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Ngayogyakarta-style blangkon, 2015-05-17 04.jpg
A Ngayogyakarta-style blangkon, worn for weddings
TypeTraditional headgear
Place of originIndonesia (Java)
Blangkons, the traditional Javanese headgear

A blangkon (Javanese: ꦧ꧀ꦭꦁꦏꦺꦴꦤ꧀) or belangkon (in Indonesian) is a traditional Javanese headgear worn by men and made of batik fabric. There are four types of blangkons, distinguished by the shapes and regional Javanese origin: Ngayogyakarta, Surakarta, Kedu, and Banyumasan.


It is believed that blangkon may be as old as the Javanese script, and inspired from the legendary story of Aji Saka. In the story, Aji Saka defeated Dewata Cengkar, a giant who owned the land of Java, by spreading a giant piece of headdress that could cover the entire land of Java. Aji Saka was also believed to be the founder of the Javanese calendar.

There are another theory stating that the use of blangkon is absorbed by the Javanese due to the influence mixture of local Hindu and Islamic culture. The Muslims traders who entered Java were people from various places including mainland Arab and Gujarati regions, and the blangkons believed to be adapted from turbans, but this theory is irrelevant because the story of Aji Saka itself predates the arrival of Islam in Java.


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