either as a reference to the shore of the lake, or to a great lady. In the case of the latter, it has been suggested that the great lady might be the same as Maria Makiling, as her mountain was within the scope of Bay's original territory.[8]

A more recent legend of Bay's origin says that the name Bay was derived from Datu Pangil's three daughters. After they were baptized, they were named Maria Basilisa, Maria Angela, and Maria Elena. The first letters of Basilisa, Angela, Elena were taken together and read Bae. Over a period of time, Bae became Bay.[9]

The powerful Gat Pangil was Datu of this already thriving community in 1571 when 18-year-old Spanish Capitan Juan de Salcedo landed with Augustinian missionaries Alfonso de Alvarado and Diego Espinar came to claim the territories for Spain. It was salcedo who took the name of the town and named the lake after it – Laguna de Bay (the Lake of [the town of] Bay). Eventually, the Spanish came to call the whole province "La Provincia de la Laguna de Bay."

In 1581, San Antonio de Bay became the capital of the Province of Laguna de Bay and remained so until 1688 when the capital was moved to Pagsanjan.[10]


Population census of Bay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,577—    
1918 3,973+2.93%
1939 6,703+2.52%
1948 7,395+1.10%
1960 11,416+3.68%
1970 16,881+3.98%
1975 19,363+2.79%
1980 22,960+3.47%
1990 32,535+3.55%
1995 37,563+2.73%
2000 43,762+3.33%
2007 50,756+2.07%
2010 55,698+3.44%
2015 62,143+2.11%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][11][12][13]

In the 2015 census, the population of Bay, Laguna, was 62,143 people,[4] with a density of 1,500 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,900 inhabitants per square mile. Voter population as of 2016 is estimated to be 34,195, according to the COMELEC.[14]


Like other LGUs in Laguna, the town holds election every three years, which will cover from Mayor, Vice Mayor, and up to the councilors.

Members of Bay Council (since 2016)[14]
Position Name Party
Mayor Bruno Tolentino Ramos Independent
Vice Mayor Jose O. Padrid Independent
Councilors Soriano G. Escueta Independent
Charles Ramos Caldo Independent
EJ Valenzuela Independent
Jaime Jimenea Independent
Danilo Lanceras Independent
Emerson Ilagan Independent
Amando Dimasuay Independent
Mario Ilagan Independent


Bay is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.

Barangay Population as of 2015 census[11]
Bitin 5,821
Calo 3,798
Dila 6,117
Maitim 4,525
Masaya 5,694
Paciano Rizal 4,343
Puypuy 3,593
San Antonio 5,800
San Isidro 2,677
Santa Cruz 2,570
Santo Domingo 8,572
San Agustin (poblacion) 1,428
San Nicolas (poblacion) 1,395
Tagumpay 2,452
Tranca 3,358
Total Population 62,143


Bitin is in the boundary of the provinces of Laguna and Batangas. The word "bitin" is the Tagalog translation of the English word "short." It is also known for its contribution to the harnessing of geothermal energy as a source of electricity in the Philippines, being the site of the Mak-Ban Geothermal Power Plant.


History of Barangay Calo in the Spanish era were native Filipino people leave in the jungle, Barangay Calo is known in there bird Kalaw barangay Calo is a place where people often see this Kalaw bird and it is pronounce by the Spanish authorities as Calo.


Its name came from Tagalog word dila meaning tongue because it looks like a tongue if viewed from the map of Bay. It is the end eastern part of Bay. This is the barangay where the first Jollibee in Bay was built, the "Jollibee Bay Highway".


History of barangay Maitim was from Spanish era. The land and soil of this barangay is colored black, hence people called it "maitim" (Tagalog word for black).

Someone said the reason why Maitim is called Maitim because before Maitim is a forest that was burned so they called it Maitim because of coal and ashes left.


The Barangay name Masaya means happy. Masaya was part of Tranca and Puypuy during the early times; the upper part from the railway was part of Tranca, while the lower part toward the town was part of Puypuy. When the railroad was built in the early half of the twentieth century, a train station was built in Masaya making it the center of commerce in the upland of Bay, catering five barangays. Grocery stores, dress shops, hardware and sari-sari stores sprouted surrounding the train station where people shopped their primary needs, making it a festive place. When somebody was leaving home to go to the place and another person asked "Where are you going?", he/she answered "to masaya" and barangay Masaya was born.

Paciano Rizal[edit]

Name after the eldest brother of Dr. José Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines. It is told that Paciano Rizal lived here and had a farm in this barangay formerly Barrio Mainit.


History of Barangay Puypuy it was told that a big meteor fall in this Barangay and native people here told to the Spanish authorities that there is a fire falling (meteors) but in a native Tagalog word "apoy" means fire. The Spanish authorities pronounced as Puypuy that is why people in the Spanish colony times called it Puypuy and became a barangay of Bay.

In 2010, jars estimated by experts to date as far back as 800 B.C were found in Puypuy. University of the Philippines anthropologist Dr. Bonifacio Comandante, who headed the team who helped unearth the finds, suggested that the find indicates that "there was a community here and they used the pots and jars for jar-burial", essentially confirming a human presence in Barangay Puypuy as early as 800 B.C.[15]

Arch of Sto. Domingo, one of the barangays in Bay. Sto. Domingo was once part of the later Brgy. Mainit (which is now Los Banos).
"Tanghalang Bayeños" at the left side of the town's Municipal Hall. This is where they held town's festival and events.
Market area before the renovation.

San Antonio[edit]

Named after St. Anthony.

This is where the original and first church of the town situated. Old folks says that the church submerged on the lake (Laguna Lake) when a Super Typhoon hit the town causing massive flooding within the town area.

San Isidro[edit]

Named after St. Isidore Labrador.

The patron of the barangay is St. Isidore the Labrador, the patron of farmworkers known for his piety toward the poor and animals.

His Feast Day is on May 15.

Santa Cruz[edit]

Named after the Holy Cross.

Santo Domingo[edit]

Name after St. Dominic.

Named after Don Domingo Ordoveza, who once owned a large part of what is then sitio Tabon. The name was given by Donato Ople who served as a long time school principal in the town of Bay.

The patron of the barangay is St. Isidore the Labrador, the patron of farmworkers known for his piety toward the poor and animals.

His Feast Day is on May 15.

The barangay also celebrates annual foundation day and tilapia festival in honor to its well-known tilapia cultivation within the area.

It is one of the fast-growing economy barangays on Bay. The land area is almost covered with commercial buildings and subdivisions (Bay Garden Homes, The Cambria, and soon Camella Homes) that contribute to the income growth of the barangay alone. This is also the barangay where the first mall in town "CityMall Bay" will be soon to rise. [16]

San Agustin (Pob)[edit]

Named after St. Agustin.

One of the barangays that make up the towns proper.

This is where the St. Augustine of Hippo Parish and town's Municipal Hall are situated. It is also one of the busiest barangays since a lot of convenience stores can be found here and it is near to the town's new public market, "Pamilihang Bayan ng Bay".

This is the home of the Tenorio's Bakery, widely famous for their Monay Bay (Monay Bae).

San Nicolas (Pob)[edit]

Named after St. Nicolas

One of the barangay that makes up the towns proper.


Formerly a part of Brgy. San Antonio but when it became independent, it became a separated barangay. Both Tagumpay and San Antonio share the same Patron saint, Saint Anthony. This also applies for the feast days for both barangays share the same patron saint. This is the northernmost barangay of Bay and is one of the barangays in Bay which does not have a high school.



Tricycles and jeepneys are popular modes of transportation in Bay. Buses are available to Sta. Cruz, Calamba, and Metro Manila.


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Province: Laguna". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ Laguna (province)#Administrative divisions
  6. ^ a b Archived 2014-11-06 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Sheniak, David & Anita Feleo, "Rizal and Laguna: Lakeside Sister Provinces (Coastal Towns of Rizal and Metro Manila)", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, 2002, ISBN 971-92272-1-4.
  8. ^ Odal-Devora, Grace P., ""Bae" or "Bai": The Lady of the Lake", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, 2002, ISBN 971-92272-1-4.
  9. ^ Eugenio, Damiana (2002). Philippine Folk Literature: The Legends. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 490. ISBN 971-542-357-4.
  10. ^ Jocano, F. Landa (1973). Folk Medicine in a Philippine Community. Quezon City: Punlad Research House, Inc. ISBN 971-622-015-4.
  11. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^ a b
  15. ^
  16. ^

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Capital of Laguna
Succeeded by