Dead Cities

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Dead Cities
View of Serjilla
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Ancient Villages of Northern Syria
Location Limestone Massif, Syria Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 36°20′N 36°50′E / 36.33°N 36.83°E / 36.33; 36.83
Area 12,290 ha (1.323×109 sq ft)
Includes Basufan
Al-Dana
Al-Dana
Babuline
Banabil
Bara
Barad
Barisha
Church of Saint Simeon Stylites
Cyrrhus
Deir Sunbul
Ebla
Ein Laruz
Farkya
Hazarin
Jarada
Kafr Aruq
Kafr Dariyan
Maghara
Qalb Loze
Sarmada
Serjilla
Shinan, Syria
Turmanin Edit this on Wikidata
Criteria iii, iv, v
Reference 1348
Inscription 2011 (35th Session)
Dead Cities is located in Syria
Dead Cities
Location of Dead Cities

The Dead Cities (Arabic: المدن الميتة‎‎) or Forgotten Cities (Arabic: المدن المنسية‎‎) are a group of 700 abandoned settlements in northwest Syria between Aleppo and Idlib. Around 40 villages grouped in eight archaeological parks situated in north-western Syria provide an insight into rural life in Late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period. Most villages which date from the 1st to 7th centuries, became abandoned between the 8th and 10th centuries. The settlements feature the well-preserved architectural remains of dwellings, pagan temples, churches, cisterns, bathhouses etc. Important dead cities include the Church of Saint Simeon Stylites, Serjilla and al Bara.

The Dead Cities are situated in an elevated area of limestone known as Limestone Massif. These ancient settlements cover an area 20–40 km (12–25 mi) wide and some 140 km (87 mi) long.[1] The Massif includes three groups of highlands: the first is the northern group of Mount Simeon and Mount Kurd; the second middle group is the group of Harim Mountains; the third southern group is the group of Zawiya Mountain.

History[edit]

The location of Dead Cities in the northwestern parts of Syria

Chris Wickham, in the authoritative survey of the post-Roman world, Framing the Early Middle Ages (2006) argues that these were settlements of prosperous peasants which have few or no specifically urban features. The impressive remains of domestic architecture are the result of the prosperity of peasants who benefited from a strong international trade in olive oil at the end of Antiquity.

Another argument is that these were prosperous cities that flourished because they were located along major trade routes in the Byzantine Empire, and not merely prosperous peasant settlements. After conquest by the Arabs, the trade routes changed, and as a result these towns lost the majority of the business which fostered their economies. On this view, settlers eventually abandoned their towns and headed for other cities that were flourishing under the Arabs and the Umayyads as increasing urbanisation took its toll.

The ancient villages of the Dead Cities illustrate the transition from the ancient pagan world of the Roman Empire to Byzantine Christianity.

The majority of the dead cities are well-preserved, and tourists can access the sites quite freely despite the ongoing archaeological excavations and some restoration work, though some of the Dead Cities are quite difficult to reach without a guide.

Relatively few of the Dead Cities have any archaeological excavations taking place, and unfortunately the majority of people living in close proximity to them have no understanding of their importance. However, the local inhabitants are always welcoming to visitors.

Recently, most sites became easily accessible since many roads have been asphalted. There is a guidebook with a detailed map that is extremely useful for finding the lesser known sites; The Church of St Simeon Stylites and Other Archaeological Sites in the Mountains of Simeon and Halaqa (Arabic text by Abdallah Hadjar, translated by Paul Amish).

Dead Cites were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011, under the name of "Ancient Villages of Northern Syria".[2]

Archeological sites[edit]

Dead cities and archeological sites in Limestone Massif include:[3][4]

Mount Simeon, Mount Kurd and Mount Ḥalqa[edit]

Name
Image Coordinates Governorate Notes
Ain Dara temple
(Arabic: معبد عين دارة‎‎)
SYRIE 291.jpg 36°27′33.7″N 36°51′7.5″E / 36.459361°N 36.852083°E / 36.459361; 36.852083 (Ain Dara temple) Aleppo An Iron Age Syro-Hittite temple dating between the tenth and eighth centuries BC, is 45 km (28 mi) northwest of Aleppo.
Barad
(Arabic: براد‎‎)
Brad Northern Basilica.jpg 36°23′8″N 36°53′57″E / 36.38556°N 36.89917°E / 36.38556; 36.89917 (Barad, Syria) Aleppo An ancient settlement, located 32 km (20 mi) west of Aleppo, has many old basilicas; for example, the Saint Julianus Maronite monastery (399-402 AD) where the shrine of Saint Maron is located, and a basilica at the northern part of the village built in 561.
Barjaka or Burj Suleiman village
(Arabic: برجكة‎‎)
36°19′25.80″N 36°53′35.71″E / 36.3238333°N 36.8932528°E / 36.3238333; 36.8932528 (Barjaka) Aleppo Located 26 km (16 mi) northwest of Aleppo. The site has remnants of an old hermit tower and a well-preserved chapel from the 6th century.
Basufan
(Arabic: باصوفان‎‎)
Basufan Church of St. Phocas - Apse and arch of Prothesis - Corinthian columns with spiral fluting and wind blown capital. Kurdish man seated in foreground.jpg 36°20′26.69″N 36°52′33.11″E / 36.3407472°N 36.8758639°E / 36.3407472; 36.8758639 (Basufan) Aleppo
Batuta
(Arabic: بطوطة‎‎)
36°18′21″N 36°53′14″E / 36.30583°N 36.88722°E / 36.30583; 36.88722 (Batuta) Aleppo
Baziher
(Arabic: بازيهر‎‎)
36°19′7″N 36°52′29″E / 36.31861°N 36.87472°E / 36.31861; 36.87472 (Baziher) Aleppo
Benastur Monastery
(Arabic: بنستور‎‎)
36°18′12.00″N 36°55′23.00″E / 36.3033333°N 36.9230556°E / 36.3033333; 36.9230556 (Benastur) Aleppo
Churches of Sheikh Suleiman village
(Arabic: كنائس شيخ سليمان‎‎)
36°16′24.00″N 36°54′36.00″E / 36.2733333°N 36.9100000°E / 36.2733333; 36.9100000 (Sheikh Suleiman) Aleppo Located 28 km (17 mi) west of Aleppo, is notable for its three ancient churches: a ruined church located at the centre of the village, a well-preserved southern basilica which was built in 602, and the Church of the Virgin Mary which belongs to the late fifth century and is considered one of the most beautiful churches in northern Syria.[5] There is a hermit tower in the northern side of the village.
Church of Saint Simeon Stylites (Deir Semaan)
(Arabic: دير سمعان‎‎)
Church of Saint Simeon Stylites 17.jpg 36°19′35.00″N 36°50′01.00″E / 36.3263889°N 36.8336111°E / 36.3263889; 36.8336111 (Deir Semaan) Aleppo One of the most celebrated ecclesiastical monuments in Syria and among the oldest standing Christian churches in the world. It is located about 35 km (22 mi) northwest of Aleppo.
Cyrrhus
(Arabic: سيروس – نبي هوري‎‎)
Nebi HuriNorth.jpg 36°44′39″N 36°57′33″E / 36.74417°N 36.95917°E / 36.74417; 36.95917 (Cyrrhus) Aleppo An ancient city located 65 km (40 mi) north of Aleppo, is the site of Saints Cosmas and Damian Church (commonly known as Nabi Houri church), as well as a Roman amphitheatre and two old Roman bridges.
Deir Amman churches
(Arabic: دير عمان‎‎)
36°12′8″N 36°49′18″E / 36.20222°N 36.82167°E / 36.20222; 36.82167 (Deir Amman) Aleppo
Deir Mishmish Church
(Arabic: كنيسة دير مشمش‎‎)
36°27′47″N 36°55′1″E / 36.46306°N 36.91694°E / 36.46306; 36.91694 (Deir Mishmish) Aleppo
Deir Turmanin
(Arabic: دير ترمانين‎‎)
Church of Turmanin.png 36°14′30″N 36°49′24″E / 36.24167°N 36.82333°E / 36.24167; 36.82333 (Deir Turmanin) Idlib
Fafertin Church
(Arabic: كنيسة فافرتين‎‎)
36°19′13.79″N 36°54′26.41″E / 36.3204972°N 36.9073361°E / 36.3204972; 36.9073361 (Fafertin) Aleppo A half-ruined Late Roman basilica dates to 372 AD; it is located 22 km (14 mi) northwest of Aleppo. According to the Aleppine historian Abdallah Hajjar, Fafertin Basilica is among the oldest dated churches in the world.[6]
Kafr Kira settlement in Burj Heidar village
(Arabic: كفر كيرا في برج حيدر‎‎)
36°20′36.05″N 36°54′09.08″E / 36.3433472°N 36.9025222°E / 36.3433472; 36.9025222 (Kafr Kira) Aleppo Located 24 km (15 mi) northwest of Aleppo, has many half-ruined Christian structures dating back to the fourth and sixth centuries.
Kafr Lab
(Arabic: كفر لاب‎‎)
36°20′08.09″N 36°53′26.79″E / 36.3355806°N 36.8907750°E / 36.3355806; 36.8907750 (Kafr Lab) Aleppo
Kafr Lusein
(Arabic: كفر لوسين‎‎)
36°15′19.88″N 36°42′42.03″E / 36.2555222°N 36.7116750°E / 36.2555222; 36.7116750 (Kafr Lusein) Aleppo
Kafr Nabo settlement
(Arabic: كفر نابو‎‎)
36°21′36.54″N 36°54′28.88″E / 36.3601500°N 36.9080222°E / 36.3601500; 36.9080222 (Kafr Nabo) Aleppo Located 29 km (18 mi) west of Aleppo, is an Assyrian settlement of the ninth century BC and the site of a Roman temple which was converted into a church. There are also well-preserved residential buildings from the fifth and sixth centuries.
Kalota Castle and churches
(Arabic: كالوتا‎‎)
36°21′18.22″N 36°56′33.51″E / 36.3550611°N 36.9426417°E / 36.3550611; 36.9426417 (Kalota) Aleppo Located 20 km northwest of Aleppo. The castle was originally built as a Roman temple during the 2nd century AD. After converting to Christianity, the temple was turned into a basilica within the 5th century.[7] As a result of the wars between the Hamadanids and the Byzantine Empire, the church was turned into a castle during the 10th century.[8] There are two well-preserved churches near the castle: the eastern church built in 492 and the western church of the 6th century.
Kharab Shams Basilica
(Arabic: خرب شمس‎‎)
Kharab Shams Basilica, Dead Cities region, NW Syria.jpg 36°20′22.0″N 36°56′34.0″E / 36.339444°N 36.942778°E / 36.339444; 36.942778 (Kharab Shams Basilica) Aleppo One of the oldest best-preserved Christian structures in the Levant dates to the fourth century CE.[9] The Byzantine church is located 21 km (13 mi) northwest of Aleppo.
Kimar settlement near Basuta village
(Arabic: كيمار‎‎)
36°25′25.3″N 36°53′45.4″E / 36.423694°N 36.895944°E / 36.423694; 36.895944 (Kimar) Aleppo Located 35 km (22 mi) northwest of Aleppo, is a fifth-century CE village of the Late Roman and Byzantine eras; it has many well-preserved churches, towers and old water cisterns.
Mushabbak Basilica
(Arabic: المشبك‎‎)
Mushabbak Basilica Aleppo5.jpg 36°15′17.00″N 36°53′01.00″E / 36.2547222°N 36.8836111°E / 36.2547222; 36.8836111 (Mushabbak Basilica) Aleppo A well-preserved church from the second half of the fifth century (around 470), is located 25 km (16 mi) west of Aleppo, near the town of Daret A'zzeh.
Qatura
(Arabic: قاطورة‎‎)
36°18′02.71″N 36°49′48.34″E / 36.3007528°N 36.8300944°E / 36.3007528; 36.8300944 (Qatura) Aleppo
Refade
(Arabic: رفادة‎‎)
Refade,villageE.jpg 36°18′57″N 36°49′19″E / 36.31583°N 36.82194°E / 36.31583; 36.82194 (Refade) Idlib
Sargible
(Arabic: سرجبلا‎‎)
36°14′17″N 36°42′59″E / 36.23806°N 36.71639°E / 36.23806; 36.71639 (Sargible) Idlib
Set al-Roum
(Arabic: ست الروم‎‎)
Sitt er-Rum,E.jpg 36°18′46″N 36°49′27″E / 36.31278°N 36.82417°E / 36.31278; 36.82417 (Set al-Roum) Aleppo
Sinhar historic settlement
(Arabic: سنخار‎‎)
36°17′52.00″N 36°54′30.00″E / 36.2977778°N 36.9083333°E / 36.2977778; 36.9083333 (Sinhar) Aleppo Locally known as Simkhar, is located 24 km (15 mi) northwest of Aleppo in an isolated valley. The village was inhabited between the second and seventh centuries. Its Basilica is among the oldest churches in Syria and dates back to the fourth century, while the nearby chapel is sixth century.
Sugane village
(Arabic: صوغانة‎‎)
36°26′11.5″N 36°55′40.0″E / 36.436528°N 36.927778°E / 36.436528; 36.927778 (Sugane) Aleppo Located 40 km (25 mi) northwest of Aleppo, is home to two half-ruined churches and old water cisterns.
Surqanya village
(Arabic: سرقانيا‎‎)
36°18′59.00″N 36°54′02.00″E / 36.3163889°N 36.9005556°E / 36.3163889; 36.9005556 (Surqanya) Aleppo Located 23 km (14 mi) northwest of Aleppo, preserves the remains of an old Byzantine settlement with a half-ruined sixth-century chapel.
Taladah Church and Monastery
(Arabic: تل عادة‎‎)
36°15′5″N 36°48′4″E / 36.25139°N 36.80111°E / 36.25139; 36.80111 (Taladah) Idlib
Taqla
(Arabic: تقلا‎‎)
36°19′09.96″N 36°50′51.03″E / 36.3194333°N 36.8475083°E / 36.3194333; 36.8475083 (Taqla) Aleppo
Zarzita
(Arabic: زرزيتا‎‎)
36°17′34.24″N 36°48′03.48″E / 36.2928444°N 36.8009667°E / 36.2928444; 36.8009667 (Zarzita) Aleppo

Harim Mountains (Mount Bārīshā and Mount Aʻlā)[edit]

Name
Image Coordinates Governorate Notes
al-Breij
(Arabic: البريج‎‎)
36°11′58.26″N 36°40′52.24″E / 36.1995167°N 36.6811778°E / 36.1995167; 36.6811778 (al-Breij) Idlib
al-Kfeir
(Arabic: الكفير‎‎)
36°11′13.52″N 36°34′03.64″E / 36.1870889°N 36.5676778°E / 36.1870889; 36.5676778 (al-Kfeir) Idlib Located in the mountainous region of Mount Aʻlā, less than two kilometers from Qalb Loze
Bab Al-Hawa
(Arabic: باب الهوا‎‎)
36°12′19.42″N 36°43′31.37″E / 36.2053944°N 36.7253806°E / 36.2053944; 36.7253806 (Bab Al-Hawa) Idlib Located 50 km (31 mi) west of Aleppo on the Turkish border, is the site of several fourth-century churches and a well-preserved historical gate from the sixth century AD.
Babisqa
(Arabic: بابسقا‎‎)
36°12′53.17″N 36°41′23.17″E / 36.2147694°N 36.6897694°E / 36.2147694; 36.6897694 (Babisqa) Idlib
Bamuqa
(Arabic: باموقا‎‎)
36°12′02.23″N 36°38′18.40″E / 36.2006194°N 36.6384444°E / 36.2006194; 36.6384444 (Bamuqa) Idlib
Banabil
(Arabic: بنابل‎‎)
36°12′01.99″N 36°33′41.31″E / 36.2005528°N 36.5614750°E / 36.2005528; 36.5614750 (Banabil) Idlib
Banqusa
(Arabic: بانقوسا‎‎)
36°5′54″N 36°37′36″E / 36.09833°N 36.62667°E / 36.09833; 36.62667 (Banqusa) Idlib
Baqirha
(Arabic: باقرحا‎‎)
Baqirha,east churchW.jpg 36°12′22.91″N 36°39′35.87″E / 36.2063639°N 36.6599639°E / 36.2063639; 36.6599639 (Baqirha) Idlib
Barisha
(Arabic: باريشا‎‎)
Barisha,villa.jpg 36°09′58″N 36°38′10″E / 36.16611°N 36.63611°E / 36.16611; 36.63611 (Barisha) Idlib
Barish al-Shamali
(Arabic: باريش الشمالي‎‎)
36°11′00.37″N 36°34′50.53″E / 36.1834361°N 36.5807028°E / 36.1834361; 36.5807028 (Barish al-Shamali) Idlib
Bashkuh
(Arabic: باشكوح‎‎)
36°11′39.76″N 36°37′54.20″E / 36.1943778°N 36.6317222°E / 36.1943778; 36.6317222 (Bashkuh) Idlib
Bashmishli
(Arabic: باشمشلي‎‎)
36°11′44″N 36°35′37″E / 36.19556°N 36.59361°E / 36.19556; 36.59361 (Bashmishli) Idlib
Bauda
(Arabic: بعودا‎‎)
Bauda,center.jpg 36°12′54.63″N 36°41′51.14″E / 36.2151750°N 36.6975389°E / 36.2151750; 36.6975389 (Bauda, North) Idlib Located just a few kilometers from the Turkish border on the far northeastern edge of Jebel Barisha.
Behyo
(Arabic: بحيو‎‎)
36°09′09.10″N 36°34′45.24″E / 36.1525278°N 36.5792333°E / 36.1525278; 36.5792333 (Behyo) Idlib
Beitar
(Arabic: بيتر‎‎)
36°11′35.73″N 36°34′50.01″E / 36.1932583°N 36.5805583°E / 36.1932583; 36.5805583 (Beitar) Idlib
Beshandlaya
(Arabic: بشندلايا‎‎)
36°08′37.80″N 36°33′24.21″E / 36.1438333°N 36.5567250°E / 36.1438333; 36.5567250 (Bshendlaya - Rashadiya) Idlib
Binsira
(Arabic: بنصرة‎‎)
36°1′1″N 36°25′13″E / 36.01694°N 36.42028°E / 36.01694; 36.42028 (Binsira) Idlib
Burj Aizarara
(Arabic: برج عيزارارا‎‎)
36°08′48.18″N 36°40′33.54″E / 36.1467167°N 36.6759833°E / 36.1467167; 36.6759833 (Burj Aizarara) Idlib
Dahis
(Arabic: داحس‎‎)
36°10′49.06″N 36°37′48.84″E / 36.1802944°N 36.6302333°E / 36.1802944; 36.6302333 (Dahis) Idlib
Dana
(Arabic: الدانا‎‎)
Ancient tomb of Dana.jpg 36°12′47″N 36°46′14″E / 36.21306°N 36.77056°E / 36.21306; 36.77056 (Dana, North) Idlib Located north of Idlib, 38 kilometers west of Aleppo, and just east of the border with Turkey.
Deirouni
(Arabic: ديروني‎‎)
36°12′40.19″N 36°39′36.82″E / 36.2111639°N 36.6602278°E / 36.2111639; 36.6602278 (Deirouni) Idlib
Deir Qeita
(Arabic: دير قيتا‎‎)
DarQita,TrinityW.jpg 36°12′54.43″N 36°39′57.35″E / 36.2151194°N 36.6659306°E / 36.2151194; 36.6659306 (Deir Qeita) Idlib
Deir Seita
(Arabic: دير سيتا‎‎)
36°06′01.23″N 36°38′40.67″E / 36.1003417°N 36.6446306°E / 36.1003417; 36.6446306 (Deir Seita) Idlib
Fasuq
(Arabic: الفاسوق‎‎)
36°1′6″N 36°27′5″E / 36.01833°N 36.45139°E / 36.01833; 36.45139 (Fasuq) Idlib
Kafr Aqab
(Arabic: كفر عقاب‎‎)
36°1′54″N 36°26′47″E / 36.03167°N 36.44639°E / 36.03167; 36.44639 (Kafr Aqab) Idlib
Kafr Aruq
(Arabic: كفر عروق‎‎)
36°7′14″N 36°39′21″E / 36.12056°N 36.65583°E / 36.12056; 36.65583 (Kafr Aruq) Idlib
Kafr Dariyan
(Arabic: كفر دريان‎‎)
36°10′18.00″N 36°40′11.00″E / 36.1716667°N 36.6697222°E / 36.1716667; 36.6697222 (Kafr Dariyan) Idlib
Khirbet al-Khatib
(Arabic: خربة الخطيب‎‎)
36°12′49″N 36°38′17″E / 36.21361°N 36.63806°E / 36.21361; 36.63806 (Khirbet al-Khatib) Idlib
Kseibjeh
(Arabic: كسيبجة‎‎)
36°12′30″N 36°42′20″E / 36.20833°N 36.70556°E / 36.20833; 36.70556 (Kseibjeh) Idlib
Kukaniyeh
(Arabic: كوكانية‎‎)
36°06′53.12″N 36°36′24.74″E / 36.1147556°N 36.6068722°E / 36.1147556; 36.6068722 (Kukaniyeh) Idlib
Ma'suratah
(Arabic: معصراتة‎‎)
36°9′46″N 36°33′4″E / 36.16278°N 36.55111°E / 36.16278; 36.55111 (Ma'suratah) Idlib
Maaz
(Arabic: ماعز‎‎)
36°08′44.69″N 36°40′01.46″E / 36.1457472°N 36.6670722°E / 36.1457472; 36.6670722 (Maaz) Idlib
Qalb Loze
(Arabic: قلب لوزة‎‎)
QalbLoze,W.jpg 36°10′9″N 36°34′50″E / 36.16917°N 36.58056°E / 36.16917; 36.58056 (Qalb Loze) Idlib
Qarqbizeh
(Arabic: قرقبيزة‎‎)
36°10′30.29″N 36°35′07.93″E / 36.1750806°N 36.5855361°E / 36.1750806; 36.5855361 (Qarqbizeh) Idlib
Sarfud
(Arabic: صرفود‎‎)
36°11′11.70″N 36°41′17.99″E / 36.1865833°N 36.6883306°E / 36.1865833; 36.6883306 (Sarfud) Idlib
Sarmada
(Arabic: سرمدا‎‎)
36°10′57.48″N 36°43′52.38″E / 36.1826333°N 36.7312167°E / 36.1826333; 36.7312167 (Sarmada) Idlib

Mount Zāwiya[edit]

Name
Image Coordinates Governorate Notes
al-Dana
(Arabic: الدانا‎‎)
35°42′12.84″N 36°41′15.75″E / 35.7035667°N 36.6877083°E / 35.7035667; 36.6877083 (al-Dana, South) Idlib A modern village on far eastern edge of Jebel al-Zawiyeh and Jebel Riha.
Babuline
(Arabic: بابولين‎‎)
35°32′16″N 36°40′43″E / 35.53778°N 36.67861°E / 35.53778; 36.67861 (Babuline) Idlib
Bara
(Arabic: بارة‎‎)
SYRIE 183.jpg 35°41′17.42″N 36°31′51.34″E / 35.6881722°N 36.5309278°E / 35.6881722; 36.5309278 (Bara, Syria) Idlib
Bashila
(Arabic: بشيلا‎‎)
35°39′19.68″N 36°31′34.92″E / 35.6554667°N 36.5263667°E / 35.6554667; 36.5263667 (Bashila) Idlib
Batrasa
(Arabic: بترسا‎‎)
Btirsa2.jpg 35°39′56.15″N 36°32′38.82″E / 35.6655972°N 36.5441167°E / 35.6655972; 36.5441167 (Batrasa) Idlib
Bauda
(Arabic: بعودا‎‎)
BaudaS,pyramidtomb.jpg 35°40′13.78″N 36°34′08.50″E / 35.6704944°N 36.5690278°E / 35.6704944; 36.5690278 (Bauda, South) Idlib Located on the side of the road between the two major sites of Bara and Serjilla.
Deir Sunbul
(Arabic: دير سنبل‎‎)
35°41′52.21″N 36°36′14.35″E / 35.6978361°N 36.6039861°E / 35.6978361; 36.6039861 (Deir Sunbul, Idlib) Idlib
Dellozeh
(Arabic: دللوزة‎‎)
35°41′45.52″N 36°34′57.04″E / 35.6959778°N 36.5825111°E / 35.6959778; 36.5825111 (Dellozeh) Idlib
Ebla
(Arabic: ابلا‎‎)
HPIM3078 1.JPG 35°47′52.8″N 36°47′52.8″E / 35.798000°N 36.798000°E / 35.798000; 36.798000 (Ebla) Idlib One of the earliest kingdoms in Syria. Its remains constitute a tell located about 55 km (34 mi) southwest of Aleppo near the village of Mardikh.
Ein Laruz
(Arabic: عين لاروز‎‎)
35°41′1″N 36°26′24″E / 35.68361°N 36.44000°E / 35.68361; 36.44000 (Ein Laruz) Idlib
Farkya
(Arabic: فركيا‎‎)
35°43′26.84″N 36°36′02.49″E / 35.7241222°N 36.6006917°E / 35.7241222; 36.6006917 (Farkya) Idlib
Hazarin
(Arabic: حزارين‎‎)
35°35′56″N 36°31′39″E / 35.59889°N 36.52750°E / 35.59889; 36.52750 (Hazarin) Idlib
Jarada
(Arabic: جرادة‎‎)
Jerada,houseW.jpg 35°43′26.43″N 36°42′56.05″E / 35.7240083°N 36.7155694°E / 35.7240083; 36.7155694 (Jarada) Idlib
Maghara
(Arabic: مغارة‎‎)
35°44′03.43″N 36°35′12.27″E / 35.7342861°N 36.5867417°E / 35.7342861; 36.5867417 (Maghara) Idlib
Majliya
(Arabic: مجليا‎‎)
35°40′17.26″N 36°32′28.87″E / 35.6714611°N 36.5413528°E / 35.6714611; 36.5413528 (Majliya) Idlib
Mozra
(Arabic: الموزرة‎‎)
35°39′23″N 36°26′22″E / 35.65639°N 36.43944°E / 35.65639; 36.43944 (Mozra) Idlib
Qasr al-Banat
(Arabic: قصر البنات‎‎)
35°42′33.97″N 36°41′06.35″E / 35.7094361°N 36.6850972°E / 35.7094361; 36.6850972 (Qasr al-Banat) Idlib
Rabiaa
(Arabic: ربيعة‎‎)
35°39′19.62″N 36°34′48.88″E / 35.6554500°N 36.5802444°E / 35.6554500; 36.5802444 (Rabiaa) Idlib
Ruweiha
(Arabic: رويحة‎‎)
Ruweiha,Basilika-1.jpg 35°44′16.88″N 36°41′41.57″E / 35.7380222°N 36.6948806°E / 35.7380222; 36.6948806 (Ruweiha) Idlib
Serjilla
(Arabic: سرجيلا‎‎)
Sejilla-ruins.jpg 35°40′17.55″N 36°35′05.51″E / 35.6715417°N 36.5848639°E / 35.6715417; 36.5848639 (Serjilla) Idlib
Shinan
(Arabic: شنان‎‎)
35°44′7″N 36°36′42″E / 35.73528°N 36.61167°E / 35.73528; 36.61167 (Shinan) Idlib
Shinshirah
(Arabic: شنشراح‎‎)
35°38′24.88″N 36°34′08.41″E / 35.6402444°N 36.5690028°E / 35.6402444; 36.5690028 (Shinshirah) Idlib
Wadi Martahun
(Arabic: وادي مرتحون‎‎)
35°40′30.13″N 36°30′55.15″E / 35.6750361°N 36.5153194°E / 35.6750361; 36.5153194 (Wadi Martahun) Idlib

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burns, Ross., Monuments of Syria: An Historical Guide, p.109
  2. ^ UNESCO. "Ancient Villages of Northern Syria". Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  3. ^ Syria Photo Guide
  4. ^ مشروع توثيق الأضرار خلال الأزمة
  5. ^ "Walking through the ruins". Jamahir News (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 2012-03-08. 
  6. ^ "Aleppo Fafertin Church". Esyria.sy. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  7. ^ "Aleppo: Kalota village". Esyria.sy. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  8. ^ "Kalota Church". Qenshrin. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  9. ^ "Kharab Shams in history". Esyria.sy. 2008-12-13. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 

External links[edit]