List of World Heritage Sites in Turkey

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Turkey accepted the convention on 16 March 1983, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list; as of 2016, sixteen sites in Turkey are included.[2]

The first three sites in Turkey, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, Historic Areas of Istanbul and Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia, were inscribed on the list at the 9th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Paris, France in 1985.[3] The latest inscription, Archaeological Site of Ani, was added to the list in 2016.[4]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[5]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[6]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Archaeological Site of Ani Ani-Cathedral, Ruine.jpeg TurKars Province
40°30′00″N 43°34′00″E / 40.50000°N 43.56667°E / 40.50000; 43.56667
Cultural:TurArcAni
(ii)(iii)(iv)
251 (620) 2016 [4]
Archaeological Site of Troy Troy1.jpg TurÇanakkale Province
39°57′23″N 26°14′20″E / 39.95639°N 26.23889°E / 39.95639; 26.23889
Cultural:TurArcTro
(ii)(iii)(vi)
158 (390) 1998 [7]
Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire Cumalıkızık 7121.jpg TurBursa Province
39°57′23″N 26°14′20″E / 39.95639°N 26.23889°E / 39.95639; 26.23889
Cultural:TurBur
(i)(ii)(iv)(vi)
27 (67) 2014 [8]
City of Safranbolu Safranbolu traditional houses.jpg TurKarabük Province
41°15′36″N 32°41′23″E / 41.26000°N 32.68972°E / 41.26000; 32.68972
Cultural:TurCit
(ii)(iv)(v)
193 (480) 1994 [9]
Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape Diyarbakir walls.JPG TurDiyarbakır Province
37°54′11″N 40°14′22″E / 37.90306°N 40.23944°E / 37.90306; 40.23944
Cultural:TurDiy
(iv)
521 (1,290) 2015 [10]
Ephesus Ephesus Celsus Library Façade.jpg Turİzmir Province
37°55′45″N 27°21′34″E / 37.92917°N 27.35944°E / 37.92917; 27.35944
Cultural:TurEph
(iii)(iv)(vi)
663 (1,640) 2015 [11]
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia Göreme town and valley 2015.JPG TurNevşehir Province
38°40′00″N 34°51′00″E / 38.66667°N 34.85000°E / 38.66667; 34.85000
Mixed:TurGor
(i)(iii)(v)(vii)
9,884 (24,420) 1985 [12]
Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği DivrigiUluCami (2006).jpg TurSivas Province
39°22′17″N 38°07′19″E / 39.37139°N 38.12194°E / 39.37139; 38.12194
Cultural:TurGre
(i)(iv)
2,016 (4,980) 1985 [13]
Hattusha: the Hittite Capital Lion Gate, Hattusa 01.jpg TurÇorum Province
40°00′50″N 34°37′14″E / 40.01389°N 34.62056°E / 40.01389; 34.62056
Cultural:TurHat
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
268 (660) 1986 [14]
Hierapolis-Pamukkale Domitian gate at Hierapolis.JPG TurDenizli Province
37°55′26″N 29°07′24″E / 37.92389°N 29.12333°E / 37.92389; 29.12333
Mixed:TurHie
(iii)(iv)(vii)
1,077 (2,660) 1988 [15]
Historic Areas of Istanbul Istanbul Hagia Sophia Sultanahmed.JPG TurIstanbul Province
41°00′30″N 28°58′48″E / 41.00833°N 28.98000°E / 41.00833; 28.98000
Cultural:TurHis
(iii)(iv)(vii)
678 (1,680) 1985 [16]
Nemrut Dağ East Terrace (4961356591).jpg TurAdıyaman Province
38°02′12″N 38°45′49″E / 38.03667°N 38.76361°E / 38.03667; 38.76361
Cultural:TurNem
(i)(iii)(iv)
11 (27) 1987 [17]
Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük Çatalhöyük with surroundings..jpg TurKonya Province
37°40′00″N 32°49′41″E / 37.66667°N 32.82806°E / 37.66667; 32.82806
Cultural:TurNeo
(iii)(iv)
37 (91) 2012 [18]
Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape Pergamon - 04.jpg Turİzmir Province
39°07′33″N 27°10′48″E / 39.12583°N 27.18000°E / 39.12583; 27.18000
Cultural:TurPer
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
333 (820) 2014 [19]
Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex Selimiye Mosque 2009.jpg TurEdirne Province
41°40′40″N 26°33′34″E / 41.67778°N 26.55944°E / 41.67778; 26.55944
Cultural:TurSel
(i)(iv)
3 (7.4) 2011 [20]
Xanthos-Letoon Letoon tempel axb01.jpg TurAntalya and Muğla Provinces
36°20′06″N 29°19′13″E / 36.33500°N 29.32028°E / 36.33500; 29.32028
Cultural:TurXan
(ii)(iii)
126 (310) 1988 [21]

Geographical distribution[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Turkey". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Report of the 9th Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Archaeological Site of Ani". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Archaeological Site of Troy". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "City of Safranbolu". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Ephesus". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "Hattusha: the Hittite Capital". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "Hierapolis-Pamukkale". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "Historic Areas of Istanbul". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Nemrut Dağ". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Xanthos-Letoon". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 August 2016.