GER Class F48

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GER Class F48
LNER Class J16
GER F48 0-6-0 locomotive, 1189 (Howden, Boys' Book of Locomotives, 1907).jpg
No. 1189, with its unique Belpaire firebox
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer James Holden
Builder Stratford Works
Build date 1900–1903
Total produced 60
Configuration 0-6-0
UIC classification C n2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4 ft 11 in (1.499 m)
Locomotive weight 44 long tons 11 cwt (99,800 lb or 45.3 t)
Tender weight 38 long tons 5 cwt (85,700 lb or 38.9 t)
Fuel type Coal
Boiler pressure 180 lbf/in2 (1.24 MPa)
Firegrate area 21.3 sq ft (1.98 m2)
Heating surface:
– Total
1,630.5 sq ft (151.48 m2)
Cylinders Two, inside
Cylinder size 19 in × 26 in (483 mm × 660 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 24,340 lbf (108.27 kN)
Operator(s) GER » LNER
Class GER: F48
Power class BR: 4F
Axle load class LNER/BR: Route availability 4
Disposition All rebuilt to LNER Class J17

The GER Class F48 was a class of sixty 0-6-0 steam tender locomotives designed by James Holden for the Great Eastern Railway in Great Britain. They passed to the London and North Eastern Railway at the grouping in 1923 and received the LNER classification J16.


The F48 class, of which there were sixty, were built between 1900 and 1903 at Stratford Works, and had round-top fireboxes of the same type as used on the Class S46 Claude Hamilton 4-4-0s.[1] No. 1189 was built instead with a Belpaire firebox, being the first Great Eastern locomotive to be so fitted.[1] This was done as a comparative experiment against the regular round-top firebox.[2] The experiment was a success and a further thirty locomotives constructed later were fitted with Belpaire fireboxes and termed the G58 class.


From 1921, all the round-top boilers were replaced by the Belpaire type, the majority being superheated. Sixteen had been reboilered by the Great Eastern before the grouping of 1923. The remaining forty-three were reboilered by the London and North Eastern Railway and were re-classified J17. All had been dealt with by 1932, whereupon the Class J16 ceased to exist.


At first Macallan blastpipes were fitted, but later the Stone's variable blastpipe was substituted. Plain blastpipes were substituted between 1924 and 1929.[3]

LNER ownership[edit]

The former Class F48 locomotives were renumbered 5500–5559 in the LNER's 1946 renumbering scheme. The exception was 8200, which had been damaged beyond repair in a V-2 attack in November 1944.[1]

BR ownership[edit]

All the remaining locomotives passed to British Railways in 1948, and had 60000 added to their number. They were withdrawn between 1953 and 1962.[4]

Table of orders and numbers[edit]

Table of orders and numbers[5]
Year Order No. Quantity GER No. LNER No. 1946 No. Notes
1900 F48 10 1150–1159 8150–8159 5500–5509
1900–01 H50 10 1160–1169 8160–8169 5510–5519
1901 L52 10 1170–1179 8170–8179 5520–5529
1901–02 P52 10 1180–1189 8180–8189 5530–5539
1902 B54 10 1190–1199 8190–8199 5540–5549
1902–03 P54 10 1200–1209 8200–8209 —, 5551–5559


  1. ^ a b c Aldrich 1969, p. 71
  2. ^ "The Holden J16 & J17 (GER Classes F48 & G58) 0-6-0 Locomotives". LNER Encyclopedia. 
  3. ^ RCTS (1966). Locomotives of the LNER. Part 5. Tender engines—classes J1 to J37. Railway Correspondence & Travel Society. 
  4. ^ Aldrich 1969, pp. 141–142
  5. ^ Aldrich 1969, p. 70
  • Aldrich, C. Langley (1969). The Locomotives of the Great Eastern Railway 1862–1962 (7th ed.). Wickford, Essex: C. Langley Aldrich. OCLC 30278831. 

External links[edit]