|Book||Book of Isaiah|
|Bible part||Old Testament|
|Order in the Bible part||23|
Isaiah 16 is the sixteenth chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah, and is a part of the Book of the Prophets. This chapter continues the proclamation concerning Moab commenced in the previous chapter.
Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter in Hebrew language:
- Masoretic Text (10th century)
- Dead Sea Scrolls: (2nd century BC) 
- 1QIsaa: complete
- 1QIsab: extant: verses 2-9
- 4QIsao (4Q68): extant: verses 1
Ancient translations in Koine Greek:
The Pulpit Commentary divides this chapter into three sections:
- Isaiah 16:1-5: an offer of mercy is made to Moab
- Isaiah 16:6-12: Moab is supposed to have rejected this offer, and is threatened with severe punishment
- Isaiah 16:13-14: the time is fixed for the main visitation to fall upon her.
There are varied translations of the opening words of this chapter:
- Send the lamb to the ruler of the land 
- Send lambs as tribute to the ruler of the land 
- Send lambs to the king of the country 
- I will send forth the son of the ruler of the land 
- The people of Moab send a lamb as a present to the one who rules in Jerusalem 
2 Kings 3:4 states that:
- Mesha king of Moab was a sheepbreeder, and he regularly paid the king of Israel one hundred thousand lambs and the wool of one hundred thousand rams. But it happened, when Ahab died, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.
- But now the Lord has spoken, saying,
- “Within three years, as the years of a hired man, the glory of Moab will be despised with all that great multitude, and the remnant will be very small and feeble.”
- "Within three years": could be referring to the attack of Sargon "in 715 BC" to put down a rebellion in Moab.
Notes and references
- J. D. Davis. 1960. A Dictionary of The Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House.
- Theodore Hiebert, et al. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume VI. Nashville: Abingdon.
- Timothy A. J. Jull; Douglas J. Donahue; Magen Broshi; Emanuel Tov (1995). "Radiocarbon Dating of Scrolls and Linen Fragments from the Judean Desert". Radiocarbon. 37 (1): 14. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Ulrich 2010, p. 361-362.
- Pulpit Commentary on Isaiah 16, accessed 30 March 2018
- Isaiah 16:1: New King James Version
- Isaiah 16:1: New International Version
- Isaiah 16:1, Jerusalem Bible,
- Lowth, R., Isaiah: a new translation: with a preliminary dissertation, and notes, critical, philological and explanatory, Boston, W. Hilliard; Cambridge, J. Munroe and Company, 1834, p. 30
- Isaiah 16:1: Good News Translation
- Isaiah 16:14
- The Nelson Study Bible. Thomas Nelson, Inc. 1997. ISBN 9780840715999. pp. 1138-1139.
- Ulrich, Eugene, ed. (2010). The Biblical Qumran Scrolls: Transcriptions and Textual Variants. Brill.
- Isaiah 16 English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Lowth, R., Isaiah: a new translation: with a preliminary dissertation, and notes, critical, philological and explanatory, Boston, W. Hilliard; Cambridge, J. Munroe and Company, 1834