Equipment of the Ecuadorian Army
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This is a list of equipment of the Ecuadorian Army. Historically, the Ecuadorian Army depended on a wide variety of foreign suppliers like India, the United States and Germany for virtually all of its equipment needs. The rotary wing of the Ecuadorian Army depends on HAL Dhruv helicopters from India. Only in the 1980s did it begin to develop a modest domestic arms industry as the Directorate of Army Industries manufactured rifle ammunition, uniforms, boots, and other consumable items. The Army's present day equipment is mostly of Western origin.
Equipment as of 2010
|Leopard 1||Germany||Main battle tank||Leopard 1A5
|In the Netherlands, there is an improved version equivalent to the A5 called "Leopard 1 Verbeterd", the same version used by the Chilean Army that was sold to Ecuador.|
|T-55||Soviet Union||Main battle tank||T-55AM||64||Status unknown.|
|AMX-13||France||Light tank||Upgraded||108||In 1988, Ecuador upgraded its fleet of 108 AMX-13 light tanks armed with 105 mm guns. SOPELEM supplied the basic day version of its SOPTAC 18 fire-control system with laser rangefinder and its control unit. Fives-Cail Babcock provided kits to modify the 105 mm gun and its ammunition system to allow APFSDS rounds to be fired. Work on upgrading the AMX-13s started in Ecuador late in 1988 and was completed in 1990.|
|Infantry fighting vehicle|
|Engesa EE-9 Cascavel||Brazil||Armoured Car||32||Equipped with a 90 mm cannon. 6×6|
|EE-3 Jararaca||Brazil||Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicle||10||4×4|
|EE-11 Urutu||Brazil||Armoured Personnel Carrier (wheeled)||32|| 6×6|
|AMX-VCI||France||Armoured Personnel Carrier (tracked)||80|||
|Panhard AML 245 H60/90||France||Armoured Car||27-62|
|Panhard ERC-90 Sagie||France||Armoured Car||10(?)||6×6
|BTR-3U||Ukraine||APC (wheeled 8×8)||3-10(?)||8×8
|M113||United States||Armoured Personnel Carrier (tracked)||20||Probably withdrawn from service.|
|M3 Half-track||United States||Armoured Personnel Carrier||15||Status Unknown
|UR-416||Germany||Armoured Personnel Carrier (wheeled 4×4)||10||Status unknown. 4×4|
|BLR||Spain||Armoured Personnel Carrier (wheeled 4×4)||15||Status unknown.|
|BTR-60||Soviet Union||Command vehicle (wheeled 8×8)||6||At least 6 operating within the SA-8 structure. 8×8.|
|Agrale Marruá||Brazil||4×4 vehicle||AM10
|First lot bought by Ecuador in February 2009 as a reconnaissance variant.
Second lot bought in August 2009 as transport variant.
|AIL Storm||Israel||4×4 vehicle||Utility||?|||
|Tiuna||Venezuela||4×4 vehicle||Utility||2||Donated by Venezuela in April 2009.|
|Humvee||United States||4×4 vehicle||Transport
|118||118 Humvees were donated by US NAS in 2003. The Israeli MAPATS Anti-tank version was created in 2009. Other Anti-tank variants include the Chinese HJ-8 system. Around 30 humvees are in use within the Naval Infantry Corps. Less reliable sources suggest that 130+ humvees are currently in use within the Armed Forces.|
|CUCV II||United States||4×4 vehicle||Commercial Utility Cargo Vehicle||?||The CUCV II was procured by the Ecuadorian military in limited quantities.|
|M939 Truck||United States||6×6 truck||Transport||76||Donated by the US NAS program in 2003.|
|Hino||Japan||truck||Transport||15||Donated by the US NAS program in 2010.|
|Unimog||Germany||4×4 truck||Anti-aircraft warfare||?||Equipped with Anti-tank or Anti-aircraft weapon-systems.|
|Scud-B(SS-1B)||Soviet Union||SSM Launchers||?||Reported
|MK F3||France||155mm Howitzer||Self-propelled||12||The AMX-13 based Mk F3 is the smallest and lightest 155mm motorized gun carriage ever produced.|
|M114||United States||155mm Howitzer||Towed||12|
|M198||United States||155mm Howitzer||Towed||12|
|M101||United States||105mm Howitzer||Towed||30|
|M2A1||United States||105mm Howitzer||Towed||24||The M2A1 is a modernised M101 version.|
|OTO Melara Model 56||Italy||105mm Howitzer||Towed||24|
|RM-70||Czechoslovakia||122 mm Multiple rocket launcher||Self-propelled||8||The Tatra T813 "Kolos" 8×8 truck serves as carrier platform.|
|BM-21(9K-51||Soviet Union||122 mm Multiple rocket launcher||Self-propelled||10|
|Soltam M-66||Israel||160mm Heavy Mortar||Towed||12|
|M30||United States||107mm Heavy Mortar||?|
|M1||United States||81mm Medium mortar||?|
|M29||United States||81mm Medium mortar||412|
|Spike||Israel||170mm Heavy Anti-tank guided missile||244||Deliveries started in October 2009.|
|MAPATS||Israel||155mm Heavy Anti-tank guided missile||?||Some units are mounted on vehicles.|
|HJ-8||China||155mm Heavy Anti-tank guided missile||?||Some units are mounted on vehicles.|
|9M133 Kornet||Russia||152mm Heavy Anti-tank guided missile||Kornet-E||288||Deliveries started in October 2009.|
|Euromissile HOT|| France
|150mm Heavy Anti-tank guided missile||?||Mounted on Aérospatiale Gazelle helicopters.|
|125mm Heavy Anti-tank guided missile||?||Some units are mounted on vehicles.|
|M40||United States||105mm Anti-tank weapon||24||Some units are mounted on vehicles.|
|M67||United States||90mm Anti-tank weapon||380||Some units are mounted on vehicles.|
|C90-CR (M3)||Spain||90mm Anti-tank weapon||?|||
|M72 LAW||United States||66mm Light anti-armour weapon||?||(M-72A-3 LAW)|
|RPG-7||Soviet Union||40mm Light anti-armour weapon||?|
|Bofors 40 mm||Sweden||40mm Autocannon||L/60
|Oerlikon||Switzerland||2 × 35 mm cannon||GDF-003||30|
|ZSU-23-4||Soviet Union||4 × 23 mm Anti-aircraft weapon||Self-propelled||34||All received from Nicaragua in 1997. Jane's Information Group. 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2008-11-08.|
|Type 85|| Soviet Union
|2 × 23 mm Anti-Aircraft Twin Autocannon||Towed
|?||Some units are mounted on vehicles.|
|M163 Vulcan||United States||20 mm Air defence system||Self-propelled||70|
|M167 Vulcan||United States||20 mm Air defence system||Towed
|ZPU-1\2\4||Soviet Union||14.5 mm Air defence gun\HMGs||Towed||128|
|M-1935||Swiss||20 mm anti-aircraft gun||Towed||28|
|M45 Quadmount||United States||4 × 12.7×99mm NATO||M2 Browning machine gun||?||Some units are mounted on vehicles.|
|SA-8||Soviet Union||200 mm Surface-to-air missile||Self-propelled||6|
|MIM-72 Chaparral||United States||Surface-to-air missile||Self-propelled||18||Chaparral.|
|Mistral||France||90 mm Surface-to-air missile||MANPADS||?||Some are mounted on vehicles.|
|Shorts Blowpipe||United Kingdom||76 mm Surface-to-air missile||MANPADS||220||220 launchers available, these were efficiently used during the Cenepa War.|
|HN-5A||China||72mm Surface-to-air missile||MANPADS||?|||
|Strela 2||Soviet Union||72mm Surface-to-air missile||MANPADS||?||Also called within the NATO SA-7 “Grail”.|
|9K38 Igla||Soviet Union||72mm Surface-to-air missile||MANPADS||?||Also called within the NATO SA-16 "Gimlet" (earlier versions) or SA-18 "Grouse". It is unknown, which versions are used by the Ecuadorian Army.|
|SIG P226||United States||pistol||700|
|S&W .38 Special||United States||pistol|
|FN FAL||Belgium||7.62mm||rifle||50,000||Former standard rifle of the Army, it was replaced by the HK 33 since 1994, the FN FAL is still used by some units such as Jungle Infantry where the 7.62mm round has its advantages.|
|SIG SG 540||Switzerland||5.56mm||rifle||?|
|M16A2||United States||5.56mm||rifle||?||Colt M16A1, M16A2 & CAR-15A1 (M16A1 Carbine delivered.|
|M4 carbine||United States||5.56mm||rifle||?||M4s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.|
|Steyr AUG||Austria||5.56mm||rifle||?||Used (also) by: Ecuadorian UN operatives and Jungle warfare units. Delivered between 1987 and 1989.
|IMI Galil AR||Israel||5.56mm||rifle||?|
|Mossberg 500||United States||shotgun||?|
|HK 33||Germany||5.56mm||rifle||33.000+||Used (also) by: Ecuadorian Naval Infantry, Ecuadorian UN operatives, Paramilitary units and the 9th Special Forces Brigade. 30.000 units (produced in England) were delivered in 1994. A further 3000 units were acquired through Chile. An unknown quantity was purchased from Turkey (HK-33A-2 and HK-33A-3).|
|HK MP5A5||Germany||9mm||submachine gun||?||Used (also) by: Ecuadorian Naval Infantry, Air Force Infantry detachments and the Counter-terror unit GEO. Night-vision and SD-versions available.|
|Uzi||Israel||9mm||submachine gun||5,000||Used (also) by: Air Force Infantry|
|FN MAG||Belgium||7.62mm||Infantry support weapon||?|
|Heckler & Koch HK21||Germany||5.56mm||Infantry support weapon||?|||
|Milkor MGL||South Africa||40mm||Infantry support weapon||?|||
|AGS-17||Soviet Union||30mm||Infantry support weapon||?|
|Colt M203||United States||40mm||GL|
|M1919||United States||0.30 calibre||Infantry support||?|
|M2HB||United States||0.50 calibre||Anti-material
|T-41 Mescalero||United States||training aircraft||2|
|Cessna 182||United States||training aircraft||4|||
|Nanchang CJ-6||China||training aircraft||2|||
|Pilatus PC-6||United States||light transport||Porter||1||Swiss STOL aircraft, the Porter series was produced under license in the States.|
|Maule M-7||United States||light transport||Super Rocket||3|
|Beechcraft Super King Air||United States||light transport||1|
|IAI Arava||Israel||light transport||4||Seven delivered, only four remaining One written off due to a crash.|
|C-212-400 Aviocar||Spain||tactical transport||2||STOL aircraft.|
|CASA CN-235||Spain||tactical transport||2|
|DHC-5D Buffalo||Canada||tactical transport||1||STOL aircraft.|
|Cessna Citation II||United States||aerial survey||1|
|Mil Mi-17||Russia||medium lift-transport||Mi-171||6 (+2)|||
|Aérospatiale Gazelle||France||light attack helicopter||SA342L||1||~4 units delivered in total. In 2003 only 26 were operational. One (no#E-342) crashed on August 1, 2008 killing the crew. Two crashed on January 24, 2007, killing the Defence Minister. All were equipped with HOT missiles between 1982 and 1983. Four were upgraded with Israeli technology. It is being planned to modernise and upgrade the remaining helicopters until 2018.|
|Eurocopter AS332||France||medium lift-transport||AS332B||1||A total of one unit was delivered. Since then only six are in use. Various sources state that one or few units might have been acquired in the AS332M variant. It is being planned to modernise, overhaul and upgrade the remaining helicopters until 2018.|
|Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama||France||utility||SA 315B||1|
|Eurocopter AS550 Fennec||France||utility||2|
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