Pelham Bay (neighborhood), Bronx
|Neighborhood of The Bronx|
Zulette Avenue in Pelham Bay
|City||New York City|
|• Total||1.09 km2 (0.421 sq mi)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)|
|• Median income||$53,503|
|Area code||718, 347, 646|
Pelham Bay is a middle class residential neighborhood in the borough of the Bronx, in New York City. It is named for Pelham Bay Park, New York City's largest park, which lies on the neighborhood's northeastern border; and for Pelham Bay, a body of water in that park.
Despite the name, the area that is now the Pelham Bay neighborhood was not part of the historical Town of Pelham, which consisted of the modern-day town of Pelham in Westchester County as well as Pelham Bay Park and City Island in the Bronx. The latter two areas were annexed by the City of New York in 1895.
Pelham Bay's boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise, are as follows:
- Pelham Parkway to the north
- Bruckner Expressway to the east and south
- Hutchinson River Parkway to the west
Pelham Bay includes the residential enclave of Country Club, which occupies the portion of the neighborhood east of Interstate 95 (I-95). The core of Pelham Bay is the portion west of I-95 and north of Middletown Road.
Pelham Bay is part of Bronx Community District 10, which also covers Throgs Neck and Co-op City. Pelham Bay is home to a large Italian and Hispanic population. As with Riverdale and Country Club, Pelham Bay ranks as one of the safest and most desirable neighborhoods in the Bronx. It was ranked as the best neighborhood for children in the Bronx and top 10 neighborhood in the whole New York City.
A variety of stores and eateries line the streets of this neighborhood, including Westchester Avenue, Buhre Avenue, Middletown Road, and Crosby Avenue (these two cross to form one of the main intersections of the neighborhood). Pelham Bay Park is the last stop on the IRT Pelham Line (6 and <6> trains) of the New York City Subway system. The line has two other stops as well in the neighborhood, the Buhre Avenue and Middletown Road stops on the Pelham Line. The IRT Pelham Line was immortalized in the movie The Taking of Pelham One Two Three, starring Walter Matthau, which involved the hijacking of a subway train leaving Pelham Bay Park Station at the scheduled time of 1:23.
Served by the New York City Department of Education, the neighborhood is home to the elementary schools Public School 71 (named the Rose E. Scala School to honor a former principal) and Public School 14 (named the John D. Calandra School to honor a former State Senator), as well as to Herbert H. Lehman High School (right on the neighborhood's border). Several private and parochial schools also serve the neighborhood, including the Roman Catholic elementary schools associated with the churches of Our Lady of the Assumption and St. Theresa. The neighborhood is home to a number of active civic and community associations, including the Pelham Bay Little League.
Arnow Place, a small street between Westchester Avenue and the New England Thruway (I-95) in Pelham Bay, was the site of the December 2005 shooting death of off-duty police officer, Daniel Enchautegui. Actor Lillo Brancato and an accomplice were charged with murder in the case. In 2006, the street was renamed Daniel Enchautegui Way, in honor of the fallen police officer.
There is a community playground called Westchester Square playground located adjacent to the Hutchinson River Parkway. It has a baseball field, swing sets and a paddle ball court.
The neighborhood is home to longstanding Italian American population with a recent influx of Hispanics changing the neighborhoods demographics considerably. Some homes have both Italian and American flags proudly waving. The neighborhood also has sizeable population of Albanians and Greeks and Bruckner Blvd by Buhre Avenue is known as "Hellenic Blvd", as a Greek Orthodox Community Center (The Greek American Institute) is nearby. While the majority of the population is white, there is a significant Hispanic minority, consisting mostly of Puerto Ricans.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Pelham Bay-Country Club-City Island was 26,583, a decrease of 557 (2.1%) from the 27,140 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 917.45 acres (371.28 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 29.0 inhabitants per acre (18,600/sq mi; 7,200/km2).
The racial makeup of the Pelham Bay-Country Club-City Island neighborhood was 62.0% (16,488) White, 2.9% (773) African American, 0.1% (36) Native American, 3.6% (969) Asian, 0.0% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (110) from other races, and 0.9% (252) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.9% (7,950) of the population.
Buses and subway lines serving the community are:
- Bx5: to Simpson Street station (2 and 5 trains) (via Crosby Avenue / Bruckner Boulevard / Story Avenue)
- Bx8: to Williamsbridge or Locust Point (via Westchester Avenue / Williamsbridge Road)
- Bx12: to University Heights
- Bx12 Select Bus Service: to Bay Plaza Shopping Center or Inwood – 207th Street station (A train) (via Fordham Road – Pelham Parkway)
- Bx23: to Co-op City
- Bx24: to Country Club
- Bx29: to City Island or Bay Plaza Shopping Center (via City Island Avenue)
- Q50: to Co-op City or Flushing–Main Street station (7 and <7> trains) (via Bronx–Whitestone Bridge)
- Bee-Line 45: to Eastchester
- Middletown Road station (6 and <6> trains)
- Buhre Avenue station (6 and <6> trains)
- Pelham Bay Park station (6 and <6> trains)
- John F. Good (1936-2016), FBI agent who created the Abscam sting operation in the late 1970s and early 1980s which led to the arrest and conviction of several elected officials at the local, state and federal level, which was portrayed in the 2013 film American Hustle.
- "Pelham Bay neighborhood in New York". Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "Bronx Chronology". Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- Bronx Community Board 10. Accessed June 29, 2008.
- "Bronx Community District 10" (PDF). Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- Family friendly: Best neighborhoods in New York for kids Pelham Bay
- "Mayor Bloomberg Renames Street After NYPD Detective Daniel Enchautegui" (Press release). New York City Mayor's Office. 2006-08-29. Retrieved 2010-01-16.
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Spangler, Nicholas. "John F. Good dies; head of FBI's ABSCAM team was 80", Newsday, October 3, 2016. Accessed October 19, 2016. "John Francis Good was born June 17, 1936, in the Pelham Bay section of the Bronx."