List of post-nominal letters in Canada
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This is a list of post-nominal letters used in Canada. The order in which they follow an individual's name is: 1. Distinctions conferred directly by the Crown; 2. University degrees: 3. Memberships of societies and other distinctions. Normally no more than two are given, representing the highest award of each type. For decorations and medals, the order of precedence is the same as the order of precedence for the wearing of order insignias, decorations, and medals, as laid out by the Department of Canadian Heritage.
Official post-nominals in Canada
|Higher national decorations|
|VC||Victoria Cross||Currently there are no living Canadians permitted to use the post-nominal letters VC. Since its creation in 1993, the Canadian Victoria Cross has never been awarded. Historical Canadians with the post-nominals VC were Canadian recipients of the British Victoria Cross.|
|CV||Cross of Valour|
|Queen's Privy Council for Canada|
|Privy Councillor||A Privy Councillor is also entitled to be styled "The Honourable" or "L'honorable" for life. The post-nominal letters are necessary to denote that someone is a privy councillor because in Canada holding a certain office can also allow the use of The Honourable title. Unlike what is done in the United Kingdom, the post-nominals "PC" have precedence over all Crown honours with two notable exceptions: the Victoria Cross (“VC”) and the Cross of Valour (“CV”).
In practice, post-nominals are not usually translated from one language to another, but this is an exception.
|National orders and Commonwealth orders|
|OM||Order of Merit||Commonwealth order|
|CC||Companion of the Order of Canada|
|OC||Officer of the Order of Canada|
|CM||Member of the Order of Canada|
|CMM||Commander of the Order of Military Merit|
|COM||Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces|
|CVO||Commander of the Royal Victorian Order||Commonwealth order|
|OMM||Officer of the Order of Military Merit|
|OOM||Officer of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces|
|LVO||Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order||Commonwealth order|
|MMM||Member of the Order of Military Merit|
|MOM||Member of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces|
|MVO||Member of the Royal Victorian Order||Commonwealth order|
|Obsolete National orders|
|CM||Medal of Courage of the Order of Canada||The Medal of Courage of the Order of Canada was never awarded and was abolished in 1972 when the Order of Canada was restructured into two levels and the Canadian Bravery Decorations were established.|
|SM||Medal of Service of the Order of Canada||The Medal of Service of the Order of Canada was awarded to 319 Canadians, and would be converted into the Officer level of the Order of Canada in 1972. Thirty recipients of the Medal of Service died prior to 1972 and thus were never converted to Officers of the Order of Canada.|
|Note: Precedence of provincial orders are in order of when they were added to the national orders system at the request of the provincial orders system, not by the normal order of precedence for provinces.|
|GOQ||Grand officier de l'Ordre national du Québec||English: Grand officer of the National Order of Quebec|
|OQ||Officier de l'Ordre national du Québec||English: Officer of the National Order of Quebec|
|CQ||Chevalier de l'Ordre national du Québec||English: Knight of the National Order of Quebec|
|SOM||Saskatchewan Order of Merit|
|OOnt||Order of Ontario|
|OBC||Order of British Columbia|
|AOE||Alberta Order of Excellence|
|OPEI||Order of Prince Edward Island|
|OM||Order of Manitoba|
|ONB||Order of New Brunswick|
|ONS||Order of Nova Scotia|
|ONL||Order of Newfoundland and Labrador|
|SMV||Star of Military Valour|
|SC||Star of Courage|
|Meritorious Service Cross||When awarded the Meritorious Service Cross, francophones use the post-nominal letters CSM for Croix du service méritoire, instead of MSC.|
|MMV||Medal of Military Valour|
|MB||Medal of Bravery|
|MSM||Meritorious Service Medal||The post-nominal letters for the Meritorious Service Medal (MSM) are the same in both English and French.|
|RVM||Royal Victorian Medal|
|CD||Canadian Forces Decoration|
|Appointments to the monarch|
|ADC||Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty|
|A de C||Aide-de-Camp to Governor General, Lieutenant Governor or viceroy.|
|QHS||Queen's Honorary Surgeon|
|QHP||Queen's Honorary Physician|
|QHDS||Queen's Honorary Dental Surgeon|
|QHNO||Queen's Honorary Nursing Officer|
|QPO||Queen's Police Officer|
|CJC||Chief Justice of Canada||These letters are uncommon outside of the practice of law.|
|CJA||Chief Justice of a Superior Court of Appeal|
|CJ||Chief Justice of a Superior Court|
|JA||Superior Appeal Court Justice|
|J||Superior Court Justice|
|Prov J||Inferior Court Judge|
|Queen's Counsel (French: conseillier de la reine)||During the reign of a male monarch, the letters are KC for King's Counsel.|
|Esq||Used as an affectation, without any official sanction, for persons qualified to practise law.||Rarely used by the holder of the title, but it can be found in some official contexts, such as the "appearances" section in the decisions of Canadian courts.
Historically, it was also occasionally used for esquires in the British context of the title.
|Academic doctorate||Also includes DD, DLitt, DPhil, DSocSci, DU, EdD, EngD, JSD, LLD, SJD.|
|Academic master's degree||Also includes LLM, MASc, MEd, MEng, MFA, MM, MMath, MRes, MSc, MSci, MPP, MES.|
|First professional degree||Professional doctorates include DMin, DDS, DNP, DO, DSW, DVM, JD, MD, OD, PharmD, PsyD.|
|Bachelor's degree||Also includes BFA, B.A., Hons, BSc, BScN, BSocSc, BCom and BBA.|
|see note →||school name||In academic contexts, it is common to give an abbreviation of name of the school awarding the degree after the letters for the degree itself. The way school names are abbreviated can vary. For example, a PhD from Memorial University of Newfoundland can be found written as PhD (MUN) or PhD (Memorial). When a person has multiple degrees from the same school, the school name is only written once, after all degrees from that school.|
|Academic orders, societies, academians|
|rmc||graduate of the Royal Military College of Canada||Students who graduate from the Royal Military College of Canada, the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean (CMR), or the Royal Roads Military College (RRMC) having successfully completed the four interlocking components merit the "rmc" post nominal.
This post nominal is presented by the Minister of National Defence to individuals upon successful completion of the four components, which are academics (undergraduate degree), leadership, athletics, and bilingualism.
|CPMHN(C)||Certified in Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing by the Canadian Nurses Association|
|ARCT||Associate of the Royal Conservatory of Toronto (Royal Conservatory of Music)|
|FCAHS||Fellow of Canadian Academy of Health Sciences|
|MCFP||Member of The College of Family Physicians of Canada|
|CCFP||Certificant of The College of Family Physicians of Canada|
|FCFP||Fellow of The College of Family Physicians of Canada|
|FRCPC||Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (Division of Medicine)|
|FRCSC||Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (Division of Surgery)|
|DRCPSC||Diplomate of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada|
|FRCD||Fellow of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada|
|FCGmA||Fellow of the Canadian Gemmological Association|
|FRSA||Fellow of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce|
|Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada|
|FRCA||Fellow of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts established 1880|
|RCA||Member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts established 1880|
|FCSI||Fellow of the Canadian Securities Institute|
|FRCCO||Fellow of the Royal Canadian College of Organists|
|FRCGS||Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society|
|FCIC||Fellow of the Chemical Institute of Canada|
|MCIC||Member of the Chemical Institute of Canada|
|FRHSC||Fellow of the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada|
|MRHSC||Member of the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada|
|FRAIC||Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada|
|FCAE||Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering|
|FEIC||Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada|
|FEC||Fellow of Engineers Canada|
|FCIM||Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum|
|FCIP||Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Planners|
|FCASI||Fellow of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute|
|MRAIC||Member of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada|
|MCIP||Member of the Canadian Institute of Planners|
|ARIDO||Member of the Association of Registered Interior Designers of Ontario|
|OAA||Member of the Ontario Association of Architects|
|MAIBC||Member of the Architectural Institute of British Columbia|
|A.Sc.T.||Applied Science Technologist|
|CBHF||Companion of the Canadian Business Hall of Fame|
|OBHF||Officer of the Canadian Business Hall of Fame|
|CAE||Certified Association Executive|
|C.E.T.||Certified Engineering Technologist|
|CGA||Certified General Accountant|
|CCP||Certified Credit Professional||In 1928, the Government of Canada created the Credit Institute of Canada (CIC) through a Special Act of Parliament. The mandate of the CIC is to provide rigorous training, examination and continuous learning to credit professionals who protect the wealth of Canada's companies and institutions. The Institute is the only government-recognized body in Canada to issue the CCP designation in the field of Commercial Credit.|
|CHRP||Certified Human Resources Professional|
|CRSP||Canadian Registered Safety Professional|
|CIRP||Chartered Insolvency and Restructuring Professional|
|CMA||Certified Management Accountant|
|C. Chem.||Chartered Chemist||The Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario (ACPO), legally constituted in 1963 by a provincial Act, sets strict academic standards for its members and monitors their professional and ethical conduct. These members are Chartered Chemists, permitted to use the designation C. Chem. after their names.|
|CFA||Chartered Financial Analyst|
|CIM||Chartered Investment Manager|
|C. Mgr.||Chartered Manager|
|CPA||Chartered Professional Accountant|
|CPHI(C)||Certificate in Public Health Inspection (Canada)|
|CIC||Certification in Infection Control|
|CHE||Certified Health Executive|
|CTC||Certified Travel Councillor|
|CTM||Certified Travel Manager|
|C. Med.||Chartered Mediator|
|Q. Med.||Qualified Mediator|
|C. Arb.||Chartered Arbitrator|
|GISP||Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Professional|
|I.S.P.||Information Systems Professional|
|FEA||Certified Family Enterprise Advisor and Member of the Institute of Family Enterprise Advisors|
|PMP||Project Management Professional|
|GSC||Gold Seal Certification|
|GSI||Gold Seal Certification - Intern|
|ALS||Alberta Land Surveyor|
|BCLS||British Columbia Land Surveyor|
|CLS||Canada Lands Surveyor|
|MLS||Manitoba Land Surveyor|
|MLT||Medical Laboratory Technologist|
|OLS||Ontario Land Surveyor|
|SLS||Saskatchewan Land Surveyor|
|PRP||Professional Registered Parliamentarian|
|RSE||Red Seal Endorsement|
|RMT||Registered Massage Therapist|
|LPN||Licensed Practical Nurse|
|RPN||Registered Psychiatric Nurse|
|CET||Certified Engineering Technologist|
|CPM||Certified Payroll Manager|
|PCP||Payroll Compliance Practitioner|
|RGD||Certified Member of the Association of Registered Graphic Designers|
|RPF||Forester (Registered Professional Forester)|
|RPP||Registered Professional Planner|
|RPBio||Registered Professional Biologist|
|OCT||Ontario Certified Teacher|
|MMP||Maintenance Management Professional|
|CCE||Member of the Canadian Cinema Editors|
|CSC||Member of the Canadian Society of Cinematographers|
|CDC||Member of the Casting Directors Society of Canada|
|CGD||Certified Member of the Society of Graphic Designers of Canada|
|Ad. E.||Lawyer Emeritus Quebec Bar|
|OCELT||Ontario Certified English Language Teacher||The designation was granted in early 2017, and is automatically applied to accredited members of TESL Ontario.|
|CAPM||Certified Associate in Project Management|
|Legislators (while in office)|
|MP||member of Canadian House of Commons||Letters are short for "Member of Parliament". This title is used in Canada and other Commonwealth nations to describe members of the lower house of Parliament only. The Senate of Canada is part of Parliament, but its members are not called MPs.|
|MPP||member of the Ontario Legislative Assembly after 1938||Letters are short for "Member of Provincial Parliament". Before 1938, members used MLA.|
|MNA||member of the National Assembly of Quebec after 1968||Before 1968, members used MLA.|
|MLA||Member of the Legislative Assembly||Used for members of provincial and territorial legislatures except Ontario, Quebec, and Newfoundland and Labrador.|
|MHA||member of the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly||Only used for members of the Newfoundland and Labrador legislative assembly. Even though Nova Scotia's assembly is called the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, its members are styled MLAs.|
British post-nominals used alongside Canadian ones
Any person who, prior to 1 June 1972, was a member of a British order or the recipient of a British decoration or medal may use the post-nominal letters for the decoration or medal together with those of any Canadian order, decoration or medal.
|Unofficial hereditary titles|
|UE||United Empire Loyalists||U.E. is based on Lord Dorchester's Order in Council in 1789, which was meant to differentiate loyalists from later settlers. Entitled to use these letters are descendants of:
|Orders without official post-nominals|
|GCStJ||Bailiff or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem||Officially, membership in the order does not grant any post-nominals, but these letters are used within the order itself. When used, these post-nominals are placed after all other national decorations.
Often shortened to the Most Venerable Order of St. John.
|Knight or Dame of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem|
|CStJ||Commander of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem|
|OStJ||Officer of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem|
|Serving Member (Brother or Sister) of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem|
Notes and references
- "1.08 University degrees, professional designations, military decorations, honours, awards and memberships". The Canadian Style. Public Works and Government Services Canada. 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- "Order of Precedence". Governor General of Canada. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- The Chancellery of Honours, Rideau Hall, Guide for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals (PDF), Queen's Printer for Canada, p. 23, retrieved 1 December 2015
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- Canada Gazette, February 9, 1974
- Department of National Defence, Canadian Forces Dress Instructions (PDF), Queen's Printer for Canada, pp. 3–7–3, archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011, retrieved 15 November 2010
- webmaster.rmc (23 March 2015). "RMC the University". www.rmc.ca.
- webmaster.rmc (23 March 2015). "Academic Regulations". www.rmc.ca.
- "404 Page Not Found". www.cna-aiic.ca.
- "Who We Are". The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-06. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
- "Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario". acpo.on.ca. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
- Canada, CIM Chartered Managers. "Home - CIM - Canadian Institute of Management". cim.ca.
- "CPA Canada". cpacanada.ca.
- http://www.in1touch.com, in1touch. "CCHL / CCLS - The Canadian College of Health Leaders Page not found". www.cchl-ccls.ca.
- CITC. "CITC - Canadian Institute of Travel Counsellors - CTC, CTM & BC Travel Insurance". secure.tico.ca.
- "ADR Institute of Canada". www.adrcanada.ca.
- "Environment Professional Certification - ECO Canada".
- "GISCI (GIS Certification Institute)". www.gisci.org/Home.aspx.
- "I.S.P. Designation - Canada's Association of Information Technology Professionals". www.cips.ca.
- "Engineering Intern Program". Professional Engineers Ontario. Archived from the original on 21 February 2018.
- "FEA Certification Requirements". FEA.
- "Gold Seal Certification Program". www.goldsealcertification.com.
- "Land Surveyors Act, RSA 2000, c L-3". CanLII.
- "Land Surveyors Act". www.bclaws.ca.
- "Canada Lands Surveyors Act" (PDF). laws-lois.justice.gc.ca. Canada Minister of Justice. 18 March 2018.
- "Medical Laboratory Technologists (MLT)". csmls.org.
- "L-3.1: The Land Surveyors and Professional Surveyors Act", Statutes of Saskatchewan (PDF), 2014
- "Nurse Practitioners". College of Nurses of Ontario. 2 April 2018.
- Licensed practical nurse in all Canadian jurisdictions with exception of Ontario where known as RPN or Registered Practical Nurse
- British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Yukon
- "Distinguish Yourself as a Certified RGD". www.rgd.ca.
- "About CPhA - English". www.pharmacists.ca.[not in citation given]
- "The Logistics Institute". www.loginstitute.ca.
- "Plant Engineering and Maintenance Association of Canada - Home: Plant Engineering and Maintenance Association of Canada". www.pemac.org.
- "Home". CCE.
- "CSC - Home". www.csc.ca.
- User, Super. "Casting Directors Society of Canada - Welcome". www.castingsociety.ca.
- "GDC - Canada's Professional Association for Design". www.gdc.net.
- Québec, Barreau du. "Lawyer Emeritus Distinction - Recognitions and Tributes - About the Barreau - Barreau du Québec". Barreau du Québec.
- "Ontario Certified English Language Teacher or OCELT | TESL Ontario". www.teslontario.net. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
- "Lord Dorchester's Proclamation" (PDF). United Empire Loyalists' Association of Canada. 9 November 1789.