As of 2002, its population was 19,900 people. The town is roughly (43%) Azerbaijani-populated. Formerly known as Karayazi, it was renamed, after a nearby located ruined medieval fortress Qaratepe, to Gardabani in 1947 and was given the status of a city in 1969. A thermal power station located in Gardabani currently provides the capital city of Tbilisi with most of its heat.
- Conflict Potential Related to the Problems of Language and Education in Georgia's Kvemo Kartli Province prepared by the German Organization for Technical Cooperation, the Caucasus Institute of Peace, Democracy and Development with the participation of the Union of Intercultural Cooperation in Kvemo Kartli Province (Gardabani) and the Union of Azerbaijani Women of Georgia (Marneuli)
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