History of Maryland Transit Administration

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The Maryland Transit Administration was originally known as the Baltimore Metropolitan Transit Authority, then the Maryland Mass Transit Administration before it changed to its current name in October 2001.[1] The MTA took over the operations of the old Baltimore Transit Company on April 30, 1970.[2]

A former no. 8 streetcar, the predecessor to bus Route 8, at the Baltimore Streetcar Museum. This vehicle is now used to give rides to visitors.
An 1896 open car in operation at the Baltimore Streetcar Museum

Many routes of the agency's current bus lines are based on the original streetcars operated by the Baltimore Transit Company and its parent companies between the 1890s and 1960s. All of these routes were ultimately converted to rubber tire bus operations, and many were consolidated, extended into newly developed areas, or otherwise reconfigured to keep up with the ridership demands of the times.[2] Additional routes and extensions were added in later years to serve newly developed communities and to feed into Metro and Light Rail stations.

With the growth in popularity of the private automobile during the 20th century, streetcar and bus ridership declined, and the needs for public transportation changed. Mass transit in Baltimore and other cities shifted from a corporate operation to a tax-subsidized, state-run service. The amount of service provided was greatly reduced. Some areas once served by streetcars are now served minimally by buses or not at all.[2]

The demise of the Baltimore streetcar took place between the years of 1947 and 1963, hastened by National City Lines' acquisition, which said that buses offered lower maintenance and had greater flexibility in traffic. With its rails demolished, Baltimore was no longer a streetcar city. As transit needs and trends changed, rail transit did return to the city, with the Metro Subway opening in 1983 and the Light Rail in 1992.[2]

The track gauge was 5 ft 4+12 in (1,638 mm).[3][4] This track gauge is now confined to the Baltimore Streetcar Museum.

Parent companies[edit]

The following bus companies operated many of the services later provided by the Maryland Transit Administration:

Baltimore Transit Company[edit]

The Baltimore Transit Company (BTCO) was a privately owned public transit operator that provided streetcar and bus service in Baltimore from 1935. It was the successor to the old United Railways and Electric Company, formed in 1899 to consolidate and operate Baltimore's streetcar lines.[5] The company was purchased in 1948 by National City Lines and the streetcar system was then run down in favor of buses, a process repeated in many places, which became known as the Great American Streetcar Scandal. The last streetcar ran in 1963.[6] Between 1940-1959, Baltimore Transit also operated trolley buses (or "trackless trolleys") on six lines, including Howard Street and Federal Street.[7]

BTCO was absorbed by what is now the Maryland Transit Administration in 1970. The BTC oversaw the elimination of streetcar service in favor of bus service in 1963 when the last streetcar routes, the number 8 providing service from Catonsville to Towson and the number 15 (Overlea to Walbrook Junction) were eliminated on November 3, 1963.[5]

In the midst of the Civil Rights Movement, the BTCO fired a white bus driver who claimed to be the Grand Wizard of the Baltimore Ku Klux Klan. A labor arbitrator ruled in favor of BTCO in this firing, which was in part spurred by other white drivers threatening to strike if the man was not dismissed.[8]

Old Court Bus Lines[edit]

Old Court Bus Lines was a service that provided van transport in northwest Baltimore County.[9] Its lines served places including Stevenson and Villa Julie College. These services have been provided by MTA since 1973, though much of them have been cut back or modified. Bus Route 60 serves Stevenson University, which used to be known as Villa Julie.

Rosedale Passenger Lines[edit]

Operated service in eastern Baltimore County.[9] Most of its services later became a part of Bus Route 23. The only one still provided by MTA is service to Victory Villa, on Route 4.

Dundalk Bus Lines[edit]

Dundalk Bus Lines provided service in various parts of southeast Baltimore County between 1940 and 1972.[10] MTA serves some of these areas with Bus Route 4.

McMahon Services[edit]

Operated in northeast Baltimore County to locales such as Lutherville and Jacksonville. The only route incorporated by MTA was Route 19A,[9] which later became known as Route 105. Discontinued in 2005.

Job Express Transit[edit]

Operated several routes during the 1960s. Most notably, Route H became known as the #7 Rosewood Express serving Rosewood Center for more than 30 years. The #7 Rosewood Express service ultimately became Route 102 in 2000, and was absorbed by Route M-17 in 2005. Route M-17, along with this service, was eliminated in 2009.

Auxiliary Bus Lines[edit]

Operated some of the routes around the city, such as what is now Route 51.

Baltimore Streetcar Museum[edit]

A track providing service at the Baltimore Streetcar Museum was designated in 1970 as Route 25, and was renamed LocalLink 25 in June 2017.

June 2017 Bus Redesign[edit]

There was a bus redesign in June 2017 called BaltimoreLink.

Local routes prior to June 2017[edit]

Route Terminus Division Operation Major Streets Places Served Corridor Line Replaced by
Route 1 Bush Street (1) Greenspring Ave/Fulton Ave-Fort McHenry Line LocalLink 91, 94
CityLink Navy
Route 3 Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Charles St-33rd St-Loch Raven Blvd Line CityLink Silver, Green
LocalLink 53
Route 4 Eastern (2) Dundalk-Eastern Ave-Essex Line LocalLink 62
Route 5 Eastern (2)
Northwest (4)
Druid Hill-Sinclair Ln Line CityLink Yellow, Purple, Pink
Route 7 Eastern (2)
Northwest
(4)
Pennsylvania Ave-Canton Line LocalLink 65, 73
CityLink Lime
Route 8 Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Greenmount Ave-York Rd Line CityLink Red
Route 9 Kirk Avenue (3) Hunt Valley Line LocalLink 93
Route 10 Bush Street (1)
Eastern (2)
Frederick Ave-Eastern Ave Line CityLink Purple, Navy
Route 11
  • Towson Town Center (NB)
  • Bedford Square (NB)
  • Inner Harbor Layover (SB)
Kirk Avenue (3) Charles St Line LocalLink 51
Route 12 Kirk Avenue (3) Greenmount Ave-York Rd Line LocalLink 52
Route 13 Eastern (2)
Northwest (4)
(Crosstown)
North Ave-Canton Line
CityLink Gold
LocalLink 21
Route 14 Bush Street (1) Ritchie Hwy Line LocalLink 69, 70
Route 15 Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Windsor Hills-Saratoga St-Belair Rd Line CityLink Brown
LocalLink 34, 79, 80
Route 16 Bush Street (1)
Northwest (4)
(Crosstown)
Patapsco Ave Line
LocalLink 29
Route 17 Bush Street (1) Nursery Rd-BWI Airport Line LocalLink 75
Route 19 Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Harford Rd Line LocalLink 54
Route 20 Bush Street (1)
Eastern (2)
Baltimore St/Fayette St Line CityLink Green
LocalLink 78
Route 21 Eastern (2) (Crosstown)
Sandtown-Preston/Biddle Streets-Caroline St Line
CityLink Lime, Pink, Navy
Route 22 Eastern (2)
Northwest (4)
(Crosstown)
42nd St-Highland Ave Line
LocalLink 22
Route 23 Bush Street (1)
Eastern (2)
Edmondson Ave-Eastern Ave-Fox Ridge Line LocalLink 77
CityLink Blue, Orange
Route 24 Eastern (2) Eastern Ave-Armistead Gardens Line LocalLink 59
Route 26 Eastern (2) Downtown Baltimore-Dundalk Line LocalLink 65; CityLink Orange
Route 27 Bush Street (1)
Northwest (4)
Falls Rd-Howard St-Cherry Hill Line LocalLink 26, 31, 71, 73, 82, 94

Route 31

Bush Street (1)
Eastern (2)
MLK Blvd/Downtown Baltimore-Dundalk Ave Line CityLink Navy, Gold
LocalLink 65
Route 33 Eastern (2)
Northwest (4)
Coldspring Ln-Moravia Line LocalLink 28
Route 35 Bush Street (1)
Eastern (2)
Wilkens Ave-Pulaski Hwy/Philadelphia Rd Line LocalLink 56, 76
CityLink Yellow
Route 36 Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Washington Blvd-The Alameda Line LocalLink 53
CityLink Yellow
Route 44 Kirk Avenue (3)
Northwest (4)
(Crosstown)
Northern Pkwy-Belvedere Ave Line
LocalLink 30, 31
Route 51 Bush Street (1)
Northwest (4)
(Crosstown)
Hilton/Pulaski Streets-South Baltimore Line
LocalLink 26, 73, 82
Route 52 Northwest (4) Liberty Line CityLink Lime
Route 53 Northwest (4) Reisterstown Rd-Old Court Line LocalLink 83
Route 54 Northwest (4) Liberty Rd-Milford Mill-Park Heights Ave Line LocalLink 81, 85
Route 55 Eastern (2)
Kirk Avenue (3)
(Crosstown)
Northern Pkwy-Fox Ridge Line
LocalLink 36
Route 56 Northwest (4) Reisterstown Rd Line LocalLink 87
Route 57 Northwest (4) Gwynn Oak Ave-Woodlawn Line LocalLink 31, 34
Route 58 Northwest (4) Park Heights-Northern Pkwy Line LocalLink 33, 34
CityLink Brown
Route 59 Northwest (4) Reisterstown Rd Line LocalLink 89
Route 60 Northwest (4) Park Heights-Falls Rd Line LocalLink 34
Route 61 Bush Street (1) Roland Park Line LocalLink 95
Route 64 Bush Street (1) Light St-Hanover St-Curtis Bay/Fort Smallwood Rd Line CityLink Silver
LocalLink 67
Route 77 Bush Street (1)
Northwest (4)
(Crosstown)
Rolling Rd-Lansdowne Line
LocalLink 37
CityLink Yellow
Route 91 Northwest (4) Garrison Blvd-Eutaw Pl Line LocalLink 31, 80
CityLink Gold, Yellow

Neighborhood Shuttle Bug routes prior to June 2017[edit]

Route Terminus Division
Operation
Major Streets Places Served Corridor Line Replaced by
Route 97 Northwest (4) Mondawmin Shuttle Bug LocalLink 82
Route 98 Northwest (4) Hampden Shuttle Bug LocalLink 21

Shuttle and Circulator routes prior to June 2017[edit]

Route Terminus Division Operation Major Streets Places Served Frequency
(P/M/E/Sa/Su)
Bus Transfers Replaced by
Route 29
  • Bush Street
    (1)
20/20/20/20/- LocalLink 26, LocalLink 71 Cherry Hill Shuttle
Route 50
  • Mannasota Avenue & Mayfield Avenue
    (clockwise)
  • Kirk Avenue
    (3)
20/40/40/40/40 Belair-Erdman Shuttle LocalLink 57

School Supplementary routes prior to June 2017[edit]

Route Terminus Division Operation Major Streets Places Served Corridor Line Replaced by
Route 18 Northwest (4) Park Heights Schools Line LocalLink 92
Route 38 Bush (1) (Crosstown)
West Baltimore Schools Line
LocalLink 38

Local Express routes prior to June 2017[edit]

Route Terminus Division Operation Major Streets Places Served Corridor Line
Route 103
(Formerly 3X)
Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Loch Raven Blvd (Express) Line
Route 105
(Formerly 5X)
Eastern (2)
Northwest (4)
Johns Hopkins Hospital-Sinclair Ln (Express) Line
Route 110
(Formerly 10X)
Bush Street (1)
Eastern (2)
Frederick Ave (Express) Line
Route 115
(Formerly 15X)
Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Johns Hopkins Hospital-Belair Rd (Express) Line
Route 119
(Formerly 19X)
Kirk Avenue (3) Harford Rd (Express) Line
Route 164
(Formerly 64X)
Bush Street (1) Hanover St-Fort Smallwood Rd (Express) Line

Note:

  • All AM trips are to Downtown Baltimore
  • All PM trips are to outer-points usually the suburbs of Baltimore
  • Local express routes are not individual routes

QuickBus routes prior to June 2017[edit]

Route Terminus Division
Operation
Major Streets Places Served Corridor Line Replaced by
Route qb40 Bush Street (1)
Eastern (2)
U.S. Route 40-Eastern Ave (Limited-Stop) Line CityLink Blue, Orange
Route qb46 Bush Street (1)
Eastern (2)
Frederick Ave-Sinclar Ln (Limited-Stop) Line CityLink Purple, Pink
Route qb47 Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Rosemont-Belair Rd (Limited-Stop) Line LocalLink 80
CityLink Brown
Route qb48 Bush Street (1)
Kirk Avenue (3)
Greenmount Ave-York Rd (Limited-Stop) Line CityLink Red

Express routes prior to June 2017[edit]

Route Terminus Division Operation Corridors Served Places Served Corridor Line
Route 102 Eastern (2) White Marsh-Towson Expressbus Link Line
Route 104 Kirk Avenue (3) Loch Raven Blvd-Johns Hopkins Hospital (Express) Line
Route 120 Eastern (2)
Kirk Avenue (3)
White Marsh (Express) Line
Route 150 Bush Street (1) Columbia-U.S. Route 40 (Express) Line
Route 160 Eastern (2) Eastern Blvd (Express) Line

Former bus routes[edit]

Route Major Streets Places Served Years of operation Replaced by Notes
0
Druid Hill ParkPatterson Park
Druid Hill Ave, Paca, Lombard, Exeter, Pratt 1893–1920 (streetcar) Route 5
2
Druid Hill ParkFort McHenry
Pennsylvania Ave, Cumberland St, Carey St, Charles St, Fort Ave 1893–1959 (streetcar before 1948) Route 1 Merged with Route 1 when both trackless trolley routes were converted to bus
2
Fox RidgeOverlea
Rossville Blvd, Kenwood Ave Golden Ring Mall
Franklin Square Hospital
Essex Community College
Rosedale
1972–1977 Route 55
2
CatonsvilleCity Hall
Rolling Road
Frederick Road
Pratt Street
Lombard Street
Yale Heights
B&O Railroad Museum
1982–2005 Route 10 Combined with Route 10 as part of GBBI to provide single-seat crosstown service
4
Windsor Hills – Downtown
Windsor Mill Rd, Bloomingdale Rd, Poplar Grove St 1894–1954 (was a streetcar) Route 15
5
Clement & Charles – Charles St. & North Avenue
Fremont Avenue Bolton Hill
Ridgely's Delight
1894–1910 (was a streetcar) renumbered Route 30
6
Wagner's PointRoland Park
East Monument
Hanover Street
St. Paul Street
Roland Avenue
Monument Street
Curtis Bay
Federal Hill
Charles Village
Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins Hospital
1892–1977 (was a streetcar before 1948) Routes 61, 62, 63 (now Route 64), and 64 Was split into four routes. Service today is provided in the Roland Park area by Route 61 (peak hours only), in East Baltimore on Route 35, and south of downtown on Route 64.
6
EastpointFt. Howard
North Point Road North Point
Edgemere
1996–1999 not replaced Previously, Ft. Howard had been served by other routes including the #26 Streetcar, Bus Route 9, and the current Bus Route 4. Route 4 service was eliminated in 1993 and replaced by a private contractor. Route 6 restored MTA service there in October 1996, but was eliminated in January 1999.
6
Edmondson VillageCedonia
Baltimore Street
Federal Street
Sinclair Lane
Cedonia Avenue
Downtown Baltimore
Johns Hopkins Hospital
2008-2010 Routes 30, 46 West side service replaced with a new Route 30. Eastside service replaced with Route 46 Quickbus.
9
CatonsvilleEllicott City
Frederick Road Oella 1893–1957 (streetcar before 1955) not replaced at time Route 150 provides service between Baltimore and Ellicott City during peak hours
9
Sparrows PointFt. Howard
North Point Road Edgemere 1971–1973 Routes 4, 10
11
Lakeside to
Roland & University Parkway
Roland 1890s–1924 (was a streetcar) Renumbered Route 28
12
Cloverdale & McCulloch – Westport
McCulloch, North, John Avenue, Lafayette, Park, Camden, Paca, Fremont, Ridgely, Annapolis 1893–1938 (was a streetcar) portions replaced by Route 17 (later merged into route 28; service now provided by Route 27), rest not replaced
12
HalethorpeDowntown
Wilkens Avenue, Park Heights Avenue 1948–1959 Routes 3, 5
12
Westview/EssexDowntown
U.S. Route 40
Interstate 95
Catonsville
Essex
1972–1991 Routes 150, 160 Route 12 was the designation for express routes from both the western and eastern suburbs. The route was redesignated in 1991.
12
North Linthicum stationParkway Center
Nursery Road
Hammonds Ferry Road
Camp Meade Road
Aviation Boulevard
Dorsey Road
Linthicum
BWI Airport
BWI Amtrak
1993–1996 Route 17 Route 12 was formed in 1993 as a replacement for Route 230, which was eliminated in conjunction with the opening of the south end of the Light Rail. It also served a part of Route 17, which had been rerouted at the time. In 1996, Routes 12 and 17 were combined, with portions of both routes eliminated and not replaced.
14
Ellicott CityDowntown
1898-1954 (streetcar) Route 23
15A
Kingsville/Perry Hall/White MarshDowntown Baltimore
Overlea Belair Road 1973–1991 Route 43 (now Route 15) Was redesignated as Route 43 in 1991. Route 43 Kingsville service was merged into Route 15 in 1992. Route 43 White Marsh service was merged into Route 66 at the same time, but Route 66 was eliminated in 1993, and White Marsh service became a part of Route 15. Service between Overlea and White Marsh Mall/White Marsh Town Center is now provided by Route 58.
16
Madison Avenue & Clover – Broadway & Thames
Madison Avenue, Eutaw Street, Baltimore Street, Broadway 1893-1959 (streetcar before 1948) not replaced
16
Odenton/Ft. Meade/BWI AirportDowntown
Aviation Boulevard
Dorsey Road
BWI Airport
BWI Amtrak
1973-1989 Route 230 and Route 240
16
North Linthicum stationFt. Meade
Baltimore-Washington Parkway express service 1993–1995 Private carrier (now other agencies) Connect-a-ride Route K provides service to Ft. Meade from Arundel Mills
17 St. Paul Street 1893–1947 (was a streetcar) Route 3 and Route 28 (which was discontinued in 2001)
17 Butcher's Hill Fayette Street 1949–1950 Route 23 Route 17 was formerly the St. Paul Street streetcar but was replaced by Route 3 and Route 28 (which was discontinued in 2001) in 1947
18
CantonDowntown
Pennsylvania Avenue 1894–1959 (streetcar before 1952) Route 7
18
Hereford/Warren Road/
Timonium Park & RideDowntown
York Road
Interstate 83
Cockeysville
Timonium
1973–1992 Light Rail
18
Timonium stationHunt Valley Mall
York Road Cockeysville 1992-1993 Route 9 Route nearly duplicated Route 9
18
Cromwell stationOld Mill
Oakwood Road
Elvaton Road
Old Mill Road
Glen Burnie 1993–1996 not replaced In 1995, service after 7 pm was discontinued. In 1996, line was completely discontinued due to low ridership.
20
Patterson Park – Downtown
Orleans Street 1894–1929 (streetcar) Route 6 (later split; this section served by Route 62, later Route 35)
20
Gwynn Oak Junction – Pimlico
Gwynn Oak, not a street, Belview, and Belvedere 1930 (was a streetcar) Temporary service when Route 33 was suspended during the Great Depression
20
Dundalk Short Line
1930-1936 (was a streetcar) not replaced
22
Canton
Washington Street 1895–1938 (streetcar) Route 34 (later merged into Route 22)
23
Middle River – Downtown
Washington Street 1895–1942 (streetcar) Route P (which was changed to Route 23 in 1950)
24
Sparrows Point – Downtown
Eastern Avenue
Dundalk Avenue
1903–1926 (streetcar) renumbered Route 26
24
Lakeside to
Roland & University Parkway
Roland 1929–1950 (was a streetcar) replaced by expanded trips on Route 56 (now Route 11) Only operated from 1:30am to 5:30am.
24
Pimlico Park & Ride
1974–1984 Metro Subway
24
BrooklynCurtis Bay
Patapsco Avenue 1986–1987 Route 22
25
Belvedere – Camden Station
Falls Road 1897–1959 (streetcar before 1949) Route 10
26
Sparrows PointHighlandtown
Eastern Avenue
Dundalk Avenue
1926–1959 (streetcar before 1958) Route 10 (no Sparrows Point service) This route has recently been resurrected to serve between Downtown Baltimore and Dundalk Marine Terminal, including the new Amazon Distribution Facility on Holabird Avenue.[11]
26
Providence Road Park & Ride – Downtown Baltimore
express service Towson 1976–1993 Shuttle to Light Rail Was an express service that operated through Towson, then downtown via I-83. In 1992, along with the Light Rail opening, the number of trips were cut in half. In 1993, all express service was discontinued. A shuttle was formed in response to protests to total elimination.
26
Providence Road Park & Ride – Lutherville station
Fairmount Avenue
Seminary Avenue
Ridgely Road
Towson Town Center
Hampton
1993–1995 not replaced
27
Washington Boulevard line
Washington Boulevard Pigtown 1905–1959 (streetcar until 1938, trolley until 1957) Route 11 Merged into Route 11. Service is provided by Route 36.
28
Gwynn Oak Park
1908–1910 (streetcar) Route 3
28
Guilford
1924–1924 (streetcar) Renumbered Route 11
28
Lakeside – Roland & University Parkway
Roland 1924–1929 (streetcar) Renumbered Route 24
28
RandallstownCherry Hill/Baltimore Highlands
Liberty Road/Liberty Heights Avenue
Eutaw Street/Place
Mondawmin
Reservoir Hill
Bolton Hill
1947–2001 Routes 5, 27, 29, 91, M-1, M-6 In 1984, service west of Mondawmin was replaced with "M-lines" during Metro's hours. In 1993, service south of the Cherry Hill Light Rail Stop was replaced with Routes 29 and 30 .
In 1996, all Monday-Saturday service was discontinued. Route 5 was modified to replace service in Reservoir Hill, Route 27 was extended to Cherry Hill, and service elsewhere on the route was provided already by other existing lines.
In 2001, the remaining service on Sunday was discontinued when M-lines started to operate on Sundays.
29
Roland Park to Downtown Baltimore
Roland Avenue
University Parkway
St. Paul Street
Charles Village
Johns Hopkins University
1908–1959 (streetcar before 1947) Route 6
(now 61)
29
Timonium Park-and-RideDowntown Baltimore
I-83 express service 1983–1988 Route 18 (now Light Rail)
30
Clement & Charles – Charles St. & North Avenue
Fremont Avenue Bolton Hill
Ridgely's Delight
1910–1993 (was a streetcar before 1950, and a trolley before 1958) not replaced In 1992, service on this route was cut in half. When discontinued in 1993, no replacement service on route was provided, but other buses operate near entire route.
30
Cherry Hill stationPatapsco station
Hollins Ferry Road Mt. Winans
Baltimore Highlands
1993–2001 Route 51 Merged into Route 51
30
City Hall/Bayview Medical CenterEdmondson Village
Old Frederick Road, Fayette/Baltimore Streets, Pratt/Lombard Streets, Eastern Avenue Edmondson Village
Bon Secours Hospital
Baltimore Arena
Inner Harbor
National Aquarium
Little Italy
Fells Point
Patterson Park
Highlandtown
2010–2015 additional service on Route 20 and rest covered by Route 10
31 Garrison Boulevard 1917–1952 (streetcar) Route 19
31
HalethorpePenn Station
Wilkens Avenue UMBC
St. Agnes Hospital
1987–2005 Routes 35 and 77 Service between UMBC and downtown merged into Route 35 in 2005 as part of GBBI. Service between UMBC and Halethorpe replaced by Route 77.
32
RandallstownDowntown Baltimore
Milford Mill
Howard Park
Liberty Heights Avenue 1920–1959 (streetcar before 1955) Route 28 Routes 52 and 54 provide service on Liberty Road/Heights Avenue
32
Hillen Road Park & Ride – Downtown Baltimore
Waverly
Charles Village
Perring Parkway
Hillen Road
33rd Street
St. Paul Street
Calvert Street
1979–1982 not replaced
33 Hudson Street 1920–1924 Route 18 (later Route 7)
33
Gwynn Oak Junction – Downtown
Gwynn Oak, not a street, Belview, Belvedere, and Heights Avenue 1924–1948 Route 5 (portion converted to buses) and a branch of Route 32 (remaining streetcar portion)
33 Milton Street 1950–1954 Route 13
34
North & WashingtonCanton/Highlandtown
Fells Point Wolfe Street
Eastern Avenue
1907–1975 (streetcar before 1950) 10, 13, and Route 22
35
LorraineWalbrook Junction
Windsor Hills Forest Park Avenue 1904–1966 (streetcar before 1954) Route 15
35
UMBCCatonsville Community College
Wilkens Avenue
Rolling Road
1966 College operated shuttles Route 77 provides service between UMBC and CCBC Catonsville
35
Garrison BoulevardMorgan State University
Arington
Roland Park
Homeland
Coldspring Lane 1968–1969 Route 33
37
RandallstownCherry Hill
Milford Mill
Lochearn
Howard Park
Mondawmin
Reservoir Hill
Bolton Hill
Westport
Liberty Heights Avenue
Eutaw Street
Russell Street
1947–1974 Route 28 (now Routes 54, 52, 5, 91, and 27) No. 37 designation was specifically reserved for trips on the route of bus no. 28 going to Cherry Hill
38
Sparrows PointFt. Howard
1951–1952 Dundalk Bus Lines (service not provided now)
40
PikesvilleGlyndon
Owings Mills
Reisterstown
Reisterstown Road 1948–1951 Route 5/Route 7 (since split) Routes 56 and 59 operate along this route
43
Kingsville/White MarshDowntown Baltimore
Overlea Belair Road 1990–1992 Route 15
44X
Springlake Way & Bellona AvenueOverlea
Hamilton Northern Parkway 1970–1990 Route 66 Route 58 now serves this area, and Route 55 covers the portion of this line between McLean Blvd and Overlea.
45
BaynesilleWaverly
Loch Raven Boulevard 1949–1956 Route 3
46
Clipper MillHampden
Union Avenue 1901–1970 (streetcar before 1949, but was not numbered 46 until later) Route 22 (now Route 98)
46
Northwest School Trips
Robert Poole, Falstaff, and Pimlico Middle Schools, and Northwestern High School 1999–2003 absorbed by line services
47
CheswoldeDowntown
Cross Country Boulevard 1950–1989 (streetcar before 1950, but was not numbered 47 until later) not replaced Riders directed to take bus to Metro. Route 58 serves area and connects to Metro and Light Rail.
47
Bush School Trippers
Benjamin Franklin and Lombard Middle Schools, and Southern High School 1998–2002 absorbed by line services
48
Belvedere Loop – Mount Washington
Belvedere Avenue, Pimlico Road, Ken Oak, Cross Country, and Kelly Avenue 1949–1951 (streetcar before 1950) Route 25 (service later obtained on Route 10, and until June 2017 on Route 27)
48
S.E.E.T. Shuttle
1988–1989 not replaced
48
Kirk School Trips
Hamilton Middle School and Northern High School 1997–2004 absorbed by line services
49
Edmondson Village
Belvedere Avenue, Pimlico Road, Ken Oak, Cross Country, and Kelly Avenue 1950–1952 Route 20
49
S.E.E.T. Shuttle
1988–1989 not replaced
49
Eastern School Trips
Thurgood Marshall and Southeastern Middle Schools, Schools #170 and #171, and Patterson High School 1996–2004 absorbed by line services
52
LansdowneMorrell Park
Washington Boulevard
Hammonds Ferry Road
1948–1957 Route 27 Now served by Route 36
53
ParkvilleCarney
Harford Road 1948–1956 Route 19
54
RandallstownGwynn Oak Junction
Milford Mill
Lochearn
Sudbrook Park
Liberty Road
Milford Mill Road
1948–1955 Route 32 Served by routes 52 and new Route 54 (unrelated)
55 North Point Road 1948–1952 Dundalk Bus Lines (now Route 4)
56
Murray HillBedford Square
Homeland
Roland Park
Charles Street 1948–1953 Route 11
57
Old York Rd & 33rd St – Harford Rd
Waverly Gorsuch Avenue 1947–1975 not replaced
58
BrightonGreenspring Manor
Fallstaff Cross Country Boulevard 1948–1973 Route 44 (now new Route 58)
58
Pimlico – Ranchleigh
Pimlico Road 1973–1975 Route 44 (now new Route 58)
58
Reisterstown Road PlazaMt. Washington
Pikesville Smith Avenue 1976–1978 not immediately replaced (served now by current Route 58 and Route 60)
58A
Reisterstown Road PlazaGreenwood
Pikesville
Villa Julie College
Stevenson Road
Greenspring Valley Road
1973–1975 Route 5 (later Metro connection routes; service to Stevenson University (formerly Villa Julie) is now provided by Route 60; service on Stevenson Road is not provided.)
59
Ponca & Holabird – Colgate Warehouses
1948–1953 not replaced
61
Pier 6 Parking Lot – Preston Street Parking Lot
Downtown Baltimore Howard Street
Saratoga Street
1946–1949 not replaced
62
Hollander RidgeInner Harbor
Armistead Gardens
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Pulaski Highway
Madison/Monument
1977–2000 Route 35
63
Curtis BayDavison Chemical
Pennington Avenue 1948–1951 Route 6
63
Riviera BeachDowntown (1977–1993)/Patapsco station (1993–1996)
Ft. Smallwood Road
Pennington Avenue
1977–1996 Route 64
64
Northwood Shopping Center
1955–1957 not replaced
65
A.R.D.C. Shuttle
1956–early 1960s not replaced Only personnel from the U.S. Air Force could ride this bus.
65
Patapsco stationWagner's Point
Patapsco Avenue
Frankfurst Avenue
2003–2005 not replaced
66
Arundel Crosstown
Hamilton Northern Parkway 1974–1982 not replaced
66
Bellona and SpringlakeOverlea
Hamilton Northern Parkway 1991–1993 Routes 36, 55 and current Route 58
67
Howardsville Station – Pleasant Street
Sudbrook Park
Pikesville
Reisterstown Road 1956–1968 not replaced (Metro Subway serves route)
67
Rogers Avenue station – Pimlico Racetrack
Pimlico Shuttle ?–? not replaced
68
Walbrook JunctionWindsor Hills
Forest Park
Dickeyville Historic District
Forest Park Avenue 2003–2007 Route 15 Provided local service to Windsor Hills while Forest Park Avenue bridge over Gwynns Falls was being replaced
70
Fallsway Park & Ride shuttle
Downtown Baltimore 1990–1992 not replaced
71
Charles Center stationJohns Hopkins Hospital station
1988–1995 Metro Subway extended to Hopkins in 1995
73
Penn StationDowntown Baltimore
MARC shuttle 1991 not replaced
73
Eastern High School – Baltimore Museum of Art
Monet - BMA Shuttle 1992–1993 not replaced
76
Towson shuttle
1985–1990 not replaced
80
Uptown shuttle
1959–1962 not replaced
86
various locations – Social Security
various routes 1960–2005 not replaced; riders directed to use other lines
87
Johns Hopkins Hospital Express
1974–1975 not replaced Park & Ride Service to Hopkins Hospital from Westview, Timonium, Pimlico, Memorial Stadium, City Hall, and GEM Lot East
87
North & MiltonSocial Security
West Baltimore North Avenue
Edmondson Avenue
1985–1990 not replaced; riders directed to use other lines
88
White Marsh Mall
1984–1985 not replaced
90
Sinai Hospital – Belvedere Loop
Sinai Hospital Shuttle 1959–1960 19
92
Lombard & Pratt Streets
Baseball Service 1992 not replaced
93
Paca & Eutaw Streets
Baseball Service 1992–2003 not replaced
96
Metro Clean Up
1987–1988 discontinued when Subway hours expanded
96
Zoo Shuttle
1997–2001 not replaced
99
Fort Howard Shuttle
1950–1951 renumbered Route 38 only shown on a 1950 map
99
Old Court stationBWI Airport
Randallstown, Windsor Mill, Rutherford Business Park, Woodlawn, Social Security Administration, Security Square Mall, Westview Mall, Catonsville, CCBC Catonsville, UMBC, BWI Airport, BWI Business District Old Court Road, Rolling Road, Windsor Mill Road, Security Boulevard, I-695 (Beltway), Bloomsbury Road, I-195, Elm Road ?-2016[12]
102
Rosewood CenterFremont Avenue
Rosewood Lane
Reisterstown Road
Park Heights Avenue
Pennsylvania Avenue
Fremont Avenue
Owings Mills
Pikesville
Park Heights
2001–2005 Route M-17 (now completely defunct)
M-1
Mondawmin stationMilford Mill
Baltimore City Community College
Howard Park
Gwynn Oak
Lochearn
Liberty Heights Avenue/Liberty Road 1984–2009 Redesignated Route 52
M-2
Mondawmin stationOld Court station
Park Heights
Reisterstown Road Plaza
Pikesville
Reisterstown Road
Old Court Road
1984–2009 Redesignated Route 53
M-3
Penn-North stationMilford Mill station
Park Heights
Pimlico Race Course
Druid Hill Park
Mondawmin
Park Heights Avenue
Slade Avenue
1984–2009 Route 54 Originally started at Mondawmin station
M-5
Rogers Avenue stationTowson
Cheswolde
Mt. Washington
Ruxton
Glen Avenue
Greenspring Avenue
Smith Avenue
Falls Road
Ruxton Road
Bellona Avenue
Joppa Road
1987–1992 Route M-10 (now provided by Route 58 between Reisterstown Plaza Station and Mt. Washington)
M-6
Rogers Avenue stationSecurity Square Mall
Howard Park
Woodlawn
Social Security Administration
Gwynn Oak Avenue
Woodlawn Drive
1987–2009 Redesignated Route 57; no routing changes made
M-8
Rogers Avenue stationRandallstown
Milford Mill
Northwest Hospital
Milford Mill Road
Liberty Road
1987–2009 Route 54
M-9
Reisterstown Plaza stationGlyndon
Pikesville
Garrison
Owings Mills
Reisterstown Road
Painters Mill Road
1987–2008 Routes 56 and 59
M-10
Reisterstown Plaza stationVilla Julie College
Cheswolde
Fallstaff
Ranchleigh
Mt. Washington
Greenspring Station
Clarks Lane
Glen Avenue
Greenspring Avenue
Smith Avenue
Falls Road
1987–2008 Routes 58 and 60
M-12
Milford Mill stationGreenwood/Caves Road
Stevenson
Villa Julie College
Stevenson Road
Greenspring Valley Road
Park Heights Avenue
1987–2005 Service to Villa Julie replaced by Route M-10 (now Route 60). Service to other parts of line not replaced.
M-13
Milford Mill stationMilford Mill/Bellemore Farms
Milford Mill Road
Scotts Level Road
1987–1988 Route M-1
M-15
RandallstownPikesville/Owings Mills
Liberty Road
Old Court Road
Reisterstown Road
1987–1992 Route M-9
M-16
Owings Mills stationReisterstown
Reisterstown Road 1987–1997 Route M-9 (now Route 56)
M-17
Owings Mills stationOwings Mills Town Center
1987–1992 Routes M-9 and M-16 (now Routes 56 and 59)
M-17
Owings Mills station – Business Center at Owings Mills
Rosewood Center Red Run Boulevard 1997–2009 59 replaced service on Red Run; no replacement for Rosewood service
P-1
Reisterstown Plaza stationReisterstown
Pikesville
Owings Mills
Reisterstown Road 1984–1987 Routes M-9 and M-16
P-2
Reisterstown Plaza stationCaves Road
Stevenson Stevenson Road
Park Heights Avenue
1984–1987 Route M-12 (service not provided on this route)
P-3
Reisterstown Plaza stationGreenwood
Stevenson
Villa Julie College
Stevenson Road
Greenspring Valley Road
1984–1987 Route M-12 (service to Villa Julie provided by Route 60).)
P-4
Reisterstown Plaza stationOwings Mills Mall
Pikesville Reisterstown Road
Painters Mill Road
1984–1987 Route M-9 (now Route 59)
P-5
Reisterstown Plaza stationHalcyon Gate
Stevenson Road 1984–1987 Route M-12 (service not provided on this route)
P-6
Reisterstown Plaza stationBellemore Farms
Sudbrook Park Milford Mill Road
Scotts Level Road
1984–1987 Route M-13
P-7
Reisterstown Plaza stationRanchleigh
Fallstaff Clarks Lane 1984–1987 Route M-10 (now Route 60)
R-2
Rogers Avenue stationMt. Washington
Cheswolde Glen Avenue
Greenspring Avenue
Smith Avenue
1984–1987 Route M-5 (now Route 58)
R-3
Rogers Avenue stationSocial Security
Howard Park
Gwynn Oak
Woodlawn
Gwynn Oak Avenue 1984–1987 Route M-6
R-4
Rogers Avenue stationRandallstown
Milford Mill
Northwest Hospital
Liberty Road 1984–1987 Route M-8 (now Route 54)
A
Charles VillageDowntown
Johns Hopkins University
Penn Station
Charles Street 1915–1947 Route 11
B Mt. Royal Avenue 1922–1947 Routes 28 and 37 (no buses operate on Mt. Royal Avenue; Route 91 operates closest of all parallel routes)
C Waverly The Alameda 1924–1943 not replaced (other buses operate nearby)
D Rosemont Bentalou Street 1923–1948 Route 51
E
RandallstownGwynn Oak Avenue
Lochearn
Howard Park
Liberty Road 1931–1948 Route 54 (now Route 32)
F Patterson Park Chester Street 1924–1950 Route 33 (now Route 13)
G Butcher's Hill Fayette Street 1925–1949 Route 17 (now provided by several routes, not including current Route 17)
H North Point North Point Road 1925–1948 Route 55 (now provided by Route 4)
I Arlington
Rosemont
Monroe Street
Dolfield Road
1925–1948 Route 51
J
Morrell ParkLansdowne
Washington Boulevard 1927–1948 Route 52 (now provided by Route 36)
K Mt. Winans Hollins Ferry Road 1927–1947 Route 28 (now Route 51)
L Reisterstown Road 1929–1948 Route 7 (now Route M-2)
M
PikesvilleGlyndon
Owings Mills
Reisterstown
Reisterstown Road 1932–1948 Route 5/7 (now Routes 56 and Route 59)
N West Baltimore Street 1932–1948 Route 20
O Charles Street 1931–1947 Route 11
P Eastern Boulevard 1933–1950 Route 23
Q
HalethorpeDowntown
Wilkens Avenue 1935–1948 Route 12 (now Route 35)
R
ParkvilleCarney
Harford Road 1936–1948 Route 53 (now Route 19)
S
Liberty Heights – Bank & Grundy
Druid Park Drive
Erdman Avenue
Edison Highway
Woodberry
Waverly
1937–1947 Route 22
T
WaverlyNorthwood
Loch Raven Boulevard 1940–1947 Route 3
U
MannasotaMayfield
Shuttle service 1940–1948 Route 50
V Armistead Gardens 1941–1948 Route 6 (now Route 33)
W 1942–1945 Route J
X
Curtis BayDavison Chemical
Hawkins Point Road 1946–1950 Route 63 (now Route 64)


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Department of Transportation: Historical Evolution". Maryland Manual Online. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d "A Concise History of Baltimore's Transit". Baltimore Transit Archives. Archived from the original on April 8, 2002. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
  3. ^ "Railroad Gauge Width". паровоэ ис. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2007.
  4. ^ Hilton, George W.; Due, John Fitzgerald (January 1, 2000). The Electric Interurban Railways in America. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4014-2. Retrieved June 10, 2014. Worst of all, not all city systems were built to the standard American and European gauge of 4'-812". Pittsburgh and most other Pennsylvania cities used 5'-212", which became known as the Pennsylvania trolley gauge. Cincinnati used 5'-212", Philadelphia 5'-214", Columbus 5'-2", Altoona 5'-3", Louisville and Camden 5'-0", Canton and Pueblo 4'-0", Denver, Tacoma, and Los Angeles 3'-6", Toronto an odd 4'-1078", and Baltimore a vast 5'-412".
  5. ^ a b Harwood, Herbert W., Jr. (1984). Baltimore and its streetcars. Quadrant Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-915276-44-5.
  6. ^ Yoder, Jeremy W. (November 17, 2009). "The Baltimore Streetcar Museum". N Scale Limited. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. In 1949, the National City Lines holding company gained control of BTCO. The NCL has long been accused of being a major player in the so-called 'Great American streetcar scandal', in which front organizations for bus manufactures, tire companies and oil suppliers acquired and dismantled streetcar systems in order to replace them with buses. Soon after the NCL takeover, BTCO began to replace streetcar and trolleybus lines with conventional buses. The 1950s saw decline of the once extensive system, as NCL cut back on service and car maintenance.
  7. ^ Keith, Robert C. (April 23, 2001). "Bring back trolley buses for Baltimore". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  8. ^ "Firm Upheld on Firing Klan Driver". Pittsburgh Courier. August 13, 1966.
  9. ^ a b c "Baltimore MTA Bus "Anamolies"". Baltimore Transit Archives. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
  10. ^ Helton, Gary (2008). Baltimore's Streetcars and Buses. Aracadia Publishing. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-7385-5369-6. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
  11. ^ "Schedules". Maryland Transit Administration.
  12. ^ "Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) 2017-2020 Title VI Implementation Program" (PDF). Maryland Department of Transportation. February 1, 2017.