List of post-nominal letters in Canada

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This is a list of post-nominal letters used in Canada. The order in which they follow an individual's name is: 1. Distinctions conferred directly by the Crown; 2. University degrees: 3. Memberships of societies and other distinctions. Normally no more than two are given, representing the highest award of each type.[1] For decorations and medals, the order of precedence is the same as the order of precedence for the wearing of order insignias, decorations, and medals, as laid out by the Department of Canadian Heritage.[2]

Official post-nominals in Canada[edit]

Post-nominal Office Notes
Higher national decorations
VC Victoria Cross Currently there are no living Canadians permitted to use the post-nominal letters VC. Since its creation in 1993, the Canadian Victoria Cross has never been awarded. Historical Canadians with the post-nominals VC were Canadian recipients of the British Victoria Cross.
CV Cross of Valour
Queen's Privy Council for Canada
PC
French: CP
Privy Councillor A Privy Councillor is also entitled to be styled "The Honourable" or "L'honorable" for life. The post-nominal letters are necessary to denote that someone is a privy councillor because in Canada holding a certain office can also allow the use of The Honourable title. Unlike what is done in the United Kingdom, the post-nominals "PC" have precedence over all Crown honours with two notable exceptions: the Victoria Cross (“VC”) and the Cross of Valour (“CV”).[3]

In practice, post-nominals are not usually translated from one language to another, but this is an exception.

National orders and Commonwealth orders
OM Order of Merit Commonwealth order
CC Companion of the Order of Canada
OC Officer of the Order of Canada
CM Member of the Order of Canada
CMM Commander of the Order of Military Merit
COM Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces
CVO Commander of the Royal Victorian Order Commonwealth order
OMM Officer of the Order of Military Merit
OOM Officer of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces
LVO Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order Commonwealth order
MMM Member of the Order of Military Merit
MOM Member of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces
MVO Member of the Royal Victorian Order Commonwealth order
Obsolete National orders
CM Medal of Courage of the Order of Canada The Medal of Courage of the Order of Canada was never awarded and was abolished in 1972 when the Order of Canada was restructured into two levels and the Canadian Bravery Decorations were established.
SM Medal of Service of the Order of Canada The Medal of Service of the Order of Canada was awarded to 319 Canadians, and would be converted into the Officer level of the Order of Canada in 1972. Thirty recipients of the Medal of Service died prior to 1972 and thus were never converted to Officers of the Order of Canada.
Provincial orders
Note: Precedence of provincial orders are in order of when they were added to the national orders system at the request of the provincial orders system, not by the normal order of precedence for provinces.
GOQ Grand officier de l'Ordre national du Québec English: Grand officer of the National Order of Quebec
OQ Officier de l'Ordre national du Québec English: Officer of the National Order of Quebec
CQ Chevalier de l'Ordre national du Québec English: Knight of the National Order of Quebec
SOM Saskatchewan Order of Merit
OOnt Order of Ontario
OBC Order of British Columbia
AOE Alberta Order of Excellence
OPEI Order of Prince Edward Island
OM Order of Manitoba
ONB Order of New Brunswick
ONS Order of Nova Scotia
ONL Order of Newfoundland and Labrador
National Decorations
SMV Star of Military Valour
SC Star of Courage
MSC
French: CSM
Meritorious Service Cross When awarded the Meritorious Service Cross, francophones use the post-nominal letters CSM for Croix du service méritoire, instead of MSC.[4]
MMV Medal of Military Valour
MB Medal of Bravery
MSM Meritorious Service Medal The post-nominal letters for the Meritorious Service Medal (MSM) are the same in both English and French.[4]
RVM Royal Victorian Medal
CD Canadian Forces Decoration
Appointments to the monarch
ADC Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty
A de C Aide-de-Camp to Governor General, Lieutenant Governor or viceroy.[5]
QHS Queen's Honorary Surgeon[6]
QHP Queen's Honorary Physician
QHDS Queen's Honorary Dental Surgeon
QHNO Queen's Honorary Nursing Officer
QPO Queen's Police Officer
Legal positions
CJC Chief Justice of Canada These letters are uncommon outside of the practice of law.
CJA Chief Justice of a Superior Court of Appeal
CJ Chief Justice of a Superior Court
JA Superior Appeal Court Justice
J Superior Court Justice
Prov J Inferior Court Judge
QC
French: c.r.
Queen's Counsel (French: conseillier de la reine) During the reign of a male monarch, the letters are KC for King's Counsel.
Esq Used as an affectation, without any official sanction, for persons qualified to practise law. Rarely used by the holder of the title, but it can be found in some official contexts, such as the "appearances" section in the decisions of Canadian courts.

Historically, it was also occasionally used for esquires in the British context of the title.

Academic degrees
PhD
(and others)
Academic doctorate Also includes DD, DLitt, DPhil, DSocSci, DU, EdD, EngD, JSD, LLD, SJD.
MA
(and others)
Academic master's degree Also includes LLM, MASc, MEd, MEng, MFA, MM, MMath, MRes, MSc, MSci, MPP, MES.
MD
(and others)
First professional degree Professional doctorates include DMin, DDS, DNP, DO, DSW, DVM, JD, MD, OD, PharmD, PsyD.

Professional master's degrees include MAcc, MBA, MC, MFin, MPA, and MMM.

Professional bachelor's degrees include BASc or BEng, BCL, BEd, LLB, LL.L., MDiv.

BA
(and others)
Bachelor's degree Also includes BFA, B.A., Hons, BSc, BScN, BSocSc, BCom and BBA.
see note → school name In academic contexts, it is common to give an abbreviation of name of the school awarding the degree after the letters for the degree itself. The way school names are abbreviated can vary. For example, a PhD from Memorial University of Newfoundland can be found written as PhD (MUN) or PhD (Memorial). When a person has multiple degrees from the same school, the school name is only written once, after all degrees from that school.
Academic orders, societies, academians
rmc graduate of the Royal Military College of Canada Students who graduate from the Royal Military College of Canada, the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean (CMR), or the Royal Roads Military College (RRMC) having successfully completed the four interlocking components merit the "rmc" post nominal.

This post nominal is presented by the Minister of National Defence to individuals upon successful completion of the four components, which are academics (undergraduate degree), leadership, athletics, and bilingualism.[7][8]

CPMHN(C) Certified in Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing by the Canadian Nurses Association[9]
ARCT Associate of the Royal Conservatory of Toronto (Royal Conservatory of Music)
FCAHS Fellow of Canadian Academy of Health Sciences
MCFP Member of The College of Family Physicians of Canada
CCFP Certificant of The College of Family Physicians of Canada
FCFP Fellow of The College of Family Physicians of Canada
FRCPC Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (Division of Medicine)
FRCSC Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (Division of Surgery)
DRCPSC Diplomate of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
FRCD Fellow of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada
FCGmA Fellow of the Canadian Gemmological Association
FRSA Fellow of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce
FRSC
French: MSRC
Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
FRCA Fellow of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts established 1880[10]
RCA Member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts established 1880[10]
FCSI Fellow of the Canadian Securities Institute
FRCCO Fellow of the Royal Canadian College of Organists
FRCGS Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society
FCIC Fellow of the Chemical Institute of Canada
MCIC Member of the Chemical Institute of Canada
FRHSC Fellow of the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada
MRHSC Member of the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada
FRAIC Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada
FCAE Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering
FEIC Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada
FEC Fellow of Engineers Canada
FCIM Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum
FCIP Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Planners
FCASI Fellow of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute
MRAIC Member of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada
MCIP Member of the Canadian Institute of Planners
ARIDO Member of the Association of Registered Interior Designers of Ontario
OAA Member of the Ontario Association of Architects
MAIBC Member of the Architectural Institute of British Columbia
Professional institutions
A.Sc.T. Applied Science Technologist[11]
CBHF Companion of the Canadian Business Hall of Fame
OBHF Officer of the Canadian Business Hall of Fame
CAE Certified Association Executive
C.E.T. Certified Engineering Technologist[11]
CGA Certified General Accountant
CCP Certified Credit Professional In 1928, the Government of Canada created the Credit Institute of Canada (CIC) through a Special Act of Parliament. The mandate of the CIC is to provide rigorous training, examination and continuous learning to credit professionals who protect the wealth of Canada's companies and institutions. The Institute is the only government-recognized body in Canada to issue the CCP designation in the field of Commercial Credit.
CHRP Certified Human Resources Professional
CRSP Canadian Registered Safety Professional
CIRP Chartered Insolvency and Restructuring Professional[12]
CMA Certified Management Accountant
CA Chartered Accountant
C. Chem. Chartered Chemist[13] The Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario (ACPO), legally constituted in 1963 by a provincial Act, sets strict academic standards for its members and monitors their professional and ethical conduct. These members are Chartered Chemists, permitted to use the designation C. Chem. after their names.
CFA Chartered Financial Analyst
CIM Chartered Investment Manager
C. Mgr. Chartered Manager[14]
CPA Chartered Professional Accountant[15]
CPHI(C) Certificate in Public Health Inspection (Canada)[16]
CIC Certification in Infection Control
CHE Certified Health Executive[17]
CTC Certified Travel Councillor[18]
CTM Certified Travel Manager[18]
C. Med. Chartered Mediator[19]
Q. Med. Qualified Mediator[19]
C. Arb. Chartered Arbitrator[19]
EP Environmental Professional[20]
GISP Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Professional[21]
I.S.P. Information Systems Professional[22]
EIT Engineer-in-Training/Engineering Intern[23]
FEA Certified Family Enterprise Advisor and Member of the Institute of Family Enterprise Advisors[24]
P.Eng. Professional Engineer[25]
StrucEng Structural Engineer
PGeo Professional Geoscientist[25]
PGeol Professional Geologist[25]
PGeoph Professional Geophysicist[25]
PPhys Professional Physicist
PMP Project Management Professional
GSC Gold Seal Certification[26]
GSI Gold Seal Certification - Intern[26]
ALS Alberta Land Surveyor[27]
BCLS British Columbia Land Surveyor[28]
CLS Canada Lands Surveyor[29]
MLS Manitoba Land Surveyor
MLT Medical Laboratory Technologist[30]
OLS Ontario Land Surveyor
SLS Saskatchewan Land Surveyor[31]
PRP Professional Registered Parliamentarian
RD Registered Dietitian
RP Registered Parliamentarian
RSE Red Seal Endorsement
RM Registered Midwife
RMT Registered Massage Therapist
RN Registered Nurse
NP Nurse Practitioner[32]
LPN Licensed Practical Nurse[33]
RPN Registered Psychiatric Nurse[34]
CTech Certified Technician
CET Certified Engineering Technologist
CPM Certified Payroll Manager
PCP Payroll Compliance Practitioner
RGD Certified Member of the Association of Registered Graphic Designers[35]
RPF Forester (Registered Professional Forester)
RPH Registered Pharmacist[36]
RPP Registered Professional Planner
RPBio Registered Professional Biologist
OCT Ontario Certified Teacher
PLog Professional Logistician[37]
MMP Maintenance Management Professional[38]
CCE Member of the Canadian Cinema Editors[39]
CSC Member of the Canadian Society of Cinematographers[40]
CDC Member of the Casting Directors Society of Canada[41]
CGD Certified Member of the Society of Graphic Designers of Canada[42]
Ad. E. Lawyer Emeritus Quebec Bar[43]
OCELT Ontario Certified English Language Teacher[44] The designation was granted in early 2017, and is automatically applied to accredited members of TESL Ontario.
CAPM Certified Associate in Project Management
Legislators (while in office)
MP member of Canadian House of Commons Letters are short for "Member of Parliament". This title is used in Canada and other Commonwealth nations to describe members of the lower house of Parliament only. The Senate of Canada is part of Parliament, but its members are not called MPs.
MPP member of the Ontario Legislative Assembly after 1938 Letters are short for "Member of Provincial Parliament". Before 1938, members used MLA.
MNA member of the National Assembly of Quebec after 1968 Before 1968, members used MLA.
MLA Member of the Legislative Assembly Used for members of provincial and territorial legislatures except Ontario, Quebec, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
MHA member of the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly Only used for members of the Newfoundland and Labrador legislative assembly. Even though Nova Scotia's assembly is called the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, its members are styled MLAs.

British post-nominals used alongside Canadian ones[edit]

Any person who, prior to 1 June 1972, was a member of a British order or the recipient of a British decoration or medal may use the post-nominal letters for the decoration or medal together with those of any Canadian order, decoration or medal.

Canadians can still be awarded British medals, as well as those from other countries, but this must first be approved by the Government of Canada. (See Nickle Resolution)

Post-nominal Office Notes
Hereditary titles
Bt
Btss
Baronet or Baronetess A small number of baronetcies were created for Canadians, such as the Tupper baronetcy, and some still have living heirs. When used, it comes before all other Canadian honours. For more information, see Canadian peers and baronets.
British orders and decorations
VC Victoria Cross The letters VC can also refer to the Canadian Victoria Cross, but that decoration has never been awarded.
GC George Cross
GCVO Knight or Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
KCVO
DCVO
Knight or Dame Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
CH Order of the Companions of Honour
CB Companion of the Order of the Bath
CMG Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George
CBE Commander of the Order of the British Empire
DSO Distinguished Service Order
OBE Officer of the Order of the British Empire
ISO Imperial Service Order
MBE Member of the Order of the British Empire
RRC Member of the Royal Red Cross
DSC Distinguished Service Cross
MC Military Cross
DFC Distinguished Flying Cross
AFC Air Force Cross
SMV Star of Military Valour
SC Star of Courage
MSC Meritorious Service Cross
MMV Medal of Military Valour
MB Medal of Bravery
MSM Meritorious Service Medal
ARRC Associate of the Royal Red Cross
DCM Distinguished Conduct Medal
CGM Conspicuous Gallantry Medal
GM George Medal
DSM Distinguished Service Medal
MM Military Medal
DFM Distinguished Flying Medal
AFM Air Force Medal
QGM Queen's Gallantry Medal
BEM British Empire Medal

Unofficial post-nominals[edit]

Post-nominal Office Notes
Unofficial hereditary titles
UE United Empire Loyalists U.E. is based on Lord Dorchester's Order in Council in 1789, which was meant to differentiate loyalists from later settlers. Entitled to use these letters are descendants of:
  • Either male or female, as of 19 April 1775, a resident of the American colonies, and joined the Royal Standard prior to the Treaty of Separation of 1783, or otherwise demonstrated loyalty to the Crown, and settled in territory remaining under the rule of the Crown; or
  • a soldier who served in an American Loyalist Regiment and was disbanded in Canada; or
  • a member of the Six Nations of either the Grand River or the Bay of Quinte Reserve who is descended from one whose migration was similar to that of other Loyalists. (Dorchester Proclamation is found on uelac.org).[45]
Orders without official post-nominals
GCStJ Bailiff or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem Officially, membership in the order does not grant any post-nominals, but these letters are used within the order itself. When used, these post-nominals are placed after all other national decorations.

Often shortened to the Most Venerable Order of St. John.

KStJ
DStJ
Knight or Dame of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
CStJ Commander of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
OStJ Officer of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
SBStJ
SSStJ
Serving Member (Brother or Sister) of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "1.08 University degrees, professional designations, military decorations, honours, awards and memberships". The Canadian Style. Public Works and Government Services Canada. 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Order of Precedence". Governor General of Canada. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  3. ^ The Chancellery of Honours, Rideau Hall, Guide for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals (PDF), Queen's Printer for Canada, p. 23, retrieved 1 December 2015 
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 
  5. ^ Canada Gazette, February 9, 1974
  6. ^ Department of National Defence, Canadian Forces Dress Instructions (PDF), Queen's Printer for Canada, pp. 3–7–3, archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011, retrieved 15 November 2010 
  7. ^ webmaster.rmc (23 March 2015). "RMC the University". www.rmc.ca. 
  8. ^ webmaster.rmc (23 March 2015). "Academic Regulations". www.rmc.ca. 
  9. ^ "404 Page Not Found". www.cna-aiic.ca. 
  10. ^ a b "Who We Are". The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  11. ^ a b https://www.oacett.org/Why-Join/Certification
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-06. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  13. ^ "Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario". acpo.on.ca. Retrieved 2016-05-18. 
  14. ^ Canada, CIM Chartered Managers. "Home - CIM - Canadian Institute of Management". cim.ca. 
  15. ^ "CPA Canada". cpacanada.ca. 
  16. ^ http://www.ciphi.bc.ca/career.html
  17. ^ http://www.in1touch.com, in1touch. "CCHL / CCLS - The Canadian College of Health Leaders Page not found". www.cchl-ccls.ca. 
  18. ^ a b CITC. "CITC - Canadian Institute of Travel Counsellors - CTC, CTM & BC Travel Insurance". secure.tico.ca. 
  19. ^ a b c "ADR Institute of Canada". www.adrcanada.ca. 
  20. ^ "Environment Professional Certification - ECO Canada". 
  21. ^ "GISCI (GIS Certification Institute)". www.gisci.org/Home.aspx. 
  22. ^ "I.S.P. Designation - Canada's Association of Information Technology Professionals". www.cips.ca. 
  23. ^ "Engineering Intern Program". Professional Engineers Ontario. Archived from the original on 21 February 2018. 
  24. ^ "FEA Certification Requirements". FEA. 
  25. ^ a b c d http://www.canlii.org/eliisa/highlight.do?text=P.Eng&language=en&searchTitle=Statutes+and+Regulations+of+Alberta&path=/en/ab/laws/stat/rsa-2000-c-e-11/latest/rsa-2000-c-e-11.html
  26. ^ a b "Gold Seal Certification Program". www.goldsealcertification.com. 
  27. ^ "Land Surveyors Act, RSA 2000, c L-3". CanLII. 
  28. ^ "Land Surveyors Act". www.bclaws.ca. 
  29. ^ "Canada Lands Surveyors Act" (PDF). laws-lois.justice.gc.ca. Canada Minister of Justice. 18 March 2018. 
  30. ^ "Medical Laboratory Technologists (MLT)". csmls.org. 
  31. ^ "L-3.1: The Land Surveyors and Professional Surveyors Act", Statutes of Saskatchewan (PDF), 2014 
  32. ^ "Nurse Practitioners". College of Nurses of Ontario. 2 April 2018. 
  33. ^ Licensed practical nurse in all Canadian jurisdictions with exception of Ontario where known as RPN or Registered Practical Nurse
  34. ^ British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Yukon
  35. ^ "Distinguish Yourself as a Certified RGD". www.rgd.ca. 
  36. ^ "About CPhA - English". www.pharmacists.ca. [not in citation given]
  37. ^ "The Logistics Institute". www.loginstitute.ca. 
  38. ^ "Plant Engineering and Maintenance Association of Canada - Home: Plant Engineering and Maintenance Association of Canada". www.pemac.org. 
  39. ^ "Home". CCE. 
  40. ^ "CSC - Home". www.csc.ca. 
  41. ^ User, Super. "Casting Directors Society of Canada - Welcome". www.castingsociety.ca. 
  42. ^ "GDC - Canada's Professional Association for Design". www.gdc.net. 
  43. ^ Québec, Barreau du. "Lawyer Emeritus Distinction - Recognitions and Tributes - About the Barreau - Barreau du Québec". Barreau du Québec. 
  44. ^ "Ontario Certified English Language Teacher or OCELT | TESL Ontario". www.teslontario.net. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  45. ^ "Lord Dorchester's Proclamation" (PDF). United Empire Loyalists' Association of Canada. 9 November 1789.