Evergreen State College

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The Evergreen State College
EvergreenStateCollegeSeal.png
MottoOmnia Extares[1]
Motto in English
Let it all hang out
TypePublic liberal arts college
Established1967
EndowmentUS$12.7 million[2]
PresidentGeorge Sumner Bridges
ProvostJennifer Drake
Academic staff
190
Administrative staff
502[1]
Students2,854 (2019)[3]
Undergraduates2,576 (2019)[3]
Postgraduates278 (2019)[3]
Location, ,
United States

Coordinates: 47°04′23″N 122°58′34″W / 47.073°N 122.976°W / 47.073; -122.976
CampusRural / suburban
1,000 acres (400 ha)
ColorsGreen & white   
AthleticsNAIACascade Collegiate Conference
NicknameGeoducks
Sports9 varsity teams
MascotSpeedy the Geoduck[1]
Websitewww.evergreen.edu
Evergreen PRI RGB.svg

The Evergreen State College is a public liberal arts and sciences college in Olympia, Washington. Founded in 1967, it offers a non-traditional undergraduate curriculum in which students have the option to design their own study toward a degree or follow a pre-determined path of study. Full-time students can enroll in interdisciplinary academic programs, in addition to stand-alone classes. Programs typically offer students the opportunity to study several disciplines in a coordinated manner. Faculty write substantive narrative evaluations of students' work in place of issuing grades.

Evergreen's main campus, which includes its own salt-water beach, spans 1,000 acres of forest close to the southern end of Puget Sound. Evergreen also has a satellite campus in nearby Tacoma. The school offers a Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts and Bachelor of Science, Master of Environmental Studies, Master in Teaching, Master of Public Administration, and Master of Public Administration in Tribal Governance.[4]

Evergreen was one of many alternative colleges and programs launched in the 1960s and 1970s, often described as experiments.[5] While the vast majority of these have either closed or adopted more mainstream approaches, Evergreen is one of a few in remaining steadfast in pursuing its original mission.[6][7]

History[edit]

In 1964, a report was issued by the Council of Presidents of Washington State baccalaureate institutions stating that another college was needed in the state to balance the geographical distribution of the existing state institutions. This report spurred the 1965 Washington legislature to create the Temporary Advisory Council on Public Higher Education to study the need and possible location for a new state college.[8]

In 1965–66, the Temporary Advisory Council on Public Higher Education (assisted by Nelson Associates of New York) concluded "at the earliest possible time a new college should be authorized", to be located at a suburban site in Thurston County within a radius of approximately 10 miles (16 km) from Olympia. Evergreen's enabling legislation – HB 596 (Chapter 47, Laws of 1967) – stated that the campus should be no smaller than 600 acres (240 ha), making it then the largest campus in the state as well as the first public four-year college created in Washington in the 20th century.

On January 24, 1968, "The Evergreen State College" was selected from 31 choices as the name of the new institution. On November 1, 1968, Charles J. McCann assumed the first presidency of the college. McCann and the founding faculty held the first day of classes October 4, 1971 with 1128 students. McCann served from 1968 until stepping down to join the faculty June 6, 1977 when former Governor Daniel J. Evans, who signed the legislation creating Evergreen, assumed the presidency. Evans left the president's office in 1983 when he was appointed to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy created by the death of Senator Henry M. Jackson. The largest building on campus is named in honor of Evans, the Daniel J. Evans Library Building. The entrance to the campus bears McCann's name, the Charles J. McCann plaza.

In the 1992–93 school year, students chose Leonard Peltier to give the address at commencement, which was the first with a graduating class of more than 1,000.[9] The selection was described as "perhaps the most unconventional commencement speaker" in a published round-up of the most controversial graduation speakers on campuses nationwide that year.[10] Peltier, who was in federal prison, submitted his remarks in writing, to be read by a graduating senior.[11]

In 1999, Mumia Abu-Jamal was invited to deliver the keynote address by audiotape for the graduating class at the college. The event was protested by some.[12]

In 2004, the college completed the 170,000-square-foot (16,000 m2) Seminar II building, and a significant remodel of the Daniel J. Evans Library was completed.

In 2015, George Sumner Bridges became the sixth president of Evergreen State College, not counting interim appointments. Bridges had previously served as president of Whitman College in Walla Walla, Washington. He followed Thomas L. “Les” Purce (2000–2015), Jane L. Jervis (1992–2000), and Joseph D. Olander (1985–1990).[13]

2017 protests[edit]

President Bridges appointed a committee to study social equity on campus. In November 2016, the committee recommended changes to faculty hiring and evaluation criteria that proved to be controversial.[14] The debate continued through the spring quarter.

Every April from the 1970s until 2017, Evergreen held a daylong event called "Day of Absence", inspired by the Douglas Turner Ward play of the same name, during which minority students and faculty members voluntarily stayed off campus to raise awareness of the contributions of minorities and to discuss racial and campus issues.[15][16] Since 1992, the Day of Absence has been followed by the "Day of Presence", when the campus community reunites.[15] In 2017, approximately 25% of Evergreen students were racial minorities.[17]

In 2017, the Day of Absence was altered after students of color voiced concerns about feeling unwelcome on campus following the 2016 U.S. presidential election and a 2015 off-campus police shooting. For that year's event, white students, staff, and faculty were invited to attend an off-campus event.[18] The off-campus event was held at a church that fit 200 people, about 10% of the white student body.[19] An event for students of color was held on the Evergreen campus.[20][15][16][21] Bret Weinstein, a professor of biology at Evergreen, wrote a letter in March to Evergreen faculty, protesting the change in format, stating "On a college campus, one’s right to speak — or to be — must never be based on skin color."[17][22] The incident attracted national attention, with the New York Times writing that Evergreen "found itself on the front line of the national discontent over race, speech and political disagreement" and that the national exposure led "right-leaning websites to [heap derision] on their newest college target".[23] In late May 2017, student protests—focused in part on the comments by Weinstein—disrupted the campus and called for a number of changes to the college.[16][24] Weinstein says he was told that campus police could not protect him and that they encouraged him not to be on campus, which caused Weinstein to hold his biology class in a public park.[25][26] Weinstein and his wife, Professor Heather Heying, later resigned and reached a $500,000 settlement with the university, after having sued it for failing to "protect its employees from repeated provocative and corrosive verbal and written hostility based on race, as well as threats of physical violence".[27]

A June 1 direct threat to campus safety, targeting the anti-racist protesters, led to an evacuation and two-day closure of the campus.[28] Vandals with sticks and baseball bats caused approximately $10,000 in damage to the campus and forced closure of the school for an additional day.[29] A June 15 protest on campus by the far-right group Patriot Prayer led to campus being closed early.[30][31] The following day, Evergreen's 2017 commencement ceremony was also moved off-campus because of safety concerns.[32] Through the spring and summer, African American students reported receiving harassing and threatening messages.[33] An African American staff member and faculty member both resigned before the end of the year, because of escalating online attacks against them.[34]

A report from the college suggested that the protests may adversely affect Evergreen's enrollment, which has been declining over the last decade.[35] In the immediate aftermath enrollments fell, with the November 2018 head count dropping to 3,327 students, down from 3,881 students in 2017. The college's chief enrollment officer cited "questions about our reputation" as making efforts to attract students "more difficult" [36] and the drop forced the college to cut its budget by 10% and increase student fees.[35] Enrollment has since plummeted 27%, to 2,854 students in fall of 2019. [37]

Academics[edit]

Undergraduate[edit]

Evergreen is unique[38] in that undergraduate students select one 16-credit program for the entire quarter rather than multiple courses. Full-time programs will encompass a quarter's worth of work in everything related to that program concentration, by up to three professors. There are no majors; students have the freedom to choose what program to enroll in each quarter for the entire duration of their undergraduate education, and are not required to follow a specific set of programs. Evergreen is on the "quarter" system, with programs lasting one, two, or three quarters. Three-quarter programs are generally September through June.

At the end of the program, the professor writes a one-page report ("Evaluation") about the student's activity in the class rather than awarding a letter grade, and has an end-of-program evaluation conference with each student. The professor also determines how many credits should be awarded to the student, and students can lose credit.

In order to be granted a Bachelor of Science degree, a student must complete 180 credits, 72 of which need to be in science, with 48 of those noted as upper division. This requirement can be satisfied by one year of upper-division science.

Evergreen offers an evening and weekend program.

Graduate[edit]

Unlike the undergraduate programs, the graduate programs require a student to take a certain rotation of courses.

Evergreen graduate studies consist of the following three programs:

  • Master of Environmental Studies
  • Master in Teaching
  • Master of Public Administration

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
Regional
U.S. News & World Report[39] 35
Master's University class
Washington Monthly[40] 2

In 2020, Washington Monthly ranked Evergreen State 2nd out of 614 schools on its Master's Universities list, based on its contribution to the public good as measured by social mobility, research, and promoting public service.[41]

Among regional schools offering some masters programs but few doctorates in the western United States, U.S. News & World Report in 2020 ranked Evergreen State tied for 37th overall, 2nd for "most innovative", tied for 4th best for undergraduate teaching, tied for 14th best public school, and tied at 21st best school for veterans.[42]

The Evergreen State College has an admission rate of 97%.[43]

Facilities[edit]

360° panorama on the campus of The Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington. This panorama features the Daniel J. Evans Library and the clock tower set in a brick courtyard lined with trees.

Daniel J. Evans Library[edit]

The main library on The Evergreen State College campus is the Daniel J. Evans Library, named after the former governor who signed the legislation that founded Evergreen, and was also the school's second president. The library is home to some 428,000 volumes and 750,000 print and media items overall. The library hosts a number of small viewing rooms and also maintains special collections of rare books, archival material, and government documents. The Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning Center (QuaSR), a tutoring center for the sciences, is located on the first floor of the library. The library is located in the Information Technology wing of the Daniel J. Evans Library Building. This wing is also the home for Media Services and a large Academic Computing center.

Environmental reserve and beach[edit]

The Evergreen State College has 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land that is mostly second growth forest. The entire campus serves as a natural laboratory for scientific field research and provides inspiration for creative work. Throughout the 1,000-acre (400 ha) forest there are multiple trails leading to a variety of locations throughout the reserve and to Evergreen Beach. The coastal habitat is characterized by steep bluffs, gravelly beaches with many washed-up logs, and the marine intertidal zone which extends up to 150 feet (46 m) out into Puget Sound's Eld Inlet during low tides. Evergreen has approximately 3,300 feet (1.0 km) of untouched beach and 27 acres (11 ha) of southern Puget Sound tidelands.[44] Students use the beach and tidelands for scientific study and as a place to get away from their studies and relax. There are multiple trails leading to the beach and a small road that leads to the only building at the beach and a small boat ramp. The bluffs range from 15 to 60 feet (5 to 20 m) in height.[44]

Organic farm[edit]

The Evergreen Organic Farm annual crop bed space comprises 38,000 square feet (0.35 ha), slightly less than 1 acre (0.40 ha). The farm also produces apples and other perennial food crops, and tends to a flock of hens. Produce is sold to the Evergreen community through CSA (Community Supported Agriculture) shares, or from a farm-stand on Red Square every Tuesday and Thursday from 11am to 5pm during the growing season. Produce is sometimes sold to campus food services Aramark and the Flaming Eggplant Cafe. Excess produce is available to students in the interdisciplinary program, titled "The Practice of Sustainable Agriculture".

Proceeds from the sale of the crops are used to finance farm projects, as well as purchase seeds and equipment. Two of the greenhouses, the cooler, compost shed, farm fencing and orchard are just a few projects made possible from farm sales. Another use for money generated on the farm is to fund student projects. Many of these projects are related to horticultural aspects of food crops.

The farm production area is divided into sections that are used to delineate cropping areas for specific types of crops. The farm practices a strict five year crop rotation. The rotating of crops creates plant diversity over time as opposed to plant diversity in space. The rotation has four general crop categories with each category occupying a given space for one growing season.

Crop rotation is just one method the farm uses to maintain diversity in the field. Other methods employed are the use of undersown ground covers and inter-cropping different types of vegetable crops. Creating diversity in the field is one of the cornerstones of sustainable agriculture. Diversity provides non-toxic, sustainable crop protection against plant diseases and insect pests.

The Evergreen Organic Farm hosts a large composting facility that composts all compostables from the campus. It also hosts a Biodiesel facility, a community garden, demeters garden, and a large farmhouse that was partially built by students.

Public service centers[edit]

The Evergreen State College is the home of the Longhouse Education and Cultural Center. The Longhouse exists to provide service and hospitality to students, the college, and surrounding Native communities. With a design based on the Northwest Indigenous Nations' philosophy of hospitality, its primary functions are to provide a gathering place for hosting cultural ceremonies, classes, conferences, performances, art exhibits and community events. The Longhouse provides the opportunity to build a bridge of understanding between the regions' tribes and visitors of all cultures. The public service mission of the Longhouse is to promote indigenous arts and cultures through education, cultural preservation, and economic development.

It is also the administrative home for the Washington State Institute for Public Policy. The Institute's mission is to carry out practical, non-partisan research—at legislative direction—on issues of importance to Washington State. The Institute conducts research using its own policy analysts and economists, specialists from universities, and consultants. Institute staff work closely with legislators, legislative and state agency staff, and experts in the field to ensure that studies answer relevant policy questions.

Other notable public service centers on campus are:

  • Washington Center for Improving the Quality of Undergraduate Education
  • Center for Community-Based Learning and Action

Athletics[edit]

Evergreen teams, nicknamed athletically as the Geoducks, are part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the Cascade Collegiate Conference (CCC). Men's sports include basketball, cross country, soccer, crew, and track & field; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, soccer, crew, track & field and volleyball. A geoduck is a clam native to the region.

Former men's soccer star Joey Gjertsen, who led the Geoducks to the 2004 NAIA National quarterfinals, has gone on to have professional success with the San Jose Earthquakes of Major League Soccer. Shawn Medved previously had success in the MLS, playing for D.C. United and the San Jose Clash. Medved scored the tying goal in the 1996 MLS Cup as D.C. went on to the championship.

Evergreen also had a strong run in men's basketball during the first decade of the 21st century, winning the 2002 Cascade Collegiate Conference championship and reaching the NAIA national tournament in 2002, 2009 and 2010. Forward Mike Parker from the '02 team has become one of the top professional players in Japan, and several other basketball players have gone on to professional careers overseas.

Student media[edit]

The Seminar II building, completed in 2004

Student media include student-run newspaper The Cooper Point Journal,[45] and Evergreen's community radio station KAOS-FM.[46]

Notable people[edit]

Among notable alumni are cartoonists Craig Bartlett, Lynda Barry and Matt Groening;[1] comedians Josh Blue and Michael Richards; entrepreneurs Paul Stamets and Lynda Weinman; musicians Carrie Brownstein,[1] Martin Courtney, Kathleen Hanna, Conrad Keely, Macklemore,[1] Corin Tucker, Tobi Vail, John Wozniak, and Tay Zonday; Sub Pop founder Bruce Pavitt; Calvin Johnson, founder of K Records;[47] reality television star Steve Thomas; writers Benjamin Hoff, Judith Moore, Tom Maddox and Wendy C. Ortiz;[1] activist and diarist Rachel Corrie; professional soccer players Shawn Medved and Joey Gjertsen; and United States Representative for Washington's 10th congressional district Dennis Heck;[1] Oscar winners Byron Howard and Audrey Marrs; and artists Nikki McClure and Cappy Thompson

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Media Fact Sheet". Evergreen State College. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  2. ^ "AR 2017-18 Financial Statement" (PDF). The Evergreen State College. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Student Body Fall 2019" (PDF). The Evergreen State College. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
  4. ^ "Master of Public Administration in Tribal Governance". The Evergreen State College.
  5. ^ Rosenzweig, Joy (November 6, 1997). "The Innovative Colleges and Universities of the 1960s and 1970s: What Keeps the Dreams of Experimentation Alive?" (PDF). Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (22nd, Albuquerque, NM, November 6–9, 1997). Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  6. ^ Vallance, Karla (February 17, 1983). "Evergreen: Can a college of the '60s survive '80s?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  7. ^ Booth, William (28 February 2000). "On Calif. Campus, an Experimental Era Nears Its End". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  8. ^ Clabaugh, Earl. "Dean" (PDF). Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Graduation Weekend Preview" (PDF). Greener Scene: The Newsletter of The Evergreen State College. Office of College Relations. May 14, 1993. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 September 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  10. ^ Shea, Christopher (19 May 1993). "Controversial Commencement Speakers". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Commencement Programs 1972-2014". Evergreen State College Archives. The Evergreen State College. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Mumia Abu-Jamal to Speak at College Graduation Ceremonies" (Press release). Peter Bohmer of Evergreen State College, Washington. May 26, 1999. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
  13. ^ "Past Presidents". The Evergreen State College. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  14. ^ Knauf, Ana Sofia (June 14, 2017). ""Go Back to the Zoo": How Evergreen State College Became a Target For Right-Wing Trolls". The Stranger. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  15. ^ a b c "Day of Absence & Day of Presence", First Peoples Advising Services, Evergreen State College. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
  16. ^ a b c Jaschik, Scott. (May 30, 2017)."Who Defines What Is Racist?", Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
  17. ^ a b Svrluga, Susan; Heim, Joe (June 1, 2017). "Threat shuts down college embroiled in racial dispute". Washington Post.
  18. ^ Manchester, Chloe (April 10, 2017). "Day of Absence Changes Form". The Cooper Point Journal. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  19. ^ Fischel, Anne, Grossman, Zoltan, & Nelson, Lin (August 11. 2017). "Another Side of The Evergreen State College Story: 10 realities about the campus tumult that are being ignored.", Huffington Post.
  20. ^ "Long-simmering discord led to The Evergreen State College's viral moment". The Seattle Times. 2017-06-10. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  21. ^ "Day of Absence Changes Form", Cooper Point Journal, Evergreen State College. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  22. ^ Volokh, Eugene (2017-05-26). "Opinion | 'Professor told he's not safe on campus after college protests' at Evergreen State College (Washington)". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  23. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona (June 16, 2017). "A Campus Argument Goes Viral. Now the College Is Under Siege". New York Times. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  24. ^ Richardson, Bradford (May 25, 2017). "Students berate professor who refused to participate in no-whites 'Day of Absence'", The Washington Times. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
  25. ^ Weinstein, Bret (30 May 2017). "The Campus Mob Came for Me—and You, Professor, Could Be Next" – via www.wsj.com.
  26. ^ "Professor told he's not safe on campus after college protests".
  27. ^ "Evergreen settles with Weinstein, professor at the center of campus protests". The Olympian. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  28. ^ Svrluga, Susan & Heim, Joe. (June 1, 2017). "Threat shuts down college embroiled in racial dispute", The Washington Post. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
  29. ^ Svrluga, Susan (5 June 2017). "Evergreen State College reopens after violent threat and property damage on campus" – via www.washingtonpost.com.
  30. ^ "Counter-protesters clash with pro-Trump group Patriot Prayer at Evergreen State College". The Seattle Times. 2017-06-15. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  31. ^ "Right-Wing Slugger "Tiny" Toese Arrested Again While Trolling Portland". Willamette Week. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  32. ^ Pemberton, Lisa (2017-06-06). "Safety concerns prompt Evergreen to move commencement ceremony". The Olympian. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  33. ^ Littleton, Jacqueline. (June 16, 2017). "The Media Brought the Alt-Right to My Campus.", The New York Times.
  34. ^ Spegman, Abby (December 12. 2017). "Another Evergreen professor resigns in the wake of campus tensions and protests", The Olympian.
  35. ^ a b Spegman, Abby (May 11, 2018). "Evergreen looks to cut $6 million from its budget, raise fees due to enrollment drop". The Olympian. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  36. ^ Spegman, Abby (November 19, 2018). "Here's what Evergreen State College is doing to boost its reputation and enrollment". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  37. ^ "In hopes of ending enrollment woes, The Evergreen State College is overhauling its academic programs". The Seattle Times. 2019-12-26. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
  38. ^ Pope, Loren (2006). Colleges That Change Lives (3rd ed.). Penguin.
  39. ^ "Best Colleges 2021: Regional Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  40. ^ "2020 Rankings -- Masters Universities". Washington Monthly. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  41. ^ "2020 Master's University Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
  42. ^ "Evergreen State College Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. 2020. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  43. ^ Evergreen State College – Applying, U.S. News & World Report
  44. ^ a b "Campus Master Plan: Volume II – Goals and Policies for Land Use" (PDF). The Evergreen State College. January 2008.
  45. ^ "Cooper Point Journal". Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  46. ^ "KAOS Community Radio – 89.3 FM Olympia". Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  47. ^ Goldberg, Danny (2019). Serving the Servant: Remembering Kurt Cobain.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]