Central Asian clothing

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In Central Asian countries such as Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan, the tunic and loose trousers ensemble forms part of traditional costume. Men will wear turbans or hats with their tunics and sirwals whilst women will wear scarves or hats.

Lozim and kuylak[edit]

Women in Central Asian Uzbekistan traditionally wear the sirwal known as lozim in[1] which is wide. Over the lozim, women wear dresses known as kuylak which are generally full sleeved and fall to below the knees but some can be long dresses.[2] A head scarf is traditionally worn over the head which is tied at the back of the neck. Some women also use a second scarf.[3]

Central Asian countries are known for their eccentric headwear. These hats are often very puffy and very big. They are pretty neat.

Lozim and chakmon[edit]

Men of Uzbekistan wear the lozim with a long robe called the chakmon.[4]

Izor and kurta[edit]

Women in Tajikistan also wear dresses which are long robes called kurta[5] with sirwal called izor[6] (also referred to as sharovary)[7] tied at the ankles.[8] The ankle gathers are tied with a cord.[9] Head scarfs are also worn.[10]

Balaq and koynak[edit]

The dress of women of Turkmenistan consists of under trousers called balaq, a dress called koynak and a headdress.[11]


  1. ^ Mary Masayo Doi (2002) Gesture, Gender, Nation: Dance and Social Change in Uzbekistan [1]
  2. ^ Lonely Planet, Bradley Mayhew, Mark Elliott, Tom Masters, John Noble (2014) Lonely Planet Central Asia [2]
  3. ^ Kamp, Marianne (2006) The New Woman in Uzbekistan: Islam, modernity, and unveiling under communism [3]
  4. ^ Gabriele Mentges, Lola Shamukhitdinova (2013) Modernity of Tradition: Uzbek Textile Culture Today [4]
  5. ^ John S. King, John Noble, Andrew Humphreys (1996) Central Asia.: Kasachstan, Usbekistan, Turkmenien, Kirgisien, Tadschikistan. [5]
  6. ^ Hiro, Dilip (2009) Inside Central Asia: A Political and Cultural History of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz stan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Iran [6]
  7. ^ Pavel Luknit︠s︡kiĭ (1954) Soviet Tajikistan
  8. ^ Nurullo Fozilov (2006) Travel Through Tajikistan
  9. ^ Ming-Ju Sun (2003) Russian Folk Costumes Paper Dolls
  10. ^ Abazov, Rafis (2006) Tajikistan
  11. ^ Condra, Jill (2013) Encyclopedia of National Dress: Traditional Clothing Around the World [7]