A hospital network is a network or group of hospitals that work together to coordinate and deliver a broad spectrum of services to their community. A hospital system or health care system is 2 or more hospitals owned, sponsored, or contract managed by a central organization.
The Catholic Church established a hospital system in Medieval Europe that vastly improves from the merely reciprocal hospitality of the Greeks and family-based obligations of the Romans. These hospitals were established to cater to "particular social groups marginalized by poverty, sickness, and age," according to historian of hospitals, Guenter Risse.
Benefits and controversies
To avoid financial losses due to shrinking reimbursements and rising costs as well as improving quality of care and avoid duplication of services, hospitals may consolidate certain services at one hospital. However, patients may need to travel farther if those services are no longer offered at their local hospital.
- Adventist Health International - 21 countries.
- Aga Khan Health Services - Central and South Asia and East Africa - 9 hospitals.
- Apollo Hospitals is an Indian healthcare corporation that operates 40 hospitals in South Asia.
- Narayana Health - Indian healthcare group; operates in India, Cayman Islands and has outreach centres in Africa and the Middle-East.
- CURE International - Hospitals in 10 countries, with programs in an additional 20 countries.
- Eastern Health - 7 hospitals.
- Health Care Corporation of St. John's.
- MacKenzie Health - York Region, Ontario
- Lakeridge Health - Durham Region, Ontario
- Trillium Health Centres - Peel Region and Toronto, Ontario
- Alameda Health System.
- Harris Health System - Harris County, Texas - 2 hospitals and 1 specialty hospital.
- JPS Health Network - Tarrant County, Texas - 1 hospital.
- Los Angeles County Department of Health Services - 4 hospitals, 2 multi-ambulatory care centers and 16 primary care sites.
- Catholic Healthcare West - 42 hospitals; HQ San Francisco, CA ; Now Dignity Health.
- New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation - 11 hospitals, 4 nursing homes, 70 primary care sites.
- Parkland Health & Hospital System - Dallas County, Texas - 1 hospital.
- Adventist Health System - 45 hospitals.
- Ascension Health - 100 acute-care hospitals; nation's largest catholic and largest non-profit health system. HQ St. Louis, MO.
- Aurora Health Care - The system has 13 hospitals, over 100 clinics, and more than 80 community pharmacies. HQ Milwaukee, WI.
- Carolinas Healthcare System - 19 hospitals.
- Catholic Health East - 35 hospitals; HQ Newtown Square, PA. Became CHE/Trinity(newly merged with Trinity Health) in 2013.
- Catholic Health Initiatives - 81 hospitals in 18 states; 2nd largest faith-based health system, 5th largest US health system overall; HQ Denver, CO.
- Catholic Health Partners - founded in 1985; HQ Cincinnati, OH.
- Child Health Corporation of America - 42 pediatric hospitals.
- CHRISTUS Health - Catholic health system of 40 hospitals; HQ Irving, TX.
- Continuum Health Partners (merged with Mount Sinai Health Center in 2013) - 4 hospitals in New York City.
- Health Management Associates - 66 hospitals; Headquarters: Naples, FL.
- Hospital Corporation of America (HCA) - 173 hospitals and 107 freestanding surgery centers; Headquarters: Nashville, TN.
- Kaiser Permanente - 37 hospitals.
- Kettering Health Network.
- Mayo Clinic/Mayo Clinic Health System - 70 hospitals and clinics across Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin, with satellite clinics in Jacksonville, Florida, and the Phoenix, Arizona, suburb of Scottsdale. Headquarters: Rochester, MN.
- Mercy - 32 hospitals, 300 outpatient facilities across Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Kansas.
- McGaw Medical Center of Northwestern University is a consortium of hospitals.
- Mount Sinai Health System - 7 member hospitals, 6 affiliate hospitals, 4 affiliate nursing home and long term care facilities, hundreds of clinical relationships throughout the greater New York City area
- NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System - 30 hospitals.
- Northwell Health - 16 hospitals.
- OSF Healthcare- 11 Acute care facilities headquartered in Peoria, IL.
- Partners HealthCare - 11 member hospitals/organizations.
- Premier Health Partners.
- Prime Healthcare Services - 13 acute-care hospitals.
- ProMedica Health System.
- Providence Health & Services - 29 hospitals of non-for-profit, catholic health system; HQ Renton, WA.
- Shriners Hospitals for Children - 22 pediatric hospitals.
- SSM Health Care - 20 hospitals of catholic health system; HQ St. Louis, MO.
- Steward Health Care System - 36 community hospitals in ten states that employ approximately 37,000 people and regularly receives top awards for quality and safety. The Steward network includes more than 26 urgent care centers, 42 preferred skilled nursing facilities, substantial behavioral health services, over 7,300 beds under management, and more than 1.1 million covered lives through the company’s managed care and health insurance services.
- Sutter Health - 26 hospitals.
- Tenet Healthcare - 57 hospitals.
- Texas Health Resources - 12 acute-care hospitals and one long-term care hospital; corporate member or partner in six additional hospitals and surgery centers.
- Trinity Health (Novi, Michigan) - 44 hospitals; one of the largest catholic health system; HQ Novi, MI. Became CHE/Trinity(newly merged with Catholic Health East) in 2013.
- University of Pittsburgh Medical Center - over 30 hospitals in western Pennsylvania.
- Vanguard Health Systems.
- Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare - 16 hospitals of catholic health system; HQ Glendale, WI.
- Yale-New Haven Health System - 4 acute care hospitals, 1 psychiatric hospital and multiple outpatient centers providing Surgical Services, Urgent Care, Diagnostic Radiology & Clinical Labwork in Connecticut.
US government networks
- Indian Health Service - 33 hospitals
- Military medicine - United States Department of Defense - See Category:United States military hospitals.
- Veterans Health Administration.
- Mexican Social Security Institute. 1,806 hospitals
- Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers.
- Advanced Medicare & Research Institute Ltd (AMRI) - 7 Hospitals.
- Alchemist Hospitals - 2 Hospitals.
- Amala Institute of Medical Sciences - 3 Hospitals.
- Apollo Hospitals - 40 Hospitals.
- Care Hospitals
- Cloudnine Hospitals - 15 Hospitals
- Columbia Asia - 8 Hospitals.
- Command Hospital - 7 Hospitals
- Cygnus Hospitals - 11 Hospitals.
- Fortis Hospitals - 50 Hospitals.
- Sakra World Hospital - 1 Hospital.
- Global Hospitals - 5 Hospitals.
- HCG Hospital - 27 Hospitals.
- LifeSpring Hospitals - 13 Hospitals
- Manipal Hospitals - 15 Hospitals.
- Max Healthcare - 10 Hospitals.
- Medanta Medicity - 2 Hospitals.
- Mewar Hospitals - 12 Hospitals.
- Narayana Health - 30 Hospitals.
- Paras Hospitals - 6 Hospitals.
- Indian Railway Medical Services Hospitals - 125 Hospitals.
- Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital - 2 Hospitals.
- Reliance Health - 2 Hospitals.
- Sama Hospitals - 9 Hospital.
- Sankara Nethralaya - 2 Hospitals.
- Sterling Hospitals - 6 Hospitals.
- Tata Memorial Hospital - 3 Hospitals.
- Vaatsalya Healthcare - 9 Hospitals.
- Vasan Healthcare - 200 Hospitals.
- Westbank hospital - 2 Hospitals.
- Wockhardt - 12 Hospitals.
- Yashoda Hospitals, Hyderabad - 3 Hospitals.
- Mewar Hospitals, Udaipur - 20 Hospitals.
- Fast Facts on US Hospitals. American Hospital Association. Accessed September 2, 2007
- Risse, Guenter B (April 1999). Mending Bodies, Saving Souls: A History of Hospitals. Oxford University Press. p. 59. ISBN 0-19-505523-3.
- Summit's maternity facility to be folded into Alta Bates Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. September 16, 2001 ANG News Online. Accessed September 3, 2007.
- "Facts & Figures". OSF HealthCare. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- "Health: Directorate". Indian Railways. Railway Board. Archived from the original on 12 September 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.