Irish Americans in New York City
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The Irish community is one of New York City's major and important ethnic groups, and has been a significant proportion of the city's population since the waves of immigration in the late 19th century.
As a result of the Great Famine in Ireland, many Irish families were forced to emigrate from the country. By 1854, between 1.5 and 2 million Irish had left their country. In the United States, most Irish became city-dwellers. With little money, many had to settle in the cities that the ships landed in. By 1850, the Irish made up a quarter of the population in Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Buffalo, and Baltimore.
Today, Boston has the largest percentage of Irish-Americans of any city in the United States, while New York City has the most Irish Americans in raw numbers. During the Celtic Tiger years, when the Irish economy was booming, the city saw a buying spree of residences by native Irish as second homes or as investment property.
Irish Americans (most of whom are Irish Catholic) make up approximately 5.3% of New York City's population, composing the second largest non-Hispanic white ethnic group. Irish Americans first came to America in colonial years (pre-1776), with immigration rising in the 1820s due to poor living conditions in Ireland. But the largest wave of Irish immigration came after the Great Famine in 1845. The largest number of Irish immigrants came from some of Ireland's most populous counties, such as Cork, Galway, and Tipperary, surprisingly large numbers also originated in Counties Cavan, Meath, Dublin, and Laois, places not usually associated with the highest levels of emigration.
In the "early days", the 19th century, the Irish formed a predominant part of the European immigrant population of New York City, a "city of immigrants", which added to the city's diversity to this day.
After they came, Irish immigrants often crowded into subdivided homes, only meant for one family, and cellars, attics, and alleys all became home for some Irish immigrants. In fact, New York once had more Irishmen than Dublin itself. New York has long been a destination for Irish immigrants because they speak English, and there has long been a large Irish population there.
Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, was originally developed as a resort for wealthy Manhattanites in 1879, but instead became a family-oriented Italian- and Irish-American community. Another large Irish-American community is located in Woodlawn Heights, Bronx, but Woodlawn Heights also has a mix of different ethnic groups. One large Irish community in Manhattan was Hell's Kitchen.
Other sizable Irish-American communities include Belle Harbor and Breezy Point, both in Queens. Two big Irish communities are Marine Park and neighboring Gerritsen Beach. The Irish have also settled "to a far lesser extent [in] Maspeth, Woodside, and Sunnyside, Queens."
The Irish in New York developed a particular reputation for joining the New York City Police Department as well as the New York Fire Department.
Irish colleges and universities
- Fordham University Founded by Archbishop John Hughes an Irish immigrant, and built by Irish labor. Most of the Jesuits are Irish-Americans and Irish Americans make up a sizeable amount of the student body. The University president Rev. Joseph McShane, SJ is an Irish American.
- St. John's University Founded by Bishop John Laughlin an Irish immigrant aiming to educate Irish and other immigrants in a strong Catholic atmosphere. Almost every president of the University has been an Irish American, and many of the Vincentian priests that run the University are Irish as well as lay staff and professors. The University president Rev. Brian Shanley, OP is an Irish American.
- Manhattan College A large amount of the student body, staff and professors are Irish American. Its athletic teams are named the Jaspers, in honor of Brother Jasper of Mary, an Irish immigrant, administrator at the school and inventor of the seventh inning stretch. The College president Brennan O'Donnell, is an Irish American.
- Woodlawn, Bronx
- North Riverdale, Bronx
- City Island, Bronx
- Pelham Bay, Bronx
- Throggs Neck, Bronx
- Bay Ridge, Brooklyn
- Gerritsen Beach, Brooklyn
- Marine Park, Brooklyn
- Windsor Terrace, Brooklyn
- Vinegar Hill, Brooklyn
- Broad Channel, Queens
- Belle Harbor, Queens
- Breezy Point, Queens
- Rockaway Park, Queens
- Rockaway Beach, Queens
- Sunnyside, Queens
- Maspeth, Queens
- Woodside, Queens
- St. George, Staten Island
- West Brighton, Staten Island
- Randall Manor, Staten Island
- Five Points/Lower East Side, Manhattan
- Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan
- East Harlem, Manhattan
- Mott Haven, Bronx
- Inwood, Manhattan
- University Heights, Bronx
- Kingsbridge, Bronx
- Bainbridge, Bronx
- Bedford Park, Bronx
- Fordham, Bronx
- Woodhaven, Queens
- Parkchester, Bronx
- Westchester Square, Bronx
Notable Irish New Yorkers
- David Mathews
- James Duane
- William Jay Gaynor
- Thomas F. Gilroy, Irish-born
- William R. Grace, Irish-born
- Hugh J. Grant
- John F. Hylan
- John Purroy Mitchel
- John P. O'Brien
- William O'Dwyer, Irish-born
- Jimmy Walker
- Robert F. Wagner Jr. - his mother was from Cork
Irish Bishops of the Archdiocese of New York
- R. Luke Concanen, Irish-born
- John Connolly, Irish-born
- Terence Cooke
- Michael Corrigan
- Timothy Dolan
- Edward Egan
- John Farley, Irish-born
- Patrick Hayes
- John Joseph Hughes, Irish-born
- John McCloskey
- John Joseph O'Connor
- Francis Spellman
Irish Bishops of the Diocese of Brooklyn
Notable Irish New Yorkers
- James L. Buckley, U.S. senator, federal judge
- William F. Buckley Jr., writer, editor of National Review
- William F. Buckley, Sr., oil baron
- Edward Burns, actor, writer, director
- Joseph Brennan, basketball player
- Jimmy Breslin, former New York Daily News and Newsday writer
- Robert De Niro actor
- Matthew Broderick, actor
- Jimmy Burke, gangster
- James Cagney, actor
- Hugh Carey, Governor of New York
- George Carlin, comedian
- William Bourke Cockran, congressman and noted Tammany Hall orator
- George M Cohan, entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer, and producer
- Mad Dog Coll, gangster
- Margaret Colin. actress
- James B. Comey, Former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
- Jennifer Connelly, actress, model, Academy Award winner
- Kevin Connors, ESPN sportscaster
- James Coonan, gangster
- Gerry Cooney, boxer
- Bob Costas, sports broadcaster, television personality
- Kevin Corrigan, actor
- Charles Dolan, billionaire, owner of Cablevision, Madison Square Garden & Knicks
- James Dolan, billionaire, owner of New York Rangers & Radio City Music Hall
- William A. Donohue, president of the Catholic League
- Art Donovan, football player
- Charles J. Dougherty, president of Duquesne University
- Francis Patrick Duffy, priest, Lieutenant Colonel and chaplain of 69th Infantry Regiment (New York)
- Mike Dunleavy, Sr., basketball player, National Basketball Association head coach
- Bill Dwyer, gangster
- Mickey Featherstone, gangster
- Patrick Fitzgerald, United States Attorney
- Bobby Flay, chef, television host, restaurateur
- Charles V. Glasco, New York City Police Sergeant, most well known for his efforts to rescue John William Warde
- Jackie Gleason, comedian
- Pete Hamill, writer, editor in chief of New York Daily News & New York Post
- Henry Hill, gangster
- Charles J. Hynes District Attorney for Kings County
- Mychal F. Judge, OFM, priest and Chaplain of the Fire Department of New York
- George W. Keller, architect
- Raymond W. Kelly, New York Police Department Commissioner
- Caroline Kennedy, author, attorney, daughter of President John F. Kennedy
- John F. Kennedy, Jr., son of John F. Kennedy, magazine editor
- George Kennedy, actor
- Jack McCarthy, WPIX broadcaster and kids show host.
- Steven McDonald, NYPD Detective, public speaker, peace maker
- Owney Madden, gangster
- Michael Malloy, also known as Mike the Durable and Iron Mike, known for being "unkilliable"
- Dennis Hart Mahan, professor of military theory and engineering at West Point
- Alfred Thayer Mahan, influential naval historian
- Wellington Mara, owner of New York Giants, member of Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Frank McCourt, author, winner of Pulitzer Prize for literature
- John McEnroe, tennis player, winner of seven Grand Slam tournaments
- Patrick McEnroe, tennis player
- Roderick McMahon, boxing and sports promoter
- Vincent J. McMahon owner of World Wrestling Entertainment, sports promoter
- Mary Tyler Moore, actress
- Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator
- Joe Mullen, hockey player
- Richard Mulligan, actor
- Chris Mullin, basketball player, member of 1992 Dream Team
- Conan O'Brien, late night talk show host
- John P. O'Brien, mayor of New York City
- Jerry O'Connell, actor
- Carroll O'Connor, actor
- Charles O'Conor, United States Attorney, former presidential candidate
- Rosie O'Donnell, actress, comedian
- Ryan O'Neal, actor
- Tatum O'Neal, actress
- James Aloysius O'Gorman one-term United States Senator from New York, Justice of the New York District Court, Justice of the New York Supreme Court
- Walter O'Malley, owner of Brooklyn Dodgers, infamous for moving them to Los Angeles
- Bill O'Reilly, news commentator
- Regis Philbin, television personality
- Colin Quinn, comedian
- Richard Riordan, former mayor of Los Angeles
- Al Smith, governor of New York, 1928 Democratic Party presidential candidate
- John Sweeney, president of the AFL-CIO
- Gene Tunney, boxer
- Jimmy Walker, mayor of New York City
- Thomas J. Manton, U.S. Congress
- 19th Street Gang
- 40 Thieves
- Dead Rabbits
- Gopher Gang
- Grady Gang
- Slobbery Jim
- The Westies
Entertainment about Irish in New York City
- Run All Night, 2015
- Brooklyn, 2015
- Michael Clayton, 2007
- Emerald City, 2006
- Daredevil, 2003
- 25th Hour, 2003
- Gangs of New York, 2002
- In America, 2002
- Angela's Ashes, 1999
- The Devil's Own, 1997
- The Brothers McMullen, 1995
- Mad Dog Coll, 1992
- State of Grace, 1990
- Q & A, 1990
- Goodfellas, 1990
- Quackser Fortune Has a Cousin in the Bronx, 1970
- Madigan, 1968
- Mad Dog Coll, 1961
- Beau James, 1957
- On the Waterfront, 1954
- The Luck of the Irish, 1948
- The Lady from Shanghai, 1947
- My Wild Irish Rose, 1947
- The Kid from Brooklyn, 1946
- Going My Way, 1944
- Little Nellie Kelly, 1940
- East Side Kids, 1940
- The Fighting 69th, 1940
- Waterfront, 1939
- The Flying Irishman, 1939
- Angels with Dirty Faces, 1938
- Mannequin, 1937
- Me and My Gal, 1932
- The Last Dance, 1930
- Blue Bloods, 2010
- The Black Donnellys, 2007
- CSI: NY, 2004
- Rescue Me, 2004
- Grounded for Life, 2001
- The Job, 2001
- The Beat, 2000
- The King of Queens, 1999
- Trinity, 1998
- Brooklyn South, 1997
- Ryan's Hope, 1975
- Going My Way, 1962
- All in the Family, 1971
- Archie Bunker's Place, 1979
- Late Night with Conan O'Brien, 1993
- Helmreich, William B. (2013). The New York Nobody Knows: Walking 6000 Miles in the City. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton U. Press. ISBN 978-0-691-14405-4.
- Irish American Fun Facts & Trivia
- The Real Estate Bloggers
- An Irish Taste for Real Estate in Manhattan, by Patrick McHeehan, N.Y. Times, May 8, 2007 (The page number is not available; it is available on-line with registration).
- "New York city, New York – QT-P13. Ancestry: 2000". census.gov American Fact Finder. United States Census Bureau. 2000. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2009.
- "Immigration... Irish: Irish-Catholic Immigration". loc.gov. Library of Congress. Retrieved April 23, 2009.
- Anbinder, Tyler (2015). "Which Irish men and women immigrated to the United States during the Great Famine migration of 1846-54?". Irish Historical Studies. 39 (156): 620–642. doi:10.1017/ihs.2015.22.
- Helmreich 2013, p. 25.
- "Immigration... Irish: Adaptation and Assimilation". loc.gov. Library of Congress. Retrieved April 23, 2009.
- Helmreich 2013, p. 27.
- Goode, Kristen. "Bay Ridge, Brooklyn". about.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- Wilson, Claire (February 16, 2003). "If You're Thinking of Living In/Woodlawn; A Bronx Enclave With a Suburban Feel". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. p. 1. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- Manhattan|work=primemanhattan.com|publisher=Prime Manhattan Realty|accessdate=May 4, 2009
- "Walking Around – Belle Harbor – Irish New York City's Ethnic neighborhoods". walkingaround.com. 2004. Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "Walking Around – Breezy Point – Irish New York City's Ethnic neighborhoods". walkingaround.com. 2004. Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- A bit o' the Irish brogue: Woodlawn: An Irish enclave in the far reaches of the Bronx, by Patrick Ward, amNY, February 8, 2007, at pp. 34, 36, 38; see also at .
- Answer.com page on Woodlawn
- Irish restaurants in N. Riverdale
- NY Times article, requires registration
- "Irish fire-fighter obit". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
- "Top 7 Brooklyn Irish Pubs and Bars", by Wendy Zarganis, About:New York:Brooklyn web site Archived 2007-07-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Blog: "A Shamrock Grows in Brooklyn"
- Henry Grattan's Pub web site Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Congressman' s site Archived 2007-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
- "Neighborhood web site". Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2007-05-08.
- "Civic group". Archived from the original on 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2007-05-22.
- Irish dance group
- Forgotten NY web site
- "Close up on Vinegar Hill", by Danial Adkinson, Village Voice web site
- "If You're Thinking of Living in Vinegar Hill...", by Dulcie Leimbach, N.Y. Times, August 31, 2003 on line.
- Ellen Freudenheim, Queens: What to do, where to go (and how not to get lost) in New York's Undiscovered Borough, pp. 15-16 (Woodside), 262-265 (Rockaways), 267-275 (Sunnyside), 277-287 (Woodside). (St. Martin's NY 2006) ISBN 0-312-35818-0.
- Bayor and Meaghar (1996). The New York Irish. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-5199-5. (p. 414)
- Staten Is. Cultural web site Archived 2007-05-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Staten Island Irish Fair web site[permanent dead link]
- Information on Norwood, a.k.a. Bainbridge:Answers.com page on Norwood
- St. Barnabas' Parish web site
- Diana Shaman, If You're Thinking of Living In /Woodhaven, Queens; Diversity in a Cohesive Community, New York Times September 20, 1998, found at NY Times article on the diversity of Rego Park including Irish-Americans. Accessed November 8, 2007.
- FDNY Emerald Society
- FDNY Emerald Society Pipes and Drums
- Fordham University
- St. John's University
- New York Irish Bars
- New York City Correction Dept. Emerald Society
- New York Irish History Roundtable
- NYPD Emerald Society
- St. Patrick's Old Cathedral
- New York Irish Center
- Woodhaven House web site, with discussion of history of Irish pubs in Queens
- Winged Fist Organization