Richmond Park (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Richmond Park in Greater London
|Major settlements||Richmond and part of Kingston|
|Member of Parliament||Sarah Olney (Liberal Democrats)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Richmond and Barnes and Kingston upon Thames|
Richmond Park is a parliamentary constituency in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Sarah Olney of the Liberal Democrats won the seat at a by-election in 2016 after Zac Goldsmith of the Conservative Party stood down in protest over expansion of Heathrow Airport. Goldsmith stood as an independent at the by-election, but the Conservative whip was restored for the 2017 general election, where he regained the seat with a slim majority. Olney won the seat from Goldsmith a second time at the 2019 general election.
History and profile
Richmond Park constituency was created in 1997 from Richmond and Barnes, previously held by the Conservative Jeremy Hanley, and a northern section of the Kingston upon Thames seat, held by the former Chancellor of the Exchequer Norman Lamont. Hanley was selected as the Conservative candidate at the first election for the seat but lost to the Liberal Democrat, Jenny Tonge. The seat was held by the Liberal Democrats until 2010, when it was won by the Conservative candidate, Zac Goldsmith.
On 25 October 2016, Zac Goldsmith announced his resignation as an MP in protest against the Conservative government's decision to allow a third runway to be built at Heathrow Airport. Goldsmith stood as an Independent candidate in the by-election held on 1 December, but was defeated by Sarah Olney, a Liberal Democrat, after the Conservative Party decided not to nominate its own candidate. It was the first by-election in the constituency since its creation in 1997.
On 22 April 2017, Goldsmith won the Conservative nomination for Richmond Park and stood in the general election on 8 June, in which Olney also stood for re-election. Despite Olney gaining the largest increase in vote share between general elections in the country, and Goldsmith one of the largest falls, he regained the seat for the Conservatives with a majority of just 45 votes. It marked the shortest period of time that a defeated MP had been out of office before regaining a seat. Olney retook the seat in the 2019 general election, with a majority of nearly 8,000.
1997–2010: The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames wards of Barnes; East Sheen; Ham and Petersham; Kew; Mortlake; Palewell; Richmond Hill; and Richmond Town, and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames wards of Cambridge; Canbury; Coombe Hill; and Tudor.
2010–present: The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames wards of Barnes; East Sheen; Ham, Petersham and Richmond Riverside; Kew; Mortlake and Barnes Common; North Richmond; and South Richmond, and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames wards of Canbury; Coombe Hill; Coombe Vale; and Tudor.
Richmond Park constituency stretches from Barnes in the north to Kingston upon Thames in the south, and includes the whole of East Sheen, Mortlake, Kew, Richmond, Petersham and Ham. The boundaries also include the Royal Park itself.
From Kingston Railway Bridge, the boundary follows the middle of the River Thames north (downstream) to Hammersmith Bridge and then southeast as far as Barn Elms. From here it is bounded by the outside of Putney Common and the houses east of Hallam Road and Dyers Lane. At the south end of Dyers Lane the boundary runs along the Upper Richmond Road westwards as far as the Beverley Brook which it then follows south to the northern wall of Richmond Park itself.[n 1] The boundary then follows the wall of the park as far as the Robin Hood Gate on the A3 road and follows the Beverley Brook south, until it[n 2] turns west after Malden Golf Course. It then cuts across the golf course to Coombe Road, Coombe Vale, New Malden until the South West Main Line just west of New Malden station. Then the boundary curves north to follow the Kingston branch of the railway line as far as the railway bridge over the River Thames. This means that the constituency includes Coombe, Norbiton, and half of Kingston upon Thames.
Fifth Boundary Review
As part of its Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission[n 3] made minor changes to re-align the constituency boundaries with the boundaries of the local government wards. This involved moving the entirety of the Beverley ward into Kingston and Surbiton. It had been split between the two constituencies after ward boundaries were changed in 2002. The public consultation on proposed changes across the boroughs of Kingston and Richmond received 11 submissions, of which ten were in support. The new boundaries came into effect at the 2010 general election.
Members of Parliament
|1997||Jenny Tonge||Liberal Democrats|
|2005||Susan Kramer||Liberal Democrats|
|2016 by-election||Sarah Olney||Liberal Democrats|
|2019||Sarah Olney||Liberal Democrats|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Sarah Olney||34,559||53.1||+8.0|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Sarah Olney||28,543||45.1||+25.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Sarah Olney||20,510||49.6||+30.3|
|Independent||Zac Goldsmith||18,638||45.1||-13.1[n 4]|
|Monster Raving Loony||Howling Laud Hope||184||0.4||N/A|
|Christian Peoples Alliance||Dominic Stockford||164||0.4||N/A|
|One Love||Maharaja Jammu and Kashmir||67||0.1||N/A|
|No label||David Powell||32||0.0||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+21.7[n 5]|
|Liberal Democrats||Robin Meltzer||11,389||19.3||-23.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Susan Kramer||25,370||42.8||-3.8|
|Christian Peoples Alliance||Susan May||133||0.2||-0.3|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||-7.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Susan Kramer||24,011||46.7||-1.0|
|Christian Peoples Alliance||Peter Flower||288||0.6||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Rainbow George Weiss||63||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||-1.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Tonge||23,444||47.7||+3.0|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||+2.4|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Tonge||25,393||44.7||+7.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||David Beaupre||348||0.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||Bruno D'Arcy||102||0.2||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Peter Davies||73||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- Thus east is Roehampton in the London Borough of Wandsworth and part of Putney seat
- Having included the residential section of the A3 at the Beverley Brook Interchange
- For the subregion used see South London
- Compared to his vote share as a Conservative candidate at the previous election.
- Calculated on the basis of the vote share for Zac Goldsmith as a Conservative at the previous election and as an Independent at this election.
- Fifth periodical report (PDF) (Report). Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties. Boundary Commission for England. 5 February 2007. ISBN 0101703228.
- "The EU referendum: how did Westminster constituencies vote?". Medium. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- "Zac Goldsmith quits as MP over 'doomed' Heathrow expansion decision". The Guardian. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "Zac Goldsmith wins Conservative nomination for Richmond Park". BBC News. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- "GE2017 – Constituency results". Britain Elects (Google Docs). Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- For the detailed map see the UK government election map web site
- "South London Boroughs – Proposals for Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. 19 April 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2010.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF).
- Donovan, Tim. "Tactics reduce candidates for Richmond Park by-election". BBC News. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Election results for Richmond Park, 1 December 2016". 1 December 2016.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election results for Richmond Park UK Parliamentary General Election 2015 – Thursday, 7 May 2015". Cabnet.richmond.gov.uk. 7 May 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Richmond Park parliamentary constituency – Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Sachin Patel: Candidate for Richmond Park". Labour Party (UK). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "London Green Party | 2015 general election". Green Party. Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Richmond Park". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Norton, Gillian (20 April 2010). "Parliamentary Election, Richmond Park Constituency, Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
- "Election 2010 –Constituency:Richmond Park". Election 2010. BBC. 6 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)