GCR Class 8H

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Great Central Railway class 8H
Dunford Bridge Station geograph-2211447.jpg
69901 at Dunford Bridge on the Woodhead Line in 1950
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer John G. Robinson
Build date 1908 (4), 1932 (2)
Total produced 6
 • Whyte 0-8-4T
 • UIC D2′ n3t, later D2′ h3t
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia. 4 ft 8 in (1.422 m)
Trailing dia. 3 ft 2 in (0.965 m)
Fuel type Coal
Boiler pressure 180 psi (1.24 MPa)
Cylinders Three
Cylinder size 18 in × 26 in (457 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Valve type Slide valves
Performance figures
Tractive effort 34,525 lbf (153.6 kN)
  • GCR: 8H
  • LNER: S1
  • GCR: 1170–1173
  • LNER: 6170–6173; later 9900–9905
  • BR: 69900–69905
Withdrawn 1955–1957
Disposition All scrapped

The Great Central Railway Class 8H (LNER Class S1) was a class of 0-8-4T steam tank locomotives designed by John G. Robinson for hump shunting at Wath marshalling yard.


Four locomotives were built in 1907/1908 for the Great Central Railway. They were fitted with three cylinders. This gave a more even torque than with a 2-cylinder locomotive and reduced the risk of wheelslip under heavy load. All four passed into London and North Eastern Railway ownership at the 1923 grouping. At the time all four locomotives were allocated to Mexborough engine shed.[1]

These were powerful locomotives but even more power was required so, in 1930, one locomotive was fitted with a superheater and a booster engine and classified S1/2. Two new locomotives (with superheaters and boosters) were built by the LNER in 1932 and classified S1/3. The remaining (non-booster) locomotives were classified S1/1 and were also fitted with superheaters. All the boosters were removed in 1943.

All six locomotives passed into British Railways ownership in 1948 and were numbered 69900-69905.


  • Locomotive weight:
    • S1/1, 99 tons 6 cwt
    • S1/2, 99 tons 2 cwt
    • S1/3, 99 tons 1 cwt
  • Superheater:
    • S1/1, No, but fitted later
    • S1/2, Yes
    • S1/3, Yes
  • Tractive effort, 34,525 lbf (153.6 kN)
    • Booster tractive effort, 12,373 lbf (55.0 kN)
      • Combined tractive effort, 46,896 lbf (208.6 kN)

For terminology, see Steam locomotive components


  1. ^ Yeadon, W B (1996). LNER Locomotive allocations 1 January 1923. Oldham: Challenger Publications. p. 10. ISBN 1-899624-19-8.
  • Ian Allan ABC of British Railways Locomotives, part 4 (1948 ed.). p. 56.
  • Casserley, H.C.; S. W. Johnston (1974) [1966]. Locomotives at the Grouping 2: London & North Eastern Railway. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Limited. ISBN 0-7110-0553-2.

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