University of California, Irvine Medical Center
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|University of California, Irvine Medical Center|
|UC Irvine Health Sciences|
|Location||Bldg 1, 101 The City Drive South, Orange, CA 92868, Orange, California, United States|
|Affiliated university||University of California, Irvine|
|Emergency department||Level I trauma center|
|Lists||Hospitals in California|
The University of California, Irvine Medical Center (UCIMC or UCI Medical Center) is a major research hospital located in Orange, California. It is the teaching center for the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine.
Plans had been in place since the founding of the school for a medical division. Space was set aside on campus for what was envisioned to become the heart of busy medical, veterinary, and dental facilities, with a major hospital as the centerpiece. This would model the emerging and eventually preeminently successful hospital campuses at the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of California, San Diego. The medical school wasn't originally planned to begin until the university had time to establish itself and stabilize sources of funding. Political wrangling between the American Medical Association and Californian osteopaths brought the medical school to UCI early.
The California School of Medicine was the oldest continuously operating medical college in the Southwest United States. Starting in 1896, as the Pacific College of Osteopathy, it changed name to the College of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons. Pressure by the AMA brought an end to its tenure in the osteopathic discipline, and the newly renamed California School of Medicine merged with the UC system in 1965, after efforts to keep it in LA or move to Long Beach broke down. Problems for UCI however were just beginning.
Dean of Medicine Stanley van den Noort was adamant about gaining a teaching hospital on campus. This placed him and a portion of the faculty on a collision course with many powerful political figures on the local and state level especially Governor Jerry Brown. Brown managed to block the release of funds earmarked for the hospital's construction and then divert them toward the founding of UCSF's dental school. He then vetoed a compromise van den Noort worked up for UCI to take care of Orange County Medical Center's patients in exchange for a 200-bed hospital. Under pressure from Brown the UC purchased the OCMC in 1976 from the county who no longer wished to maintain the aging and problematic facilities. The controversial acquisition effectively halted the push for an on-campus hospital, angering many faculty.
Van den Noort continued to lobby in vain for an on-campus facility pointing out the benefits a main campus hospital could have on the development and flow of research ideas on campus as well as the financial drain OCMC would have on the school. Many hospital staff were also wary of joining the school. An abortive attempt to establish a hospital through private venture ended with the death of the entire planning committee in a plane crash. UCI's supporters were again dealt a blow when opposing political pressure successfully lobbied the state to build the Irvine Medical Center against the school's wishes, ending UCI's chances due to its proximity. In 1983 Chancellor Aldrich chose to drop his support ending ambitions for the time being. The university has since greatly expanded the facility and services of the medical center.
Since then, the medical center has grown in size and reputation. It is building a new hospital, to be completed in early 2009[needs update], and is home to the Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, the county’s only National Cancer Institute-designated center for cancer treatment and research. Other onsite buildings include the Neuropsychiatric Center, the UCI Health Sciences Laboratories building and clinical outpatient pavilions on the medical center site, as well as community family health centers in Irvine, Santa Ana, Westminster and Anaheim.
Just prior to UCI's acquisition in 1976, the medical center had about 2,100 employees. Today[needs update], UC Irvine Medical Center has more than 3,500 employees—among them, 243 who were working at the medical center when it changed hands.
UC Irvine Medical Center is the only Orange County hospital consistently rated among America's best by U.S. News and World Report. Since 2001, the magazine has listed UC Irvine Health programs in urology, gynecology, geriatrics, cancer, digestive disorders, nephrology, orthopedics, and ear, nose & throat among the top 50 nationwide. In 2016, two UC Irvine Health specialties were included among the top 50 nationally: 40th for orthopedics and 41st for ear, nose and throat. It has the county’s only Level I trauma center and its sole multiple-organ transplant center, and is the only hospital in the area offering a number of specialized surgeries, including brain surgery for epilepsy. The medical center has been home to a number of firsts—including the first heart transplant in Orange County, the first implant on the West Coast of an insulin pump in a patient with diabetes, and a number of research breakthroughs involving therapy for cancer and other diseases.
In 2003, UCI hired Jagat Narula and Mani Vannan as the chief and division chief of cardiology. Neither was board certified in internal medicine nor cardiology, and neither had a California medical license. In 2003, Dr. Glenn Provost presented a 13-signature petition outlining anesthesia safety problems. He stated that soon after complaining about a supervisor forcing him "to take patients to the operating room without consent, chart, or preoperative check-in by the operating room nurse ... in an attempt to cut costs," he was fired and blackballed. Persons close to the case feel that there was a vendetta against Dr. Provost by Cynthia Anderson, the prior chair.
In 2005, it came to light that 32 patients had died while waiting for liver transplants at UCI. The livers were available, but, for two years, UCI did not have a full-time surgeon to implant them, in contravention of federal regulations. UCI's surgeon was actually on staff at UC San Diego, 70 miles away. A patient at UCI, Elodie Irvine, filed a lawsuit which brought scrutiny upon the hospital. Ms. Irvine, who had liver and kidney disease, had 95 organs offered for transplant by the United Network for Organ Sharing during her stay at UCI. The hospital allegedly told the patient that they were waiting for organs, when in fact they rejected every organ offered to them. Only one UCI physician advised her to look elsewhere for a transplant.
University of California, Irvine Medical Center is the only university hospital in Orange County with more than 400 specialty and primary care physicians. The medical center offers a full scope of acute- and general-care services including cancer care, digestive diseases, heart health neurology, neurosurgery, orthopaedic surgery, primary care, surgery, and women's health. It is the only hospital in Orange County recognized in U.S. News & World Report’s annual listing of "America's Best Hospitals" and first to receive Magnet Designation for nursing excellence. The medical center has also been named one of the nation’s top hospitals for quality and safety by the Leapfrog Group.
Located in the City of Orange, 13 miles from the UCI campus, UC Irvine Medical Center has 411 licensed beds and is the principal clinical facility for the teaching and research programs of the UC Irvine School of Medicine. The seven-story UC Irvine Douglas Hospital was completed in late 2011. Additionally, there are 45 licensed beds in their Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, 19 high-tech operating rooms including two hybrid cardiac care operating rooms, and eight beds in the Burn Intensive Care Unit.
The University Children’s Hospital at UC Irvine Medical Center is devoted to the care of children from before birth through adolescence. Perinatologists at UC Irvine Medical Center are available for the expert management of high-risk pregnancies and critically ill newborns are cared for in the county’s most sophisticated neonatal unit. The medical center houses a 24-hour emergency department and is designated as Orange County’s only Level I Trauma Center − the most comprehensive for the treatment of life-threatening injuries. UC Irvine Medical Center is also home to the Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, the only facility in Orange County designated as a comprehensive cancer center by the National Cancer Institute. It offers patients a full range of cancer therapies and research programs, including laser and radiation therapy, endoscopic ultrasound, and immunotherapy.
UC Irvine Douglas Hospital
On February 7, 2005, construction begun on a $375 million replacement central hospital adjacent to the existing UCI Medical Center facility. In addition to expanding patient services (with 191 new rooms, 15 state-of-the-art operating rooms, and three procedure rooms), the new hospital provides the UCI School of Medicine with a modern facility for conducting the latest medical research and training future and practicing physicians. It also employs architecture that offers private patient rooms, natural light for daytime illumination, and carefully designed labs and offices. The new seven-story facility was designed by HOK architects, TMAD Engineers, Nabih Youssef & Associates Structural Engineers, and the project contractor was Hensel Phelps Construction Company.
In early 2009, UC Irvine opened the new UC Irvine Douglas Hospital, renamed after a $21 million posthumous gift from the estate of M.A. Douglas.
UC Irvine Health Sciences
The UCI Medical Center is part of the UC Irvine Health Sciences system, which is composed of a number of patient care locations that serve Orange County. In addition to the main hospital in Orange, other facilities include:
- Beckman Laser Institute & Medical Clinic in Irvine, CA
- Family Health Center in Anaheim, California
- Family Health Center in Santa Ana, California
- OB/GYN University Associates in Long Beach, CA
- Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine Center in Costa Mesa, CA
- Pacific Breast Care Center in Costa Mesa, CA
- Susan Samueli Center for Integrative Medicine in Costa Mesa, CA
- UC Irvine Health Gavin Herbert Eye Institute in Irvine, California (on the outskirts of the UCI main campus)
- National Keratoconus Foundation
- UC Irvine Health Gottschalk Medical Plaza in Irvine, California (on the UCI main campus)
- UC Irvine Health Manchester Pavilions in Orange, CA
- UC Irvine Health Medical Pavilions in Orange, CA
- UC Irvine Health Primary and Specialty Care in Tustin, CA
- University Head & Neck Surgeons in Irvine, CA
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