First Beel cabinet

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First Beel cabinet
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
42nd cabinet of the Netherlands
Kabinet 1946-07 - SFA001013830.jpg ZetelsBeelI.svg
The first meeting of the First Beel cabinet on 3 July 1946
Date formed3 July 1946 (1946-07-03)
Date dissolved7 August 1948 (1948-08-07)
(Demissionary from 7 July 1948 (1948-07-07))
People and organisations
Head of stateQueen Wilhelmina
Head of governmentLouis Beel
Deputy head of governmentWillem Drees
No. of ministers17
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
5
Total no. of ministers19
Member partyCatholic People's Party
(KVP)
Labour Party
(PvdA)
Status in legislatureGrand coalition (Roman/Red)
Opposition partyAnti-Revolutionary Party
Opposition leaderJan Schouten
History
Election(s)1946 election
Outgoing election1948 election
Legislature term(s)1946–1948
Incoming formation1946 formation
Outgoing formation1948 formation
PredecessorSchermerhorn–Drees cabinet
SuccessorDrees–Van Schaik cabinet
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
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The First Beel cabinet was the cabinet of the Netherlands from 3 July 1946 until 7 August 1948/ The cabinet was formed by the political parties Catholic People's Party (KVP) and the Labour Party (PvdA) after the election of 1946. It was the first democratically elected cabinet formed after the end of World War II.The grand coalition (Roman/Red) cabinet was a majority cabinet in the House of Representatives.[1]

Term[edit]

A major issue was the independence of the Dutch East Indies. This required a change in the constitution. In November 1946 the Linggadjati Agreement was signed, but different interpretations led to Dutch military intervention (politionele acties). Under international pressure through the UN, this ended and negotiations restarted, ultimately resulting in the new country Indonesia, but only under the next cabinet, Drees I. An important new law was the 'Noodwet Ouderdomsvoorziening' by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Social Affairs Willem Drees.

Cabinet members[edit]

Ministers Title/Ministry Term of office Party
Louis Beel Dr.
Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
Prime Minister 3 July 1946 –
7 August 1948
Catholic People's Party
General Affairs 13 October 1947 –
7 August 1948
Minister Interior 23 February 1945 –
15 September 1947
[Retained]
Willem Drees Willem Drees
(1886–1988)
Deputy Prime Minister /
Minister
Social Affairs 25 June 1945 –
7 August 1948
[Retained]
Labour Party
Piet Witteman Dr.
Piet Witteman
(1892–1972)
Minister Interior 15 September 1947 –
7 August 1948
Catholic People's Party
Pim van Boetzelaer van Oosterhout Baron
Pim van Boetzelaer
van Oosterhout

(1892–1986)
Minister Foreign Affairs 3 July 1946 –
7 August 1948
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Piet Lieftinck Dr.
Piet Lieftinck
(1902–1989)
Minister Finance 25 June 1945 –
1 July 1952
[Retained]
Labour Party
Johan van Maarseveen Johan van Maarseveen
(1894–1951)
Minister Justice 3 July 1946 –
7 August 1948
Catholic People's Party
Gerardus Huysmans Dr.
Gerardus Huysmans
(1902–1948)
Minister Economic Affairs 3 July 1946 –
14 January 1948
[Res]
Catholic People's Party
Sicco Mansholt Sicco Mansholt
(1908–1995)
14 January 1948 –
20 January 1948
[Ad interim]
Labour Party
Jan van den Brink Dr.
Jan van den Brink
(1915–2006)
20 January 1948 –
2 September 1952
Catholic People's Party
Alexander Fiévez Lieutenant colonel
Alexander Fiévez
(1902–1949)
Minister War 3 July 1946 –
7 August 1948
Catholic People's Party
Navy 3 July 1946 –
7 August 1946
[Ad interim]
25 November 1947 –
7 August 1948
Jules Schagen van Leeuwen Jules Schagen
van Leeuwen

(1896–1976)
7 August 1946 –
25 November 1947
[Res]
Independent
Conservative

(Social Conservative)
Jos Gielen Dr.
Jos Gielen
(1898–1981)
Minister Education, Arts
and Sciences
3 July 1946 –
7 August 1948
Catholic People's Party
Hein Vos Hein Vos
(1903–1972)
Minister Transport 3 July 1946 –
1 March 1947
Labour Party
Transport and
Water Management
1 March 1947 –
7 August 1948
Sicco Mansholt Sicco Mansholt
(1908–1995)
Minister Agriculture, Fisheries
and Food Supplies
25 June 1945 –
1 January 1958
[Retained]
Labour Party
Johan Ringers Dr.
Johan Ringers
(1885–1965)
Minister Public Works and
Reconstruction
25 June 1945 –
15 November 1946
[Retained] [Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Hein Vos Hein Vos
(1900–1972)
15 November 1946 –
3 March 1947
[Ad interim]
Labour Party
Lambertus Neher Lambertus Neher
(1899–1967)
Reconstruction and
Housing
3 March 1947 –
1 March 1948
[Res]
Labour Party
Joris in 't Veld Dr.
Joris in 't Veld
(1895–1981)
1 March 1948 –
2 September 1952
Labour Party
Jan Jonkman Jan Jonkman
(1891–1976)
Minister Colonial Affairs 3 July 1946 –
30 August 1947
[Note]
Labour Party
Louis Beel Dr.
Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
30 August 1947 –
3 November 1947
[Ad interim]
Catholic People's Party
Jan Jonkman Jan Jonkman
(1891–1976)
3 November 1947 –
30 August 1947
Labour Party
Ministers without portfolio Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Eelco van Kleffens Eelco van Kleffens
(1894–1983)
Minister • Foreign Policy

(within Foreign Affairs)
1 March 1946 –
1 July 1947
[Retained] [Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Lubbertus Götzen Lubbertus Götzen
(1894–1979)
Minister • Colonial Policy

(within Colonial Affairs)
11 November 1947 –
15 March 1951
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Protestant)
Source: ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Rijksoverheid
Retained Retained this position from the previous cabinet.
Res Resigned.
Ad interim Served ad interim.
Note Jan Jonkman took a medical leave of absence, Louis Beel served from 30 August 1947 until 3 November 1947.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coalities tussen sociaaldemocraten en confessionelen" (in Dutch). Historisch Nieuwsblad. 10 August 2006. Retrieved 24 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Official