List of creole languages

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A creole language is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages. Unlike a pidgin, a simplified form that develops as a means of communication between two or more groups, a creole language is a complete language, used in a community and acquired by children as their native language.

This list of creole languages links to Wikipedia articles about languages that linguistic sources identify as creoles. The "subgroups" list links to Wikipedia articles about language groups defined by the languages from which their vocabulary is drawn.

English-based creole languages[edit]

French-based creole languages[edit]

Portuguese-based creole languages[edit]

Creole languages based on other languages[edit]

  • Andaman Creole Hindi - is a Hindustani-based creole language spoken in the Andaman islands.
  • Chavacano - is a Spanish-based creole language spoken in the Philippines.
  • Hokaglish - is predominantly Chinese-based creole (?) spoken by Filipino-Chinese across the Philippines, although English and Tagalog may also be the base.
  • Hezhou, based on Uyghur and relexified by Mandarin
  • Kanbun Kundoku, a method of annotating literary Chinese so that it can be read as Japanese.
  • Nagamese Creole, based on Assamese, used in Nagaland, India
  • Negerhollands, a Dutch-based creole, once spoken in the U.S. Virgin Islands
  • Sango language, Ngbandi-based creole language spoken in the Central African Republic
  • Unserdeutsch language, a German-based creole language spoken primarily in Papua New Guinea

Subgroups[edit]