Surabaya-Madura National Bridge
The bridge as seen from the Surabaya coast
|Crosses||Madura Strait, Indonesia|
|Official name||Jembatan Nasional Surabaya – Madura|
cable stayed bridge|
box girder bridge
|Total length||5,438 metres (17,841 ft)|
|Width||30 metres (98 ft)|
|Height||146 metres (479 ft)|
|Longest span||434 metres (1,424 ft)|
|Construction start||20 August 2003|
|Opened||10 June 2009|
The Suramadu Bridge (Indonesian: Jembatan Suramadu), also known as the Surabaya–Madura Bridge, is a cable-stayed bridge between Surabaya on the island of Java and the town of Bangkalan on the island of Madura in Indonesia. Opened in June 2009, the 5.4-km bridge is the longest in Indonesia and the first bridge to cross the Madura Strait.
The cable-stayed portion has three spans with lengths 192 m, 434 m and 192 m. The bridge has two lanes in each direction plus an emergency lane and a dedicated lane for motorcycles in each direction.
The bridge was built by a consortium of Indonesian companies PT Adhi Karya and PT Waskita Karya working with China Road and Bridge Corp. and China Harbor Engineering Co. Ltd. The total cost of the project, including connecting roads, has been estimated at 4.5 trillion rupiah (US$445 million).
Construction began in August 2003. In July 2004, a girder collapsed, killing one worker and injuring nine others. Work on the bridge halted at the end of 2004 due to lack of funds, but was restarted in November 2005. The main span of the bridge was connected on 31 March 2009, and the bridge was opened to the public on 10 June 2009.
Within a week of the opening, it was discovered that nuts and bolts as well as maintenance lamps had been stolen and that there was evidence of vandalism of cables supporting the main span.
The successful completion of the Suramadu bridge has encouraged interest in the possibility of constructing a much larger Sunda Strait Bridge across the Sunda Strait at the western end of Java. The bridge was shown both at the introduction and episode 2 of The Amazing Race 21.
As is often the case with public sector infrastructure facilities in Indonesia, there has been pressure to keep the tariffs for use of the bridge low. Tolls were initially set at Rp. 30,000 (US$3 in 2009) for four-wheeled vehicles and Rp. 3,000 (US$0.30) for two-wheelers. However, in early 2016, it was announced that President Jokowi favoured a 50% cut in the tolls to help promote the competitiveness of industries on the Madura side of the bridge.
No details were available as to how the cuts in the tolls would be funded. However, a spokesperson for the state-owned company P.T. Jasa Marga which operated the bridge said that the reductions in tariffs would not cause a problem for the operating firm itself because P.T. Jasa Marga was paid directly by the government to manage the bridge.
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- Suramadu Bridge Project official website (in Indonesian) (link broken as of 2014-05-30)