|• Mayor||Joji Koide (since June 2015)|
|• Total||368.17 km2 (142.15 sq mi)|
(December 1, 2020)
|• Density||740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Ginkgo biloba|
|• Bird||Japanese bush-warbler|
|Address||1-1-1 Kokubunjidai Chūō, Ichihara-shi, Chiba-ken 290-8501|
Ichihara (市原市, Ichihara-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2020[update], the city had an estimated population of 274,117 in 128,316 households and a population density of 240 persons per km². The total area of the city is 368.20 square kilometres (142.16 sq mi). The city is home, together with the city of Chiba, to the JEF United football club.
Ichihara is located in the western part of the Bōsō Peninsula, and geographically is the largest of Chiba Prefecture's cities and towns. The south is a mountainous area connected to the Boso hills. The highly industrialized northern part of the city faces Tokyo Bay. Ichihara, dense in housing developments, serves as a satellite town of Tokyo and Chiba City.
Ichihara has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Ichihara is 15.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1550 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.4 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Ichihara has greatly increased over the past 50 years.
The area of modern Ichihara is the center of ancient Kazusa province. The ruins of the Nara period Kazusa Kokubun-ji provincial temple have been found within the borders of Ichihara, although the exact location of the Nara-period provincial capital remains uncertain. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested between the Chiba clan to the north, and the Satomi clan to the south. During the Edo period, the area was divided between Goi Domain, Tsurumaki Domain and large areas of tenryō territory controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate and administered by various hatamoto.
- During the Meiji period, the area was reorganized into 171 villages under Ichihara District, Chiba Prefecture with the establishment of the modern municipalities system.
- By 1945, these villages had been consolidated into five towns and 16 villages.
- Through further consolidation and mergers, the city of Ichihara was founded on May 1, 1963.
- On October 1, 1967, the neighboring town of Nansō, and village of Kamo were merged into Ichihara.
Ichihara has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 32 members. Ichihara contributes four members to the Chiba Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Chiba 3rd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
The city's economy is fueled by a large industrial complex overlooking Tokyo Bay. It contains the largest number of oil refineries in Japan, as well as power, petrochemical and shipbuilding companies.
- Teikyo Heisei University
- Ichihara has 41 public elementary schools and 21 public middle schools operated by the city government, and six public high schools operated by the Chiba Prefectural Board of Education. There are also one private elementary school and two private high schools. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.
- Goi - Kazusa-Murakami - Amaariki - Kazusa-Mitsumata - Kazusa-Yamada - Kōfūdai - Umatate - Kazusa-Ushiku - Kazusa-Kawama - Kazusa-Tsurumai - Kazusa-Kubo - Takataki - Satomi - Itabu - Tsukizaki - Kazusa-Ōkubo - Yōrōkeikoku
Sister city relations
- - Mobile, Alabama, United States, from November 10, 1993
Crime and safety
The Soai-kai yakuza syndicate is headquartered in Ichihara. A designated yakuza group, the Soai-kai is the three dominating yakuza syndicates in Chiba Prefecture, along with the Sumiyoshi-kai and the Inagawa-kai.
Notable people from Ichihara
- Chiaki, Singer
- Neko Hiroshi, Marathon Runner
- Katsushige Kawashima, Boxer
- Hirotoshi Ishii, Baseball Player
- Kohei Kudo, Soccer Player
- "Ichihara city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
- Ichihara climate data
- Ichihara population statistics
- "Japan earthquake causes oil refinery inferno". Daily Telegraph, London, 11 March 2011, Retrieved 11 March 2011
- "Natural gas storage tanks burn at Cosmo oil refinery in Ichihara city" Archived 2012-04-06 at the Wayback Machine. Reuters AlertNet. 11 March 2011, Retrieved 11 March 2011
- "An Outline of Ichihara City". Archived from the original on 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
- "2010 Police White Paper Chapter 2 : Furtherance of Organized Crime Countermeasures", 2010, National Police Agency (in Japanese)
- "Condition of Boryokudan" Archived 2011-08-20 at the Wayback Machine, as of late 2010, Chiba Prefectural Police (in Japanese)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ichihara, Chiba.|
- Official Website (in Japanese)