Kimberley, British Columbia

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Kimberley
City of Kimberley
A view of the town of Kimberley
A view of the town of Kimberley
Flag of Kimberley, British Columbia.svg
Flag
Official logo of Kimberley
Motto(s): 
"Recordamur Omnium"  (Latin)
"We Are Mindful Of All"
Kimberley is located in British Columbia
Kimberley
Kimberley
Location of Kimberley in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°40′11″N 115°58′39″W / 49.66972°N 115.97750°W / 49.66972; -115.97750Coordinates: 49°40′11″N 115°58′39″W / 49.66972°N 115.97750°W / 49.66972; -115.97750
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Regional DistrictEast Kootenay
Incorporation (city)March 29, 1944[1]
AmalgamationNovember 1, 1968[2]
Government
 • MayorDon McCormick
Area
 • Land60.62 km2 (23.41 sq mi)
Elevation
1,120 m (3,670 ft)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total7,425
 • Density122.5/km2 (317/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)250 / 778 / 236
Highways Hwy 95A
Websitehttp://www.kimberley.ca

Kimberley is a city in southeast British Columbia, Canada along Highway 95A between the Purcell and Rocky Mountains. Kimberley was named in 1896 after the Kimberley mine in South Africa. From 1917 to 2001, it was the home to the world's largest lead-zinc mine, the Sullivan Mine. Now it is mainly a tourist destination and home to the Kimberley Alpine Resort, a ski area and Kimberley's Underground Mining Railway that features a 750-foot-long (230 m) underground mining interpretive centre complete with operational 3 ft (914 mm) narrow-gauge railway equipment. Recreational pursuits include world-class skiing, snowboarding, snowmobiling, fishing, whitewater rafting, kayaking, biking, hiking and golfing on championship golf courses. The city has the largest urban park in Canada. At 1,977 acres (800 ha), the Kimberley Nature Park is the largest incorporated park in Canada.

SunMine, the largest solar PV plant in Western Canada, was built in 2015 on the site of the former Sullivan Mine concentrator.[4]

History[edit]

Kimberley incorporated as a city on March 29, 1944.[1] It amalgamated with the former Village of Marysville on November 1, 1968.[2] Following the routing of Highway 95 away from the city, in 1972 Kimberley transformed into the Bavarian City of the Rockies to entice motorists passing through the region to visit. Kimberley's Mine was the Sullivan Mine, and it was the largest lead-zinc mine in the world. The mine ceased operation in 2001.

Demographics[edit]

Kimberley's population peaked at 7,840 in the 1970s, although the city has seen rapid growth since the 2006 census, counting an 11.6% increase in population between 2011 and 2016. Although its historical population was closely tied to activities at the Sullivan Mine, the city's high-speed internet and scenic location enabled growth in tech and tourism beginning in the 2000s.[13]

Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[14]
Chinese 55 0.8%
South Asian 20 0.3%
Black 10 0.1%
Filipino 60 0.8%
Latin American 10 0.1%
Arab 0 0%
Southeast Asian 10 0.1%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 0 0%
Japanese 40 0.6%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 0 0%
Total visible minority population 195 2.7%
Aboriginal group
Source:[15]
First Nations 170 2.3%
Métis 190 2.6%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 375 5.2%
European Canadian 6,670 92.1%
Total population 7,425 100%

Tourism and transportation[edit]

Kimberley Bavarian cuckoo clock.

The city has the "largest freestanding cuckoo clock in Canada". It began to develop a Bavarian-themed village in the 1970s after taking inspiration from Leavenworth, Washington.[16]

Kimberley is also home to a professional summer theatre which typically produces a mainstage musical at the local theatre and a free outdoor vaudeville show in the Platzl. Past productions include:You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown, Where's Charley?, By Jeeves, Lend Me A Tenor, Secrets Every Smart Traveler Should Know and several original scripts featuring local material. Kimberley Summer Theatre's mandate is to produce affordable but professional theatre for all ages. Productions are housed at the 125-seat "Centre 64". KST alumni include Elicia MacKenzie, winner of the CBC Television contest How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria?.

Kimberley is served by the Canadian Rockies International Airport that has been expanded, and is expected by many to have a positive impact on commerce and tourism in the Kimberley area. The airport expansion will accommodate large charter and scheduled flights, opening up the area to more vacationers from across the country and abroad.

Kimberley Platzl

Schools[edit]

Schools in Kimberley are part of School District 6 Rocky Mountain which also serves Invermere and Golden. Five of the district schools are in Kimberley.

Other schools accredited by the government:

  • Kimberley Independent School (pre-K to grade 9)

Climate[edit]

Kimberley has a continental climate with semi-arid influences and heavy moderation from the nearby mountains which tend to block arctic air masses, and produce a rain shadow. Its fairly high elevation counters this effect slightly, as temperatures are somewhat cooler and the town slightly more rainy than it would otherwise be.

Sports[edit]

The Kimberley Dynamiters Junior B Ice Hockey team play in the Kootenay International Junior Hockey League (KIJHL). The Dynamiters have produced many pro hockey players including Jason Wiemer, who last played with the New Jersey Devils of the National Hockey League (NHL).

Kimberley Alpine Resort regularly hosts ski races on the IPC Disabled Alpine World Cup. It's known as the sunniest resort in BC, and offers a wide range of runs, for all levels. Kimberley Alpine Resort is also home to the Winter Sports School which hosts lessons for all ages, and abilities, such as Black Forest Tours.

There are five major golf courses to play, Trickle Creek Golf Resort, which, along with Trickle Creek Lodge and Kimberley Alpine Resort, is owned by Resorts of the Canadian Rockies Inc., Bootleg Gap Golf Course, Kimberley Golf Club, and just 15 – 20 minutes away are the St Eugene Golf Resort and Shadow Mountain Golf Course, both of which have received rave reviews for their quality and incredible scenery. Additionally, new investment in the area is producing another golf course known as Wild Stone. The areas around Kimberley also have premiere golf courses, making Kimberley and the surrounding area a golf tourism destination.

There is an annual ultra marathon at Kimberley Alpine Resort, the Black Spur Ultra. Runners choose between 54 km and 108 km distances.[18]

Club League Sport Venue Established Championships
Kimberley Dynamiters KIJHL Ice Hockey Kimberley Civic Centre 1972 3

Notable people[edit]

The following notable people come from or were born in Kimberley:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Name Details: Marysville (Community)". GeoBC. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  3. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Kimberley, City Census subdivision, British Columbia and British Columbia Province". Statistics Canada.
  4. ^ http://globalnews.ca/news/2145616/kimberleys-solar-plant-largest-in-western-canada-begins-operations/
  5. ^ "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1958.
  6. ^ "Table 9: Population by census subdivisions, 1966 by sex, and 1961". 1966 Census of Canada. Western Provinces. Population: Divisions and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1967.
  7. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Population: Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977.
  8. ^ "Table 2: Census Subdivisions in Alphabetical Order, Showing Population Rank, Canada, 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Census subdivisions in decreasing population order. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. ISBN 0-660-51563-6.
  9. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3.
  10. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2019-05-28.
  11. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. January 6, 2010. Retrieved 2019-05-28.
  12. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved 2020-02-04.
  13. ^ "Town of Kimberley redefines post-industrial landscape through innovation". Imagine Kootenay. January 29, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
  14. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada – Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 6 December 2010. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  15. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples – Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  16. ^ Green, Emily (March 11, 2003). "One Couple's Defining Moments: To the Pacific Northwest, They Gave 'Bavarianization'". Los Angeles Times. p. A1. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
  17. ^ "Kimberley". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English and French). Environment Canada. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  18. ^ The Black Spur Ultra - Kimberley Daily Bulletin

External links[edit]