Richland County, South Carolina
The Richland County Justice Center is located across from Columbia City Hall.
Location within the U.S. state of South Carolina
South Carolina's location within the U.S.
|• Total||772 sq mi (2,000 km2)|
|• Land||757 sq mi (1,960 km2)|
|• Water||15 sq mi (40 km2) 1.9%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||500/sq mi (190/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Congressional districts||2nd, 6th|
Richland County is located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2016 census estimate, the population was 409,549, making it the second-most populous county in South Carolina, behind only Greenville County. The county seat and largest city is Columbia, the state capital. The county was founded in 1785.
Richland County is part of the Columbia, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.
In 2010, the center of population of South Carolina was located in Richland County, in the city of Columbia.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Attractions
- 7 In popular culture
- 8 Communities
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 External links
Richland County was probably named for its "rich land." The county was formed in 1785 as part of the large Camden District. A small part of Richland later went to adjacent Kershaw County in 1791. The county seat and largest city is Columbia, which is also the state capital. In 1786 the state legislature decided to move the capital from Charleston to a more central location. A site was chosen in Richland County, which is in the geographic center of the state, and a new town was laid out. Richland County's boundaries were formally incorporated on December 18, 1799. Cotton from the surrounding plantations was shipped through Columbia and later manufactured into textiles there. General William T. Sherman captured Columbia during the Civil War, and his troops burned the town and parts of the county on February 17, 1865. The U. S. Army returned on frendlier terms in 1917, when Fort Jackson was established, which is now the largest and most active Initial Entry Training Center in the U.S. Army. The South Carolina State House is located in downtown Columbia.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 772 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 757 square miles (1,960 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.9%) is water. Richland County is situated in the center of South Carolina.
Rivers and lakes
- Kershaw County - northeast
- Fairfield County - north
- Sumter County - east
- Lexington County - west
- Calhoun County - south
- Newberry County - northwest
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 384,504 people, 145,194 households, and 89,357 families residing in the county. The population density was 507.9 inhabitants per square mile (196.1/km2). There were 161,725 housing units at an average density of 213.6 per square mile (82.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 47.3% white, 45.9% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.9% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 9.6% were German, 8.6% were English, 7.6% were Irish, and 7.1% were American.
Of the 145,194 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.5% were non-families, and 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 32.6 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,922 and the median income for a family was $61,622. Males had a median income of $42,453 versus $34,012 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,805. About 10.0% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
Richland County is governed by a County Council, who hold concurrent four-year terms. Richland County is governed under the Council-Administrator form of government, which is very similar to the Council-Manager form of government. The major difference between the Council Manager and Council Administrator forms of government is the title of the chief executive, being Manager in one and Administrator in the other.
|District 1||Bill Malinowski|
|District 2||Joyce Dickerson|
|District 3||Damon Jeter|
|District 4||Paul Livingston|
|District 5||Seth Rose|
|District 6||Greg Pearce|
|District 7||Torrey Rush|
|District 8||Jim Manning|
|District 9||Julie-Ann Dixon|
|District 10||Kelvin Washington|
|District 11||Norman Jackson|
In March 2008, the Richland County Sheriff's Department acquired an armored personnel carrier equipped with a .50 caliber machine gun. Reason magazine criticized the acquisition as "overkill".
The South Carolina Department of Corrections, headquartered in Columbia and in Richland County, operates several correctional facilities in Columbia and in Richland County. They include the Broad River Correctional Institution, the Goodman Correctional Institution, the Camille Griffin Graham Correctional Institution, the Stevenson Correctional Institution, and the Campbell Pre-Release Center. Graham houses the state's female death row. The State of South Carolina execution chamber is located at Broad River. From 1990 to 1997 Broad River housed the state's male death row.
Public transportation in Richland County is provided by the Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority.
- Congaree National Park
- Lake Murray
- Riverbanks Zoo
- South Carolina State Fair
- Sesquicentennial State Park
- South Carolina State Museum
- Martin Luther King Park
- Richland Library
In popular culture
Richland County is one of a few counties across the country used as a filming location for the A&E reality documentary series Live PD (which premiered in fall 2016), in collaboration with the Richland County Sheriff's Department.
- Dutch Fork
- Fort Jackson
- Lower Richland
- Northeast Richland
- Upper Richland
- Birch County, South Carolina, a proposed county that would include existing portions of Richland County
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Richland County, South Carolina
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 30, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- "Richland County > Government > County Council > County Council Members". www.richlandonline.com. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
- S.C. Sheriff's Department Armored Vehicle with Belt-Fed Machine Gun Archived 2008-09-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Sheriff Lott's New Toy by Radley Balko September 1, 2008
- "Institutions." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
- "Broad River Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
- "Goodman Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
- "Graham (Camille Griffin) Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010. "4450 Broad River Road Columbia, SC 29210-4096"
- "Stevenson Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
- "Campbell Pre-Release Center." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
- "Graham (Camille Griffin) Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010. "The institution also functions as a major special management unit with the ability to house female death row inmates and county safekeepers."
- "Death Row/Capital Punishment." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-13.