EB Garamond

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EB Garamond font.svg
CategorySerif
ClassificationOld-style
Designer(s)Claude Garamont, Robert Granjon, Georg Mayr-Duffner, Octavio Pardo and others
Date released2011
Glyphs3.218
LicenseOFL
WebsiteDownload from Octavio Pardo’s repository
Georg Mayr-Duffner about EB Garamond
Latest release date29th of October 2017
A part of the Egenolff-Berner specimen printed in 1592 showing the original cuts by Garamont and Granjon.

The EB Garamond is (as of 2018) the only free and open source implementation of Claude Garamont’s Antiqua typeface Garamond and the matching Italic, Greek and Cyrillic characters designed by Robert Granjon. Its name is an acronym for Egenolff-Berner-Garamond which refers to the fact that the letter forms are taken from the Egenolff-Berner specimen printed in 1592.

Implementation History[edit]

Illustration of the right (upper example) and the wrong (lower example) use of the optical sizes.

In 2011 the Austrian designer Georg Mayr-Duffner[1] released the EB Garamond under the Open Font License. Mayr-Duffner took the letterforms from a scan of a specimen known as the “Berner specimen” which was printed in 1592 by Conrad Berner, son-in-law of Christian Egenolff and his successor at the Egenolff print office. It shows Garamont's roman and Granjon's italic fonts at different sizes. The Greek characters are based on Robert Granjon's work as well. In addition the font includes OpenType features such as swash italic capitals and schoolbook alternates.[2] Duffner's intention was to include multiple optical sizes. As of 2014 his implementation included fonts based on the 8 and 12 point forms from the 1592 specimen, but lacked the bold font faces. As Georg Mayr-Duffner couldn't complete the bold weights for personal reasons, Google commissioned the Spanish type designer Octavio Pardo[3] to continue the project. As of 2018 Pardo's implementation includes 5 weights (Regular, Medium, Semi-Bold, Bold and Extra-Bold), both in regular and italic style.

Technical Details[edit]

Mayr-Duffner implemented the EB Garamond originally in FontForge using the SFDIR and UFO format. Octavio Pardo switched to the proprietary font editor Glyphs that supports multiple master fonts. Pardo's implementation is hence based on two masters, Regular and Bold. The other weights are generated from the masters. The letter forms and the kerning of Pardo's Regular are identical with Mayr-Duffner's EB Garamond 12. The source of the fonts is drawn with cubic Bézier curves, thus the OTF-version (CFF-style) version of the compiled fonts should be preferred over the TTF-version, as TTF requires quadratic Bézier curves which have to be generated by lossy conversion during the compilation from the source files.

EBGaramond-Maths[edit]

EBGaramond-Maths is a package for LaTeX that provides a version of the EB Garamond 12 for mathematics. Its maintainer is Clea F. Rees.[4]

Garamond-Math[edit]

Garamond-Math is an additional OpenType font file for the EB Garamond family containing symbols for mathematics. The file is provided by Yuansheng Zhao.[5]

OpenType Features[edit]

Illustration of the short tailed versus the long tailed Q. The long tailed Q is part of the Stylistic Set 6.

As of 2018, EB Garamond includes the following OpenType features:

aalt Access All Alternates lnum Lining Figures ss02 Stylistic Set 2
c2pc Petite Capitals From Capitals mark Mark Positioning ss03 Stylistic Set 3
c2sc Small Capitals From Capitals mkmk Mark to Mark Positioning ss04 Stylistic Set 4
case Case-Sensitive Forms onum Oldstyle Figures ss05 Stylistic Set 5
dlig Discretionary Ligatures ordn Ordinals ss06 Stylistic Set 6
frac Fractions pcap Petite Capitals ss07 Stylistic Set 7
hist Historical Forms pnum Proportional Figures subs Subscript
hlig Historical Ligatures sinf Scientific Inferiors sups Superscript
kern Kerning smcp Small Capitals swsh Swash
liga Standard Ligatures ss01 Stylistic Set 1 tnum Tabular Figures

The feature list and additional information can be obtained by tools like otfinfo (e.g. otfinfo -f kosewhich ./EBGaramond-Regular.otf).

Reception[edit]

The prominent typeface designer Erik Spiekermann described the EB Garamond as “one of the best open source fonts”.[6]

Availability[edit]

  • Georg Mayr-Duffner's implementation lacking the bold faces is available from his GitHub repository.[7] It is still possible to generate font files from that repository using OpenBSD or Linux. [8]
  • Octavio Pardo's newer version can be downloaded as OTF- and TTF-files from his repository.[9]
  • Pardo's version is also available for embedding through Google Fonts and through Adobe Fonts.

LaTeX[edit]

As Classic LaTeX Font[edit]

EB Garamond is also distributed via the CTAN mirrors as LaTeX font package.[10] Therefore, it can be easily applied to LaTeX based documents by adding \usepackage{ebgaramond} to the document preamble. Unfortunately the classic LaTeX font system cannot make use of all characters and OpenType features offered by EB Garamond, but this can be solved by using the XeTeX smartfont subsystem.

Through XeTeX[edit]

Nowadays LaTeX supports the 3 smartfont technologies OpenType, AAT and Graphite directly through XeTeX, which has to be activated in one's LaTeX editor. Using the editor LyX, this can be done by checking a box under LyX > Document > Settings > […] use XeTeX. This means adding \use_non_tex_fonts true to the header of the .lyx document files. Then all OpenType, AAT and Graphite fonts installed locally on your OS can be used directly.

In order to access the smart font features of EB Garamond, some code has to be added to the document preamble. E.g. to set EB Garamond as the document main font using old style figures and the OpenType Stylistic Set 6 (long tailed Q), the following code can be used:

\usepackage{fontspec}
\setmainfont{EB Garamond}[Numbers={OldStyle,Proportional},RawFeature={+ss06}]

Another method to achieve the same result is the following specification:

\usepackage{fontspec}
\setmainfont{EB Garamond}[RawFeature={+onum,+pnum,+ss06}]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Article about Georg Mayr-Duffner at Luc Devroyes’s typedesign encyclopedia
  2. ^ Duffner, Georg. "EB Garamond specimen". Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  3. ^ Article about Octavio Pardo at Luc Devroyes’s typedesign encyclopedia
  4. ^ CTAN mirror for EBGaramond-Maths
  5. ^ Yuansheng Zhao's GitHub repository providing Garamond-Math
  6. ^ Spiekermann, Erik. "Twitter post". Twitter. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  7. ^ Georg Mayr-Duffner’s GitHub repository
  8. ^ Penzin, Vadim. "Typography: Building EB Garamond". Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  9. ^ Octavio Pardo’s EB Garamond repository
  10. ^ EB Garamond distribution at a CTAN mirror