Consular missions in Hong Kong

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Consulates-general of Argentina, Canada and Japan in Hong Kong are located at Exchange Square
Star House is home to the Consulate General of Cambodia

There are 120 consular missions in Hong Kong, of which 61 are Consulates-General and 59 are Consulates (including those represented by Honorary Consuls, and six officially recognised bodies in Hong Kong.[1]

Most of the Consulates-General are located in the areas of Central, Admiralty, Wan Chai, Wan Chai North, Causeway Bay and Sheung Wan within Victoria City. Only two are located in Kowloon (Cambodia and Nepal), in the areas of Tsim Sha Tsui and Tsim Sha Tsui East respectively.

Of these, 55 Consulates-General and seven Honorary Consulates are also accredited to Macau. There are 10 Honorary Consulates in Macau, of which two are subordinate to the Consulates-General in Hong Kong.[2]

Diplomatic status[edit]

Due to Hong Kong's status as a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, some Consuls-General in Hong Kong have the rank of Ambassador, such as those of:

Other Consuls-General have served elsewhere as Ambassadors or High Commissioners before serving in Hong Kong, e.g.,

In addition, the current Head of the Office of the European Union also served as Ambassador to Malaysia.[10]

Another feature of some Consuls-General in Hong Kong is that they report directly to their respective foreign ministries, rather than to their Embassies in Beijing, such as those of the following countries:

History[edit]

When Hong Kong was under British rule, the Governor represented the British government, as well as the British monarch as head of state. Matters relating to British nationality were handled by the Hong Kong Immigration Department.[14]

However, the United Kingdom's commercial interests were represented by the British Trade Commission.[15] The last Senior Trade Commissioner, Francis Cornish, became the first British Consul-General following the transfer of sovereignty to China, on July 1, 1997.[16]

During the negotiations between Britain and China on the future of Hong Kong, the British proposed the establishment of a "British Commissioner" following the transfer of sovereignty to China, which the Chinese rejected as an attempt to make the future Hong Kong Special Administrative Region into a member or associated member of the Commonwealth.[17]

As Hong Kong was a Colony (later Dependent Territory) of a Commonwealth country, some Commonwealth countries were represented by Commissions including:

After the transfer of sovereignty, they were renamed Consulates-General.[26] Similarly, the title of the head of mission was also changed, from Commissioner to Consul-General.[27] However, the Australian Commission had been renamed the Consulate-General in 1986.[28]

Although South Africa rejoined the Commonwealth in 1994, and its Embassies in Commonwealth countries were renamed High Commissions, the name of the South African Consulate General in Hong Kong remained unchanged.[29] Similarly, while Pakistan had rejoined the Commonwealth in 1989, the name of the Pakistan Consulate General in Hong Hong also remained unchanged.[30]

At the time of the transfer of sovereignty, South Africa did not have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, as it had not yet transferred recognition from Taiwan.[31] However, it was able to maintain its Consulate-General for an interim six-month period, until relations with Beijing were established on January 1, 1998.[32]

Other countries which had chosen to maintain diplomatic relations with Taipei closed their consulates in Hong Kong prior to the transfer of sovereignty, such as Paraguay, which closed its consulate on May 11, 1997.[33] Earlier, it had considered relocating to Macau, which was then still under Portuguese administration.[34] The Central African Republic, Costa Rica, and the Dominican Republic also closed their consulates, while Liberia, with which China had broken off diplomatic relations in September 1997, was forced to close its consulate a month later.[35] However, it later restored diplomatic relations with Beijing in 2003.[36]

As a result of the transfer of sovereignty, North Korea, which had not been allowed to establish a trade mission in Hong Kong during British rule, was able to open a Consulate-General in February 2000.[37] Similarly, Iran was also able to re-establish its Consulate-General, giving rise to concerns that the country could gain access to arms smuggled through Hong Kong, a free port.[38] This had been closed by the British Government in 1989 following the Rushdie Affair.[39]

Bhutan, which did not have diplomatic relations with either Beijing or Taipei at the time of the transfer of sovereignty, was able to maintain an honorary consulate in Hong Kong, accredited to Macau.[40]

Consular posts[edit]

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V

Y
Z

*. Also accredited to Macau.
‡. Honorary Consulates.

Missions of recognised bodies[edit]

*. Also accredited to Macau.

Former missions[edit]

Norway maintained a Consulate General until 2003, and Honorary Consulate until 2004[145][146] but reopened its Consulate in 2008[147]

The following countries, which recognise Taiwan as the Republic of China, previously had consulates in Hong Kong before 1997.

The following countries, which no longer have diplomatic relations with Taiwan, previously had consulates in Hong Kong under British rule:

Countries without missions[edit]

The following countries, which have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, do not presently have representation in Hong Kong, but have proposed establishing consulates:

The following countries, which have diplomatic relations with Taiwan, do not have consulates in Hong Kong:

Relations with Mainland China[edit]

The Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is the representative office of the central government of the People's Republic of China in Hong Kong. It was established in May 1947 as Xinhua News Agency and renamed on 18 January 2000.

Relations with Taiwan[edit]

The Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, previously named Chung Hwa Travel Service, is a de facto mission of the Republic of China in Hong Kong.[167] The relationship between the two entities is managed through the Hong Kong-Taiwan Economic and Cultural Co-operation and Promotion Council (ECCPC) and Taiwan-Hong Kong Economic and Cultural Co-operation Council (ECCC).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  2. ^ Macao Government
  3. ^ Chief Secretary for Administration's speech at HKTDC luncheon in Brazil, Hong Kong Government, May 22, 2000
  4. ^ Consulate-General of Japan
  5. ^ Consulate General of the Philippines
  6. ^ Clifford A. Hart - Consul General to Hong Kong and Macau
  7. ^ Consul-General, Australian Consulate-General, Hong Kong and Macau
  8. ^ German Consulate General, Hong Kong Curriculum Vitae, Nikolaus Graf Lambsdorff
  9. ^ The Consul General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, State of Israel
  10. ^ New Head of Office, Office of the European Union to Hong Kong and Macao, 26 September 2012
  11. ^ Inspection of The Canadian Consulate General Hong Kong
  12. ^ The UK's relations with Hong Kong: 30 years after the Joint Declaration, Tenth Report of Session 2014–15, Foreign Affairs Select Committee, House of Commons, 6 Mar 2015, page 16 PDF
  13. ^ Christopher J. Marut Appointed as Director of the Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan, American Institute in Taiwan, May 8, 2012
  14. ^ Hong Kong's New Constitutional Order: The Resumption of Chinese Sovereignty and the Basic Law, Yash Ghai, Hong Kong University Press, 1997, page 167
  15. ^ Hunting with the Tigers: Doing Business with Hong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam, Claudia Cragg, Pfeiffer & Company, 1993, page 417
  16. ^ Chief Executive holds 'useful, cordial' talks with British Prime Minister, Government of Hong Kong, October 22, 1997
  17. ^ The Chinese government resumed exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, People's Republic of China
  18. ^ Australian Commission Office Requirements, Sydney Morning Herald, August 18, 1982
  19. ^ Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1988, page 797
  20. ^ 2 China Dissidents Granted Asylum, Fly to Vancouver, Los Angeles Times, September 17, 1992
  21. ^ NZer's credibility under fire in Hong Kong court, New Zealand Herald, March 27, 2006
  22. ^ Indians in Limbo as 1997 Hand-over Date Draws Nearer, Inter Press Service, February 12, 1996
  23. ^ Officials puzzled by Malaysian decision, New Straits Times, July 3, 1984
  24. ^ Asia, Inc: The Region's Business Magazine, Volume 4, Manager International Company, 1996
  25. ^ Singapore Lure Stirs Crowds In Hong Kong, Chicago Tribune, July 12, 1989
  26. ^ About the Consulate-General
  27. ^ In the swing of things, Embassy Magazine, September 2010
  28. ^ Australian Foreign Affairs Record, Volume 56, Issues 7-12, Australian Government Public Service, 1985, page 1153
  29. ^ a b c HONG KONG: Consulates Face Deadline Dilemma Over Taiwan Links, IPS News, Oct 31 1996
  30. ^ Pakistan & Gulf Economist, Volume 14, Issues 1-13, S. Akhtar Ali, 1995
  31. ^ Taiwan loses a major ally, BBC News, December 30, 1997
  32. ^ Statement on Future South Africa/Hong Kong Relations by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Aziz Pahad, June 12, 1997
  33. ^ a b c Summary of World Broadcasts: Asia, Pacific, Issues 2907-2919, BBC, 1997, page 5196
  34. ^ Summary of World Broadcasts: Asia, Pacific, Issues 2907-2919, BBC, 1996, page E-8
  35. ^ a b Liberian consulate forced to close,, South China Morning Post, 10 Oct 1997
  36. ^ China, Liberia resume diplomatic ties, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, People's Republic of China
  37. ^ North Korea's Macau-based trading venture opens its doors to deny reports of espionage and shady deals, South China Morning Post, 3 September, 2000
  38. ^ Iran: The Failure of Economic Incentives and Disincentives, Gitty M. Amini, in The New Great Power Coalition: Toward a World Concert of Nations, Richard N. Rosecrance Rowman & Littlefield, 2001, page 149
  39. ^ The Rushdie File, Lisa Appignanesi, Sara Maitland Syracuse University Press, 1990, page 120
  40. ^ Bhutan: Cautiously Cultivated Positive Perception, Caroline Brassard in A Resurgent China: South Asian Perspectives, S. D. Muni, Tan Tai Yong, page 74
  41. ^ Albania – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  42. ^ Consulate General of the Republic of Angola in Hong Kong
  43. ^ Consulado General de la Republica Argentina en Hong Kong
  44. ^ Australian Consulate-General Hong Kong
  45. ^ Österreichische Generalkonsulat Hongkong
  46. ^ Honorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Bahrain in HKSAR
  47. ^ Consulate General of Bangladesh, Hong Kong
  48. ^ Barbados – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  49. ^ Consulate-General of Belgium in Hong Kong and Macau
  50. ^ Bhutan – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  51. ^ China and Bhutan Hold 23rd Round of Talks on Boundary Issue, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, People's Republic of China, August 27, 2015
  52. ^ Botswana – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  53. ^ Consulado Geral do Brasil em Hong Kong
  54. ^ Brunei Darussalam – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  55. ^ Burundi – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  56. ^ Royal Consulate General of Cambodia, Hong Kong, P.R China
  57. ^ Consulate General of Canada in Hong Kong and Macao
  58. ^ Consulado General de Chile en Hong Kong
  59. ^ Consulado de Colombia en Hong Kong
  60. ^ Honorary Consul of the Republic of Cyprus at Hong Kong
  61. ^ Consulate General of the Czech Republic in Hong Kong
  62. ^ Djibouti – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  63. ^ Consulate General of the Arab Republic of Egypt to Hong Kong
  64. ^ Equatorial Guinea – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  65. ^ Eritrea – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  66. ^ Estonian Honorary Consul in Hong Kong, Estonian Embassy in China
  67. ^ Ethiopia – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  68. ^ Fiji – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  69. ^ Consulate General of Finland in Hong Kong
  70. ^ Consulat Général de France à Hong Kong et Macao
  71. ^ German Consulate General, Hong Kong
  72. ^ Ghana – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  73. ^ Consulate General in Hong Kong - Hellenic Republic
  74. ^ Consulate General of Hungary in Hong Kong and Macao
  75. ^ Consulate General of India in Hong Kong
  76. ^ Konsulat Jenderal Republik Indonesia di Hong Kong
  77. ^ Consulate General of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Hong Kong
  78. ^ Irish Consulate General Hong Kong
  79. ^ Consulate General of Israel in Hong Kong and Macau
  80. ^ Consolato generale d'Italia a Hong Kong
  81. ^ Consulate-General of Japan in Hong Kong
  82. ^ The Honorary Consulate of The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Hong Kong SAR
  83. ^ Consulate General of the Republic of Kazakhstan in Hong Kong and Macau
  84. ^ Kenya – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  85. ^ Democratic People's Republic of Korea – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  86. ^ Consulate General of the Republic of Korea in Hong Kong
  87. ^ Consulate of Kuwait - Hong Kong
  88. ^ Consulate General of the Lao PDR
  89. ^ Honorary Consuls - Embassy of the Republic of Latvia in the People's Republic of China
  90. ^ Lesotho – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  91. ^ Liechtenstein – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  92. ^ Lithuania – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  93. ^ Madagascar – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  94. ^ Consulate General of Malaysia in Hong Kong
  95. ^ Consulate of Maldives in Hong Kong
  96. ^ Mauritius – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  97. ^ Consulate General of Mexico in Hong Kong and Macao
  98. ^ Micronesia – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  99. ^ Monaco – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  100. ^ Mongolia – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  101. ^ Mozambique – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  102. ^ Consulate of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in Hong Kong and Macau SAR
  103. ^ Namibia – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  104. ^ Consulate General of Nepal, Hong Kong
  105. ^ Netherlands Consulate General in Hong Kong SAR and Macao SAR China
  106. ^ New Zealand Consulate-General, Wanchai, Hong Kong
  107. ^ Niger – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  108. ^ Consulate General of Nigeria Hong Kong
  109. ^ Royal Norwegian Consulate in Hong Kong
  110. ^ Oman – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  111. ^ Consulate General of Pakistan in Hong Kong
  112. ^ Consul de Perú en Hong Kong
  113. ^ Philippine Consulate General in Hong Kong SAR
  114. ^ Konsulat Generalny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej w Hongkongu
  115. ^ Consulate General of The State of Qatar in Hong Kong
  116. ^ CONSULATUL GENERAL AL ROMÂNIEI în R.A.S. Hong Kong şi R.A.S Macao
  117. ^ Consulate General of the Russian Federation in the Hong Kong SAR and Macao SAR, PRC
  118. ^ Samoa – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  119. ^ San Marino – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  120. ^ Royal Consulate General of Saudi Arabia
  121. ^ Consulate of the Republic of Seychelles in Hong Kong & Macau
  122. ^ Consulate-General of the Republic of Singapore in Hong Kong
  123. ^ South African Consulate-General
  124. ^ Consulate General of Spain in Hong Kong
  125. ^ Consulate General of Sweden in Hong Kong and Macau
  126. ^ Consulate General of Switzerland in Hong Kong
  127. ^ Royal Thai Consulate-General
  128. ^ Turkish Consulate General in Hong Kong
  129. ^ British Consulate General Hong Kong
  130. ^ Consulate General of the United States of America Hong Kong and Macau
  131. ^ Uruguay – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  132. ^ Consulado General de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela en Hong Kong
  133. ^ Consulate General of Vietnam in Hong Kong SAR, China
  134. ^ Yemen – Protocol Division Government Secretariat – Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  135. ^ Diplomatic Missions, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Zimbabwe
  136. ^ European Union Office to Hong Kong and Macao
  137. ^ a b External Relations Consulates in Macao
  138. ^ Honorary Consul of Benin in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 29 December 2006
  139. ^ Honorary Consul of the Central African Republic in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 24 May 2006
  140. ^ Honorary Consul of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 25 August 2009
  141. ^ What To Do After Closure of Royal Danish Consulate-General, Danish Chamber of Commerce, Hong Kong, 12 June 2012
  142. ^ Honorary Consul of Grenada in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 31 October 2013
  143. ^ Honorary Consul of the Republic of Togo in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 13 January 2007
  144. ^ Honorary Consul of Ukraine in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 12 March 2007
  145. ^ China Radio International, Hong Kong Yearbook 2002, Hong Kong Yearbook 2003, Hong Kong Yearbook 2004
  146. ^ Gazette, Gazette
  147. ^ Welcome to the Royal Norwegian Consulate in Hong Kong
  148. ^ a b c Hong Kong $ Directory, Local Printing Press, 1987, page 32
  149. ^ a b Hong Kong Business: The Portable Encyclopedia for Doing Business with Hong Kong, Christine Genzberger, World Trade Press, 1994, page 265
  150. ^ Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1991, page 902
  151. ^ Hong Kong $ Directory, Local Printing Press, 1987, page 948
  152. ^ Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1991, page 903
  153. ^ Worldwide Travel Information Contact Book, Books 1993-1994, Gale Research, 1993, page 987
  154. ^ Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1991, page 903
  155. ^ Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1991, page 798
  156. ^ The meetings of the Armenian Minister of Foreign Affairs in Hong Kong, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Armenia
  157. ^ Ambassador Meets Mr. Kin-Chung Lam, Nominated Honorary Consul of Timor-Leste to Hong Kong and Macau, Embassy of Timor Leste, May 10, 2013
  158. ^ Ambassade du Burkina Faso à Taiwan
  159. ^ Foreign Embassies > the Republic of Haiti, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  160. ^ Foreign Embassies > the Republic of Kiribati, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  161. ^ Foreign Embassies > the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  162. ^ Foreign Embassies > the Republic of Palau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  163. ^ Foreign Embassies > Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  164. ^ Foreign Embassies > The Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  165. ^ St. Vincent considering options for embassy in Taiwan, iWitness News, June 8, 2015
  166. ^ Embassy of Solomon Islands, Taipei , Republic of China (Taiwan)
  167. ^ Is name change a game changer?, Taipei Times, July 17, 2011

External links[edit]