Langford, British Columbia
|City of Langford|
Location of Langford in British Columbia
|Incorporated||December 8, 1992|
|• Governing body||Langford City Council|
|• Mayor||Stewart Young|
|• Total||41.46 km2 (16.01 sq mi)|
|Elevation||76 m (249 ft)|
|• Density||731.9/km2 (1,896/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|Postal code||V9B, V9C|
|Area code(s)||250, 236, 778|
|Website||City of Langford|
Langford is a city located on southern Vancouver Island in the province of British Columbia, Canada. Langford is one of the 13 component municipalities of Greater Victoria and is within the Capital Regional District. Langford was incorporated in 1992 and has a population of approximately 35,000 people. Its municipal neighbours are Colwood to the southeast, Highlands to the north, Metchosin to the southwest, and View Royal to the northeast.
The City of Langford was officially incorporated on December 8, 1992. Langford boasts a long history of European settlement dating back to 1851, when Captain Edward Langford established one of the four Hudson's Bay Company farms in the Victoria area. In the early 1860s, the region of Langford experienced a short-lived gold rush in what is now Goldstream Provincial Park. The area was once a favourite recreation destination for thousands of Victorians in the late 1800s: day-trippers travelled via railway to the popular country resort Goldstream House Hotel; hunters built their lodges on the shores of the lakes near the mountains; and a summer colony of the well-to-do city folk relaxed and socialized at Langford Lake. In recent times, the region has become the fastest growing little city on Vancouver Island, with big retail stores and new residential developments, and the expanding suburban town of Langford became a city in 2003. The motto of Langford is “Golden in setting, determined in Spirit” containing a reference to the natural beauty of the City of Langford, specifically Goldstream Provincial Park, and a comment on the community's drive to enhance Langford's special character and future.
Langford is one of the fastest growing communities in British Columbia attracting new residents from all over Greater Victoria, the Lower Mainland, and Alberta due to new housing developments; strong real estate market and affordability; desirable temperate climate with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters; ample amenities as the commercial centre of West Shore; and year-long recreational activities. Although the pace of development and some planning decisions (particularly "big-box" retail developments and aggressive suburban sprawl) have attracted criticism - some would argue the city is expanding too quickly at the expense of natural surroundings and city council is too pro-development - the community continues to grow rapidly and attract residents. It is the largest municipality in the Western Communities, and third-largest in the Capital Regional District after Saanich and Victoria. Activities in Langford include shopping at the many retail stores at Millstream Village and 335,000-square-foot (31,100 m2) Westshore Town Centre (formerly Canwest Mall) with its 55 stores and services including major department, grocery, and retail chain stores as well as a seven-screen Cineplex movie theatre. Many city parks are attractions in Langford including City Centre Park, with a family-friendly entertainment zone including a Family Fun Park, and Veterans Memorial Park located in the heart of downtown, and at the center a cenotaph commemorating the men and women of the Canadian Forces who have given their lives in the line of duty and where Langford holds its yearly Remembrance Day ceremony. Community events include many parades, seasonal Goldstream farmer's market, the Summer Festival, and Luxton Fair. Rugby Canada has its headquarters in Langford practicing at Westhills Stadium. A new $30 million YMCA/YWCA Aquatic Centre opened in May 2016, acclaimed by the mayor to be the "biggest project in the history of Langford", and features multiple pools, recreation facilities and a new library.  Visitors can also participate in go-karting and mini-golfing, and watch stock-car racing and demolition derby at Western Speedway. Langford is home to world-class golf courses including Bear Mountain Resort on Skirt Mountain. The large community resort offers a system of mountain bike trails as the training centre for the Canadian National Mountain Bike Team and is currently planning the development of clay tennis courts for the national team and a professional disc golf course. There are many lakes in the area for fishing, swimming and non-motorized boating including Langford, Glen and Florence Lake. Langford is known for the many nature parks and network of trails popular with hikers and walkers alike including Mill Hill Park, Mount Wells, Thetis Lake Regional Park and the challenging high-elevation Mount Finlayson. Cyclists enjoy the picturesque multi-use Galloping Goose Trail, formerly a railway line, that moves through urban and rural parts of Langford and is used as a commuter trail to downtown Victoria. Goldstream Provincial Park is a large 477 hectare nature reserve home to old-growth trees, waterfalls, estuaries and an education visitor centre Nature House offering many visitor activities such as camping, picnicking, hiking, and wildlife watching like eagle viewing during the annual salmon run.
Langford is the urban core of the five suburban municipalities comprising the region of West Shore for a combined population of about 75,000. Notable physical features of Langford include the three prominent lakes (Langford Lake, Glen Lake and Florence Lake) and the Humpback Reservoir, several peaks such as Mount Finlayson and Mount Wells, and the notable Goldstream Provincial Park. The Malahat drive, part of the Trans-Canada Highway, begins in Langford, and the Galloping Goose Regional Trail and the E and N Railway go through the city. Langford enjoys a temperate climate with mild temperatures and distinct dry and rainy seasons. Most built-up areas in Langford are on basalt bedrock, and lower-lying regions, as in Happy Valley and Goldstream River valley, are on deep sand and gravel of the Colwood Delta. Old growth forestlands were once abundant in Langford but urban sprawl threaten natural habitat including coastal Douglas fir, western red cedar, arbutus trees and Garry oak ecosystems. The last remaining pockets of arbutus groves and Garry oak meadows are unique to southern Vancouver Island and only about five percent of the ecosystems remain in their natural state, landing on the province's list of species at risk. The unique Mediterranean characteristics of the island's climate supports the Garry oak ecosystem and are common in its natural habitat in the few remaining undeveloped areas of Langford and are under threat due to rapid growth, high-density subdivisions, and urbanization.
Currently, Langford has a population of approximately 35,000. It is experiencing tremendous growth and had a population of 22,459 people in the 2006 census, which was an increase of 19.2% from the 2001 census count. It has a growth rate of approximately 5% annually. The population is expected to double by 2026. The median household income in 2005 for Langford was $60,199, which is slightly higher than the British Columbia provincial average of $52,709.
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||35||0.2%|
|Mixed visible minority||70||0.3%|
|Total visible minority population||1,345||6%|
|Total Aboriginal population||940||4.2%|
- (South) Langford Proper/ Goldstream Village/ Langford Lake
- Humpback/ Goldstream Meadows
- Glen Lake
- Luxton/ Happy Valley
- Triangle Mountain/ Walfred
- Olympic View/ Latoria
- Mill Hill/ Atkins
- North Langford/ Millstream
- Thetis Heights
- Florence Lake
- Bear Mountain
- Ryder Hesjedal, Canadian Olympian and professional racing cyclist
- Tyson Barrie, NHL player
- Adam Cracknell, NHL player
- Greg Zanon, NHL player
- Moka Only, Musician
- Bob Rock, Musician
- Jennifer Tilly, actor
- Meg Tilly, actor
Langford is a part of the School District 62 Sooke with approximately 10,000 students in Sooke, Port Renfrew, Metchosin, Colwood and Langford. Ten of the 25 schools are in Langford including one middle school and one high school. In 2015, two new state-of-the-art high schools were built to a LEED Gold standard to replace the 65-year-old Belmont high school: lake-front Belmont Secondary School (the largest in Vancouver Island) in Langford with a capacity of 1,200-students, and the ocean-side Royal Bay Secondary School in Colwood with 800 students. There is also the Westshore Centre for Learning and Training, and the Lighthouse Christian Academy which serves Kindergarten to Grade 12.
Langford Mayor Stew Young and city council have proposed major upkeep and tidiness of the central downtown district and the city has received numerous community showcase awards including the Provincial "Communities in Bloom" Award. City Council were winners of the 2014 Golden Scissors Award by The Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB) for their simple but transformative initiative of making business licenses permanent. Langford council has also set up a pioneering program for developing affordable housing requiring developers of new subdivisions within the City of Langford to build one affordable home for every 10 single-family lots subdivided. The first Canadian community based on the LEED environmental standard, Westhills, was developed near Langford Lake. Langford has three fire stations with a mix of 60 volunteer and career members. Every year in mid-December, Langford hosts an annual fire truck parade which features decorated emergency vehicles from around the province. The region is policed by the West Shore detachment of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Controversies and Bear Mountain Tree-Sit Protest
Langford made news in 2006 as a growing protest brought attention to a conflict surrounding Bear Mountain Resort. Protestors against the development claimed that the construction of the country club and high-end resort community (renaming it "Bare Mountain") desecrated sacred First Nations caves located on their property. A "tree sit blockade" was made to protest the resort. A main concern of Langford appears to be the extreme gung-ho pro-development stance of the long-established city council and Mayor Stew Young, who has held power since 1993, and the lack of concern for environmental management and nature conservation since Langford is home to old-growth habitat. Furthermore, there have been concerns of conflict of interest regarding the mayor as Stew Young owns the Alpine disposal company that takes care of Langford waste removal including having the only facility to manage garden waste. In recent news, the arrival of the Hells Angels and the spike in crime and high profile offences as the region grows and the lack of effective response at city hall have residents concerned as city council seemingly continues to concentrate on development over other issues like public safety and need for increase in policing 
- "City of Langford - About Langford". cityoflangford.ca.
- "City of Langford - Home". cityoflangford.ca.
- DCB/DBC Staff, John Beadle Graphic Designer. "Biography – LANGFORD, EDWARD EDWARDS – Volume XII (1891-1900) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". biographi.ca.
- "Goldstream Provincial Park". gov.bc.ca.
- "The gold rush at Goldstream, BC". bcgoldrushpress.com.
- "Dunsmuir's Inaugural Train Trip - Goldstream Hotel - Old Langford excerpt". maureenduffus.com.
- "Old Langford - An Illustrated History - Maureen Duffus". maureenduffus.com.
- "City of Langford - Coat of Arms". cityoflangford.ca.
- "Langford leads growth in the province". Goldstream News Gazette.
- "The road to hell". focusonline.ca.
- "Millstream Village". millstreamvillage.com.
- "Westshore Town Centre - Welcome to Westshore Town Centre!". westshoretowncentre.com.
- "Cineplex.com - Cineplex Odeon Westshore". Cineplex.
- Cineplex Odeon to Open New Multiplex at Westshore Town Centre | Douglas magazine
- "New cinema complex in Langford ready to open - BC Local News". bclocalnews.com.
- "City Centre Park". City Centre Park.
- "City of Langford - Family Fun Park". cityoflangford.ca.
- "City of Langford - Veterans Memorial Park". cityoflangford.ca.
- "Goldstream Station Market". goldstreamstationmarket.ca.
- "Luxton Fall Fair". luxtonfair.ca.
- "Rugby Canada". rugbycanada.ca.
- "Westhills – YMCA/YWCA – Langford Aquatic Centre". durwest.com.
- "City of Langford - YMCA/YWCA". cityoflangford.ca.
- "Western Speedway —". westernspeedway.net.
- "The Westin Bear Mountain Golf Resort & Spa, Victoria". bearmountain.ca.
- "Mountain Biking at Bear Mountain Resort". bearmountain.ca.
- "South Island Disc Golf Society". sidgs.org.
- New Administrator. "South Island Intro". naturehouse.ca.
- "Goldstream Provincial Park, Salmon Run". goldstreampark.com.
- "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data". weather.gc.ca.
- "Protecting our natives - Canadian Geographic Magazine: In-depth". canadiangeographic.ca.
- Government of Canada, RCMP, E Division. "West Shore RCMP - About West Shore RCMP". rcmp-grc.gc.ca.
- "Langford, British Columbia – Detailed City Profile". Retrieved 2009-09-09.
- "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada – Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- "Aboriginal Peoples – Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- Super User. "Westhills BC – New Home Community in Victoria’s Westshore". westhillsbc.com.
- "City of Langford - Happy Valley". cityoflangford.ca.
- "City of Langford - Thetis Heights". cityoflangford.ca.
- "New Schools – SD62 - School District #62 (Sooke)". sd62.bc.ca.
- "Lighthouse Christian Academy - Christian Education in Victoria BC". lighthousechristianacademy.com.
- "City of Langford - Affordable Housing Program". cityoflangford.ca.
- "City of Langford - Fire Department". cityoflangford.ca.
- "Boycott Bare Mountain". baremountain.blogspot.ca.
- "The bull and the bear". The Globe and Mail.
- Karen Wonders. "First Nations - Land Rights and Environmentalism in British Columbia". firstnations.de.
- "Alpine Group - Victoria BC". Alpine Group.
- Amy Smart. "Langford mayor in conflict, slate of candidates says". Times Colonist.
- "Ignoring Drugs, Gangs & Crime In Gangford". breakingthecode.ca.
- Amy Smart. "West Shore sees early increase in 2015 crime". Times Colonist.
- Contributed. "Langford resident calls for more police to combat violence". Goldstream News Gazette.
- Amy Smart. "Reports of biker clubhouse spark concerns in Langford". Times Colonist.
- "Langford seeks injunction after furious residents protest opening of new Hells Angels clubhouse". www.theprovince.com.
- "Disqus - West Shore sees early increase in 2015 crime". Disqus.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Langford.|