Richmond Park (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Richmond Park in Greater London.
|Member of parliament||Zac Goldsmith (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Richmond & Barnes and Kingston upon Thames|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
History and character
Richmond Park constituency was created in 1997 from two old seats: Richmond & Barnes[n 3] and a northern tranche of the Kingston upon Thames seat.[n 4] Jeremy Hanley, MP for Richmond and Barnes was selected as the Conservative candidate for the seat's first election but lost to Jenny Tonge (Liberal Democrat). The seat was held by Liberal Democrats until 2010, when it was gained by Zac Goldsmith, a Conservative.
The area is almost entirely affluent middle-class suburbia with plenty of leafy streets, and desirable late Victorian, Edwardian, and 1930s houses, a majority not subdivided, and with large gardens. The seat has many pleasant open green spaces, including Richmond Park, one of the Royal Parks of London, the world-famous botanic gardens at Kew, and the London Wetland Centre.
The entire seat is convenient for travel by road to London Heathrow Airport. However, northern parts of the constituency endure daytime aircraft noise from most flights using the southern runway, particularly on landing from the east. Such noise is to a greater degree than Putney but to a lesser degree than central parts of the London Borough of Hounslow and eastern pockets of the Slough and Windsor unitary authorities.[n 5]
Richmond Park constituency stretches from Barnes in the north to Kingston upon Thames in the south, and includes the whole of East Sheen, Mortlake, Kew, Richmond, Petersham and Ham. The boundaries also include the Royal Park itself.
The seat has electoral wards:
- Barnes; East Sheen; Ham, Petersham and Richmond Riverside; Kew; Mortlake and Barnes Common; North Richmond; South Richmond in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
- Canbury; Coombe Hill; Coombe Vale; Tudor in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
From Kingston Railway Bridge, the boundary runs north following middle of the River Thames to Hammersmith Bridge and then southeast as far as Barn Elms. From here it is bounded by on the outside Putney Common and houses east of Hallam Road and Dyers Lane. At the south end of Dyers Lane the boundary runs along the Upper Richmond Road westwards as far as the Beverley Brook which it then follows south to the northern wall of Richmond Park itself.[n 6] The boundary then follows the wall of the park as far as the Robin Hood Gate on the A3 road and follows the Beverley Brook south, until it[n 7] turns west after Malden Golf Course. It then cuts across the golf course to Coombe Road, Coombe Vale, New Malden until the South West Main Line just west of New Malden station. Then the boundary curves north to follow the Kingston branch of the railway line, which it follows as far as the railway bridge over the River Thames.
Latest boundary reviews
As part of its Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission[n 8] made minor changes to re-align the constituency boundaries with the boundaries of the local government wards. This involved moving the entirety of the Beverley ward into Kingston and Surbiton. It had been split between the two constituencies after ward boundaries were changed in 2002. The public consultation on proposed changes across the boroughs of Kingston and Richmond received 11 submissions, of which ten were in support. The new boundaries came into effect at the 2010 general election, and remained in place for 2015.
Members of Parliament
|1997||Jenny Tonge||Liberal Democrats|
|2005||Susan Kramer||Liberal Democrats|
|General Election 2015: Richmond Park|
|Liberal Democrat||Robin Meltzer||11,389||19.3||-23.5|
|General Election 2010: Richmond Park|
|Liberal Democrat||Susan Kramer||25,370||42.8||-3.8|
|Christian Peoples||Susan May||133||0.2||-0.3|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||7.0|
|General Election 2005: Richmond Park|
|Liberal Democrat||Susan Kramer||24,011||46.7||−1.0|
|Christian Peoples||Peter Flower||288||0.6||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Rainbow George Weiss||63||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−1.4|
|General Election 2001: Richmond Park|
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Tonge||23,444||47.7||+3.0|
|UKIP||Peter St John Howe||348||0.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+2.45|
|General Election 1997: Richmond Park|
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Tonge||25,393||44.7||N/A|
|Referendum Party||J. Pugh||1,467||2.6||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||D. Beaupre||348||0.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||B. D'Arcy||102||0.2||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||P. Davies||73||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- last held by the Conservative Jeremy Hanley
- Held by the former Chancellor of the Exchequer Norman Lamont
- Specifically Poyle and the northern part of the large parish of Wraysbury
- Thus east is Roehampton in the London Borough of Wandsworth and part of Putney seat
- Having included the residential section of the A3 at the Beverley Brook Interchange
- For the subregion used see South London
- Fifth periodical report (PDF) (Report). Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties. Boundary Commission for England. 5 February 2007. ISBN 0101703228.
- "Heathrow". London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- For the detailed map see the UK government election map web site
- "South London Boroughs – Proposals for Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. 19 April 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2010.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "UK Polling Report – Richmond Park". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Richmond Park parliamentary constituency – Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Sachin Patel: Candidate for Richmond Park". Labour Party (UK). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "London Green Party | 2015 General Election". Green Party. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- Norton, Gillian (20 April 2010). "Parliamentary Election, Richmond Park Constituency, Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
- "Election 2010 –Constituency:Richmond Park". Election 2010 (BBC). 6 May 2010.