Upper Deerfield Township, New Jersey

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Upper Deerfield Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Upper Deerfield
Upper Deerfield Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Upper Deerfield Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Upper Deerfield Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Upper Deerfield Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°29′42″N 75°13′01″W / 39.494923°N 75.216943°W / 39.494923; -75.216943Coordinates: 39°29′42″N 75°13′01″W / 39.494923°N 75.216943°W / 39.494923; -75.216943[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Incorporated April 3, 1922
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor James P. Crilley (term ends December 31, 2015)[3][4]
 • Administrator / Clerk Roy J. Spoltore[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 31.275 sq mi (81.002 km2)
 • Land 31.098 sq mi (80.543 km2)
 • Water 0.177 sq mi (0.458 km2)  0.57%
Area rank 83rd of 566 in state
8th of 14 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 7,660
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 7,634
 • Rank 299th of 566 in state
5th of 14 in county[12]
 • Density 246.3/sq mi (95.1/km2)
 • Density rank 492nd of 566 in state
5th of 14 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08302 - Seabrook[13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3401174870[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882055[1][17]
Website www.upperdeerfield.org

Upper Deerfield Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 7,660,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 104 (+1.4%) from the 7,556 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 629 (+9.1%) from the 6,927 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Upper Deerfield Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1922, from portions of Deerfield Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 3, 1922.[19] It is a dry town, where alcohol cannot be sold, as affirmed by a referendum passed in 1972.[20][21]

Seabrook Farms (2010 population of 1,484[22]) is a census designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community located within Upper Deerfield Township.[23]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 31.275 square miles (81.002 km2), of which, 31.098 square miles (80.543 km2) of it was land and 0.177 square miles (0.458 km2) of it (0.57%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders Hopewell Township, Bridgeton, Fairfield Township, Deerfield Township, and Salem County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 2,051
1940 2,020 −1.5%
1950 5,203 157.6%
1960 6,040 16.1%
1970 6,648 10.1%
1980 6,810 2.4%
1990 6,927 1.7%
2000 7,556 9.1%
2010 7,660 1.4%
Est. 2013 7,634 [11][24] −0.3%
Population sources:1930-2000[25]
1930[26] 1930-1990[27] 2000[28][29] 2010[8]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,660 people, 2,866 households, and 2,104 families residing in the township. The population density was 246.3 per square mile (95.1/km2). There were 3,025 housing units at an average density of 97.3 per square mile (37.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 74.67% (5,720) White, 12.96% (993) Black or African American, 1.27% (97) Native American, 2.65% (203) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 5.38% (412) from other races, and 3.07% (235) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 9.43% (722) of the population.[8]

There were 2,866 households, of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.08.[8]

In the township, 23.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,646 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,771) and the median family income was $61,974 (+/- $9,964). Males had a median income of $45,532 (+/- $5,633) versus $36,741 (+/- $10,855) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,033 (+/- $2,581). About 8.9% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[30]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 7,556 people, 2,757 households, and 2,125 families residing in the township. The population density was 242.9 people per square mile (93.8/km²). There were 2,881 housing units at an average density of 92.6 per square mile (35.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 75.77% White, 16.41% African American, 0.81% Native American, 3.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.54% of the population.[28][29]

There were 2,757 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.12.[28][29]

In the township the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.[28][29]

The median income for a household in the township was $47,861, and the median income for a family was $51,472. Males had a median income of $37,064 versus $23,719 for females. The per capita income for the township was $18,884. About 10.1% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[28][29]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Upper Deerfield Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected at-large directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2015, members of the Upper Deerfield Township Committee are Mayor James P. Crilley (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2017; term as mayor ends 2015), Deputy Mayor John T. "Terry" O'Neill, Sr. (D, term on committee and as deputy mayor ends 2015), John L. Daddario (R, 2016), Bruce T. Peterson (D, 2016) and Scott Smith (R, 2015).[3][31][32][33][34][35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Upper Deerfield Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[9][38][39]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[41] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[42][43]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[47][48] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[49] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[50] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[51] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[52] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[53] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[54] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[55][56][57][58] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[59] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[60] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[61]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,179 registered voters in Upper Deerfield Township, of which 1,296 (25.0%) were registered as Democrats, 1,189 (23.0%) were registered as Republicans and 2,693 (52.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[62]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 52.7% of the vote (1,839 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 46.2% (1,614 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (37 votes), among the 3,513 ballots cast by the township's 5,361 registered voters (23 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 65.5%.[63][64] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 51.2% of the vote (1,864 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 46.5% (1,694 votes), with 3,640 ballots cast among the township's 5,150 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.7%.[65] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 54.5% of the vote (1,842 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 43.2% (1,460 votes), with 3,377 ballots cast among the township's 4,734 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 71.3.[66]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 66.0% of the vote (1,397 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 32.5% (687 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (33 votes), among the 2,147 ballots cast by the township's 5,158 registered voters (30 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.6%.[67][68] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 50.3% of the vote (1,213 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 39.8% (959 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 7.0% (169 votes), with 2,411 ballots cast among the township's 5,064 registered voters, yielding a 47.6% turnout.[69]

Education[edit]

The Upper Deerfield Township Schools serve public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's three schools had an enrollment of 852 students and 77.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.06:1.[70] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[71]) are Charles F. Seabrook School[72] (PreK-3, 409 students; Stephen Wilchnsky, principal), Elizabeth E. Moore School[73] (Grades 4-5, 156 students; Sam Curio, interim principal) and Woodruff School[74] (Grades 6-8, 287 students; Dr. Peter Koza, principal).[75][76]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cumberland Regional High School, which also serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough and Stow Creek Township.[77][78] The school is located in Upper Deerfield Township and opened for the 1977-78 school year as part of the Cumberland Regional High School District. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 1,368 students.[79]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 103.73 miles (166.94 km) of roadways, of which 29.56 miles (47.57 km) were maintained by the municipality, 64.38 miles (103.61 km) by Cumberland County and 9.79 miles (15.76 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[80]

Route 77 enters from Bridgeton on the township's southern border and heads north through the center of the township for 7.6 miles (12.2 km) to Upper Pittsgrove Township at the northern tip of Upper Deerfield Township.[81] Route 56 (Landis Avenue) branches off from Route 77 near the township's border with Bridgeton and heads northeast for 4.8 miles (7.7 km) towards Pittsgrove Township.[82]

County Route 540 (Deerfield Road) traverses the northern quarter of the township for 4.6 miles (7.4 km) from Hopewell Township in the west towards Pittsgrove Township on the east.[83] County Route 553 (South Woodruff Road / East Finley Road / Centerton Road) runs along the eastern side of the township for 6.6 miles (10.6 km) from Fairfield Township in the south towards Pittsgrove Township in the northeast corner.[84] County Route 552 (Irving Avenue) follows the southern border of the township for 2.3 miles (3.7 km) from Bridgeton in the west towards Fairfield Township in the southeast corner of the township.[85]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit offers service on the 410 route between Bridgeton and Philadelphia, and the 553 route between Upper Deerfield Township and Atlantic City.[86]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Upper Deerfield Township include:

  • Charles F. Seabrook (1881–1964), business man and owner of Seabrook Farms, a family-owned frozen vegetable packing plant that at one point was the largest irrigated truck farm in the world, who was the namesake of Seabrook community and the Charles F. Seabrook School.[87]

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Committee, Upper Deerfield Township. Accessed March 10, 2015.
  4. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed March 1, 2015. As of date accessed, Crilley is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2014.
  5. ^ Clerk/Administrator, Upper Freehold Township. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Upper Deerfield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Upper Deerfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Upper Deerfield township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Upper Deerfield, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Upper Deerfield, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 7, 2013.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 122. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  20. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  21. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  22. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Seabrook Farms CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  23. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  24. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  25. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2010, WestJersey.org. January 6, 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  26. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  27. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Upper Deerfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Upper Deerfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  30. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Upper Deerfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  31. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Upper Deerfield Township. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  32. ^ Taniguchi, Lauren T. "Mayor Crilley welcomed back at Upper Deerfield Twp. Committee reorganization meeting", South Jersey Times, January 6, 2012. Accessed November 7, 2013. "Crilley, a Republican, then accepted a nomination to become mayor for another year after also serving as chairman of the committee in 2011. Democrat committeeman John 'Terry' O’Neill Sr. was appointed deputy mayor, giving the Upper Deerfield Township Committee bipartisan leadership for 2012. Crilley and O’Neill join Democrat Bruce T. Peterson and Republicans John Daddario and Scott Smith on the 3-2 Republican majority board."
  33. ^ Cumberland County General - November 5, 2013 Unofficial Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  34. ^ Staff. "Cumberland County Election Results 2013: Live Updates", South Jersey Times, November 5, 2013. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  35. ^ Staff. "Cumberland County election results 2014", South Jersey Times, November 4, 2014. Accessed March 10, 2015.
  36. ^ Woods, Don E. "Deerfield Township swears in deployed committeeman over telephone", South Jersey Times, January 14, 2015. Accessed March 10, 2015. "Upper Deerfield Township: Republican James Crilley was re-sworn in as chairman after winning re-election and Democrat Terry O'Neill was renamed vice chairman."
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  41. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  42. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  43. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  44. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  45. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  46. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  48. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  49. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  50. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  51. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  52. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  53. ^ James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  54. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  55. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  56. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
  59. ^ Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  60. ^ Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  61. ^ Cumberland County Surrogate Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. As of date accessed, a 2013 term-end year is listed incorrectly.
  62. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  63. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  65. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  66. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  67. ^ "Governor - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  68. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  69. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  70. ^ District information for Upper Deerfield Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  71. ^ School Data for the Upper Deerfield Township Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  72. ^ Charles F. Seabrook School, Upper Deerfield Township Schools. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  73. ^ Elizabeth E. Moore School, Upper Deerfield Township Schools. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  74. ^ Woodruff School, Upper Deerfield Township Schools. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  75. ^ Schools, Upper Deerfield Township Schools. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  76. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Upper Deerfield Township Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 22, 2014.
  77. ^ Cumberland Regional School District 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 10, 2015. "The Cumberland Regional School District, located in Western Cumberland County, provides students with a comprehensive learning environment in a nurturing and personalized setting. The district serves students in grades 9-12 who reside in the municipalities of Deerfield, Fairfield, Greenwich & Stow Creek, Hopewell & Shiloh, and Upper Deerfield.."
  78. ^ History of CRHS, Cumberland Regional High School. Accessed December 9, 2014. "The Cumberland Regional High School is carved out of the northwest section of Cumberland County, New Jersey. Six municipalities whose boundaries are the same as the school districts in them, are served by the school. Districts include (1) Deerfield Township, (2) Fairfield Township, (3) Greenwich Township, (4) Hopewell Township, (5) Stow Creek Township, and (6) Upper Deerfield Township."
  79. ^ School Data for Cumberland Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 9, 2014.
  80. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 7, 2013.
  81. ^ Route 77 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 2009. Accessed November 7, 2013.
  82. ^ Route 56 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, February 2009. Accessed November 7, 2013.
  83. ^ County Route 540 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2006. Accessed November 7, 2013.
  84. ^ County Route 553 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, September 2007. Accessed November 7, 2013.
  85. ^ County Route 552 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2006. Accessed November 7, 2013.
  86. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed December 15, 2014.
  87. ^ "Our People of the CenturyCharles F. Seabrook:A Head for Business, A Heart for People", Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed December 22, 2014. "Charles F. Seabrook, often called “The Henry Ford of Agriculture,” headed Seabrook Frams, which became one of the largest producers of frozen vegetables in the world.... He’s credited for bringing refugees from many 20th century upheavals, to work at Seabrook Farms in Upper Deerfield."

External links[edit]