Mukundara Hills National Park

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Mukundara Hills National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Mukundara Hills National Park
Map showing the location of Mukundara Hills National Park
Map of India
Map showing the location of Mukundara Hills National Park
Map showing the location of Mukundara Hills National Park
Mukundara Hills National Park (India)
LocationRajasthan, India
Nearest cityKota
Coordinates24°52′05″N 75°51′22″E / 24.868°N 75.856°E / 24.868; 75.856[1]Coordinates: 24°52′05″N 75°51′22″E / 24.868°N 75.856°E / 24.868; 75.856[1]
Established2004

Darrah National Park in Rajasthan, India is a national park established in 2004 consisting of three wildlife sanctuaries: Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary, Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary, and Jawahar Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary. It is located within the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests' ecoregion.[2]

History[edit]

The national park contains large tracts of forests formerly part of the Maharaja of Kota's hunting grounds. The park was embroiled in a political controversy over its nomenclature, when the Bharatiya Janata Party state government revoked the decision that it be called the Rajiv Gandhi National Park.[3] The current name of the national park is Mukandara Hills National Park.[4]

The location of the national park is Kota and Jhalawar in Rajasthan. The national park is famous for the talking parrot (Gagroni parrot), Abili Meeni's palace, cranes and gharial.

Asiatic lion Reintroduction Project[edit]

A male Asiatic lion in Gir Forest National Park, likely scarred from a fight

Like Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary, Mukandara hills national park was one of the places which were considered for the reintroduction of the Asiatic lion.[5][6] The lion used to occur in Rajasthan,[7] but is now confined to Gujarat, in and around Gir Forest National Park.[8]

Now the proposal is dropped out because now tigers have made this as their home.

Tiger Reintroduction[edit]

The National animal of India should be protected and the best way is by creating more and larger forests. This image is from the Rashtradoot Newspaper of 4th August

Mukundra Hills has become the 3rd tiger reserve of Rajasthan followed by Ranthambore National Park and Sariska National Park. Mukundra Hill Tiger Reserve got its first tiger from Ranthambore Tiger Reserve. Later, Tigress T-106 was relocated to Mukundra Hill Tiger Reserve from Ranthambore National Park on Tuesday, 18 November 2018. She was renamed as MT-2 and became mother of 2 cubs. This was a proud moment for the Rajastan government.[9]

Current situation[edit]

On 23 July 2020, MT-3 (male tiger) was discovered dead. On 3 August MT-2 was discovered dead too. This news was very shocking for everyone. Both of MT-2's cubs who are now 6 months old are alive but are vulnerable.One cub is missing at present. MT-2 died in a territorial fight against another member of it's species.[10] Indian Forest Service officer Akashay Singh said that tigers were translocated in a hurry. This was a mistake as tigers had started preying on the domestic livestock.[11] In response to this, Indian Forest Service officer Sunayan Sharma, who was the director the operation of tiger reintroduction in Sariska Tiger Reserve said that even when the prey density was low in Mukundra Hills, tigers should be relocated without any delay because when he was in Sariska, politicians had started saying that when there are no tigers left here, then there is no point of protecting this place. He has mentioned this instance in his book 'Sariska: The Tiger Reserve Roars Again[12]. He said that the prey base can be improved later on but not after the jungle is destroyed. He said that the main reason behind these deaths is the improper management and not timely recruitment of important posts in Rajasthan like the forest range officer.Another tigress, MT-4 cub is missing too. MT-1(another male tiger) and MT-4 are still alive and the tiger presence is not over in Mukundra but currently the situation needs to be handled with care.

Wilderness[edit]

This place is mountainous and has a variety of plants, trees and animals. It has grasslands in between and also many dry deciduous trees. There are four rivers that flow in this region, the rivers are-

a)Chambal river

b)Kali river

c)Ahu river

d)Ramzan river[13]

Flora[edit]

Most of the species were recorded as tree species viz. Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. (Mimosaceae), Anthocephalus sp. (Rubiaceae), Atrocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Moraceae), Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. (Rutaceae), Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Meliaceae), Bombax ceiba L. (Malvaceae), Cassia fistula L. (Caesalpinaceae), Citrus aurantifolia (Christ.) Swingle (Rutaceae), Delonix regia (L.) Gamble (Caesalpinaceae), Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.(Papilionaceae), Phyllanthus emblica L. (Euphorbiaceae), Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae), Ficus religiosa L. (Moraceae), Ficus glomerata Roxb. (Moraceae), Ficus benghalensis L. (Moraceae).

Fauna[edit]

Royal Bengal Tiger, the Indian Wolf and the indian leopard are the major carnivores in this reserve. The prey here include the chital, sambar deer, wild boar and the nilgai.Sloth Bear and the chinkara(indian gazelle) are also found here. Reptiles here include the Mugger crocodile and the gharial

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Darrah Sanctuary". protectedplanet.net.
  2. ^ "Kathiarbar-Gir Dry Deciduous Forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  3. ^ .The Hindu: National: Rajasthan to go ahead with national park
  4. ^ "Mukundara Hills is Rajasthan's third tiger reserve". Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India. 12 April 2013. Archived from the original on 14 May 2020.
  5. ^ Walker, S. (1994). Executive summary of the Asiatic lion PHVA. First draft report. Zoo’s Print: 2–22.
  6. ^ Nowell, K., Jackson, P. (1996). "Asiatic lion". Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. pp. 17–21. ISBN 2-8317-0045-0.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  7. ^ Sharma, B.K., Kulshreshtha, S., Sharma, S., Singh, S., Jain, A., Kulshreshtha, M. (2013). "In situ and ex situ conservation: Protected Area Network and zoos in Rajasthan". In Sharma, B. K.; Kulshreshtha, S.; Rahmani, A. R. (eds.). Faunal Heritage of Rajasthan, India: Conservation and Management of Vertebrates. Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London: Springer Science & Business Media.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Singh, H. S.; Gibson, L. (2011). "A conservation success story in the otherwise dire megafauna extinction crisis: The Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) of Gir forest" (PDF). Biological Conservation. 144 (5): 1753–1757. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.02.009.
  9. ^ https://www.ranthamborenationalpark.com/blog/two-tiger-cubs-spotted-mukundra-tiger-reserve/
  10. ^ Rashtradoot Newspaper of 4 August 2020
  11. ^ 8–9 pm prime time talk on Rajasthani Patrika news channel of 7 August
  12. ^ https://www.amazon.in/Sariska-Tiger-Reserve-Roars-Again/dp/9383098716
  13. ^ https://www.drishtiias.com/daily-updates/daily-news-analysis/mukundara-hills-tiger-reserve

External links[edit]