Fahri Korutürk

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Fahri Korutürk
Fahri Korutürk.jpg
6th President of Turkey
In office
6 April 1973 – 6 April 1980
Prime MinisterFerit Melen
Naim Talu
Bülent Ecevit
Sadi Irmak
Süleyman Demirel
Preceded byCevdet Sunay
Succeeded byKenan Evren
3rd Commander of the Turkish Navy
In office
12 September 1957 – 2 July 1960
Preceded bySadık Altıncan
Succeeded byZeki Özak
Personal details
Born3 August 1903
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died12 October 1987(1987-10-12) (aged 84)
Istanbul, Turkey
Resting placeTurkish State Cemetery
NationalityTurkish
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Emel Korutürk
Children3
Signature

Fahri Sabit Korutürk (3 August 1903 – 12 October 1987) was a Turkish politician, navy officer and diplomat, who served as the sixth President of Turkey from 1973 to 1980.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Istanbul, at Soğukçeşme Sokağı, a small street between Topkapı Palace and Hagia Sophia. He attended the navy cadet school in 1916, was graduated in 1923 and from the Naval Academy in 1933. Korutürk saw active service on cruisers and submarines and later travelled abroad as naval attaché in Rome, Berlin and Stockholm. In 1936, he participated in Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Turkish Straits as military advisor. He was made rear admiral in 1950 and commanded various units until he became admiral.

After his retirement in 1960 from the post of Commander of the Turkish Navy, Korutürk was appointed by the Head of State Cemal Gürsel as Turkish ambassador to the Soviet Union (1960-1964) and later to Spain (1964-1965).

In 1968, President Cevdet Sunay appointed him member of the senate. On 6 April 1973, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey elected him the 6th President of the Republic of Turkey.[1] During his term he presided over the 20 July 1974 Turkish Invasion of Cyprus after Archbishop Makarios III was ousted by the Greek officer-led Cypriot National Guard.

Korutürk served the constitutional term of seven years until 6 April 1980. Afterwards he became a senator until the coup d`etat in 1980.[2]

He married Emel Korutürk in 1944 and they had two sons and a daughter.[2] His surname, Korutürk,[3] was given to him by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Fahri Korutürk died in Moda, Istanbul. He was laid to rest in the Turkish State Cemetery in Ankara.

Works[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Roger P. Nye (1977). "Civil-Military Confrontation in Turkey: The 1973 Presidential Election". International Journal of Middle East Studies, 8, pp 209-228. doi:10.1017/S0020743800026957.
  2. ^ a b "Fahri KORUTÜRK". Presidency of the Republic of Turkey.
  3. ^ The verb korumak means "to protect", and refers to Atatürk's expectation of Korutürk to preserve his legacy.

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sadık Altıncan
Commander of the Turkish Navy
12 September 1957 – 2 July 1960
Succeeded by
Zeki Özak
Political offices
Preceded by
Cevdet Sunay
President of Turkey
6 April 1973 – 6 April 1980
Succeeded by
Kenan Evren