Sheikh Maqsood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sheikh Maqsood
الشيخ مقصود
Neighborhood
Sheikh Maqsood in 2011
Sheikh Maqsood in 2011
Sheikh Maqsood is located in Syria
Sheikh Maqsood
Sheikh Maqsood
Coordinates: 36°14′10″N 37°9′6″E / 36.23611°N 37.15167°E / 36.23611; 37.15167
Country  Syria
City Aleppo
Population (May 2016)
 • Total 30,000[1]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Sheikh Maqsood (Arabic: الشيخ مقصود‎‎, Kurdish: Şêxmeqsûd‎), sometimes spelled al-Sheikh Maqsoud, Maqsud or Maksud, is a neighborhood in the city of Aleppo, Syria.[2][3] It is populated mainly by Kurds and is held by the YPG.

In the Syrian Civil War[edit]

During the Syrian Civil War, Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) militia took control of the neighbourhood.[4] Far away from the Kurdish inhabited enclaves, Sheikh Maqsood has been very vulnerable to assaults by the Al-Nusra Front and other Islamist rebel groups[5][6] which were besieging the district from all directions but the south and west until they were driven back by pro-government forces during June and November 2016.

Islamist rebel groups have multiple times shelled Sheikh Maqsood, causing destruction of property and injury and death of civilians.[7][8][9][10][11] In May 2016, Amnesty International's regional director suggested that the attacks on Sheikh Maqsood constitute "war crimes". Between February and April 2016 more than 83 civilians were killed by the attacks.[1] In mid-June 2016 the US-supported Syrian Democratic Forces (of which the YPG are a component) and Russia accused the rebel militias of causing the death of over 40 civilians in the month, and an accumulated 1,000 civilian deaths, through indiscriminate shelling of Sheikh Maqsood.[12]

A United Nations report from February 2017 came to the conclusion that, while during the siege of Eastern Aleppo the attacks against Sheikh Maqsoud decreased, Islamist rebel groups affiliated with Fatah Halab, after vowing to take revenge on the Kurds in Sheikh Maqsoud, intentionally attacked civilian inhabited neighbourhoods of the Kurdish enclave, killing and maiming dozens of civilians, and that these acts constitute the war crime of directing attacks against a civilian population. [13] [14]

See also[edit]

Battle of Aleppo (2012–2016)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Syria: armed opposition group committing war crimes in Aleppo - new evidence". Amnesty International. 13 May 2016. 
  2. ^ Aleppo - Governance, Caerus Associates on First Mile Geo
  3. ^ Mapping the conflict in Aleppo, Syria, Caerus Associates with support from the American Security Project, February 2014
  4. ^ Nisman, Daniel (8 April 2013). "Have Syria's Kurds Had a Change of Heart?". Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 November 2015. Reports indicate that YPG militiamen and Syrian rebels have agreed to share control of the strategic Sheikh Maqsood District of northern Aleppo 
  5. ^ "Syria: nearly half rebel fighters are jihadists or hardline Islamists, says IHS Jane's report". The Telegraph. 2013-09-15. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  6. ^ "Guide to the Syrian rebels". BBC. 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  7. ^ "Syrian Islamist rebels renew chemical attack on Kurdish district in Aleppo". Ara News. 2016-03-14. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  8. ^ "Syrian rebels massacre Kurdish civilians in Aleppo". Ara News. 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  9. ^ "Rebels strike Kurdish neighborhood in Aleppo with chemical gas". Al-Masdar News. 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  10. ^ "Aleppo district shelled with chemical gas – local journalist". RT. 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  11. ^ "About 65 casualties and injuries in shelling and launching explosive cylinders on Sheikh Maqsood neighborhood". SOHR. 2016-04-16. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  12. ^ "Russia shows support to Kurdish-led SDF north Syria". ARA News. 2016-06-14. Retrieved 2016-06-14. 
  13. ^ "Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic" (PDF). United Nations. 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2017-03-01. 
  14. ^ "UN says Syrian rebel shelling of Kurds ‘a war crime’". ARA News. 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2017-03-02.