The bridge as seen from the Surabaya coast
|Crosses||Madura Strait, Indonesia|
|Official name||Jembatan Nasional Surabaya – Madura|
|Design||cable stayed bridge
box girder bridge
|Total length||5,438 metres (17,841 ft)|
|Width||30 metres (98 ft)|
|Height||146 metres (479 ft)|
|Longest span||434 metres (1,424 ft)|
|Construction begin||20 August 2003|
|Opened||10 June 2009|
The Suramadu Bridge (Indonesian: Jembatan Suramadu), also known as the Surabaya–Madura Bridge, is a cable-stayed bridge between Surabaya on the island of Java and the town of Bangkalan on the island of Madura in Indonesia. Opened in June 2009, the 5.4-km bridge is the longest in Indonesia and the first bridge to cross the Madura Strait.
The cable-stayed portion has three spans with lengths 192 m, 434 m and 192 m. The bridge has two lanes in each direction plus an emergency lane and a dedicated lane for motorcycles in each direction.
The bridge was built by a consortium of Indonesian companies PT Adhi Karya and PT Waskita Karya working with China Road and Bridge Corp. and China Harbor Engineering Co. Ltd. The total cost of the project, including connecting roads, has been estimated at 4.5 trillion rupiah (US$445 million).
Construction began in August 2003. In July 2004, a girder collapsed, killing one worker and injuring nine others. Work on the bridge halted at the end of 2004 due to lack of funds, but was restarted in November 2005. The main span of the bridge was connected on 31 March 2009, and the bridge was opened to the public on 10 June 2009.
Within a week of the opening, it was discovered that nuts and bolts as well as maintenance lamps had been stolen and that there was evidence of vandalism of cables supporting the main span.
The successful completion of the Suramadu bridge has encouraged interest in the possibility of constructing a much larger Sunda Strait Bridge across the Sunda Strait at the western end of Java. The bridge was shown both at the introduction and episode 2 of The Amazing Race 21.
As is often the case with public sector infrastructure facilities in Indonesia, there has been pressure to keep the tariffs for use of the bridge low. Tolls were initially set at Rp. 30,000 (US$3 in 2009) for four-wheeled vehicles and Rp. 3,000 (US$0.30) for two-wheelers. However in early 2016, it was announced that President Jokowi favoured a 50% cut in the tolls to help promote the competitiveness of industries on the Madura side of the bridge. No details were available as to how the cuts in the tolls would be funded.
- Indra Harasputra, 'Special report:Suramadu bridge could last for 100 years', The Jakarta Post, 10 June 2009.
- "The Suramadu Bridge". The Jakarta Post. 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Taufiq, Rohman (2009-06-10). "Indonesia Launches First Inter-Island Bridge". Tempo. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Witular, Rendi A. (2009-06-10). "Special Report: 'Made in China' poses as RI's pride". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- "Akhirnya, Bagian Tersulit Pada Jembatan Suramadu Tersambung" (in Indonesian). Suramadu Bridge Project. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- "Sebanyak 6.500 Undangan Hadiri Peresmian Jembatan Suramadu" (in Indonesian). Suramadu Bridge Project. 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- "Newly Opened East Java Bridge Gets Pilfered For Scrap Metal And Used Parts". The Jakarta Globe. 2009-06-17. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- "Suramadu Toll Bridge Fares Announced". Kompas. 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Ayomi Amindoni, 'Govt to cut Suramadu Bridge tolls', The Jakarta Post, 4 February 2016.
- Suramadu Bridge Project official website (in Indonesian) (link broken as of 2014-05-30)