List of World Heritage Sites in Germany

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Holstentor is part of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] West Germany ratified the convention on 23 August 1976; and East Germany on 12 December 1988, making their historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.

As of 2021, there are 51 official UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany, including 48 cultural sites, 3 natural sites.[2] In addition, there are 7 sites on Germany's tentative list[2] and 17 German entries in the Memory of the World Programme. The first site in Germany to be inscribed on the World Heritage List was Aachen Cathedral in 1978, which was also one of the first sites in the world to be added to the list.[3] Germany holds the third-highest number of World Heritage Sites in the World, after Italy with 58 sites and China with 56 sites.

Dresden Elbe Valley, which was designated a World Heritage in Danger in July 2006, was finally delisted in June 2009, making it one of the only three sites in the world that have been removed from the World Heritage Site register.

Location of sites[edit]

World Heritage Sites in Germany (July 2021)


World Heritage Sites in Germany[edit]

UNESCO lists sites under ten criteria; each entry must meet at least one of the criteria. Criteria i through vi are cultural, and vii through x are natural.[4]

  * Transnational site
Sl. No Site Image Location Criteria Year Description
1 Aachen Cathedral A Gothic, castle-like building, located in a rural area and surrounded by several trees. GermanyAachen,
50°46′28″N 6°5′4″E / 50.77444°N 6.08444°E / 50.77444; 6.08444 (Aachen Cathedral)
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
1978 An iconic feat of architecture that sparked copies around Germany for centuries to come, Aachen's cathedral became the first-built vaulted structure since antiquity. The town itself was closely tied to Charlemagne during the cathedral's inception, which explains why it became his burial place when he died in 814.[5]
2 Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch A stand-alone gatehouse surrounded by many trees. GermanyLorsch,
49°39′13.284″N 8°34′6.888″E / 49.65369000°N 8.56858000°E / 49.65369000; 8.56858000 (Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch)
(iii), (iv)
1991 The abbey and gate or 'Torhall', are from the Carolingian era. The notable Carolingian sculptures and paintings are still in good condition.[6]
3 Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau An image of a modern looking building. GermanyDessau, Weimar and Bernau bei Berlin
50°58′29.172″N 11°19′46.164″E / 50.97477000°N 11.32949000°E / 50.97477000; 11.32949000 (Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar and Dessau)
(ii), (iv), (vi)
1996 Founded in 1919 in Weimar, the Bauhaus was the most influential art school of the 20th century. The buildings designed by the masters of the Bauhaus are fundamental representatives of Classical Modernism. The joint heritage site includes the Bauhaus school buildings in Weimar and the Haus am Horn, Weimar; the Bauhaus Dessau building, the Meisterhäuser (where senior staff lived)[7] and the Laubenganghäuser ('Houses with Balcony Access');[8] and the ADGB Trade Union School in Bernau bei Berlin.[9]
4 Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe Hercules Monument and the giant cascades. GermanyKassel,
51°18′57″N 9°23′35″E / 51.31583°N 9.39306°E / 51.31583; 9.39306 (Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe in Kassel)
(iii), (iv)
2013 Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe is the largest European hillside park, and second largest park on a mountain slope in the world. Its waterworks along with the towering Hercules statue constitute an expression of the ideals of absolutist Monarchy while the ensemble is a remarkable testimony to the aesthetics of the Baroque and Romantic periods.[10]
5 Berlin Modernist Housing Estates Panzerkreuzer apartment building, a white four storey apartment complex GermanyBerlin,
52°26′54″N 13°26′59.9″E / 52.44833°N 13.449972°E / 52.44833; 13.449972 (Berlin Modernism Housing Estates)
(ii), (iv)
2008 The property consists of six housing estates from 1910 to 1933. It is an example of the building reform movement that contributed to improved housing and living conditions for people with low incomes. The estates also showcase a number of new designs, decoration and layouts. The lessons learned here were applied on other projects around the world. Some of the notable architects on these house were; Bruno Taut, Martin Wagner and Walter Gropius.[11]
6 Carolingian Westwork and Civitas Corvey Corvey 2.png GermanyHöxter,
51°46′41.1″N 9°24′34.1″E / 51.778083°N 9.409472°E / 51.778083; 9.409472 (Carolingian Westwork and Civitas Corvey)
(ii), (iii), (iv)
2014 Carolingian Westwork and Civitas Corvey were erected between AD 822 and 885 in a largely preserved rural setting. The Westwork is the only standing structure that dates back to the Carolingian era, while the original imperial abbey complex is preserved as archaeological remains that are only partially excavated. The Westwork of Corvey uniquely illustrates one of the most important Carolingian architectural expressions.[12]
7 Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl A giant stretch of road leads to an open gate enclosing a large palace. GermanyBrühl, North Rhine-Westphalia,
50°49′30.1″N 6°54′35.2″E / 50.825028°N 6.909778°E / 50.825028; 6.909778 (Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl)
(ii), (iv)
1984 Augustusburg Castle, the residence of the prince-archbishops of Cologne, and the Falkenlust hunting lodge are both examples of early German Rococo architecture.[13]
8 Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura GermanyBaden-Württemberg,
48°23'16.0"N 9°45'56.0"E
48°32'56.0"N 10°10'32.0"E
2017 Modern humans first arrived in Europe 43,000 years ago during the last ice age. One of the areas where they took up residence was the Swabian Jura in southern Germany. Excavated from the 1860s, six caves have revealed items dating from 43,000 to 33,000 years ago.[14]
9 Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen A dark stone gothic building in a paved town square. GermanyBremen,
53°4′33.5″N 8°48′26.9″E / 53.075972°N 8.807472°E / 53.075972; 8.807472 (Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen)
(iii), (iv), (vi)
2004 The site consists of the city hall and the statue of Roland that stands near it. The city hall was built in the 15th century when Bremen joined the Hanseatic League. It was renovated in the 17th century, and a new city hall was built nearby in the early 20th. Under the Holy Roman Empire, Bremen had extensive autonomy that allowed the town to grow and made the city hall a center of power. Both the old and new city halls survived bombings during World War II. The statue of Roland was built in 1404. It stands 5.5 m (18 ft) high.[15]
10 Classical Weimar A grayscale image of a small museum with a statue of two men in front. GermanyThuringia,
50°58′39″N 11°19′42.996″E / 50.97750°N 11.32861000°E / 50.97750; 11.32861000 (Classical Weimar)
(iii), (vi)
1998 Weimar became a cultural center in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Among the many artists and writers, the city was home to Goethe and Schiller. During this same period elegant buildings and parks were built in Weimar.[16]
11 Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg A town square with four visible buildings and a few tourists. GermanyHarz,
51°46′59.988″N 11°9′0″E / 51.78333000°N 11.15000°E / 51.78333000; 11.15000 (Collegiate Church, Castle and Old Town of Quedlinburg)
1994 The preservation of old Quedlinberg allows tourists to see 16th- and 17th-century timber-framed houses and walk down medieval-patterned streets, while the Romanesque castle and cathedral, housing the bodies of Henry I and his wife, tower over the town.[17]
12 Cologne Cathedral A large, brightly lit cathedral sits in the middle of a skyline at night. GermanyCologne,
50°56′28″N 6°57′26″E / 50.94111°N 6.95722°E / 50.94111; 6.95722 (Cologne Cathedral)
(i), (ii), (iv)
1996 While work on the Cologne Cathedral began in 1248, it remained incomplete until the Prussians picked up the task centuries later, finishing the job in 1880. It was heavily bombed in the Second World War, but restorations allowed it to become the most visited landmark in Germany, boasting 6.5 million visitors per year as of 2011.[18][19]
13 Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region Front and back of a silver coin. GermanySaxony, Germany and
Czech Republic
 Czech Republic
50°24′23″N 12°50′14″E / 50.40639°N 12.83722°E / 50.40639; 12.83722 (Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region)
(ii), (iv)
2019 The mountains in south-east Germany and north-west Czechia have been a source of metals including silver, tin and uranium beginning in the 12th century. The cultural landscape of the region was shaped by mining and smelting innovations.[20]
14 Fagus Factory in Alfeld A very long building with a semi-circular roof. GermanyAlfeld,
51°59′1″N 9°48′40″E / 51.98361°N 9.81111°E / 51.98361; 9.81111 (Fagus Factory in Alfeld)
(ii), (iv)
2011 Built by Walter Gropius in 1910, the factory designed to manufacture shoe last was renowned for redefining decorative values of the time period, particularly in the wide use of glass to render the building much more homogeneous, which foreshadowed his later work with the Bauhaus.[21]
15 Frontiers of the Roman Empire A very long wall separating two large plains. GermanyCentral Lowlands,
Northern England,
and Southern Germany
 United Kingdom*
54°59′33.4″N 2°36′3.6″W / 54.992611°N 2.601000°W / 54.992611; -2.601000 (Frontiers of the Roman Empire)
(ii), (iii), (iv)
1987 Hadrian's Wall was built in 122 AD and the Antonine Wall was constructed in 142 AD to defend the Roman Empire from "barbarians".[22] The World Heritage Site was previously listed as Hadrian's Wall alone, but was later expanded to include all the frontiers of the Roman Empire at its zenith in the 2nd century, ranging from Antonine's Wall in the north to Trajan's Wall in eastern Europe.[23]
16 Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz A small row boat navigates a wide river, while a forest stands in the background, hiding a large tower. GermanySaxony-Anhalt,
51°50′33″N 12°25′14.988″E / 51.84250°N 12.42083000°E / 51.84250; 12.42083000 (Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz)
(ii), (iv)
2000 "The Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz is an outstanding example of the application of the philosophical principles of the Age of the Enlightenment to the design of a landscape that integrates art, education and economy in a harmonious whole."[24]
17 Hanseatic City of Lübeck A courtyard behind a large building with two cone-shaped summits holds flowers and trees on its sides. GermanySchleswig-Holstein,
53°52′0.012″N 10°41′30.012″E / 53.86667000°N 10.69167000°E / 53.86667000; 10.69167000 (Hanseatic City of Lübeck)
1987 Lübeck was the trading capital of the influential Hanseatic League, which monopolised trade in much of the Northern Europe. Although a fifth of the city was entirely destroyed in World War II, much of the original 12th-century architecture remains.[25]
18 Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar A brick building with a roof tapering dramatically toward the top via large square windows. GermanyMecklenburg-Vorpommern,
54°18′9″N 13°5′7″E / 54.30250°N 13.08528°E / 54.30250; 13.08528 (Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar)
(ii), (iv)
2002 The two towns were major Hanseatic League trading centres in the 14th and 15th centuries. They then served as defensive and administrative centres for Sweden two hundred years later, notably during the Thirty Years' War. The architectural styles from both of these periods remain and are well-preserved.[26]
19 Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg A statue of a man holding a book stands in front of a white building. GermanySaxony-Anhalt,
51°51′52.992″N 12°39′10.008″E / 51.86472000°N 12.65278000°E / 51.86472000; 12.65278000 (Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg)
(iv), (vi)
1996 These places in Saxony-Anhalt are all associated with the lives of Martin Luther and his fellow-reformer Melanchthon. They include Melanchthon's house in Wittenberg, the houses in Eisleben where Luther was born in 1483 and died in 1546, his room in Wittenberg, the local church and the castle church where, on 31 October 1517, Luther posted his famous '95 Theses', which launched the Reformation and a new era in the religious and political history of the Western world.[27]
20 Margravial Opera House Bayreuth GermanyBayreuth, Bavaria
49°56′40″N 11°34′43″E / 49.94444°N 11.57861°E / 49.94444; 11.57861 (Margravial Opera House Bayreuth)
(i), (iv)
21 Maulbronn Monastery Complex Monastery courtyard with the gothic church on the left and monastery buildings on the right GermanyMaulbronn,
49°0′2.988″N 8°48′47.016″E / 49.00083000°N 8.81306000°E / 49.00083000; 8.81306000 (Maulbronn Monastery Complex)
(ii), (iv)
1993 The Cistercian Maulbronn Monastery is considered the most complete and best-preserved medieval monastic complex north of the Alps. The main buildings were constructed between the 12th and 16th centuries, along with the monastery walls. The monastery's church, mainly in Transitional Gothic style, helped spread the Gothic style across northern and central Europe. The monastery also had a large, elaborate water-management system.[28]
22 Messel Pit Fossil Site An open quarry pit in the middle of rolling, shrub covered hills GermanyMessel,
49°55′0.012″N 8°45′14.004″E / 49.91667000°N 8.75389000°E / 49.91667000; 8.75389000 (Messel Pit Fossil Site)
1995 Messel Pit is the richest site in the world for understanding the environment of the Eocene, between 57 million and 36 million years ago. In particular, it shows the early stages of mammalian evolution and includes exceptionally well-preserved mammal fossils. Some of the most notable discoveries include fully articulated skeletons and the contents of the stomachs of animals.[29]
23 Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System An aerial view showing several dammed lakes within a forested and urban landscape GermanyGoslar,
Upper Harz,
51°49′12″N 10°20′24″E / 51.82000°N 10.34000°E / 51.82000; 10.34000 (Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System)
(i), (ii),
(iii), (iv)
1992 The Upper Harz water management system was developed over a period of some 800 years to assist in mining and extracting ore. The mines and their ponds began under the Cistercian monks in the Middle Ages. However, most of the works were built from the end of the 16th century until the 19th century. It is made up of an extremely complex system of artificial ponds, small channels, tunnels and underground drains. The mines were a major site for mining innovation in the western world.[30]
24 Monastic Island of Reichenau A grey and white stone church with two square towers, both capped with red, pyramidal roofs. GermanyBaden-Württemberg,
47°41′55.4″N 9°3′40.7″E / 47.698722°N 9.061306°E / 47.698722; 9.061306 (Monastic Island of Reichenau)
(iii), (iv), (vi)
2000 The site includes traces of the Benedictine monastery, founded in 724, which exercised remarkable spiritual, intellectual and artistic influence throughout the surrounding region. The churches of St Mary and Marcus, St Peter and St Paul, and St George, were mainly built between the 9th and 11th centuries. Their wall paintings and decorations show an impressive artistic activity.[31]
25 Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin An ornate grey stone building on the point of an urbanized island. The building is connected by two bridges to the neighboring banks GermanyBerlin,
52°31′11″N 13°23′55″E / 52.51972°N 13.39861°E / 52.51972; 13.39861 (Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin)
(ii), (iv)
1999 The five museums on the Museumsinsel in Berlin, built between 1824 and 1930, are a unified but diverse collection of museum collections and buildings. Each museum was built to mesh with the collection and represents the aesthetic of the different times. The collections trace the development of civilizations throughout the ages.[32]
26 Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski A red, ornate neo-gothic castle in a park-like location, the main tower of the castle is located to the left and topped with an ornate round dome and spire PolandUpper Lusatia,
51°34′45.5″N 14°43′35.2″E / 51.579306°N 14.726444°E / 51.579306; 14.726444 (Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski)
(i), (iv)
2004 A landscaped park astride the Neisse River and the border between Poland and Germany, it was created by Prince Hermann von Puckler-Muskau from 1815 to 1844. Designed as a ‘painting with plants’, it used local plants to enhance the existing landscape. The park spreads into the town of Muskau with parks and other green spaces. The site also features a reconstructed castle, bridges and an arboretum.[33]
27 Naumburg Cathedral Naumburg Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul GermanyNaumburg,
51°9′17″N 11°48′14″E / 51.15472°N 11.80389°E / 51.15472; 11.80389 (Naumburg Cathedral)
(i), (ii)
2018 [34]
28 Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof Several early modern or medieval townhouses. From right to left, a pale green house, a large red house filling most of the picture, and a white house. GermanyRegensburg,
49°1′14″N 12°5′57″E / 49.02056°N 12.09917°E / 49.02056; 12.09917 (Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof)
(ii), (iii), (iv)
2006 This medieval town contains many notable buildings that span almost two millennia and include ancient Roman, Romanesque and Gothic buildings. Regensburg's 11th- to 13th-century architecture created a town of narrow lanes flanked by tall buildings. It includes medieval patrician houses and towers, a large number of churches and monasteries as well as the 12th-century Stone Bridge. Regensburg was a European trade center in the Middle Ages and a political center of the Holy Roman Empire that turned to Protestantism.[35]
29 Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin Single story pale yellow ornate palace stretching from the left foreground to the right background. GermanyBerlin, Potsdam,
52°23′59″N 13°1′59″E / 52.39972°N 13.03306°E / 52.39972; 13.03306 (Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin)
(i), (ii), (iv)
1990 This site contains 500 ha (1,200 acres) of parks and 150 buildings constructed between 1730 and 1916. It extends into the district of Berlin-Zehlendorf, with the palaces and parks lining the banks of the River Havel and Lake Glienicke. Voltaire stayed at the Sans-Souci Palace, built under Frederick II between 1745 and 1747.[36]
30 Pilgrimage Church of Wies Ornate church interior, looking toward the entrance. The interior is white, the doors flanked by two pairs of columns which stretch to the richly painted ceiling. Above the entrance is the church's pipe organ. GermanySteingaden,
47°40′52.6″N 10°54′0.5″E / 47.681278°N 10.900139°E / 47.681278; 10.900139 (Pilgrimage Church of Wies)
(i), (iii)
1983 The Church of Wies (1745–54) is the work of architect Dominikus Zimmermann and is a masterpiece of the Bavarian Rococo.[37]
31 Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps Reconstruction of a pile house at the Pfahlbau Museum Unteruhldingen on Lake Constance in Germany Austria Austria*,
47°16′42″N 8°12′27″E / 47.27833°N 8.20750°E / 47.27833; 8.20750 (Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps)
(iv), (v)
2011 Contains 111 small individual sites with the remains of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. While only some of the sites have been excavated, they contain a wealth of information on life and trade in agrarian Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures in Alpine Europe. Fifty-six of the sites are located in Switzerland.[38]
32 Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe A thickly wooded green forest with a stream bed running through it on the left hand side Albania Albania*,
 Bosnia and Herzegovina*,
 North Macedonia*,
49°5′10″N 22°32′10″E / 49.08611°N 22.53611°E / 49.08611; 22.53611 (Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe)
2007 This transnational property includes 94 component parts in 18 countries. Since the end of the last Ice Age, European Beech spread from a few isolated refuge areas in the Alps, Carpathians, Dinarides, Mediterranean and Pyrenees over a short period of a few thousand years in a process that is still ongoing. The successful expansion across a whole continent is related to the tree's adaptability and tolerance of different climatic, geographical and physical conditions.[39]
33 Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier Ruins of brick bath house, only one wall and about a dozen arches are still visible GermanyTrier,
49°45′0″N 6°37′59″E / 49.75000°N 6.63306°E / 49.75000; 6.63306 (Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier)
(i), (iii),
(iv), (vi)
1986 The Roman colony at Trier was founded in the 1st century AD. It grew into a major town and became one of the capitals of the Tetrarchy at the end of the 3rd century. Many of the Roman era structures are still standing in Trier. The cathedral is the oldest church in Germany, being built on the ruins of Roman buildings by Maximin of Trier in 329–346.[40]
34 Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District Hamburg-090613-0266-DSC 8363-Speicherstadt.jpg GermanyHamburg,
53°32′53.9″N 10°00′10.5″E / 53.548306°N 10.002917°E / 53.548306; 10.002917 (Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District)
2015 Speicherstadt and the adjacent Kontorhaus district are two densely built urban areas in the centre of the port city of Hamburg. Speicherstadt, originally developed on a group of narrow islands in the Elbe River between 1885 and 1927, was partly rebuilt from 1949 to 1967. It is one of the largest coherent historic ensembles of port warehouses in the world.[41]
35 Speyer Cathedral Looking toward the choir of a brick Romanesque cathedral. The twin bell towers, the transept crossing dome, and the roof are green copper. GermanySpeyer,
49°19′0″N 8°26′35″E / 49.31667°N 8.44306°E / 49.31667; 8.44306 (Speyer Cathedral)
1981 The romanesque Speyer Cathedral, was founded by Conrad II in 1030 and remodelled at the end of the 11th century. It was one of the grandest romanesque cathedrals in the Holy Roman Empire and the burial place of German emperors for almost 300 years.[42]
36 St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim A romanesque stone cathedral, view of the north side. The green copper dome over the transept crossing is visible. GermanyHildesheim,
52°9′10.008″N 9°56′38.004″E / 52.15278000°N 9.94389000°E / 52.15278000; 9.94389000 (St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim)
(i), (ii), (iii)
1985 The site consists of two churches in Hildesheim. The Ottonian romanesque St Michael's Church was built between 1010 and 1020. Inside it is decorated with a notable wooden ceiling, painted stucco-work, and the Bernward Column. The treasures of the Romanesque Hildesheim Cathedral contain the Bernward Doors, the Hezilo chandelier, the Azelin chandelier and other treasures.[43]
37 The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement Weissenhof Corbusier 03.jpg Stuttgart, Germany
N46 28 6.29 E6 49 45.61
(i), (ii), (vi)
2016 Chosen from the work of Le Corbusier, the 17 sites comprising this transnational serial property are spread over seven countries and are a testimonial to the invention of a new architectural language that made a break with the past. They were built over a period of a half-century, in the course of what Le Corbusier described as “patient research”. The Complexe du Capitole in Chandigarh (India), the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo (Japan), the House of Dr Curutchet in La Plata (Argentina) and the Unité d’habitation in Marseille (France) reflect the solutions that the Modern Movement sought to apply during the 20th century to the challenges of inventing new architectural techniques to respond to the needs of society. These masterpieces of creative genius also attest to the internationalization of architectural practice across the planet.[44]
38 Town of Bamberg A stone cathedral with two towers on the west façade and two towers flanking the choir, all four towers are topped with slender, pointed metal roofs. GermanyBamberg,
49°53′30″N 10°53′20″E / 49.89167°N 10.88889°E / 49.89167; 10.88889 (Town of Bamberg)
1993 In 1007, Bamberg became the center of a dioesce that was intended to help spread Christianity to the Slavs. During the 12th century the Bishops of Bamberg began a program of monumental public construction. The architecture that developed influenced construction in northern Germany and Hungary. In the 18th century it became a center of the Enlightenment when writers such as Hegel and Hoffmann settled in the town.[45]
39 Upper Middle Rhine Valley A river winds between high cliffs and hills, with a castle in the midground. GermanyRhineland-Palatinate,
50°10′25″N 7°41′39″E / 50.17361°N 7.69417°E / 50.17361; 7.69417 (Upper Middle Rhine Valley)
(ii), (iv), (v)
2002 A 65 km (40 mi) stretch of the Middle Rhine Valley in Germany. The region is home to many castles, historic towns and vineyards and has been an inspirition for many writers, artists and composers.[46]
40 Völklingen Ironworks View from a train of numerous smoke stacks, tanks and pipes. GermanyVölklingen,
49°14′39.984″N 6°50′59″E / 49.24444000°N 6.84972°E / 49.24444000; 6.84972 (Völklingen Ironworks)
(ii), (iv)
1994 The recently closed ironworks are the only intact example in western Europe and North America of an intact ironworks built in the 19th and 20th centuries.[47]
41 The Wadden Sea A map showing the coast of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. The land is green, the Wadden Sea is dark blue and the ocean is light blue. Germany Denmark*,
53°31′43″N 8°33′22″E / 53.52861°N 8.55611°E / 53.52861; 8.55611 (The Wadden Sea)
(viii), (ix), (x)
2009, 2011, 2014 The Wadden Sea contains the Dutch Wadden Sea Conservation Area and the German Wadden Sea National Parks of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein. The coast line is generally flat and has may mudflats, marshes and dunes. The site covers two-thirds of the entire Wadden Sea and is home to many plant and animal species. It is a breeding ground for up to 12 million birds annually and supports more than 10 percent of the population of 29 species. Was expanded in 2011 to include the German Wadden Sea National Park of Hamburg and in 2014 to include the Danish part of the Wadden Sea.[48]
42 Wartburg Castle A castle perched along the edge of a wooded hill. The castle has grown in several stages and consists of sections in dark stone, lighter stone, white plaster and half-timber. GermanyEisenach,
50°58′0.4″N 10°18′25.2″E / 50.966778°N 10.307000°E / 50.966778; 10.307000 (Wartburg Castle)
(iii), (vi)
1999 Wartburg Castle is located on a 410 m (1230 ft) precipice above Eisenach. It expanded in several sections and only a few of the medieval structures still remain. The castle was rebuilt in the 19th century to its present appearance. Martin Luther translated the New Testament into German while in exile at Wartburg.[49]
43 Water Management System of Augsburg A white power plant with numerous windows with water flowing below the building GermanyAugsburg,
48°21′56″N 10°54′07″E / 48.36556°N 10.90194°E / 48.36556; 10.90194 (Augsburg)
(ii), (iv)
2019 The water systems of Augsburg were built between the 14th century and today. A network of canals, water towers, pumping equipment and hydroelectric power stations have provided drinking water and power for the city for centuries.[50]
44 Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square An ornate building on the left side of the picture. In the midground the center of the building projects out, with columns surrounding the main entrance. The right side of the picture is covered in gardens. GermanyWürzburg,
49°47′34.008″N 9°56′20.004″E / 49.79278000°N 9.93889000°E / 49.79278000; 9.93889000 (Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square)
(i), (iv)
1981 The large and ornate Baroque palace was created under the patronage of the prince-bishops Lothar Franz and Friedrich Carl von Schönborn. It is one of the largest palaces in Germany.[51]
45 Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex A orange metal tower with several flywheels above a building with Zollverein written in golden gothic script letters. GermanyEssen,
51°29′29″N 7°2′46″E / 51.49139°N 7.04611°E / 51.49139; 7.04611 (Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen)
(ii), (iii)
2001 The Zollverein industrial complex in Nordrhein-Westfalen contains all the equipment of a historic coal mine which started operation about 150 years ago. Some of the 20th century buildings are also notable.[52]
46 Archaeological Border complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke Reconstructed houses in the area of the old settlement GermanySchleswig, Schleswig-Holstein,
54°29′28″N 9°33′55″E / 54.49111°N 9.56528°E / 54.49111; 9.56528 (Archaeological Border complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke)
(iii), (iv)
2018 Hedeby was an important settlement of Danish Vikings and Swedish Varangians. It is considered an early medieval city in northern Europe and was an important trading place and main hub for long-distance trade between Scandinavia, western Europe, the North Sea region and the Baltic States.

The Danevirke is a fortification of the early and high Middle Ages in northern Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It consists of earth walls with moats, a brick wall, two medieval wall castles and a sea barrier.[53]

47 ShUM cities of Speyer, Worms and Mainz Jewish Courtyard 3 Speyer.JPG Germany Speyer Jewry-Court,
49°18′58″N 8°26′23″E / 49.31611°N 8.43972°E / 49.31611; 8.43972

Jewish Cemetery Holy Sand,
49°37′47″N 8°21′19″E / 49.62972°N 8.35528°E / 49.62972; 8.35528

Worms Synagogue Compound,
49°38′01″N 8°21′58″E / 49.63361°N 8.36611°E / 49.63361; 8.36611

Old Jewish Cemetery Mainz,
50°00′19″N 8°15′01″E / 50.00528°N 8.25028°E / 50.00528; 8.25028

(ii),(iii), (vi)
2021 Located in the former Imperial cathedral cities of Speyer, Worms and Mainz, in the Upper Rhine Valley, the serial site of Speyer, Worms and Mainz comprise the Speyer Jewry-Court, with the structures of the synagogue and women's shul (Yiddish for synagogue), the archaeological vestiges of the yeshiva (religious school), the courtyard and the still intact underground mikveh (ritual bath), which has retained its high architectural and building quality. The property also comprises the Worms Synagogue Compound, with its in situ post-war reconstruction of the 12th century synagogue and 13th century women's shul, the community hall (Rashi House), and the monumental 12th-century mikveh. The series also includes the Jewish Cemetery Holy Sand and the Old Jewish Cemetery in Mainz. The four component sites tangibly reflect the early emergence of distinctive Ashkenaz customs and the development and settlement pattern of the ShUM communities, particularly between the 11th and the 14th centuries. The buildings that constitute the property served as prototypes for later Jewish community and religious buildings as well as cemeteries in Europe. The acronym ShUM stands for the Hebrew initials of Speyer, Worms and Mainz.[54]
48 Darmstadt Artists’ Colony Mathildenhöhe Hochzeitsturm 14.JPG Germany Mathildenhöhe, Darmstadt,
49°52′36″N 8°40′00″E / 49.87667°N 8.66667°E / 49.87667; 8.66667
(ii), (iv)

The Darmstadt Artists’ Colony on Mathildenhöhe, the highest elevation above the city of Darmstadt in west-central Germany, was established in 1897 by Ernst Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse, as a centre for emerging reform movements in architecture, arts and crafts. The buildings of the colony were created by its artist members as experimental early modernist living and working environments. The colony was expanded during successive international exhibitions in 1901, 1904, 1908 and 1914. Today, it offers a testimony to early modern architecture, urban planning and landscape design, all of which were influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement and the Vienna Secession. The serial property consists of two component parts including 23 elements, such as the Wedding Tower (1908), the Exhibition Hall (1908), the Plane Tree Grove (1833, 1904–14), the Russian Chapel of St. Maria Magdalena (1897-99), the Lily Basin, the Gottfried Schwab Memorial (1905), the Pergola and Garden (1914), the “Swan Temple” Garden Pavilion (1914), the Ernst Ludwig Fountain, and the 13 houses and artists’ studios that were built for the Darmstadt Artists’ Colony and for the international exhibitions. A Three House Group, built for the 1904 exhibition is an additional component.[55]

49 Frontiers of the Roman Empire in Bavaria Stadium (3) (archaeological park Xanten, Germany, 2005-04-23).jpg Germany Danubian Limes, Bavaria
48°06′54″N 16°51′41″E / 48.11500°N 16.86139°E / 48.11500; 16.86139

It covers almost 600km of the whole Roman Empire's Danube frontier. The property formed part of the much large frontier of the Roman Empire that encircled the Mediterranean Sea. The Danube Limes (Western Segment) reflects the specificities of this part of the Roman Frontier through the selection of sites that represent key elements from road, legionary fortresses and their associated settlements to small forts and temporary camps, and the way these structures relate to local topography. [56] [57]

50 The Great Spa Towns of Europe Baden-Baden 10-2015 img05 View from Merkur.jpg Germany  Germany
50°29′32″N 5°52′1″E / 50.49222°N 5.86694°E / 50.49222; 5.86694
2021 The transnational site of The Great Spa Towns of Europe comprises 11 towns, located in seven European countries: Baden bei Wien (Austria); Spa (Belgium); Františkovy Lázně (Czechia); Karlovy Vary (Czechia); Mariánské Lázně (Czechia); Vichy (France); Bad Ems (Germany); Baden-Baden (Germany); Bad Kissingen (Germany); Montecatini Terme (Italy); and City of Bath (United Kingdom). All of these towns developed around natural mineral water springs. They bear witness to the international European spa culture that developed from the early 18th century to the 1930s, leading to the emergence of grand international resorts that impacted urban typology around ensembles of spa buildings such as the kurhaus and kursaal (buildings and rooms dedicated to therapy), pump rooms, drinking halls, colonnades and galleries designed to harness the natural mineral water resources and to allow their practical use for bathing and drinking. Related facilities include gardens, assembly rooms, casinos, theaters, hotels and villas, as well as spa-specific support infrastructure. These ensembles are all integrated into an overall urban context that includes a carefully managed recreational and therapeutic environment in a picturesque landscape. Together, these sites embody the significant interchange of human values and developments in medicine, science and balneology.[58]

Tentative list[edit]

The tentative list consists of sites previously nominated, but not yet inscribed.[59]

Sl. Site Image Year Criteria Description Remarks
1 Heidelberg Castle and historical town Heidelberg-Schloß.JPG 1999 K One of Germany's most famous castle ruins On its 31st session in Christchurch, New Zealand, on 29 June 2007, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee remitted the request to include Heidelberg in the list of World Heritage Sites for the second time after 2005. A new attempt of filing for inclusion is yet unclear.
2 Schwetzingen Castle Schwetzingen BW 2014-07-22 16-51-11.jpg 1999 K Summer residence of Counts Palatine of the Rhine Charles Philip and Charles Theodor On the 36th session in June/July 2012 in St. Petersburg, the request was remitted to the applicant. A new request is unclear.
3 Francke Foundations in Halle an der Saale FranckescheStiftungen 3.jpg 1999 K Established in 1698 by theologian and educator August Hermann Francke as cultural, scientific, educational and social institutions The inclusion into the list is to be decided in 2016–17.
4 Doberan Minster Bad Doberan Münster 02 2012-05-08.jpg 2005 K Important monastery in the Baltic Sea region including a complete high gothic interior; was already on the list of proposal of East Germany in 1984, active ambitions for nomination by the town of Bad Doberan since 2005, request for inclusion in the German list of proposals in 2012 filed at the Kultusministerkonferenz[60]
5 Schwerin Castle Schwerin Castle Aerial View Island Luftbild Schweriner Schloss Insel See.jpg 2015 K The Schwerin ducal residence as a prime example of romantic historicism Parliamentary vote of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in 2007 to achieve a nomination, request for inclusion in the German list of proposals filed at Kultusministerkonferenz in June 2012[61]
6 Jewish Cemetery of Altona Königstraße, in Hamburg. Jüdischer Friedhof Altona Aschkenasischer Teil-02.nnw.jpg 2015 K
7 Alpine and pre-alpine meadow and marsh landscapes of “Werdenfelser Land”, “Ammergau”, “Staffelseegebiet” and “Murnauer Moos”, district Garmisch-Partenkirchen Murnauer Moos-bjs110704-02.jpg 2015 N
8 Old Synagogue and Mikveh in Erfurt Old Synagogue, Erfurt 2015 K Application to have three sites – the Old Synagogue, Mikveh and "Stone House" – dating from the 11th–14th centuries, listed together as one site. All three structures are near each other in the medieval town centre of Erfurt, but not adjacent. The Synagogue is one of oldest and best preserved in Europe.[62]
9 Dreams in Stone – the palaces of King Ludwig II of Bavaria: Neuschwanstein, Linderhof and Herrenchiemsee Neuschwanstein Castle (532850).jpg 2015 K
10 Luther memorials in Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Bavaria and Thuringia St. Augustine's Monastery (Erfurt) 2015 K An application to have 11 additional sites added to the already inscribed (in 1996) 'Luther sites in Central Germany'[63]

Former site[edit]

One site has been struck from the list.

Site Image Location Criteria Year Description
Dresden Elbe Valley Several Baroque buildings in Dresden old town, reflected in the River Elbe. GermanySaxony,
51°2′24″N 13°49′16″E / 51.04000°N 13.82111°E / 51.04000; 13.82111 (Dresden Elbe Valley)
(ii), (iii),
(iv), (v)
2004–2009 The Elbe flows through a range of culturally relevant landscapes in Saxony, including rural villages, former palace grounds, and the historic old town of Dresden. The site was removed from the list due to concerns about the construction of the Waldschlösschen Bridge.[64]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b Germany: Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, UNESCO, retrieved 1 August 2021
  3. ^ "UNESCO Final Report for the 2nd Session". UNESCO. 9 October 1978. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  4. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Aachen Cathedral". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  7. ^ Bauhaus Dessau. Meisterhäuser von Walter Gropius (1925–26). Retrieved 23 November 2018
  8. ^ Bauhaus Dessau. Laubenganghäuser von Hannes Meyer (1929–30). Retrieved 23 November 2018
  9. ^ "Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
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  11. ^ "Berlin Modernism Housing Estates". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
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  13. ^ "Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  14. ^ "CCaves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  16. ^ "Classical Weimar". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  18. ^ "Cologne Cathedral Number 1 Attraction" (PDF) (Press release). Cologne Tourist Board. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2012.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "Cologne Cathedral". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  20. ^ "Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  21. ^ "Fagus Factory in Alfeld". UNESCO. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  22. ^ "Frontiers of the Roman Empire". UNESCO. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  23. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  24. ^ "Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz". UNESCO. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  25. ^ "Hanseatic City of Lübeck". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  26. ^ "Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  27. ^ "Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  28. ^ "Maulbronn Monastery Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  29. ^ "Messel Pit Fossil Site". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  30. ^ "Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  31. ^ "Monastic Island of Reichenau". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  32. ^ "Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  33. ^ "Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  34. ^ "Naumburg Cathedral". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  35. ^ "Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  36. ^ "Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  37. ^ "Pilgrimage Church of Wies". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  38. ^ "Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps". UNESCO. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  39. ^ "Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  40. ^ "Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  41. ^ "Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  42. ^ "Speyer Cathedral". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  43. ^ "St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  44. ^ "The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  45. ^ "Town of Bamberg". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  46. ^ "Upper Middle Rhine Valley". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  47. ^ "Völklingen Ironworks". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  48. ^ "The Wadden Sea". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  49. ^ "Wartburg Castle". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  50. ^ "Water Management System of Augsburg". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  51. ^ "Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  52. ^ "Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  53. ^ "Archaeological Border complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  54. ^ "ShUM Sites of Speyer, Worms and Mainz". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  55. ^ "Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  56. ^ "Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Danube Limes (Western Segment)". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  57. ^ "Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Lower German Limes". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  58. ^ "The Great Spa Towns of Europe". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  59. ^ "Tentative Lists". World Heritage Center. Unesco. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  60. ^ "Landtag Mecklenburg-Vorpommern – Plenarprotokoll" [Mecklenburg-Vorpommern State Parliament – Plenary Debate Transcript] (PDF) (in German) (6/17). Mecklenburg-Vorpommern State Parliament. 23 May 2012: 69. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  61. ^ "Mitte Juni Antrag bei der Kultusministerkonferenz eingereicht. Schweriner Schlossensemble UNESCO-Welterbe?" [World Heritage Request for Schwerin Castle filed in mid-June. Schwerin Castle now a UNESCO World Heritage?] (in German). Mecklenburg-Vorpommern State Parliament. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  62. ^ Permanent Delegation of Germany to UNESCO (2015) Old synagogue and Mikveh in Erfurt – UNESCO world heritage centre (Accessed: 04 June 2017).
  63. ^ Luther memorials in Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Bavaria and Thuringia. UNESCO website Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  64. ^ "Dresden Elbe Valley". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 September 2016.

External links[edit]