Commercial Township, New Jersey

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Commercial Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Commercial
Caesar Hoskins Log Cabin
Motto: Small Town Charm, Along the Scenic Maurice River
Commercial Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Commercial Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Commercial Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Commercial Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°16′26″N 75°02′43″W / 39.273751°N 75.045267°W / 39.273751; -75.045267Coordinates: 39°16′26″N 75°02′43″W / 39.273751°N 75.045267°W / 39.273751; -75.045267[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Incorporated February 27, 1874
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Ronald Sutton Sr. (D, term ends December 31, 2017)[3][4]
 • Municipal clerk Hannah E. Nichols[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 34.438 sq mi (89.194 km2)
 • Land 32.129 sq mi (83.214 km2)
 • Water 2.309 sq mi (5.980 km2)  6.70%
Area rank 70th of 566 in state
7th of 14 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 5,178
 • Estimate (2016)[11] 5,054
 • Rank 371st of 566 in state
7th of 14 in county[12]
 • Density 161.2/sq mi (62.2/km2)
 • Density rank 520th of 566 in state
7th of 14 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08349 - Port Norris[13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3401114710[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882062[1][17]
Website www.commercialtwp.com

Commercial Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 5,178,[8][9][9] reflecting a decline of 81 (-1.5%) from the 5,259 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 233 (+4.6%) from the 5,026 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Commercial Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 27, 1874, from portions of Downe Township.[19] The township was named for its shellfish industry.[20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 34.438 square miles (89.194 km2), including 32.129 square miles (83.214 km2) of land and 2.309 square miles (5.980 km2) of water (6.70%).[1][2]

Laurel Lake (2010 Census population of 2,989[21]) and Port Norris (population of 1,377 as of 2010[22]) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places (CDPs) located within Commercial Township.[23]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Baileytown, Bivalve, Buckshutem, Haleyville, Lores Mill, Mauricetown, North Port Norris and Shell Pile.[24]

The township borders Maurice River Township, Millville, Downe Township and Delaware Bay.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,265
1890 2,344 3.5%
1900 2,982 27.2%
1910 2,604 −12.7%
1920 2,292 −12.0%
1930 2,873 25.3%
1940 2,822 −1.8%
1950 3,238 14.7%
1960 3,244 0.2%
1970 3,667 13.0%
1980 4,674 27.5%
1990 5,026 7.5%
2000 5,259 4.6%
2010 5,178 −1.5%
Est. 2016 5,054 [11][25] −2.4%
Population sources: 1880-2000[26]
1880-1920[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,178 people, 1,880 households, and 1,337 families residing in the township. The population density was 161.2 per square mile (62.2/km2). There were 2,115 housing units at an average density of 65.8 per square mile (25.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 83.72% (4,335) White, 10.24% (530) Black or African American, 0.35% (18) Native American, 0.52% (27) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.53% (79) from other races, and 3.65% (189) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.10% (316) of the population.[8]

There were 1,880 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.14.[8]

In the township, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.3 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 98.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $45,323 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,873) and the median family income was $46,790 (+/- $10,373). Males had a median income of $42,297 (+/- $6,069) versus $31,391 (+/- $5,851) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,242 (+/- $2,315). About 18.0% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 21.2% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 5,259 people, 1,873 households, and 1,367 families residing in the township. The population density was 162.0 people per square mile (62.6/km²). There were 2,171 housing units at an average density of 66.9/sq mi (25.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 82.98% White, 13.42% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.86% of the population.[32][33]

There were 1,873 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.0% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.22.[32][33]

In the township the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the township was $34,960, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $35,030 versus $21,610 for females. The per capita income for the township was $14,663. About 13.0% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Commercial Township is governed under the Township form of government. The governing body is a three-member Township Committee, whose members are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][35] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2016, members of the Commercial Township Committee are Mayor Ronald Sutton Sr., (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2018; term as mayor ends 2016), Deputy Mayor Fletcher Jamison (D, term on committee ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2016) and one vacant seat on the committee.[3][36][37][38][39][40]

In March 2016, Mayor Judson Moore resigned from office, with Ronald Sutton named as mayor to replace Moore, and Fletcher Jamison shifted to deputy mayor.[41]

In the November 2013 general election, Moore became the first candidate to win election running as an independent, while Ronald Sutton was elected to fill the vacant seat of Bill Riggin, who had resigned from office.[42]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Commercial Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[43] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[9][44][45] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Commercial Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[46]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[47] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[48] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[49][50]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland).[51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[54][55] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[56] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[57] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[58] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[59] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[60] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[61] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[62][63][64][65] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[66] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[67] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[68]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,183 registered voters in Commercial Township, of which 1,004 (31.5%) were registered as Democrats, 568 (17.8%) were registered as Republicans and 1,608 (50.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[69]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.6% of the vote (983 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 41.1% (701 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (23 votes), among the 1,726 ballots cast by the township's 3,270 registered voters (19 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 52.8%.[70][71] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 55.0% of the vote (1,032 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 41.7% (781 votes), with 1,875 ballots cast among the township's 3,151 registered voters, for a turnout of 59.5%.[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.2% of the vote (849 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received 49.2% (832 votes), with 1,690 ballots cast among the township's 2,931 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 57.7.[73]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.9% of the vote (691 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 36.4% (413 votes), and other candidates with 2.7% (31 votes), among the 1,191 ballots cast by the township's 3,031 registered voters (56 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 39.3%.[74][75] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 46.5% of the vote (475 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 43.6% (446 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.0% (61 votes), with 1,022 ballots cast among the township's 3,017 registered voters, yielding a 33.9% turnout.[76]

Education[edit]

Bivalve Oyster Packing and Docks, south of Port Norris, are on the National Register of Historic Places

The Commercial Township School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 633 students and 52.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.13:1.[77] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[78]) are Haleyville-Mauricetown Elementary School[79] (grades PreK-5; 449 students) and Port Norris Middle School[80] (6-8; 184).[81]

Students in ninth through twelfth grades for public school attend high school in Millville together with students from Lawrence Township and Maurice River Township, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Millville Public Schools under which students attend Memorial High School for ninth grade and half of the tenth grade and Millville Senior High School for half of the tenth grade through the twelfth grade.[82][83]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 77.15 miles (124.16 km) of roadways, of which 44.08 miles (70.94 km) were maintained by the municipality and 33.07 miles (53.22 km) by Cumberland County.[84]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Commercial Township include:

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Mayor & Committee, Township of Commercial. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  4. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017. As of date accessed, Sutton is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2018, which is the end of his committee term, not his mayoral term.
  5. ^ Clerk's Office, Township of Commercial. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Commercial, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Commercial township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Commercial township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Port Norris, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Port Norris, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed December 21, 2014.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  20. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 28, 2015.
  21. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Laurel Lake CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  22. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Port Norris CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  23. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  24. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  25. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  26. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  27. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  32. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Commercial township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Commercial township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Commercial township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  35. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  36. ^ 2016 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Township of Commercial. Accessed June 21, 2015.
  37. ^ 2016 Directory of Cumberland County, New Jersey, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  38. ^ Cumberland County GENERAL - November 3rd, 2015 Official Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 3, 2015. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  39. ^ Cumberland CountyGeneral - November 4, 2014 Official Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated March 17, 2015. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  40. ^ Cumberland County General - November 5, 2013 Unofficial Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 6, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  41. ^ Woods, Don E. Twp. mayor resigns with 9 months left in office", NJ.com, March 15, 2016. Accessed June 30, 2016. "Moore was two years into his three-year appointment on committee when he announced his resignation Monday night at a Commercial Township work session meeting.... According to township clerk Hannah Nichols, Ronald Sutton Sr. was made mayor during Monday's meeting and Fletcher Jamison was made deputy mayor."
  42. ^ Tomlinson, Philip. "Commercial Township reorganizes, Judson Moore appointed mayor", South Jersey Times, January 6, 2014. Accessed July 23, 2014. "In November, Judson Moore became the first Independent candidate elected to the township's three-person committee.... Democrat Ronald Sutton was also sworn in to serve the remainder of the term of former committeeman Bill Riggin, who resigned due to health concerns this past fall; Sutton, elected for the seat in November, had served in that capacity by appointment since shortly after Riggin's resignation. Longtime Democratic Committeeman Fletcher Jamison was tabbed as deputy mayor."
  43. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  45. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  46. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  47. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  48. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  49. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  50. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  51. ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
  52. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  54. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  55. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  56. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  59. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  60. ^ James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  61. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  62. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  63. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  64. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  65. ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
  66. ^ Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  67. ^ Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  68. ^ Cumberland County Surrogate Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. As of date accessed, a 2013 term-end year is listed incorrectly.
  69. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  70. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  71. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  72. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  73. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  74. ^ "Governor - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  75. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  76. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  77. ^ District information for Commercial Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  78. ^ School Data for the Commercial Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  79. ^ Haleyville-Mauricetown Elementary School, Commercial Township School District. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  80. ^ Port Norris Middle School, Commercial Township School District. Accessed December 31, 2014.
  81. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Commercial Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  82. ^ Sending District Students, Millville Public Schools. Accessed December 8, 2014. "9TH – 12th grade students who attend Memorial and MSHS from Woodbine, Commercial Township, Lawrence Township, and Maurice River Township will need to establish their proof of residency with their district."
  83. ^ Jones, Jean. "Maurice River enlists state help in fighting Millville HS tuition increase", South Jersey Times, January 16, 2008. Accessed December 8, 2014. "He said Millville is unwilling to pass on its need for more funding to its own taxpayers so it is passing the increase on to the sending districts -- Commercial, Maurice River and Lawrence townships and Woodbine."
  84. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  85. ^ Gentry, Curt. J. Edgar Hoover: The Man and the Secrets, pp. 73-74. W. W. Norton & Company, 2001. ISBN 9780393343502. Accessed July 23, 2014. "His choice, who was already working in the department as a file clerk, was a twenty-one-year-old woman from Port Norris, New Jersey. Helen Gandy would remain Hoover's secretary until his death fifty-four years later."
  86. ^ Staff. "Help solve a Cumberland County history mystery: Where is Civil War Medal of Honor recipient John Davis buried?", The News of Cumberland County, July 7, 2009. Accessed July 23, 2014. "Elden H. Johnson, born in Bivalve, has been recognized by Commercial Township for his service in World War II."
  87. ^ Henry Clay Loudenslager biography, United States Congress. Accessed August 11, 2007.
  88. ^ Larry Milbourne, New York Yankees. Accessed July 23, 2014.
  89. ^ Sharp, Dallas Lore; and Millard, Columbus Norman. A Watcher in the Woods, p. viii. Century Company, 1911. Accessed July 23, 2014. "Dallas Lore Sharp was born on a farm in Haleyville, New Jersey, where the pine barrens, the marshes of Maurice River, and the great river swamps stretched out around him."

External links[edit]