Enkhuizen

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Enkhuizen
Harbour of Enkhuizen
Harbour of Enkhuizen
Flag of Enkhuizen
Flag
Coat of arms of Enkhuizen
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Enkhuizen in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°42′N 5°18′E / 52.700°N 5.300°E / 52.700; 5.300Coordinates: 52°42′N 5°18′E / 52.700°N 5.300°E / 52.700; 5.300
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Holland
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorJan Baas (PvdA)
Area
 • Total116.25 km2 (44.88 sq mi)
 • Land12.42 km2 (4.80 sq mi)
 • Water103.83 km2 (40.09 sq mi)
Elevation3 m (10 ft)
Population
(August 2017)[4]
 • Total18,480
 • Density1,488/km2 (3,850/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Enkhuizer
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
1600–1602
Area code0228
Websitewww.enkhuizen.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Enkhuizen, June 2015

Enkhuizen [ɛŋkˈɦœy̯zə(n)] (About this soundlisten) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland and the region of West-Frisia.

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
13981,900—    
14773,500+0.78%
14943,175−0.57%
15143,600+0.63%
15534,450+0.54%
15575,500+5.44%
15617,750+8.95%
162221,878+1.72%
163219,150−1.32%
173210,420−0.61%
17956,803−0.67%
Source: Lourens & Lucassen 1997, pp. 59–60

Enkhuizen was one of the harbour-towns of the VOC, just like Hoorn and Amsterdam, from where overseas trade with the East Indies was conducted. It received city rights in 1355. In the mid-17th century, Enkhuizen was at the peak of its power and was one of the most important harbour cities in the Netherlands. However, due to a variety of reasons, notably the silting up of the harbours, Enkhuizen lost its position to Amsterdam.

Tourism[edit]

Enkhuizen has one of the largest marinas in the Netherlands. Zuiderzeemuseum is located in Enkhuizen. Architecturally, the Drommedaris is the oldest building in Enkhuizen, from 1540. Tourists take boat trips to and from the port to Medemblik.[5]

Industry[edit]

Industrially, Enkhuizen is home to a number of seed production companies, Syngenta, Monsanto,as well as a plastics factory. Tourism is a large part of the economy, too.

Population centres[edit]

The municipality of Enkhuizen consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Enkhuizen, Oosterdijk, Westeinde.

Local government[edit]

The municipal council of Enkhuizen consists of 17 seats, which are divided as follows:

Gallery[edit]

Transport[edit]

Enkhuizen station offers direct rail service to Hoorn, Amsterdam and Maastricht/Heerlen, with the journey to Amsterdam Centraal of around an hour.

Furthermore, during summer ferries for pedestrians and cyclists operate between Enkhuizen and Stavoren; between Enkhuizen and Medemblik; and between Enkhuizen and Urk.

It is also possible to drive or cycle across the Houtribdijk to Lelystad, passing under naviduct near the Krabbersgat lock.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "De burgemeester" [The mayor] (in Dutch). Gemeente Enkhuizen. Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 1601KA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. ^ DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: The Netherlands: The Netherlands. DK Publishing. 1 August 2011. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-7566-8476-1.

Literature[edit]

  • Lourens, Piet; Lucassen, Jan (1997). Inwonertallen van Nederlandse steden ca. 1300–1800. Amsterdam: NEHA. ISBN 9057420082.

External links[edit]