Hampton Court astronomical clock
History and description
The clock was installed in 1540 on the gatehouse to the inner court at Hampton Court Palace. It was designed by Nicholas Crazter and made by Nicholas Oursian. This pre-Copernican and pre-Galilean astronomical clock is still functioning.
The clock is 15 feet (4.6 m) in diameter with three separate copper dials revolving at different speeds and displays the following information:
- Day of month
- Position of the sun in the ecliptic
- Twelve signs of the zodiac
- Number of days elapsed since the beginning of the year
- Phases of the moon
- Age of the moon in days
- Hour when the moon crosses the meridian and thus high water at London Bridge.
The latter information was of great importance to those visiting this Thames-side palace from London, as the preferred method of transport at the time was by barge, and at low water London Bridge created dangerous rapids.
The clock was restored in 1711 by William Herbert. In 1831 the astronomical dial had been removed, and the mechanism was replaced with that from a clock dating from 1799 from St James's Palace. In 1879 the astronomical dial was found, and Gillett & Bland manufactured a new clock movement.
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