Joan of France (1556)
|Joan of France|
Louis, Duke of Orléans, Victoria and Joan.
|Born||24 June 1556|
|Died||24 June 1556 (aged 0)|
|Father||Henry II of France|
|Mother||Catherine de' Medici|
Joan of France (French: Jeanne de France; born and died 24 June 1556) was the twin sister of Victoria of France and the last child born to King Henry II of France and his wife, Catherine de' Medici.
Catherine's confinement for this birth came on 24 June 1556. Joan did not survive and lay dead in her mother's womb for several hours. Eventually, her arm had to be broken to extricate her. Her sister Victoria survived but died a month later.
Because the twins' birth nearly cost their mother her life, the king's physician advised the king that there should be no more children; therefore, the king stopped visiting his wife's bedroom and spent all his time with his longtime mistress, Diane de Poitiers.
|Ancestors of Joan of France (1556)|
- van de Pas, Leo. "Jeanne de France". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 131–132.
- Whale 1914, p. 43.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 210–211.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 126–128.
- Tomas 2003, p. 7.
- Anselme 1726, p. 209.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 207–208.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 463–465.
- Tomas 2003, p. 20.
- Anselme 1726, p. 324.
- Anselme de Sainte-Marie, Père (1726). Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France [Genealogical and chronological history of the royal house of France] (in French). 1 (3rd ed.). Paris: La compagnie des libraires.
- Tomas, Natalie R. (2003). The Medici Women: Gender and Power in Renaissance Florence. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate. ISBN 0-7546-0777-1.
- Whale, Winifred Stephens (1914). The La Trémoille family. Boston, Houghton Mifflin. p. 43.