List of Latino and Hispanic Nobel laureates

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The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969.[1] Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals.[2]

Latin Americans, Spaniards, Latinos and Hispanics have been the recipients in five of six award categories: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. The first Spanish recipient, José Echegaray, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1905, and the first Latin American to receive the prize was Carlos Saavedra Lamas in 1936. The most recent recipient Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Peace prize in October 2016.

Two Latin American laureates — Óscar Arias Sánchez and Juan Manuel Santos — were president of their country when they were awarded the prize. As of 2015, 25 Nobel Prize winners have been Latin American, Spanish, Latinos or Hispanics.

Laureates[edit]

Year Image Laureate Country Category Comment
1904 José Echegaray y Eizaguirre.jpg José Echegaray  Spain Literature[3] First Hispanic to win a Nobel Prize
1906 Cajal-Restored.jpg Santiago Ramón y Cajal  Spain Physiology or Medicine[4] First Hispanic to win a Nobel Prize in science
1922 Jacinto Benavente y Martinez.jpg Jacinto Benavente  Spain Literature
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas.jpg Carlos Saavedra Lamas  Argentina Peace First Latin American to win a Nobel Prize, first Hispanic to win a Nobel Peace Prize
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01 cropped.jpg Gabriela Mistral  Chile Literature First Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in literature
1949 Bernado Houssay.JPG Bernardo Houssay  Argentina Physiology or Medicine[5] First Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in science
1956 JRJimenez.JPG Juan Ramón Jiménez  Spain Literature
1959 Severo Ochoa nobel.jpg Severo Ochoa  Spain Physiology or Medicine
1967 MiguelAngelAsturias.JPG Miguel Ángel Asturias  Guatemala Literature
1968 Luis Walter Alvarez 1961.jpg Luis Walter Alvarez  United States Physics First Hispanic to win a Nobel Prize in Physics[6]
1970 Luis Federico Leloir - young.jpg Luis F. Leloir  Argentina Chemistry[7] First Hispanic to win a Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1971 Pablo Neruda.jpg Pablo Neruda  Chile Literature
1977 Vicentealeixandre.jpg Vicente Aleixandre  Spain Literature
1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel agosto 2011.jpg Adolfo Pérez Esquivel  Argentina Peace[8]
1980 Nobel prize medal grey.png Baruj Benacerraf  Venezuela/ United States[9] Physiology or Medicine[9]
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez.jpg Gabriel García Márquez  Colombia Literature
1982 Alfonso Garcia Robles 1981.jpg Alfonso García Robles  Mexico Peace
1984 Milstein lnp.jpg César Milstein  Argentina Physiology or Medicine[10]
1987 OscarArias.jpg Óscar Arias Sánchez  Costa Rica Peace
1989 Camilo José Cela Madrid 1996.jpg Camilo José Cela  Spain Literature
1990 Paz0.jpg Octavio Paz  Mexico Literature
1992 Rigoberta Menchu Tum.JPG Rigoberta Menchú  Guatemala Peace
1995 Mario Molina 1c389 8387.jpg Mario J. Molina  Mexico Chemistry
2010 Vargas Llosa Madrid 2012.jpg Mario Vargas Llosa  Peru Literature
2016 Juan Manuel Santos in 2018.jpg Juan Manuel Santos  Colombia Peace

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:

    An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969

  2. ^ "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  3. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1904:Frédéric Mistral, José Echegaray". Elsevier Publishing Company. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Sherrington, C. S. (1935). "Santiago Ramon y Cajal. 1852-1934". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1 (4): 424. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1935.0007. 
  5. ^ Young, F.; Foglia, V. G. (1974). "Bernardo Alberto Houssay 1887–1971". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 20: 246. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1974.0011. 
  6. ^ Fernandez, R. M. (September 2011). "A Finding Aid to the Mabel Alvarez Papers, 1898–1987, in the Archives of American Art". Archives of American Art. Retrieved June 15, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Biography of Luis Leloir". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 7 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "Adofo Pérez Esquivel". Nobel Prize Committee. 
  9. ^ a b http://www.eluniversal.com/2011/08/02/muere-el-premio-nobel-de-medicina-baruj-benacerraf.shtml
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2015-12-09.