JNR Class EF65

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Class EF65
JR Freight EF65-118.jpg
Refurbished JR Freight EF65 118, February 2008
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderFuji Electric, Kawasaki Sharyō, Kisha, Nippon Sharyo, Toshiba, Toyo
Build date1965–1979
Total produced308
Specifications
Configuration:
 • UICBo'Bo'Bo'
 • CommonwealthBo-Bo-Bo
Gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
BogiesDT115B (outer), DT116C (centre)
Wheel diameter1,120 mm (3 ft 8 in)
Length16,500 mm (54 ft 2 in)[1]
Width2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in)
Height3,819 mm (12 ft 6.4 in)
Loco weight96 tons
Electric system/s1,500 V DC
Current pickup(s)Overhead catenary
Traction motorsDC motors (MT52A) (x6)
TransmissionOne-stage reduction gear (18:69)
Performance figures
Maximum speed110 km/h (70 mph)
Power output2.55 MW
Tractive effort199.43 kN
Career
OperatorsJNR, JR West, JR East, JR Freight
Number in class52 (as of 1 April 2016)
Delivered1965
Preserved7
DispositionIn service

The Class EF65 (EF65形) is a 6-axle (Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement) DC electric locomotive type operated on passenger and freight services in Japan since 1965. A total of 308 locomotives were built between 1965 and 1979, with 52 still in service as of 1 April 2016.[2]

Variants[edit]

The class was initially divided into the EF65-0 subclass for general freight and the EF65-500 subclass for express freight and passenger use.[3]

  • EF65-0: Numbers EF65 1 – 135
  • EF65-500: Numbers EF65 501 – 542
  • EF65-1000: Numbers EF65 1001 – 1139
  • EF65-2000:

Background and history[edit]

The Class EF65 was designed by Japanese National Railways (JNR) as a standard locomotive type developed from the earlier Class EF60 design for use primarily on the Tokaido Main Line and Sanyo Main Line.[3]

Operations[edit]

During the JNR era, these locomotives were used for freight trains and also for passenger work - primarily hauling night trains such as the Izumo sleeping car limited express and Ginga sleeping car express.

EF65-0[edit]

The EF65-0 subclass was designed for general freight use on the Tokaido Main Line and Sanyo Main Line. 135 locomotives were built between 1965 and 1970.[4]

As of 2016, all EF65-0 locomotives had been withdrawn.[2]

EF67 banker conversions[edit]

Banking locomotive EF67 104 in August 2009

Five 6th-batch Class EF65-0 locomotives, numbers EF65 131 to EF65 135, were converted in 1990 and 1991 to become Class EF67-100 banking locomotives for use on the "Senohachi" section of the Sanyo Main Line.[5]

Original number Built Later number Rebuilt
EF65 131 16 July 1970 EF67 102 1 May 1990
EF65 132 20 July 1970 EF67 104 9 November 1990
EF65 133 30 July 1970 EF67 103 29 September 1990
EF65 134 6 August 1970 EF67 101 23 March 1990
EF65 135 20 August 1970 EF67 105 8 March 1991

EF65-500[edit]

The EF65-500 subclass consisted of a total of 42 locomotives, including newly built locomotives and locomotives (EF65 535 - 542) modified from the earlier EF65-0 subclass (EF65 77 - 84) for use on overnight sleeping car services and express freight services operating at a maximum speed of 110 km/h (70 mph).[4]

As of 1 April 2016, only one EF65-500 locomotive, EF65-501, owned by JR East, remained in service.[2]

P/F designation[edit]

Locomotives used for hauling passenger services are referred to as "P" type, and those used for freight services are referred to as "F" type.[3] The original designations are as shown below.[3]

Locomotive number P/F designation
EF65 501 P
EF65 502 P
EF65 503 P
EF65 504 P
EF65 505 P
EF65 506 P
EF65 507 P
EF65 508 P
EF65 509 P
EF65 510 P
EF65 511 P
EF65 512 P
EF65 513 F
EF65 514 F
EF65 515 F
EF65 516 F
EF65 517 F
EF65 518 F
EF65 519 F
EF65 520 F
EF65 521 F
EF65 522 F
EF65 523 F
EF65 524 F
EF65 525 F
EF65 526 F
EF65 527 P
EF65 528 P
EF65 529 P
EF65 530 P
EF65 531 P
EF65 532 F
EF65 533 F
EF65 535 F
EF65 536 P
EF65 537 P
EF65 538 P
EF65 539 P
EF65 540 P
EF65 541 P
EF65 542 P

EF65-1000[edit]

The EF65-1000 was intended for use on both passenger and freight services, and was referred to as the "PF" type. 139 locomotives were built between 1969 and 1979.[4]

As of 1 April 2016, 15 EF65-1000 locomotives remained in service, operated by JR East and JR West.[2]

EF65-2000[edit]

There are former Class EF65-1000 locomotives renumbered from May 2012 by JR Freight to differentiate them from locomotives fitted with driving recording units mandated for operations over 100 mph (160 km/h).[3]

As of 1 April 2016, 35 EF65-2000 locomotives remained in service, operated by JR Freight.[2]

Fleet changes[edit]

Year      JR Freight      JR East      JR Central      JR West Total Ref
1987 199 42 5 23 269 [2]
2009 77 8 0 10 95 [6]
2016 36 6 0 10 52 [2]
50
100
150
200
250
300
1987
2009
2016
  •   JR Freight
  •   JR East
  •   JR Central
  •   JR West

Livery variations[edit]

  • EF65 9: Repainted in early-style all-over brown livery with white ("JR貨物", JR Freight) lettering on the side[7]
  • EF65 57: Repainted in early-style all-over brown livery
  • EF65 105: Repainted in Euroliner livery[7]
  • EF65 116: Repainted in blue with large yellow "JR" lettering on the sides and yellow bands on the cab ends[7]
  • EF65 123: Repainted in Yuyu Salon Okayama livery (initially maroon, later orange)[7]
  • EF65 1019: Repainted in Super Express Rainbow red livery in March 1987. Removed from service on 31 December 1997, and withdrawn on 1 September 1998.[8]
  • EF65 1059: Repainted in blue with yellow front-end warning panels and large "JR" logo in July 1987. Remained in this livery until withdrawal on 31 March 2009.[9]
  • EF65 1065: Experimental JR Freight livery[7]
  • EF65 1118: Super Express Rainbow livery
  • EF65 1124: Twilight Express dark green and yellow livery from November 2015[10]

Preserved examples[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inoue, Kōichi (1999). 国鉄機関車事典: 蒸気・電気・ディーゼル機関車66形式 国鉄機関車辞典 [JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia]. Japan: Sankaido. pp. 118–121. ISBN 978-4-381-10338-3.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Miyahara, Masakazu, ed. (December 2016). 国鉄最終章LAST (鉄道ジャーナル2017年2月号別冊) [JNR - The Final Chapter (Railway Journal February 2017 Extra issue)] (in Japanese). Japan: Railway Journal. p. 20–23. ASIN B01N59AJPB. ISSN 0288-2337.
  3. ^ a b c d e Jr機関車カタログ: Jr7社の現有30形式を詳しく解說 JR機関車カタログ [JR Locomotive Catalogue]. Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. 20 June 2013. pp. 28–31. ISBN 9784863207271.
  4. ^ a b c Jēāru zensharyō handobukku: Rail Magazine 2009 JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 33–35. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
  5. ^ Seki, Takahiro (December 2012). セノハチの後押し機関車 [Senohachi Banking locomotives]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 52 no. 620. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. pp. 86–93.
  6. ^ "JR各社の車両配置表" (JR Group company fleet allocations). Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 49 no. 579. Japan: Koyusha. July 2009. pp. 1–48.
  7. ^ a b c d e JR全車輛ハンドブック'92 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 1992]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 1992. pp. 33–35.
  8. ^ "EF65 1019". Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Ltd. January 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  9. ^ "EF65 1059". Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Ltd. November 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  10. ^ EF65 1124がトワイライト色に [EF65 1124 repainted into Twilight livery]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  11. ^ 京都鉄道博物館 [Kyoto Railway Museum]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 56 no. 662. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. June 2016. p. 47.
  12. ^ a b c d e Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&jr 保存車大全 2015-2016 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 122. ISBN 978-4863209282.
  13. ^ EF65 535が東芝府中事業所へ [EF65 535 moved to Toshiba Fuchu factory]. RM News (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Ltd. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.