Richmond Park (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Major settlements||Richmond and part of Kingston|
|Member of Parliament||Sarah Olney (Liberal Democrats)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Richmond and Barnes and Kingston upon Thames|
Richmond Park is a parliamentary constituency in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Sarah Olney of the Liberal Democrats won the seat at a by-election in 2016 after Zac Goldsmith of the Conservative Party stood down in protest over expansion of Heathrow Airport. Goldsmith stood as an independent at the by-election, but the Conservative nomination was restored to him for the 2017 general election, at which he regained the seat with a slim majority. Olney won the seat from Goldsmith a second time at the 2019 general election.
The seat was created in 1997 from Richmond and Barnes, held by Jeremy Hanley of the Conservative Party, and a northern section of Kingston upon Thames, held by his party colleague, former Chancellor of the Exchequer Norman Lamont. Hanley was selected as the Conservative candidate at the first election for the seat, but lost to Jenny Tonge of the Liberal Democrats. The Liberal Democrats retained the seat until 2010, when it was won by the Conservative candidate Zac Goldsmith.
In October 2016, Goldsmith announced his resignation as an MP in protest against the Conservative government's decision to allow a third runway to be built at Heathrow Airport. Goldsmith stood as an independent in the by-election held on 1 December; he was defeated by Sarah Olney, a Liberal Democrat, despite the Conservatives fielding no candidate. It was the first by-election in the constituency since its creation in 1997.
In April 2017, Goldsmith won the Conservative nomination for the seat and stood in the general election on 8 June, at which Olney sought re-election. Despite Olney gaining the largest increase in vote share between general elections in the country, and Goldsmith one of the largest falls, he regained the seat for the Conservatives with a majority of just 45 votes. Goldsmith's six months out was the shortest time a defeated MP had remained so before regaining the same seat. Olney retook the seat in the 2019 general election, with a majority of nearly 8,000.
1997–2010: The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames wards of Barnes; East Sheen; Ham and Petersham; Kew; Mortlake; Palewell; Richmond Hill; and Richmond Town, and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames wards of Cambridge; Canbury; Coombe Hill; and Tudor.
2010–present: The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames wards of Barnes; East Sheen; Ham, Petersham and Richmond Riverside; Kew; Mortlake and Barnes Common; North Richmond; and South Richmond, and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames wards of Canbury; Coombe Hill; Coombe Vale; and Tudor.
Richmond Park constituency stretches from Barnes in the north to Kingston upon Thames in the south, and includes the whole of East Sheen, Mortlake, Kew, Richmond, Petersham and Ham. The boundaries also include the Royal Park itself.
From Kingston Railway Bridge the limits clockwise are: the middle of the River Thames north-east to Hammersmith Bridge and then southeast within Barnes to Barn Elms; the outer limit of Putney Common; the houses east of Hallam Road and Dyers Lane; Upper Richmond Road westwards; the Beverley Brook south to Richmond Park itself;[n 1] the park walls to Robin Hood Gate on the A3 road; the Beverley Brook south,[n 2] west across Malden Golf Course; Coombe Road; Coombe Vale both in New Malden; the South West Main Line west of New Malden station; the Kingston branch back to the stated start. The seat comprises the old Surrey part of Richmond upon Thames (borough), Coombe, Norbiton, and half of Kingston upon Thames.
Fifth Boundary Review
As part of its Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission[n 3] made minor changes to re-align the constituency boundaries with the boundaries of the local government wards. This involved moving the entirety of the Beverley ward into Kingston and Surbiton. It had been split between the two constituencies after ward boundaries were changed in 2002. The public consultation on proposed changes across the boroughs of Kingston and Richmond received 11 submissions, of which ten were in support. The new boundaries came into effect at the 2010 general election.
Members of Parliament
|1997||Jenny Tonge||Liberal Democrats|
|2005||Susan Kramer||Liberal Democrats|
|2016 by-election||Sarah Olney||Liberal Democrats|
|2019||Sarah Olney||Liberal Democrats|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Sarah Olney||34,559||53.1||+8.0|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Sarah Olney||28,543||45.1||+25.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Sarah Olney||20,510||49.6||+30.3|
|Independent||Zac Goldsmith||18,638||45.1||-13.1[n 4]|
|Monster Raving Loony||Howling Laud Hope||184||0.4||New|
|One Love||Maharaja Jammu and Kashmir||67||0.1||New|
|No label||David Powell||32||0.0||New|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+21.7[n 5]|
|Liberal Democrats||Robin Meltzer||11,389||19.3||-23.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Susan Kramer||25,370||42.8||-3.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||-7.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Susan Kramer||24,011||46.7||-1.0|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Rainbow George Weiss||63||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||-1.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Tonge||23,444||47.7||+3.0|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||+2.4|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Tonge||25,393||44.7||+7.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||David Beaupre||348||0.7||New|
|Natural Law||Bruno D'Arcy||102||0.2||New|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Peter Davies||73||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats win (new seat)|
- Thus east is Roehampton in the London Borough of Wandsworth, part of Putney seat
- Having included the residential section of the A3 at the Beverley Brook Interchange
- For the subregion used see South London
- Compared to his vote share as a Conservative candidate at the previous election.
- Calculated on the basis of the vote share for Zac Goldsmith as a Conservative at the previous election and as an Independent at this election.
- Fifth periodical report (PDF) (Report). Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties. Boundary Commission for England. 5 February 2007. ISBN 978-0101703222.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- "Zac Goldsmith quits as MP over 'doomed' Heathrow expansion decision". The Guardian. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "Zac Goldsmith wins Conservative nomination for Richmond Park". BBC News. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- "GE2017 – Constituency results". Britain Elects (Google Docs). Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "The EU referendum: how did Westminster constituencies vote?". Medium. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- For the detailed map see the UK government election map web site
- "South London Boroughs – Proposals for Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. 19 April 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2010.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF).
- @fifisyms (20 September 2019). "@RPNKTories Madness. He's going to lose by miles" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Donovan, Tim (7 November 2016). "Tactics reduce candidates for Richmond Park by-election". BBC News. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Election results for Richmond Park, 1 December 2016". 1 December 2016.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election results for Richmond Park UK Parliamentary General Election 2015 – Thursday, 7 May 2015". Cabnet.richmond.gov.uk. 7 May 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Richmond Park parliamentary constituency – Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Sachin Patel: Candidate for Richmond Park". Labour Party (UK). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "London Green Party | 2015 general election". Green Party. Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Richmond Park". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Norton, Gillian (20 April 2010). "Parliamentary Election, Richmond Park Constituency, Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
- "Election 2010 –Constituency:Richmond Park". Election 2010. BBC News. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Politics Science Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)