Mary Tyler Moore
|Mary Tyler Moore|
December 29, 1936 |
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Education||Immaculate Heart High School|
|Home town||Brooklyn, New York|
Mary Tyler Moore (born December 29, 1936) is an American actress, primarily known for her roles in television sitcoms. Moore is best known for The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970–77), in which she starred as Mary Richards, a 30-something single woman who worked as a local news producer in Minneapolis, and for her earlier role as Laura Petrie on The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–66). She also appeared in a number of films, most notably 1967's Thoroughly Modern Millie and 1980's Ordinary People, in which she played a role that was very different from the television characters she had portrayed, and for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress.
Moore has been active in charity work and various political causes, particularly the issues of animal rights and diabetes mellitus type 1. She was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes early in the run of The Mary Tyler Moore Show. She also dealt with alcoholism, which she wrote about in her first of two memoirs. In May 2011, she underwent elective brain surgery to remove a benign meningioma.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Awards and honors
- 5 Filmography
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 External links
Mary Tyler Moore was born in the Brooklyn Heights section of Brooklyn, New York, to Marjorie (née Hackett) (1916-1992) and George Tyler Moore (1913-2006), a clerk. The oldest of three siblings, Moore and her family lived in Flushing, Queens. Her maternal grandparents were immigrants from England, and her paternal great-grandfather, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, owned the house which is now Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum. When she was eight years old, Moore moved with her family to Los Angeles. She was raised Catholic, and attended Saint Rose of Lima, a Catholic school in Brooklyn, Saint Ambrose School in Los Angeles, and Immaculate Heart High School located in Los Feliz, California.
Moore decided at age 17 that she wanted to be a dancer. Her television career began with Moore's first job as "Happy Hotpoint", a tiny elf dancing on Hotpoint appliances in TV commercials during the 1950s series Ozzie and Harriet. After appearing in 39 Hotpoint TV commercials in five days, she received approximately $6,000. After becoming pregnant while still working as "Happy", Hotpoint ended her stint when it was too difficult to conceal her pregnancy with the elf costume. Moore modeled anonymously on the covers of a number of record albums and auditioned for the role of the older daughter of Danny Thomas for his long-running TV show, but was turned down. Much later, Thomas explained that "no daughter of mine could have that [little] nose."
Moore's first regular television role was as a mysterious and glamorous telephone receptionist on Richard Diamond, Private Detective. On the show, Moore's voice was heard, but only her shapely legs appeared on camera, adding to the character's mystique. About this time, she guest-starred on John Cassavetes's NBC detective series Johnny Staccato. She also guest-starred in Bachelor Father in the episode titled "Bentley and the Big Board". In 1960, she guest-starred in two episodes, "The O'Mara Ladies" and "All The O'Mara Horses", of the William Bendix-Doug McClure NBC western series, Overland Trail. Several months later, she appeared in the first episode, entitled "One Blonde Too Many", of NBC's one-season The Tab Hunter Show, a sitcom starring the former teen idol as a bachelor cartoonist. In 1961, Moore appeared in several big parts in movies and on television, including Bourbon Street Beat, 77 Sunset Strip, Surfside Six, Wanted: Dead or Alive, Steve Canyon, Hawaiian Eye, Thriller and Lock-Up.
The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–1966)
In 1961, Carl Reiner cast Moore in The Dick Van Dyke Show, an acclaimed weekly series based on Reiner's own life and career as a writer for Sid Caesar's television variety show, telling the cast from the outset that it would run no more than five years. The show was produced by Danny Thomas's company, and Thomas himself recommended her. He remembered Mary as "the girl with three names" whom he had turned down earlier. Moore's energetic comic performances as Van Dyke's character's wife, begun at age 24 (11 years Van Dyke's junior), made both the actress and her signature tight capri pants extremely popular, and she became internationally famous. When she won an Emmy award for her portrayal of Laura Petrie, she said, "I know this will never happen again." Mary Tyler Moore later stated that she was actually 23 years old when she first starred on the Dick Van Dyke Show, but had told producers that she was 25 because she heard that Dick Van Dyke had said she might be too young for the part.
The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970–1977)
In 1970, after having appeared earlier in a pivotal one-hour musical special called "Dick Van Dyke and the Other Woman", Moore and husband Grant Tinker successfully pitched a sitcom centered on Moore to CBS. The Mary Tyler Moore Show was a half-hour newsroom sitcom featuring Ed Asner as her gruff boss Lou Grant, a character that would later be spun off into an hour-long dramatic series. Moore's show proved so popular that two other regular characters, Valerie Harper as Rhoda Morgenstern and Cloris Leachman as Phyllis Lindstrom, were also spun off into their own successful series. The premise of the single working woman's life, alternating during the program between work and home, became a television staple. After six years of ratings in the top 20, the show slipped to number 39 during season seven. Producers argued for its cancellation because of its falling ratings, afraid that the show's legacy might be damaged if it were renewed for another season. To the surprise of the entire cast including Mary Tyler Moore herself, it was announced that they would soon be filming their final episode. After the announcement, the series finished strongly and the final show was the seventh most watched show during the week it aired. The 1977 season would go on to win an Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series, to add to the awards it had won in 1975 and 1976. All in all, during its seven seasons, the program held the record for winning the most Emmys – 29. That record remained unbroken until 2002 when the NBC sitcom Frasier won its 30th Emmy. The Mary Tyler Moore Show had become a touchpoint of the Women's Movement because it was one of the first to show, in a serious way, an independent working woman.
During season six of The Mary Tyler Moore Show, she made a musical/variety special for CBS, titled Mary's Incredible Dream, which featured Ben Vereen. In 1978, Moore made a second CBS special, How to Survive the 70's and Maybe Even Bump Into Happiness. This time, she received significant support from a strong lineup of guest stars: Bill Bixby, John Ritter, Harvey Korman and Dick Van Dyke. In the 1978–79 season, Moore attempted to try the musical-variety genre by starring in two unsuccessful CBS variety series in a row: Mary, which featured David Letterman, Michael Keaton, Swoosie Kurtz and Dick Shawn in the supporting cast. CBS canceled the series. In March, 1979, the network brought Moore back in a new, retooled show, The Mary Tyler Moore Hour which was described as a "sitvar" (part situation comedy/part variety series) with Moore portraying a TV star putting on a variety show. Michael Keaton was the only cast member of Mary who remained with Moore as a supporting regular in this revised format. Dick Van Dyke appeared as her guest for one episode. The program was canceled within three months.
In the 1985–86 season, she returned to CBS in a series titled Mary, which suffered from poor reviews, sagging ratings, and internal strife within the production crew. According to Moore, she asked CBS to pull the show, as she was unhappy with the direction of the program and the producers. She also starred in the short-lived Annie McGuire in 1988. In the mid-1990s, she had a cameo and a guest-starring role as herself on two episodes of Ellen. She subsequently also guest-starred on Ellen DeGeneres's next TV show, The Ellen Show, in 2001. In 2004, Moore reunited with her Dick Van Dyke Show castmates for a reunion "episode" called The Dick Van Dyke Show Revisited.
In August 2005, Moore guest-starred as Christine St. George, a high-strung host of a fictional TV show on three episodes of Fox sitcom That '70s Show. Moore's scenes were shot on the same soundstage where The Mary Tyler Moore Show was filmed in the 1970s. Moore made a guest appearance on the season 2 premiere of Hot in Cleveland, which stars her old co-star Betty White. This marked the first time that White and Moore had worked together since The Mary Tyler Moore Show ended in 1977. In the fall of 2013, Moore reprised her role on Hot in Cleveland in a season four episode which not only reunited Moore and White, but former MTM cast members Cloris Leachman, Valerie Harper and Georgia Engel as well. This reunion coincided with Valerie Harper's public announcement that she had been diagnosed with terminal brain cancer and was given only a few months to live.
Moore appeared in several Broadway plays. She starred in Whose Life Is It Anyway with James Naughton, which opened on Broadway at the Royale Theatre on February 24, 1980, and ran for 96 performances, and in Sweet Sue, which opened at the Music Box Theatre on January 8, 1987, later transferred to the Royale Theatre, and ran for 164 performances. She was the star of a new musical version of Breakfast at Tiffany's in December 1966, but the show, titled Holly Golightly, was a notorious flop that closed in previews before opening on Broadway. In reviews of performances in Philadelphia and Boston, critics "murdered" the play in which Moore claimed to be singing with bronchial pneumonia.
Moore appeared in previews of the Neil Simon play Rose's Dilemma at the off-Broadway Manhattan Theatre Club in December 2003, but quit the production after receiving a critical letter from Simon instructing her to "learn your lines or get out of my play". Moore had been using an earpiece on stage to feed her lines to the repeatedly rewritten play.
Moore made her film debut in 1961's X-15. She subsequently appeared in a string of 1960s films (after signing an exclusive contract with Universal Pictures), including 1967's Thoroughly Modern Millie with Julie Andrews and 1968's What's So Bad About Feeling Good? with George Peppard, and Don't Just Stand There!.
In 1969, she starred opposite Elvis Presley as a nun in Change of Habit. Moore's future television castmate Ed Asner also appeared in that film (as a cop). After that film's disappointing reviews and reception at the box office, Moore returned to television, and did not appear in another feature film for eleven years. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for 1980's Ordinary People. Other feature film credits include Just Between Friends and Flirting with Disaster.
She has appeared in a number of television movies, including Like Mother, Like Son, Run a Crooked Mile, Heartsounds, The Gin Game (based on the Broadway play; reuniting her with Dick Van Dyke), Mary and Rhoda, Finnegan Begin Again, and Stolen Babies for which she won an Emmy Award in 1993.
Moore has written two memoirs. The first, After All, released in 1995, in which she acknowledged that she is a recovering alcoholic. The next, Growing Up Again: Life, Loves, and Oh Yeah, Diabetes, was released on April 1, 2009, and focuses on living with type 1 diabetes (St. Martin's Press; ISBN 0-312-37631-6).
Moore and her husband Grant Tinker founded MTM Enterprises, Inc. in 1969; Moore later commented that he had named the entity after her in much the same fashion that someone might name a boat after a spouse. This company produced The Mary Tyler Moore Show and several other television shows and films. It also included a record label, MTM Records. MTM Enterprises produced a variety of American sitcoms and drama television series such as Rhoda, Lou Grant and Phyllis – all spin-offs from The Mary Tyler Moore Show – The Bob Newhart Show, The Texas Wheelers, WKRP in Cincinnati, The White Shadow, Friends and Lovers, St Elsewhere and Hill Street Blues, and was later sold to Television South, an ITV Franchise holder during the 1980s. The MTM logo was a short video sequence parodying the MGM logo, but with a kitten meowing instead of a lion roaring.
In 1955, at age 18, she married Richard Carleton Meeker whom Mary described as "the boy next door," and within six weeks she was pregnant with her only child, Richard, Jr. (born July 3, 1956). Coincidentally, he was known as "Richie," which was also the name of her television son on The Dick Van Dyke Show. Meeker and Moore divorced in 1961. Moore married Grant Tinker, a CBS executive (later chairman of NBC), in 1962, and in 1970 they formed the television production company MTM Enterprises, which created and produced the company's first television series, The Mary Tyler Moore Show. Moore and Tinker divorced in 1981. She married Dr. Robert Levine on November 23, 1983, at the Pierre Hotel in New York City. They met when her mother was treated by him in New York City on a weekend housecall, after Moore and her mother returned from a visit to the Vatican where they had personal audience with Pope John Paul II. On October 14, 1980, at the age of 24, Mary's son Richie died of a gunshot wound, accidentally shooting himself in the head while handling a sawed-off shotgun. That model of gun was later taken off the market because of its "hair trigger".
Moore was diagnosed with Type I diabetes when she was 33. In 2011, she had surgery to remove a meningioma, a benign brain tumor. In 2014 friends reported that she has heart and kidney problems and is nearly blind.
In addition to her acting work, Moore is the International Chairman of JDRF (formerly the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation). In this role, she has used her celebrity to help raise funds and awareness of diabetes mellitus type 1.
In 2007, in honor of Moore's dedication to the Foundation, JDRF created the "Forever Moore" research initiative which will support JDRF's Academic Research and Development and JDRF's Clinical Development Program. The program works on translating basic research advances into new treatments and technologies for those living with type 1 diabetes.
A long-time animal rights activist, she has worked with Farm Sanctuary to raise awareness about the process involved in factory farming and to promote compassionate treatment of farm animals. Moore appeared as herself in 1996 on an episode of the Ellen DeGeneres sitcom Ellen. The story line of the episode included Moore honoring Ellen for trying to save a 65 year-old lobster from being eaten at a seafood restaurant. She is also a co-founder of Broadway Barks, an annual animal adopt-a-thon held in New York City. Moore and friend Bernadette Peters have worked to make a no-kill city and to encourage adopting animals from shelters.
In honor of her father, George Tyler Moore, a lifelong American Civil War enthusiast, in 1995 Moore donated funds to acquire a historic structure in Shepherdstown, West Virginia, for Shepherd College (now Shepherd University) to be used as a center for Civil War studies. The center, named the George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War is housed in the historic Conrad Shindler House (c. 1795), which is named in honor of her great-great-great-grandfather, who owned the structure from 1815–52. Moore also contributed to the renovation of the house used as headquarters during 1861–62 by Confederate Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Use of the house had been offered to Jackson by its owner, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, commander of the 4th Virginia Infantry and a great-grandfather of Mary Tyler Moore.
Moore supports embryonic stem cell research. When President George W. Bush announced that he would veto the Senate's bill supporting the research, she said, "This is an intelligent human being with a heart, and I don't see how much longer he can deny those aspects of himself."
During the 1960s and 1970s, Moore had a reputation as a liberal or moderate liberal and endorsed President Jimmy Carter for re-election in a 1980 campaign television ad. In 2011, friend and former co-star Ed Asner claimed during an interview on the O'Reilly Factor that Moore "has become much more conservative of late." Bill O'Reilly, host of the O'Reilly Factor, has previously stated that Moore had been a viewer of his show and her political views had leaned conservative in recent years. In a Parade magazine article from March 22, 2009, Moore identified herself as a "libertarian centrist" who watches Fox News. She stated, "...when one looks at what's happened to television, there are so few shows that interest me. I do watch a lot of Fox News. I like Charles Krauthammer and Bill O'Reilly...If McCain had asked me to campaign for him, I would have." In an interview for the 2013 PBS series Pioneers of Television, Moore says that she was "recruited" to join the feminist movement of the 1970s by Gloria Steinem but did not agree with Steinem's views. Moore said she believed that women have an important role in raising children and that she did not believe in Steinem's view that "women owe it to themselves to have a career."
Awards and honors
Moore has received seven Emmy Awards:
- Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or Special – 1993
- Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series – 1976
- Actress of the Year – series – 1974
- Best Lead Actress in a Comedy Series – 1974
- Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress – 1973
- Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress – 1966
- Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress – 1964
She was also awarded three Golden Globe Awards:
- Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture - Drama – 1981
- Best Performance by an Actress in a Television Series – 1971
- Actress in a Television Series – 1965
On Broadway, Moore received a special Tony Award for her performance in Whose Life Is It Anyway? in 1980, and was nominated for a Drama Desk Award as well. In addition, as a producer she received nominations for Tony Awards and Drama Desk Awards for MTM's productions of Noises Off in 1984 and Benefactors in 1986, and won a Tony Award for Best Reproduction of a Play or Musical in 1985 for Joe Egg.
In 1984, Moore was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award. Two years later, in 1986, she was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame. Then, in 1987, she received a Lifetime Achievement Award in Comedy from the American Comedy Awards.
On May 8, 2002, Moore was present as the cable TV network TV Land and the City of Minneapolis dedicated a statue in downtown Minneapolis to the television character she made famous on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. The statue, by sculptor Gwendolyn Gillen, is located in front of the Dayton's (now Macy's) department store, near the corner of 7th Street South and Nicollet Mall. It depicts the iconic moment in the show's opening credits where Moore tosses her Tam o' Shanter in the air, in a freeze-frame at the end of the montage.
Moore was awarded the 2011 Screen Actors Guild's lifetime achievement award. In New York City in 2012, Moore and Bernadette Peters were honored by the Ride of Fame and a double decker bus was dedicated to them.
|1957||Operation Mad Ball||Army nurse||uncredited|
|1958||Once Upon a Horse...||Dance hall girl||uncredited|
|1967||Thoroughly Modern Millie||Miss Dorothy Brown|
|1968||What's So Bad About Feeling Good?||Liz|
|1968||Don't Just Stand There!||Martine Randall|
|1969||Change of Habit||Sister Michelle Gallagher||Elvis Presley's last scripted movie|
|1980||Ordinary People||Beth Jarrett|
|1982||Six Weeks||Charlotte Dreyfus|
|1986||Just Between Friends||Holly Davis|
|1996||Flirting with Disaster||Pearl Coplin|
|1996||Blue Arrow, TheThe Blue Arrow||Granny Rose||voice|
|1997||Keys to Tulsa||Cynthia Boudreau|
|1998||Reno Finds Her Mom||Herself|
|2000||Labor Pains||Esther Raymond|
|2009||Against the Current||Mom|
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- "Mary Tyler Moore 'recovering nicely' from surgery". Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-05-14.[dead link]
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- 1940 Census
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- During an appearance on The Rachael Ray Show.
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- Mary Tyler Moore Emmy Winner
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- Moore 1995, pp. 266–267
- Moore 1995, pp. 271–272
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- Kingsbury, Paul (2004). The Encyclopedia of Country Music. Sourcebooks, Inc. p. 359. ISBN 9780195176087. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
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- Moore 1995, p. 65
- Moore 1995, pp. 59–95
- Moore 1995, pp. 141–144
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- The New York Times, "Mary Tyler Moore Is Wed", November 24, 1983, p. C12
- Moore 2009, pp. 47–49
- Moore 1995, pp. 237–240
- McDonald, Soraya Nadia (22 May 2014). "Mary Tyler Moore's friends say diabetes has rendered her nearly blind". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
- "Board of Directors, JDRF". Jdrf.org. Archived from the original on May 27, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Forevermoore". Jdrf.org. 2003-10-28. Archived from the original on September 11, 2008. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Mary Tyler Moore Using Her Voice and Her Smile to "Turn The World On" to All Animals". The Pet Press. September 2009. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011.
- www.peta.org (2003-06-20). "Return to Deep Blue Sea Will Be Heaven for Lolly". Peta.org. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- Mary Tyler Moore (2001-05-07). Interview With Mary Tyler Moore (Transcript). Interview with Larry King. Larry King Live. CNN. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- "Bernadette Peters and Mary Tyler Moore's Broadway Barks 10 Sets Summer Date". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "The George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War". Shepherd.edu. 1993-11-16. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- [photographs posted at Stonewall_Jackson's_Headquarters_Museum, Winchester, VA; statements of museum tour guide|visit date=2009-06-19]
- "Senate Passes Embryonic Stem Cell Bill". NewsMax.com. Associated Press. July 19, 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-19.[dead link]
- "Historic Campaign Ads 'Mary Tyler Moore' Carter, 1980" Popscreen
- "Actor Ed Asner Talks About New Movie, President Obama, and Socialism". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
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- PBS, Television Series: Pioneers of Comedy, episode "Funny Ladies." Broadcast January 15, 2013.
- "Mary Tyler Moore: Awards" on IBDB.com Archived July 14, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- Past recipients Crystal Award WIF web site
- ""TV Land Honors Mary Tyler Moore", prnewswire.com". Prnewswire.com. 2002-03-19. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Mary Tyler Moore to Unveil Tam Toss Statue May 8" City of Minneapolis website
- Neil Genzlinger (January 26, 2012). "Boy, Did She Make It". New York Times.
- "Mary Tyler Moore Honored With 2011 Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award"
- PHOTO FLASH: Bernadette Peters Inducted Into Gray Line New York's Ride of Fame Theater Mania. August 21, 2012.
- Moore, Mary Tyler (1995). After All. Putnam. ISBN 0-399-14091-3.
- Moore, Mary Tyler (2009). Growing Up Again: Life, Loves, and Oh Yeah, Diabetes. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-37631-6.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mary Tyler Moore|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mary Tyler Moore.|
- Mary Tyler Moore at the Internet Broadway Database
- Mary Tyler Moore at the Internet Movie Database
- Mary Tyler Moore at TVGuide.com
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Works by or about Mary Tyler Moore in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Mary Tyler Moore collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- The Museum of Broadcast Communications biography of Moore
- The Mary Tyler Moore Show Online
- "Remembering the Dick Van Dyke Show" (Mary Tyler Moore)
- Mary Tyler Moore Archive of American Television Interview
- Mary Tyler Moore at Emmys.com