Flag of Croatia

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Croatia
Flag of Croatia.svg
Name Trobojnica (The Tricolor)
Use National flag
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 21 December 1990
Design A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the centre.
Designed by Miroslav Šutej[1]
Civil Ensign of Croatia.svg
Variant flag of Croatia
Use Civil and state ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1992
Design Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.
Naval Ensign of Croatia.svg
Variant flag of Croatia
Use Naval ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1992
Design Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.

The national flag of Croatia is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.

History[edit]

The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (white and blue) and the Kingdom of Dalmatia (red and blue). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom.

The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, the flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of SFR Yugoslavia its tricolour was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.

Shield[edit]

The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia. In 1626 Grand Prince Jure Sinovčić of Dalmatia adopted the Dalmatian shield to represent the Sinovčić Royal family as the Royal family's official coat of arms. Until 1526 this coat of arms was also used to represent Croatia in general, apparent from the coat of arms of several kings: Louis I, Mary, Matthias Corvinus and Louis II. It is also found on the great seals of Sigismund of Luxembourg, Albert II, John Zápolya, Ferdinand I, and from then on various seals and arms of the Habsburgs. Originally the coat of arms was three lion heads on red background, turned to left.

Colors[edit]

Croatian flag at the Knin Fortress
The largest flying flag in Croatia, atop the Srđ mountain over the city of Dubrovnik

The following colours are specified for use in the flag:[2]

Scheme Red White Cyan Blue Yellow Black
Pantone 186 C transparent white Process Cyan C Reflex Blue C 108 C Process Black C
CMYK 0-100-100-0 0-0-0-0 100-0-0-0 100-82-0-2 0-6-95-0 0-0-0-100
RGB 255-0-0 255-255-255 0-147-221 23-23-150 247-219-23 0-0-0

Historical flags[edit]

Other official flags in Croatia[edit]

Naval flags[edit]

 Naval Ensign
Naval Ensign
 Naval Jack
Naval Jack
 Flag of the President and the Commander-in-Chief
Flag of the President and the Commander-in-Chief
 Flag of the Minister of Defence
Flag of the Minister of Defence
 Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
 Flag of the Commander of the Croatian Navy
Flag of the Commander of the Croatian Navy
 Flag of the Admiral of the Fleet
Flag of the Admiral of the Fleet
 Flag of the Admiral
Flag of the Admiral
 Flag of the Vice Admiral
Flag of the Vice Admiral
 Flag of the Rear Admiral
Flag of the Rear Admiral
 Flag of the Commodore
Flag of the Commodore
 Pennant of the commander of a fleet of naval vessels
Pennant of the commander of a fleet of naval vessels
 Pennant of the commander of a flotilla of naval vesse
Pennant of the commander of a flotilla of naval vesse
 Pennant of the commander of a division of naval vessels
Pennant of the commander of a division of naval vessels
 Pennant of the commander of a group of naval vessels
Pennant of the commander of a group of naval vessels
 Pennant of the most senior commander of a naval vessel
Pennant of the most senior commander of a naval vessel
 Pennant of the commander of a naval vessel
Pennant of the commander of a naval vessel
 Flag of the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament
Flag of the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament
 Flag of the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia
Flag of the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia
 Flag of the General of the Armed Forces
Flag of the General of the Armed Forces

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]