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Language(s)Bengali, Hindi
MeaningProtector or Governor
Region of originIndia, Bangladesh
Other names
Variant form(s)Sengupta, Dasgupta, Duttagupta

Gupta (/ˈɡptə/) is a common surname or last name of Indian origin. It is based on the Sanskrit word गोप्तृ goptṛ, which means 'guardian' or 'protector'.[1] According to historian R. C. Majumdar, the surname Gupta was adopted by several different communities in northern and eastern India at different times.[2]

In Bengal[edit]

The Rāmpāl plate of Srichandra mentions a line of Brahmins who had Gupta as their surname.[3] In Bengal region, the surname is found among Baidyas (mainly)[4][5] as well as Kayasthas.[6]

In Northern India[edit]

The Gupta surname is also used by Banias and Jains in the northern part of India.[7]




In business and management[edit]

In entertainment[edit]

In fiction[edit]

In journalism[edit]

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  1. ^ GUPTA - Surname Meaning | Origin for the Surname Gupta Genealogy. (14 July 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-18.
  2. ^ Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra; Anant Sadashiv Altekar (1986). Vakataka Gupta Age: circa 200–550 A.D. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 126. ISBN 81-208-0026-5.
  3. ^ Sarkar, Girindra Mohan (1984). Early History of Bengal. p. 47. The Rampāl plate of Sri Chandra reveals a line of Brāhmanas whose surnames end in Gupta (Sarman). No such Brāhmanas are met within the modern Bengal. Where have they gone? Have they too, like the Sena-Karnatakshatriyas, merged into the present Vaidya caste of Bengal?
  4. ^ Sahay, Keshari N. (2001). Ambastha Kayastha: The Evolution of a Family and Its Socio-cultural Dimensions. Commonwealth Publishers. p. 11. ISBN 978-81-7169-660-4.
  5. ^ "বাঙালির পদবি, উদয় চট্টোপাধ্যায়, পরবাস-৭৬". ISSN 1563-8685. Retrieved 15 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Ronald. B. Inden (January 1976). Marriage and Rank in Bengali Culture : A History of Caste and Clan in Middle Period Bengal. p. 40. ISBN 9780520025691.
  7. ^ Hanks, Patrick (8 May 2003). Dictionary of American Family Names: 3-Volume Set. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-19-508137-4.