Cottbus

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Cottbus
Cottbus Altmarkt (old market square)
Cottbus Altmarkt (old market square)
Coat of arms of Cottbus
Coat of arms
Location of Cottbus
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictUrban district
Government
 • Lord MayorFrank Szymanski (SPD)
Area
 • Total164.28 km2 (63.43 sq mi)
Elevation
70 m (230 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total101,036
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
03042-03055
Dialling codes0355
Vehicle registrationCB
Websitewww.cottbus.de

Cottbus (Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km southeast of Berlin on the River Spree. As of 31 December 2005, its population was 101,785.[2]

History

The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side-by-side with the Sorbs. In medieval times Cottbus was known for wool, and the town's drapery was exported all over the Brandenburg, Bohemia and Saxony. In 1462 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg; in 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lower Lusatia were ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia.

From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Cottbus was part of the German Democratic Republic.

Culture and education

Cottbus is the cultural centre of the Lower Sorbian minority. Many signs in the town are bilingual, and there is a Lower Sorbian-medium Gymnasium, but Sorbian is rarely spoken on the streets.

Next to Cottbus is the famous Park of Branitz, created by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau after 1845.

Cottbus is also home of the Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) and the maths/science-oriented Max-Steenbeck-Gymnasium which is named after the physicist Max Steenbeck.

Every year Cottbus is host of the East European Film Festival.

Cottbus has a football (soccer) team called Energie Cottbus currently playing in the 2nd Division.

Power generation

There are several coal-fired power stations in the area around Cottbus (Lausitz). The biggest stations are "Schwarze Pumpe" (1600 MW), "Boxberg" (1900 MW) and "Jänschwalde" (3000 MW).

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Cottbus is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg am 31.12.2008 nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. Retrieved 2010-01-03.
  3. ^ "Zielona Góra - Partner Cities". © 2008 Urzędu Miasta Zielona Góra. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
  4. ^ "Partnership towns of the City of Košice" (in Slovak). © 2007-2009 City of Košice Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. SNP 48/A, 040 11 Košice. Retrieved 2009-07-12. External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr Destrict" (PDF). © 2009 Twins2010.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. External link in |publisher= (help)

External links

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