List of World Heritage Sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Location of UNESCO World Heritage Sites within Bosnia and Herzegovina (blue dots indicate the Stećci sites).

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Bosnia and Herzegovina, following the breakup of Yugoslavia, succeeded the convention on July 12, 1993.[2]

Currently, there are three sites inscribed on the list, all of them are listed as cultural sites.[2] In addition, there are seven sites on the tentative list.[2]

The first site, the Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar, was inscribed to the list at the 29th UNESCO session in 2005.[3] Prior to the inscription, during the Bosnian War in 1993, the Bridge was deliberately destroyed. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia later concluded that although the Bridge was used by the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and thus constituted a legitimate military target for the Croatian Defence Council, its destruction caused disproportionate damage to the Muslim civilian population of Mostar.[4] The Bridge was later rebuilt and reopened in 2004.[3] The Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge was inscribed in 2007[5] and the Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards in 2016. The latter is a transnational site, shared with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. Out of 28 listed Stećci sites, 20 are located in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the most prominent one in Radimlja.[6]


World Heritage Sites[edit]

In the following table, the UNESCO data includes the site's reference number and the criteria it was listed under: criteria i through vi are cultural, whereas vii through x are natural.

  * Transnational site
Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO data Description
Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar Stari Most22.jpg Mostar 2005 946; vi (cultural) The historic Ottoman bridge crossing the Neretva river was comissioned by Suleiman the Magnificent and completed in 1566/67. In 1993, during the Bosnian War, it was deliberately destroyed. After the war, the bridge was rebuilt using traditional construction methods and local materials, and reopened in 2004.[3]
Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge Visegrad Drina Bridge 1.jpg Višegrad 2007 1260; ii, iv (cultural) The historic bridge crossing the Drina river was completed in 1577 by the Ottoman court architect Mimar Sinan on the order of the Grand Vizier Mehmed Paša Sokolović.[5]
Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards* BiH, Radimlja necropolis 5.jpg Radimlja and 19 other sites 2016 1504; iii, vi (cultural) Stećci (sing. stećak) or the medieval tombstones are the monolith stone monuments found in the regions of the present Bosnia and Herzegovina, parts of Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. They first appeared in the 12th century and reached their peak in the 14th and 15th century. There are 20 sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina, mostly in the South-Eastern part of the country.[6]

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to the sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[7] As of 2017, Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded eight sites on its tentative list.[8]

Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO criteria Description
Sarajevo – unique symbol of universal multiculture – continual open city (N.I.) Sarajevo City Panorama.JPG Sarajevo 1997 v (cultural) Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, has a long and rich history of religious and cultural diversity.[9]
Vjetrenica cave Vjetrenica Cave.JPG Popovo field 2004 vii, x (natural) Vjeternica (meaning "the wind cave") is the largest cave in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the warmer parts of the year cold air blows from its entrance. It is an important biodiversity spot and also contains fossils of prehistoric carnivores.[10]
The natural and architectural ensemble of Jajce Vodopad u Jajcu.jpg Jajce 2006 ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii (mixed) The city of Jajce is located at the confluence of the Pliva and Vrbas rivers. The city was founded in the medieval era and acquired its final form during the Ottoman period.[11]
The historic urban site of Počitelj Počitelj - pano.jpg Počitelj 2007 ii, iii, iv, v, vi (cultural) The city of Počitelj presents one of few urban ensembles in Bosnia and Herzegovina preserved in their integrity from the medieval and Ottoman periods.[12]
The natural and architectural ensemble of Blagaj Blagaj 1.jpg Blagaj 2007 ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii (mixed) The town of Blagaj, situated at the spring of the Buna river, contains several examples of Ottoman architecture, such as the Blagaj Tekke.[13]
The natural and architectural ensemble of Blidinje Blidinjsko jezero (23 ha, hl. max. 3,5 m) z Maleho Vranu.jpg Blidinje 2007 i, iii, iv, v, vi, vii, viii, ix (mixed) The Blidinje Nature Park area is an example of the geological processes that took place during the orogenesis of the Dinarides, as well as an example of the evolutionary development of postglacial flora and fauna. The area is the habitat of a wide range of endemic plant communities. The area contains several stećak tombstones.[14]
The natural and architectural ensemble of Stolac Stolac.jpg Stolac 2007 ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii (mixed) The historic core of Stolac is an example of a complex cultural-historical and natural environmental ensemble. The area contains remains from prehistory, Illyrian-Roman era, the Middle Ages, Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian, and Yugoslavia periods.[15]
Strict Nature Reserve – Primeval forest "Perućica" Skakavac-Perucica-NP Sutjeska.JPG Sutjeska National Park 2017 vii, ix, x (natural) The primeval forest Peručica is an important biodiversity spot, home to brown bear, wolf, and lynx, as well as to several species of birds, reptiles, and amphibians. The mountain creek Peručica forms the Skakavac Waterfall, with the height of 75 metres (246 ft).[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – The World Heritage Convention". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Bosnia and Herzegovina". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  4. ^ "Six Senior Herceg-Bosna Officials Convicted | International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia". Icty.org. 25 December 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Stećci Medieval Tombstone Graveyards – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  7. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – Tentative Lists". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  8. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – Tentative Lists: Bosnia and Herzegovina". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  9. ^ "Sarajevo – unique symbol of universal multiculture – continual open city (N.I.) – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Vjetrenica cave – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "The natural and architectural ensemble of Jajce – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  12. ^ "The historic urban site of Počitelj – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  13. ^ "The natural and architectural ensemble of Blagaj – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  14. ^ "The natural and architectural ensemble of Blidinje – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  15. ^ "The natural and architectural ensemble of Stolac – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 
  16. ^ "Strict Nature Reserve – Primeval forest "Perućica" – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 December 2017. 

See also[edit]