Lake Sentarum National Park
|Danau Sentarum National Park|
|Location||West Kalimantan, Indonesia|
|Area||1,320 km2 (510 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Ministry of Forestry|
|Official name||Danau Sentarum Wildlife reserve|
|Designated||30 August 1994|
The Danau Sentarum National Park is a national park protecting one of the world's most biodiverse lake systems, located in the heart of Borneo Island, Kapuas Hulu Regency, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. It lies in the upper Kapuas River tectonic basin some 700 kilometres upstream from the delta. The basin is a vast floodplain, consisting of about 20 seasonal lakes, freshwater swamp forest and peat swamp forest. Local people call it as Lebak lebung (floodplain). The National Park is located in the western part of this basin, where three-quarters of the seasonal lakes occur. Approximately half of the park consists of lakes, while the other half consists of freshwater swamp forest.
An area of 800 km2 was first gazetted as Wildlife Reserve in 1982, which in 1994 was extended to 1,320 km2 (890 km2 is swamp forest area and 430 km2 is dry-land) when it became a Ramsar site. In 1999 it was declared a National Park, however a National Park Authority was only established in 2006.
Danau Sentarum National Park has a rich fish fauna with around 240 recorded species, including the Asian arowana and clown loach botia. During a biological expedition, scientists found species of such fish genera as Chitala, Scleropages, and Parachela, including many new species. There have been 237 bird species recorded including the Storm's stork and great argus. Of the 143 mammal species 23 are endemic to Borneo including the proboscis monkey. There is a relatively large population of the endangered orangutans present in the park. The 26 reptile species include the false gharial and estuarine crocodile.
The lakes support a large traditional fishing industry. The western part of the upper Kapuas floodplain is inhabited by almost 20,000 people, 88% of which are Malay fishermen. About 3,000 people live in about 20 village enclaves within the Park.
- "Danau Sentarum Wildlife reserve". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- Jeanes, Kevin; Meijaard, Erik: Danau Sentarum's wildlife: Biodiversity value and global importance of Danau Sentarum's wildlife, retrieved 2009-09-25
- "March 12, 2012 - Tidak Ada Danau Seunik Danau Sentarum". Archived from the original on 2012-03-15.
- Promoting Good Governance in Danau Sentarum National Park, retrieved 2009-09-25
- Kottelat, Maurice; Widjanarti, Enis (1 July 2005). "The fishes of Danau Sentarum National Park and the Kapuas Lakes Area, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia". The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement 13: 139–173 – via ResearchGate.
- Riak Bumi community-based natural resource management NGO: Flora & Fauna in Danau Sentarum Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 2009-09-26
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