Joan of France (1556)

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Joan of France
Livre d'heures de Catherine de Medicis 04.jpg
Louis, Duke of Orléans, Victoria and Joan.
Born24 June 1556
Fontainebleau, France
Died24 June 1556(1556-06-24) (aged 0)
Fontainebleau, France
FatherHenry II of France
MotherCatherine de' Medici

Joan of France (French: Jeanne de France; born and died 24 June 1556) was the twin sister of Victoria of France and the last child born to King Henry II of France and his wife, Catherine de' Medici.[1]

Catherine's confinement for this birth came on 24 June 1556. Joan did not survive and lay dead in her mother's womb for several hours. Eventually, her arm had to be broken to extricate her. Her sister Victoria survived but died a month later.

Because the twins' birth nearly cost their mother her life, the king's physician advised the king that there should be no more children; therefore, the king stopped visiting his wife's bedroom and spent all his time with his longtime mistress, Diane de Poitiers.




  1. ^ van de Pas, Leo. "Jeanne de France". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
  2. ^ a b Anselme 1726, pp. 131–132.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Whale 1914, p. 43.
  4. ^ a b c d Anselme 1726, pp. 210–211.
  5. ^ a b Anselme 1726, pp. 126–128.
  6. ^ a b c d Tomas 2003, p. 7.
  7. ^ a b Anselme 1726, p. 209.
  8. ^ a b Anselme 1726, pp. 207–208.
  9. ^ a b Anselme 1726, pp. 463–465.
  10. ^ a b Tomas 2003, p. 20.
  11. ^ a b Anselme 1726, p. 324.